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Journal : Semesta Teknika

Kekuatan Geser Campuran Tanah-Kapur-Abu Sekam Padi Dengan Inklusi Kadar Serat Karung Plastik Yang Bervariasi Widianti, Anita; Hartono, Edi; Muntohar, Agus Setyo
Jurnal Semesta Teknika Vol 10, No 1 (2007): MEI 2007
Publisher : Jurnal Semesta Teknika

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Abstract

Stabilisasi tanah secara kimia yaitu dengan penambahan kapur dan abu sekam padi mampu meningkatkan kekuatan gesernya, namun campuran tersebut cenderung berperilaku getas (brittle). Keadaan ini kurang memuaskan bila digunakan sebagai bahan konstruksi yang lebih menginginkan bahan berkekuatan tinggi tetapi berperilaku ductile. Kombinasi dari teknik perbaikan tanah secara kimia dan secara mekanis (yaitu dengan perkuatan serat-serat plastik) diharapkan akan memberikan hasil yang lebih baik. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji kuat geser tanah yang distabilisasi dengan kapur-abu sekam padi-serat plastik dengan berbagai variasi kadar serat  dan masa perawatan. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan tanah yang dicampur 12% kapur, 24% abu sekam padi dan serat karung plastik sebanyak 0,1%, 0,2%, 0,4%, 0,8%, dan 1,2% dari berat total campuran. Uji yang dilakukan adalah uji geser langsung pada saat benda uji berumur 7 dan 14 hari. Secara umum dengan adanya penambahan serat karung plastik dan masa perawatan, nilai kohesi, sudut gesek dalam, dan kuat geser mengalami peningkatan dibandingkan nilai pada tanah asli dan tanah yang hanya dicampur dengan kapur-abu sekam padi saja. Campuran tanah - kapur-abu sekam padi dan 0,4 % serat untuk masa perawatan 14 hari memberikan peningkatan nilai kuat geser tertinggi, yaitu sebesar 178,63 % dari nilai kuat geser tanah asli (pada σ = 12,59 kN/m2).
Analisis Lendutan Model Pelat Fleksibel dengan Tiang Perbesaran Ujung dan Pelat Tidak Rapat Tanah Pada Tanah Pasir Hartono, Edi
Jurnal Semesta Teknika Vol 17, No 1 (2014): MEI 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Semesta Teknika

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Abstract

Problems in sandy soil may occur when sand has low density, uniform gradation and thick deposit. Flexible plate foundation may used in this condition but plate deflection still high. To reduce deflection and to improve soil density, piles were used to support the plate. Installing piles made foundation system stiffer. The objectives of this study are to studies about behavior of plates and plate with pile on sandy soil. Plate deflection was observed with variation of plate thickness, bottom pile enlargement, and soil-plate-pile interaction (free standing pile and piled foundation). 1,2 x 1,2 x 1,2 m box container filled with sandy soil was used as soil media. Square and rectangular plexiglass plate were used to modelled plate. Steel pipe with 2,5 cm  in diameter were used as pile model. The behavior of the plates were observed under loading (point load). The results shows that plate deflections were affected on plate thickness, bottom pile enlargement and soil-plate-pile interaction. For a ticker plate, contact surface between plate and soil was wider. For the 40 cm x 10 cm plates with base pile enlargement, deflections were found to reduced up to 21,26%. The ‘piled foundation’ on 40 cm x 10 cm plates, (installing with 20 cm pile length, and 10 cm spacing between pile), deflections were reduced 83,63% compared with free standing foundation.
Penggunaan Campuran Abu Sampah Organik dan Limbah Karbit sebagai Bahan Pengganti Semen pada Mortar Hartono, Edi; ZA, Siti Rofi’ah; Hemeto, Abd Dzargifar
Jurnal Semesta Teknika Vol 12, No 1 (2009): MEI 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Semesta Teknika

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Abstract

Organic waste and calcium carbide waste can be used as replacement material for cement in mortar. Organic waste ash and calcium carbide waste are mixed with some variations and then conducted tests to obtain the characteristics of the materials used in this study. Content of mortar comparation base on weight that are organic waste-calcium carbide waste : sand : water of 1.0 : 2.75 : 1.0. Compositions of waste organic ash and calcium carbide waste have some variations, i.e., 0.9-0.1, 0.7-0.3, 0.5-0.5, 0.3-0.7 and 0.1-0.9. Control mortar also made as discussant for mixture variations of organic waste ash and calcium carbide waste in compressive strength test. Control is mortar mixed with common Portland cement. All of mortars are mold with molder that has dimension 5 cm × 5 cm × 5 cm. Compressive strength test is done when age of mortars is 3 days, 14 days, and 28 days. Based on laboratory test results, compressive strength on 14 days at the highest variation of 70 % organic waste ash and 30 % calcium carbide waste was found to be 26,7 kg/cm2. But, this result of compressive strength is lower compared to compressive strength of control mortar which was found to be 79.9 kg/cm2 on 14 days. Highest compressive strength of all mixture variation showed that mixture of waste organic ash and calcium carbide waste can be used as a mortar/mixture of brick pair in simple house type and very simple house type that needs compressive strength as much as 25 kg/cm2for wall that do not bear of load. 
Uji Beban dan Analisis Lendutan Model Pelat Fleksibel yang Didukung Tiang-Tiang pada Tanah Pasir Hartono, Edi
Jurnal Semesta Teknika Vol 16, No 1 (2013): MEI 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Semesta Teknika

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Abstract

Sand commonly has a good bearing capacity. Problems may occur when sand has low density and thick deposit. Flexible plate foundation may be used in this soil but plate deflection may be still high. To reduce deflection and improving soil density, piles were used to support the plate. Installing piles made foundation system stiffer. The objectives of this study are  to studies about behavior of plates and plate with a pile of sand on the ground, influence of plate thickness , pile length and spacing of the pole deflection, and the influence of the bond between the plate and the deflection of the pile .In this study is used test box of 1.2 m depth, 1.2 m width, 1.2 m length, and 1.0 m depth filled out with sand. Plate models were made from plexiglas of rectangular and square geometry. Piles were of steel pipesof 2.5cm diameter. Some parameters were as follows : plate thickness, plate geometry, pile length (L), pile spacing (s), bounding between plate and pile (fix or free), ’piled’ and freestanding foundation, and base pile enlargement. The behavior of the plateswere observed under loading (point load). The result shows that plate deflections were affected by the method of pile installation, plate thickness and pile length. For a ticker plate, contact surface between plate and soil was wider. For the 40cmx10cm plates with fix end pile, deflectionswere founf to reduced up to 70% compared with free end pile. The ’piled foundation’ on 40cmx10cm plates, L=20cm, s=4d, deflections were reduced 83,63% compared with free standing foundation.
Uji Triaksial Unconsolidated-Undrained pada Campuran Tanah Lanau - Kapur - Abu Sekam Padi dan Serat Karung Plastik Widianti, Anita; Hartono, Edi; Muntohar, Agus Setyo
Semesta Teknika Vol 11, No 2 (2008): NOVEMBER 2008
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/st.v11i2.765

Abstract

Geotechnical and mechanical behaviour of soil stabilized with lime-rice husk ash and strengthened by randomly placed plastic fiber depends on the portions of the added materials and curing time. This research investigates the effect of the waste plastic sack fibers portion and the curing time to the stress – strain relationship and to the shear strength parameters of the mixture. In this study the portions of lime and rice husk ash were set as constant to the value of 12% and 24% respectively. The effect of four waste plastic sack fibers portion variation from 0.1% to 0.8% was measured by unconsolidated-undrained triaxial test. The samples were tested at 7, 14 and 21 days after mixing. In general, according to the test result, the inclusion of randomly waste plastic sack fiber and curing time have enhanced the shear strength parameters, the peak stress and the strain before failure.  With 0.2% fiber content, the cohesion and the internal friction angle values of the samples have increased 335% and 409% respectively compared with those of the samples having no added materials.