Gendoet Hartono
Jurusan Teknik Geologi, STTNAS, Jl. Babaksari, Sleman, Yogyakarta

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Gumuk gunung api purba bawah laut di Tawangsari - Jomboran, Sukoharjo - Wonogiri, Jawa Tengah Sudrajat, Adjat; Hartono, Gendoet; Syafri, Ildrem
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 3, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (738.494 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v3i1.46

Abstract paper discusses the study on the basalt volcanic rocks and the volcano morphology indicating the existence of an ancient submarine volcano in Tawangsari-Jomboran sub-regency, Sukoharjo- Wonogiri, Central Java. In general, this basalt volcanic rocks were identified as andesite breccia which might be grouped into the Mandalika Formation of Oligosen-Miosen age (Surono et al., 1992). The origin of the Mandalika Formation in relation to the classic sedimentation process and the submarine volcanism is still needed to be evaluated. The present study was based on the detailed descriptions of the rocks both in the field and in the laboratory. The autoclastic basalt outcrops consisting of breccias show the characteristics of the igneous rock fragment component embedded in the groundmass with the same composition, namely igneous rock, dark grey to black in colour; porphyritic texture, rough surface, brecciated; pillow structures, massive, fine vesicularities, amygdaloidal filled with calcite, and radial fractures; calk-alkaline andesite composition ( SiO = 54.71% , K O = 1.15% ). This rock body attains the  dimension of 2 - 5 m length, and 40 cm - 1 m in diameter with the direction of the deposition varies following the direction of the eruption source. Brecciated structures on the surface was controlled by the high cooling rate and the low flow, while the interior of the rock is massive because it was not in a direct contact to the cooler mass outside. Autoclastic basalt breccias and or the pillow basalt lava was interpreted to be formed by the undulating low gradient of morphology with the average angle of <10o. On the other hand, the low basaltic magma viscosity produced the effusive eruption related to the formation of the low angle morphology. The distance between the hills generally composed of pillow basalt is between 500 m - 1 km. The typical pillow structure of the igneous rock as described above is interpreted to be the product of the lava flow related to the effusive eruption  from a submarine volcano located under or close to the seawater surface.   
Asal-usul Pembentukan Gunung Batur di daerah Wediombo, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta Hartono, Gendoet; Bronto, Sutikno
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 2, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1223.551 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v2i3.35

Abstract, the Gunung Sewu Subzone is predominantly composed of limestone of the Wonosari Formation, but in Wediombo area volcanic rocks of the Wuni Formation is exposed. The Wediombo volcanic rocks contain lava flows and volcanic breccias associated with Batur intrusive rock, in which all the rocks have andesitic composition. The problem is whether the Wedi- ombo volcanic rocks originated from far distance area which then was intruded by local magma after its deposition, or it is an association of the Wediombo volcanic and the Batur intrusive rocks which both are the remnants of a paleovolcano in the area. To identify the central facies of the paleovolcano, the geological principle that “the present is the key the past” is used as a geological approach.Wediombo area forms a high landscape showing an elevation of about 280 m above sea level with dips of the outer slopes 20 - 40%. The drainage pattern developing in the area fol- lows the existing circular structure to form subradial - radial patterns. The high landscape shows a circular structure with a diameter of less than 2 km and it opens to the Indian Ocean. Besides the Mount Batur intrusive rock, there are some other dikes which have been already hidrothermally altered, with some mineralization in the circular structure. Meanwhile, the outer slopes are composed of alternating lava flows and fragmental volcanic rocks of 22 - 25o in dip forming a concentric pattern. Petrologically, the Batur intrusive rock is light to dark grey in color, hypocrystalline porphyritic texture, with phenocryst ranges from 1.2 - 2.2 mm in size, subhedral-euhedral crystals, fine vesicular structures. The rock comprises plagioclase, pyroxene, hornblende and opaque minerals. Geochemically, the rock indicates an island arc tholeitic magma (SiO = 60.38 – 64.53 wt%, K O = 0.63 – 0.85 wt%). Those data indicate that the circular structure was the central facies and the outer slope was the proximal facies of the Wediombo paleovolcano in Gunungkidul Yogyakarta.