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Journal : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

Remedition of Organic Pollutan’s in the Wastewater of Rubber by Biosand Filter Media and Water Plants (Echinodorus palaefoliu and Limmnocharis flava) for Media of Fish Life Lestari, Yeni; Hasbi, M.; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

The research was conducted from February-Apryl 2014 at PT. RiauCrumb Rubber Factory of Pekanbaru, in the road Kelurahan Meranti PandakKecamatan Rumbai. It’s was aims to understand the effectiveness of biosand filtermedia and phytoremediation concept in remediation organic pollutans content inliquid wastewater of rubber for media of fish life. Sampling of BOD5 and CODwere taken in 5 place with interval every 10 days during 2 months for 4 times andanalyzed in departement public of laboratory. Liquid wastewater of rubber usingof 8 reactor units. Each other 2 reactor units to biosand filter media of control andother combined biosand filter with water plants have can reducing organicpollutans. BOD5 of primary Concentration about 387-465,3 mg/l and the end24,3-6,29 mg/l with effectivenesses 89,07-98,73%. While that COD about 710-846,6 mg/l and the end 44,3-45,8 mg/l with effectivenesses 80,39-96,47%.Altough to other parameter such as temperature about 29-310C, pH 6 and DOabout 3,5-3,83 mg/l can support for media of fish life. Percentage of survival ratefor Esomus sp and Pangasius pangasius 100% altough Oreochromis nilothicus93,75-100%. It’s reached standart quality of KEP-51/MENLH/10/1995.Keyword : Biosand filter media, phytoremediation, wastewater
Remediation of TSS and Ammonia in the Rubber Liquid Waste by the Filter Media and the Water Plants (Limmnocharis flava, Echinodorus palaefolius) For Live Fish Media Lenggo M, Febrizki; Hasbi, M.; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

The research aims to understand capability of filter media with water plants(Limmnocharis flava, Echinodorus palaefolius) in remediation TSS and Ammoniacontent in the rubber liquid waste. It has conducted from Februari to April in PT.Riau Crumb Rubber Factory Pekanbaru. Sampling of TSS and ammonia weretaken in five point with interval every 10 days for 4 times and analyzed inLaboratory of the Departement of Public Works and then compare with Kep-51/MENLH/1995. Filter media have a capabilility in remediation TSS witheffectivenesses 89,58% and ammonia 89,58%. Filter media with water plantsLimmnocharis flava have a capabilility in remediation TSS with effectivenesses93,51% and ammonia 90,59%. Filter media with water plants Echinodoruspalaefoli have a capabilility in remediation TSS with effectivenesses 94,63% andammonia 92,09 %. And filter media with water plants Limmnocharis flava andEchinodorus palaefolius have a capabilility in remediation TSS witheffectivenesses 95,35% and ammonia 92,82%. Percentage of survival rate forcommon 100%. It’s compliance with quality standard and as good as for fish lifemedia.Keywords : Sand Filter, Phytoremediation, Remediation
Remediation of Organic Pollutants Tofu Liquid Waste Anaerobic - Aerobic Biofilter Combination of Media Phytoremediation Plastic Bottle With Fish For Life Media Efendi, Sopian; Hasbi, M.; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

This study was conducted in September-December 2013 in the tofu factory which is located on Jl . Build Kubang Kingdom Village Tarai Mining District of Kampar district in Riau Province . The purpose of this research is to improve the performance of the biofilter process mediated by a combination of plastic bottles in the phytoremediation of organic pollutants decrease ( BOD and COD ) in waste water out to below the quality standard according PerMenLH No . 15 of 2008 . Results of combination treatment anaerobic - aerobic reactor with fitorediasi of media can reduce BOD levels during the observation with an average of 143.44 mg / l with an average effectiveness of 90.50 % , and for COD can be decreased to 197.46 mg / l with an average effectiveness of 89.74 % . For other parameters also are in accordance with the quality standards that have been established , such as pH 7 , temperature 28 0C , and DO of 3.76 mg / l . While the media processing unit without ( control ) can also reduce levels of BOD and COD , but the effectiveness of processing lower when compared to the unit of media . Where the effectiveness of the average decline during the observation BOD BOD 57.81 % with 661.9 mg / l , and for the effectiveness of COD reached 65.90 % decline in the average COD content of 633.08 mg / l . Tests on fish survival test to know the processed wastewater anaerobic - aerobic reactor combined with phytoremediation of media at the end of the observation has been able to support fish life test . Where to fish monitoring reached 46.67 % , tilapia 70% , and the fish Sepat marsh 86.67 % . While examing to control all kinds of test fish dying until the end of the observation .Keywords : Biofilter, BOD, COD, Waste Water, Plastic Bottle
The Use Of Continuous System Processor For Reducing Color AndTurbidity Content In The Peat Water Hasbi, M.; ', Aris; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

AbstractPeat water is naturally brownish colored and it has high turbidity and thus it is not sufficient to support the life of fish, especially Cyprinus carpio. To understand the effectiveness of the continuous system processor to reduce the color and turbidity in the peat water and to understand the ability of C. carpio to live in the treated peat water, a study has been conducted in May 2014. The peat water was obtained from the Tarai River and then was processed using “a continuous processor”. The water was pumped into water tank (120L), added with lime (225 gr), Aluminum Sulphate (225 gr), aerated and filtered with layers of zeolit, charcoal and sand. Sampling was conducted 4 times, once/week. Results shown that after being treated, the color of the water become clear (from around 890 to 7.49 PtCo) and the effectiveness was 99.17%. The turbidity decrease, from 40.0 NTU into 2.61 NTU (effectiveness 93.41%). Survival rate of Cyprinus carpio that were reared in the treated water was 100%. Based on data obtained, it can be concluded that the continuous system is effective to reduce the color and turbidity of the peat water.Keywords : Peat Water, Continuous system processor, water color, turbididty, Cyprinus carpio.
The Effectiveness of Biofilter With Used Plastic Media and Aquatic Plants (Echinodorus palaefoliu and Limmnocharis flava) to Reduce the TSS and Amonia in the Rubber Industry’s Liquid Waste Halim, Abdul; Hasbi, M.; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Liquid waste from rubber industry is one of environmental issues that shall be handled as it is commonly discharged and potentially contaminate aquatic environment. This waste contain high organic materials and it need to be processed. To understand the effectiveness of combination of used plastic biofilter media and emergent aquatic plant for remediation of that waste, a study has been conducted from January to March 2015. The waste was processed through used plastic biofilter media and then flown to phytoremediation unit that was completed with Limmnocharis flava and Echinodorus palaefoliu. There were 2 sets of processor and each set contain a biofilter and a phytoremediation unit. The processed waste was then used to rear Cyprinus carpio, Pangasius pangasius and Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings, 20 fishes/ aquarium. Water samplings were conducted 3 times, once/ 2 weeks. The water was sampled from the inlet and in the outlets of each biofilter and phytoremediation unit. Survival rate of the fish by the end of the research was noted. Results shown that the use of used plastic biofilter media and emergent plant phytoremediation process was effective to reduce the organic pollutant. Before being treated, the TSS and Ammonia were 538 mg/L and 28 mg/L respectively. After being treated, the TSS reduced into 32 mg/L and the Ammonia reduced into 7 mg/L. The effectiveness of the processor was 94% for the TSS and 75% for the Ammonia. By the end of the research, survival rate of the fish was ranged from 90%- 100%. Based on data obtained, it can be concluded that the use of used plastic and emergent plant processor is effective for reducing organic materials in the rubber industry liquid waste.Keyword : Used plastic, Limmnocharis flava, Echinodorus palaefoliu, rubber industry liquid waste
The Effectiveness of Liquid Organic Fertilizer Made From Mixed Tofu Liquid Waste, Human Excreta Liquid Waste, Cow’s Urine and EM4 as a Media For Phytoplankton Culture Fitriyani, Merry; Hasbi, M.; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Liquid wastes originated from tofu industries (T), human excreta (HE) liquid waste and cow’s urine (CU) are rich in organic materials and they are potential as basic ingredient for liquid fertilizer.To understand the N, P and K content in the liquid fertilizer made from mixed waste and its effectiveness in improving the growth of phytoplankton, a study has been conductedfrom September to October 2015.There were 7 treatments applied, namely P1 (100% T); P2 (90 % T and 10% CU) ; P3(90% T and 10% EM4); P4 (90% T and 10% HE); P5 (80% T, 10% CU and 10% EM4); P6 (80% T, 10% CU and 10% HE) and P7 (70% T, 10% CU, 10% HE and 10% EM4). Results shown that P6 is the best, with 22.590 mg/L Ncontent and 153 mg/L Pcontent. The K content in all treatments was almost the same. Addition of the liquid fertilizer into phytoplankton media significantly increases the abundance of phytoplankton. The highest abundance was obtained in P6. Based on data obtained, it can be concluded that the liquid fertilizer made from mixed tofu liquid wastes, human excreta, cow’s urine and EM4 is effective for increasing the phytoplankton abundance.Keyword: Tofu liquid waste, human excreta liquid waste, cow’s urine, EM4, Liquid Fertilizer, phytoplankton
The Effectiveness Of Natural Coagulant Made From Averhoa bilimbi L. Juice, CaO and Alum To Improve The Quality Of River Water Nasution, Emelia; Hasbi, M.; ', Budijono
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 3, No 2 (2016): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

Sail river is one of polluted rivers in Pekanbaru, it has low pH and DO and high TDS, TSS, turbidity and colors. The quality of the water can be improved by flocculation – coagulation process. To understand the effectiveness of Averrhoa bilimbi L. juice as natural coagulant, a study has been conducted in January – April 2016. There were 4 treatments applied, P0 (control, no A. bilimbi juice), P1 (25 ml/L), P2 (35 ml/L) and P3 (45 ml/L). The juice was added to 10 L of river water, were stirred for 2 minutes and were sample for water quality study within 2 hours. Parameters measured were TSS, turbidity and colour. The treated water was then used for rearing C. carpio. By the for 4th day the survival rate of the fish was noted. The best treatment was obtained in P2, as the TSS decrease from 1,725 mg/L to 37 mg/L, the turbidity decrease from 906.67 NTU to 26.41 NTU, the color reduced from 1.79 TCU to 0.08 TCU and the survival rate of the fish was 83%. Based on data obtained, it was concluded that the juice of A. bilimbi can be used as a natural coagulants to improve the quality of river water.Keywords : Averrhoa bilimbi, river water, natural coagulant, Cyprinus carpio