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Asal-usul Pembentukan Gunung Batur di daerah Wediombo, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta Hartono, Gendoet; Bronto, Sutikno
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 2, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1223.551 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v2i3.35

Abstract

http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol2no3.20073Physiographically, the Gunung Sewu Subzone is predominantly composed of limestone of the Wonosari Formation, but in Wediombo area volcanic rocks of the Wuni Formation is exposed. The Wediombo volcanic rocks contain lava flows and volcanic breccias associated with Batur intrusive rock, in which all the rocks have andesitic composition. The problem is whether the Wedi- ombo volcanic rocks originated from far distance area which then was intruded by local magma after its deposition, or it is an association of the Wediombo volcanic and the Batur intrusive rocks which both are the remnants of a paleovolcano in the area. To identify the central facies of the paleovolcano, the geological principle that “the present is the key the past” is used as a geological approach.Wediombo area forms a high landscape showing an elevation of about 280 m above sea level with dips of the outer slopes 20 - 40%. The drainage pattern developing in the area fol- lows the existing circular structure to form subradial - radial patterns. The high landscape shows a circular structure with a diameter of less than 2 km and it opens to the Indian Ocean. Besides the Mount Batur intrusive rock, there are some other dikes which have been already hidrothermally altered, with some mineralization in the circular structure. Meanwhile, the outer slopes are composed of alternating lava flows and fragmental volcanic rocks of 22 - 25o in dip forming a concentric pattern. Petrologically, the Batur intrusive rock is light to dark grey in color, hypocrystalline porphyritic texture, with phenocryst ranges from 1.2 - 2.2 mm in size, subhedral-euhedral crystals, fine vesicular structures. The rock comprises plagioclase, pyroxene, hornblende and opaque minerals. Geochemically, the rock indicates an island arc tholeitic magma (SiO = 60.38 – 64.53 wt%, K O = 0.63 – 0.85 wt%). Those data indicate that the circular structure was the central facies and the outer slope was the proximal facies of the Wediombo paleovolcano in Gunungkidul Yogyakarta.  
Gumuk gunung api purba bawah laut di Tawangsari - Jomboran, Sukoharjo - Wonogiri, Jawa Tengah Hartono, Gendoet; Sudrajat, Adjat; Syafri, Ildrem
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 3, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (738.494 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v3i1.46

Abstract

http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol3no1.20084This paper discusses the study on the basalt volcanic rocks and the volcano morphology indicating the existence of an ancient submarine volcano in Tawangsari-Jomboran sub-regency, Sukoharjo- Wonogiri, Central Java. In general, this basalt volcanic rocks were identified as andesite breccia which might be grouped into the Mandalika Formation of Oligosen-Miosen age (Surono et al., 1992). The origin of the Mandalika Formation in relation to the classic sedimentation process and the submarine volcanism is still needed to be evaluated. The present study was based on the detailed descriptions of the rocks both in the field and in the laboratory. The autoclastic basalt outcrops consisting of breccias show the characteristics of the igneous rock fragment component embedded in the groundmass with the same composition, namely igneous rock, dark grey to black in colour; porphyritic texture, rough surface, brecciated; pillow structures, massive, fine vesicularities, amygdaloidal filled with calcite, and radial fractures; calk-alkaline andesite composition ( SiO = 54.71% , K O = 1.15% ). This rock body attains the  dimension of 2 - 5 m length, and 40 cm - 1 m in diameter with the direction of the deposition varies following the direction of the eruption source. Brecciated structures on the surface was controlled by the high cooling rate and the low flow, while the interior of the rock is massive because it was not in a direct contact to the cooler mass outside. Autoclastic basalt breccias and or the pillow basalt lava was interpreted to be formed by the undulating low gradient of morphology with the average angle of <10o. On the other hand, the low basaltic magma viscosity produced the effusive eruption related to the formation of the low angle morphology. The distance between the hills generally composed of pillow basalt is between 500 m - 1 km. The typical pillow structure of the igneous rock as described above is interpreted to be the product of the lava flow related to the effusive eruption  from a submarine volcano located under or close to the seawater surface.   
Analisis stratigrafi awal kegiatan Gunung Api Gajahdangak di daerah Bulu, Sukoharjo; Implikasinya terhadap stratigrafi batuan gunung api di Pegunungan Selatan, Jawa Tengah Hartono, Hill Gendoet; Bronto, Sutikno
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 4, No 3 (2009)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1386.592 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v4i3.77

Abstract

http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol4no3.20091Generally, Tertiary volcanisms in the Southern Mountains, Central Jawa were started with the formation of pillow lavas having basalt to basaltic andesite in composition. This initial stage volcanism developed into a  construction period of composite volcanoes that consist of alternating basaltic to andesitic lava flows, breccias, and tuffs. The construction period could be followed by a destructive phase, producing pumice-rich pyroclastic breccias, lapillistones, and tuffs of high silica andesite to dacite, or even rhyolite in composition. A stratigraphic measuring section at Bulu area, Sukoharjo Regency, presents an alternat- ing fine-grained andesitic volcaniclastic material and some limestones, with the total thickness is 143.33 m. The thickness of bedded volcaniclastic material tends to be thickening upward from 35 m until 90 m. The grain size of the volcaniclastic material also tends to be coarsening upward from clay size through silt and fine sand to coarse sand and granules. Paleontological analysis on fossils contained in the lime- stone gives an age of Early Miocene (N7 - N9). The volcaniclastic rocks is conformably overlain by the Mandalika Formation, comprising alternating andesitic breccias, lavas, and tuffs. These data imply that the fine-grained volcaniclastic material is an initial product of the construction period of Gajahdangak Volcano in the area, that formed the Mandalika Formation. This Formation is overlain by the Semilir Formation, composed of pumice-rich pyroclastic breccias and tuffs with dacitic composition. This as- sociated volcanic rock reflects a product of a caldera explosion or a destructive phase. Based on the characteristics of lithology of volcanic products from the initial stage, to a construction and destruction period, and compiled age data, the Southern Mountains represent formal volcanic rock units that are able to be divided into many formations.  
Some Key Features and Possible Origin of the Metamorphic Rock-Hosted Gold Mineralization in Buru Island, Indonesia Idrus, Arifudin; Prihatmoko, Sukmandaru; Hartono, Hill. Gendoet; Idrus, Fadlin; Ernowo, Ernowo; Franklin, Franklin; Moetamar, Moetamar; Setiawan, Iwan
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (998.411 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v1i1.172

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v1i1.172This paper discusses characteristics of some key features of the primary Buru gold deposit as a tool for a better understanding of the deposit genesis. Currently, about 105,000 artisanal and small-scale gold miners (ASGM) are operating in two main localities, i.e. Gogorea and Gunung Botak by digging pits/shafts following gold-bearing quartz vein orientation. The gold extraction uses mercury (amalgamation) and cyanide processing. The field study identifies two types/generations of quartz veins namely (1) Early quartz veins which are segmented, sigmoidal, dis­continous, and parallel to the foliation of host rock. The quartz vein is lack of sulfides, weak mineralized, crystalline, relatively clear, and maybe poor in gold, and (2) Quartz veins occurred within a ‘mineralized zone’ of about 100 m in width and ~1,000 m in length. The gold mineralization is strongly overprinted by an argillic alteration zone. The mineralization-alteration zone is probably parallel to the mica schist foliation and strongly controlled by N-S or NE-SW-trending structures. The gold-bearing quartz veins are characterized by banded texture particularly colloform following host rock foliation and sulphide banding, brecciated, and rare bladed-like texture. The alteration types consist of propylitic (chlorite, calcite, sericite), argillic, and carbonation represented by graphite banding and carbon flakes. The ore mineralization is characterized by pyrite, native gold, pyrrhotite, and arsenopyrite. Cinnabar, stibnite, chalcopyrite, galena, and sphalerite are rare or maybe absent. In general, sulphide minerals are rare (<3%). Fifteen rock samples were collected in Wamsaid area for geochemical assaying for Au, Ag, As, Sb, Hg, Cu, Pb, and Zn. Eleven of fifteen samples yielded more than 1.00 g/t Au, in which six of them are in excess of 3.00 g/t Au. It can be noted that all high-grade samples are originally or containing limonitic materials, that suggest the role of supergene enrichment. Interestingly, most of the high-grade samples contain also high grade As (up to 991ppm), Sb (up to 885 ppm), and Hg (up to 75 ppm). Fluid inclusions in both quartz vein types consist of four phases including L-rich, V-rich, L-V-rich, and L1-L2-V (CO2)-rich phases. Mineralizing hydrothermal fluid is typified by CO2-rich fluid, moderate temperature of 300 - 400 ºC and a typical low salinity (0.36 to 0.54 wt.% NaCl eq). Based on those key features, gold mineraliza­tion in Buru Island meets the characteristics of LS epithermal or orogenic gold deposit types; however, it tends to be fitter with orogenic gold deposit rather than another type.  
IDENTIFIKASI BATUAN GUNUNG API PURBA DI PEGUNUNGAN SELATAN YOGYAKARTA BAGIAN BARAT BERDASARKAN PENGUKURAN GEOLISTRIK Winarti, Winarti; Hartono, Hill Gendoet
Eksplorium Buletin Pusat Teknologi Bahan Galian Nuklir Vol 36, No 1 (2015): Vol 35, No 1 (2015): Mei 2015
Publisher : Pusat Teknologi Bahan Galian Nuklir - BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (30.019 KB)

Abstract

Daerah penelitian berada di perbatasan antara Dataran Yogyakarta dengan Pegunungan Selatan Yogyakarta bagian barat. Secara morfologi dan litologi yang tersingkap, indikasi gunung api purba yang dibuktikan dengan keterdapatan batuan gunung api seperti lava, breksi, dan tuf. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah identifikasi adanya batuan gunung api purba di bawah permuaan sepanjang Berbah-Imogiri berdasarkan data geolistrik. Metode yang digunakan adalah melakukan pengukuran geolistrik di empat lokasi secara mapping dengan konfigurasi dipole-dipole. Panjang bentangan untuk setiap lintasan 500 meter. Hasil pengukuran geolistrik menunjukkan pada lintasan 1 di Sumber Kulon-Kalitirto, Kecamatan Berbah,diinterpretasi adanya batuan gunung api berupa lava basal dan tuf. Lintasan 2 di Pilang-Srimulyo, Kecamatan Piyungan, diinterpretasi berupa breksi skoria. Lintasan 3 di Ngeblak-Bawuran, Kecamatan Pleret, diinterpretasi adanya tuf dan lava. Lintasan 4 di Guyangan-Wonolelo, Kecamatan Pleret diinterpretasi berupa tuf dan lava. Batuan gunung api secara umum terbaca mempunyai nilai tahanan jenis yang tinggi, yaitu >300 Ωm. Adanya kandungan air atau mineralisasi cenderung menurunkan nilai tahan jenis batuan gunung api tersebut.Kata kunci: batuan gunung api, geolistrik, tahanan jenis
Caldera of Godean, Sleman, Yogyakarta: A Volcanic Geomorphology Review Hartono, Hill Gendoet; Sudradjat, Adjat; Verdiansyah, Okki
Forum Geografi Vol 31, No 1 (2017): July 2017
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v31i1.2821

Abstract

Godean hills is located approximately 10 km westward from the Yogyakarta City. The landscape of Godean hills and plains is affected by various factors, such as lithology, geological structure, and sub-aerial process. The purpose of this study was to reveal the landscape of Godean. The method consisted of field study, morphological variables assessment, rock sampling, and laboratory analysis. The results of field mapping indicated that the landscape of Godean  is an isolated hill with a steep slope of >40° and an elevation of +231 m a.s.l, passed by the rivers flows from northeast to southwest that disembogue into the west part of Kulon Progo. The morphologhy of Godean hills varies including G. (Gunung/Mountain) So (+173 m amsl), G. Gede (+218 m a.s.l), G. Wungkal (+187 m a.s.l), G. Butak (+154 m a.s.l), and G. Berjo ( + 175 m a.s.l), dominated by the lithology of igneous rock, which is composed of porphyry andesite-microdiorite, pumice lapilli, and quartz rich lapilli-tuff. In addition, most of the igneous rocks have weathered and have been altered to clays, while the deposition from Merapi volcano formed a landscape with an altitude between +100–+150 m a.s.l surrounding Godean hills. Sentolo Formation was found in Kembang, Bantul, which is located approximately ±5km in the south of the study area N93ºE/12º,  while the distribution in the southwest and northeast relatively covers the Godean hills in curve shape. The results of the analysis provide information related with Godean landscape that it is the remains of the volcanic caldera, with various igneous rock types and volcaniclastics deposits, as well as endured the occurrences of hydrothermal alteration and mineralization. Further geophysical research is required to determine the configuration of igneous rocks under the earths surface.
Nanggulan Formation and Its Problem As a Basement in Kulonprogo Basin, Yogyakarta Hartono, Hill Gendoet; Sudradjat, Adjat
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.4.2.71-80

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.4.2.71-80Nanggulan Formation consists of the oldest clastic rock sequence exposed in Kulonprogo area, Yogyakarta. This paper discusses the position of Nanggulan Formation as a basement. The method used in this research is surface and subsurface investigations based on gravity surveys. The rock assemblage is exposed and distributed partly in the east flank of Kulonprogo Mountains with weak undulated morphology. The rock sequence is composed of sand to clay grain sizes such as sandstone, quartz sandstone, calcareous sandstone, claystone, fossiliferous claystone, calcareous claystone, siltstone, and coal seam intercalations. The total thickness of the sequence is less than 200 m. Based on the fossil and palynology investigations, previous investigators concluded the age of the rock was Eocene to Middle Miocene. The geological structures developed in the rocks are the lithological stratification, fractures, folding, and faulting. The subsurface interpretation based on gravity data revealed the rock was located under the andesite breccias with 2.44 g/cc density. The density of the rock sequence was 2.63 g/cc. The gravity interpretation shows a strong indication that Nanggulan Formation underlies the andesitic breccias presumably associated with Old Andesite Formation exposed in Kulonprogo Mountains. The limited distribution, the thickness, and the closed environmental deposition of Nanggulan Formation found in the present investigation raised problems on the position of the formation as the basement of Old Andesite Formation occurring in the Kulonprogo Mountain.
Asal-usul Pembentukan Gunung Batur di daerah Wediombo, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta Hartono, Gendoet; Bronto, Sutikno
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 2, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1223.551 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.2.3.143-158

Abstract

http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol2no3.20073Physiographically, the Gunung Sewu Subzone is predominantly composed of limestone of the Wonosari Formation, but in Wediombo area volcanic rocks of the Wuni Formation is exposed. The Wediombo volcanic rocks contain lava flows and volcanic breccias associated with Batur intrusive rock, in which all the rocks have andesitic composition. The problem is whether the Wedi- ombo volcanic rocks originated from far distance area which then was intruded by local magma after its deposition, or it is an association of the Wediombo volcanic and the Batur intrusive rocks which both are the remnants of a paleovolcano in the area. To identify the central facies of the paleovolcano, the geological principle that “the present is the key the past” is used as a geological approach.Wediombo area forms a high landscape showing an elevation of about 280 m above sea level with dips of the outer slopes 20 - 40%. The drainage pattern developing in the area fol- lows the existing circular structure to form subradial - radial patterns. The high landscape shows a circular structure with a diameter of less than 2 km and it opens to the Indian Ocean. Besides the Mount Batur intrusive rock, there are some other dikes which have been already hidrothermally altered, with some mineralization in the circular structure. Meanwhile, the outer slopes are composed of alternating lava flows and fragmental volcanic rocks of 22 - 25o in dip forming a concentric pattern. Petrologically, the Batur intrusive rock is light to dark grey in color, hypocrystalline porphyritic texture, with phenocryst ranges from 1.2 - 2.2 mm in size, subhedral-euhedral crystals, fine vesicular structures. The rock comprises plagioclase, pyroxene, hornblende and opaque minerals. Geochemically, the rock indicates an island arc tholeitic magma (SiO = 60.38 – 64.53 wt%, K O = 0.63 – 0.85 wt%). Those data indicate that the circular structure was the central facies and the outer slope was the proximal facies of the Wediombo paleovolcano in Gunungkidul Yogyakarta.  
Gumuk gunung api purba bawah laut di Tawangsari - Jomboran, Sukoharjo - Wonogiri, Jawa Tengah Hartono, Gendoet; Sudrajat, Adjat; Syafri, Ildrem
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 3, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (738.494 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.3.1.37-48

Abstract

http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol3no1.20084This paper discusses the study on the basalt volcanic rocks and the volcano morphology indicating the existence of an ancient submarine volcano in Tawangsari-Jomboran sub-regency, Sukoharjo- Wonogiri, Central Java. In general, this basalt volcanic rocks were identified as andesite breccia which might be grouped into the Mandalika Formation of Oligosen-Miosen age (Surono et al., 1992). The origin of the Mandalika Formation in relation to the classic sedimentation process and the submarine volcanism is still needed to be evaluated. The present study was based on the detailed descriptions of the rocks both in the field and in the laboratory. The autoclastic basalt outcrops consisting of breccias show the characteristics of the igneous rock fragment component embedded in the groundmass with the same composition, namely igneous rock, dark grey to black in colour; porphyritic texture, rough surface, brecciated; pillow structures, massive, fine vesicularities, amygdaloidal filled with calcite, and radial fractures; calk-alkaline andesite composition ( SiO = 54.71% , K O = 1.15% ). This rock body attains the  dimension of 2 - 5 m length, and 40 cm - 1 m in diameter with the direction of the deposition varies following the direction of the eruption source. Brecciated structures on the surface was controlled by the high cooling rate and the low flow, while the interior of the rock is massive because it was not in a direct contact to the cooler mass outside. Autoclastic basalt breccias and or the pillow basalt lava was interpreted to be formed by the undulating low gradient of morphology with the average angle of <10o. On the other hand, the low basaltic magma viscosity produced the effusive eruption related to the formation of the low angle morphology. The distance between the hills generally composed of pillow basalt is between 500 m - 1 km. The typical pillow structure of the igneous rock as described above is interpreted to be the product of the lava flow related to the effusive eruption  from a submarine volcano located under or close to the seawater surface.   
Analisis stratigrafi awal kegiatan Gunung Api Gajahdangak di daerah Bulu, Sukoharjo; Implikasinya terhadap stratigrafi batuan gunung api di Pegunungan Selatan, Jawa Tengah Hartono, Hill Gendoet; Bronto, Sutikno
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 4, No 3 (2009)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1386.592 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.4.3.157-165

Abstract

http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol4no3.20091Generally, Tertiary volcanisms in the Southern Mountains, Central Jawa were started with the formation of pillow lavas having basalt to basaltic andesite in composition. This initial stage volcanism developed into a  construction period of composite volcanoes that consist of alternating basaltic to andesitic lava flows, breccias, and tuffs. The construction period could be followed by a destructive phase, producing pumice-rich pyroclastic breccias, lapillistones, and tuffs of high silica andesite to dacite, or even rhyolite in composition. A stratigraphic measuring section at Bulu area, Sukoharjo Regency, presents an alternat- ing fine-grained andesitic volcaniclastic material and some limestones, with the total thickness is 143.33 m. The thickness of bedded volcaniclastic material tends to be thickening upward from 35 m until 90 m. The grain size of the volcaniclastic material also tends to be coarsening upward from clay size through silt and fine sand to coarse sand and granules. Paleontological analysis on fossils contained in the lime- stone gives an age of Early Miocene (N7 - N9). The volcaniclastic rocks is conformably overlain by the Mandalika Formation, comprising alternating andesitic breccias, lavas, and tuffs. These data imply that the fine-grained volcaniclastic material is an initial product of the construction period of Gajahdangak Volcano in the area, that formed the Mandalika Formation. This Formation is overlain by the Semilir Formation, composed of pumice-rich pyroclastic breccias and tuffs with dacitic composition. This as- sociated volcanic rock reflects a product of a caldera explosion or a destructive phase. Based on the characteristics of lithology of volcanic products from the initial stage, to a construction and destruction period, and compiled age data, the Southern Mountains represent formal volcanic rock units that are able to be divided into many formations.