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The Cytotoxic and Apoptosis Effects of Chloroform Extracts of Auricularia auricula on Cervical Cancer Cells Hernayanti, Hernayanti; Hikam, Arif Rahman; Ekowati, Nuraeni
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 11, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (325.336 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v11i1.15492

Abstract

Auricularia auricula is an edible mushroom cultivated in Indonesia that has been known to have potential properties of bioactive compounds than can be used for medicinal purpose. This study aimed to examine the cytotoxic and apoptosis effect of chloroform extract of A. auricula on cervical cancer cells in vitro. The research design was in vitro experimental research. Cytotoxic tests was using an MTT [3-(4,5-dimetiltiazol-2-yl)-2.5-diphenyl tertrazolium bromide] assay and apoptosis test was using double staining method. Test of bioactive compounds was carried out using GCMS. Cytotoxic effect were analyzed by linear regression and apoptosis test was analyzed descriptively. Chloroform extract of mycelium A. auricula showed the best results with IC50 = 264.87 µg/ml. An important finding obtained after the double staining process was that chloroform extract of A. auricula can induce HeLa cells death by apoptosis. GCMS test results showed that the extracts containing limonene and piperidinone which are the anticancer bioactive compounds. In conclusion, the chloroform extracts of A. auricula has the potential to inhibit the growth of cervical cancer cells. The benefit of this study are expected to provide information about the anticancer potential of extract of A. auricula against cervical cancer cells, thus contributing to the development of alternative anticancer treatments from natural product.
EFEK POLIMORFISME GENA NITRIT OKSIDA SINTASE3(NOS3) TERHADAP KADAR NITRIT OKSIDA DAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA INDIVIDU TERPAPAR PLUMBUM Hernayanti, Hernayanti; Moeljopawiro, Sukarti; Sadewa, Ahmad Hamim; Hariono, Bambang; Wahyuono, Subagus
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 19, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi efek polimorfisme gena nitrit oksida sintase3 terhadap kadar nitrit oks ida (NO) dan tekanan darah pada individu terpapar Plumbum. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode survai dengan rancangan kasus kontrol. Subjek kasus terdiri dari 30 orang pekerja bengkel mobil dan 30 orang subjek kontrol berasal dari pedesaan yang mewakili area yang tidak terpolusi Pb.Genotip individu ditentukan dengan metode PCR~RFLP. Parameter yang diukur adalah kadar NO, tekanan darah sistolik dan diastolik serta kadar Pb. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji t independent. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 40% dari subjek kasus, terdeteksi sebagai individu pembawa polimorfisme gena NOS3 dengan genotip GA, sedangkan 60% dari subjek kasus dan subjek kontrol terdeteksi sebagai individu nonpolimorfisme gena NOS3 dengan genotip GG. Hasil uji t menunjukkan untuk parameter NO, tekanan sistolik, diastole serta Pb menunjukkan perbedaan yang sangat nyata an tara individu pembawa polimorfisme gena NOS3 dengan individu nonpolimorfisme. Kadar NO individu pembawa polimorfisme NOS3 lebih rendah dibandingkan individu nonpolimorfism. Sebaliknya kadar Pb, tekanan sistolik dan diastole individu pembawa polimorfisme gena NOS3 lebih tinggi dibandingkan individu nonpolimorfisme. Kesimpulan yang diperoleh adalah adanya polimorfisme gena NOS3 dan paparan Pb menyebabkan ketersediaan NO makin rendah dan meningkatkan kadar Pb, tekanan sistolik dan diastolik. Individu terpapar Pb pembawa polimorfisme gena NOS3 beresiko mengalami penyakit hipertensi yang lebih parah dibandingkan individu nonpolimorfisme terpapar Pb.
EFEK POLIMORFISME GENA GSTP-1 TERHADAP AKTIVITAS GLUTATION S-TRANSFERASE (GST) PADA INDIVIDU TERPAPAR LOGAM BERAT TIMBAL (Effect of GSTP-1 Gene Polymorphismson Glutation S- Transferase (GST) Activity in Heavy Metals Lead-Exposed Individual) Hernayanti, Hernayanti; Laksana, Agung Saprasetya Dwi; Aziz, Saefuddin
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 22, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

ABSTRAKGena GSTP-1 merupakan penghasil enzim glutation S- transferase (GST), yang berfungsi dalam proses detoksifikasi senyawa toksik di hati. Faktor keberadaan polimorfisme gena GSTP-1 akan menyebabkan penurunan ekspresi GST, sehingga proses detoksifikasi terhadap senyawa toksik akan terhambat. Kerentanan terhadap paparan senyawa toksik pada manusia akan meningkat apabila dijumpai polimorfisme gena. Salah satu senyawa toksik yang dapat menghambat aktivitas GST adalah timbal (Pb), terutama dalam bentuk tetra ethyl lead (TEL). Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh polimorfisme gena GSTP-1 terhadap aktivitas GST pada individu terpapar Pb, yang diwakili pekerja bengkel mobil. Faktor keberadaan polimorfisme gena individu ditentukan dengan metode PCR-RFLP dan enzim restriksi BsmA1. Parameter yang diukur adalah kadar Pb dan aktivitas GST. Analisis molekuler gena GSTP-1 dilakukan secara deskriptif. Data kadar Pb dan aktivitas GST dianalisis dengan uji t independent. Hasil analisis gena GSTP-1 dari 40 orang subyek kasus setelah dilakukan digesti dengan enzim BsmA1, ditemukan sebanyak 10 orang individu dengan polimorfisme Ile105Val gena GSTP 1 atau sekitar 25% dengan genotip Ile-Val, sedangkan 30 orang atau 75% ditemukan tanpa polimorfisme dengan genotip Ile-Ile. Pita DNA individu dengan polimorfisme terpotong menjadi 3 fragmen sepanjang 176, 91 dan 85 pp (mutan heterozygot), sedangkan tanpa polimorfisme terletak pada 176 bp. Subyek kasus dengan polimorfisme gena GSTP-1 memiliki kadar Pb lebih tinggi dan aktivitas GST lebih rendah dibandingkan individu non polimorfisme. Telah terbukti bahwa polimorfisme gena GSTP-1 menyebabkan penurunan ekspresi enzim GST. Pada individu terpapar Pb dengan polimorfisme gena GSTP-1 memiliki aktivitas GST lebih rendah dibandingkan individu tanpa polimorfisme.ABSTRACTGSTP-1 gene regulates the expression of gluthation S-transferase enzyme, which role in detoxification of toxicant on liver. If the polymorphisms gene is found in individual, the production of GST is decreased and the enzyme failed to eliminate toxicants. Lead is one of toxic agents that could inhibite GST activity especially tetra ethyl lead (TEL). The susceptibility to lead exposure will increase if the polymorphisms gene is found in population. The objective of this studies were to know the effect of gene GSTP-1 polymorphisms to GST activity on lead-exposed individual ie. autorepair workers. The genotype individu were analyzed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms with BsmA1 restriction enzyme followed by descriptived analyzed. Parameter recorded were blood lead and GST activity and data were analyzed by independent t-test. These result showed that 25% of 40 individual cases subject were detected by enzyme BsmA1 as polymorphisms individual of GSTP-1 gene, with Ile105Val genotype. As many as 75% were detected as non polymorphisms with Ile-Ile genotype. Three fragment DNA of polymorphisms individual of GSTP-1 is located on 176, 91 and 85 bp (heterozygote mutant) but non polymorphisms individual is only located on 176 bp. The Pb level of individual with polymorphisms GSTP-1 gene is higher than non polymorphisms individual but their GST activity was lower than non polymorphisms individual. It could be concluded that polymorphisms GSTP-1 gene could decrease the expression gene of GST enzyme and intoxication of lead-exposured could increased the decreasing of this activity.
Suplemen antioksidan VCO (Virgin Coconut Oil) yang diperkaya dengan Zn bagi penderita Candidiasis Vagina WINARSI, H; HERNAYANTI, HERNAYANTI; PURWANTO, A.
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 32, No. 3, July 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Abstract

Tujuan: Mengetahui aktivitas SOD, katalase, dan GSH-PX limfosit, serta kadar MDA plasma penderita Candidiasis Vagina yang diintervensi VCO yang diperkaya dengan Zn selama 2 bulan. Rancangan/rumusan data: Penelitian eksperimental dengan rancangan acak lengkap. Analisis data menggunakan anova single faktor, dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan bila terdapat signifikansi. Tempat: Sampel sekret diperoleh dari RS Sinar Kasih, tempat prostitusi (Gang Sadar), Puskesmas, dan praktik dokter di Purwokerto. Pengujian aktivitas enzim antioksidan dan kadar MDA di laboratorium Klinik Mediko Purwokerto. Bahan dan cara kerja: Penelitian dilakukan mulai Oktober 2006 sampai April 2007. Sebanyak 30 responden dipilih berdasar kriteria seperti berikut, sekret vagina mengandung C. albicans lebih dari 105 cfu/ml, sukarela, sehat, bersedia menandatangani informed consent, dan tinggal di Purwokerto. Responden dibagi dalam 3 kelompok; kelompok A sebanyak 10 orang diintervensi dengan VCO yang diperkaya Zn dengan dosis 2 sdm/hari; kelompok B sebanyak 10 orang diintervensi dengan dosis 1 sdm/hari; dan kelompok C sebanyak 10 orang sebagai kontrol. Pengambilan sampel darah dilakukan 3 kali yaitu pada baseline, 1 dan 2 bulan setelah intervensi. Uji aktivitas enzim antioksidan dan kadar MDA menggunakan spektrofotometer. Hasil: Setelah 2 bulan intervensi, aktivitas enzim SOD meningkat dari 87,32 menjadi 348,70 unit/mg protein (p=0,00016), katalase meningkat dari 20,42 menjadi 40,12 Unit/mg protein (p=0,031); demikian pula glutation peroksidase limfosit juga meningkat dari 5,77 menjadi 10,64 μmol/gr protein (p=0,036). Sebaliknya kadar MDA plasma menurun dari 1.858,86 menjadi 1.214,36 pmol/ml (p=0,019). Kesimpulan: Intervensi VCO yang disuplementasi dengan Zn kepada penderita Candidiasis Vagina berpotensi sebagai antioksidan. Selanjutnya, mereka disarankan mengkonsumsi suplemen dengan dosis 1 sdmx1. [Maj Obstet Ginekol Indones 2008; 32-3: 177-82] Kata kunci: SOD, katalase, GSH-PX, MDA, candidiasis vagina.
Effects of Ganoderma lucidum Extract on Diabetic Rats Ekowati, Nuraeni; Andarwanti, Suci; Hernayanti, Hernayanti; Ratnaningtyas, Nuniek Ina; Purwanti, Endang Sri; Sukmawati, Dalia
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 10, No 3 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (342.999 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v10i3.15356

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic syndrome which occurs when insulin is insufficiently produced or insulin cannot well serve its function. Diabetes is marked with increase in blood glucose level followed by increase in glycosylated hemoglobin level and decrease in insulin level. This research aims to examining the effect of Ganoderma lucidum extract on the blood glucose, insulin and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level of diabetic white rat and determining the most effective dose of extract to be a diabetic agent. This research was experimentally conducted by employing Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 6 treatments and 4 repetitions. The treatment groups consisted of healthy rats group (K1), rats with diabetes as negative control (K2), diabetic rats with the administration of metformin 45 mg/kg BW as the comparison (K3) and diabetic rats with the administration of G. lucidum extract with dose of 250, 500 and 1000 mg /kg BW (K4, K5 and K6 respectively). Blood glucose level examination was conducted after the alloxan induction with single dose of 125 mg/kg BW by intraperitoneal injection. The results show that mushroom G. lucidum extract administration with dose of 1000 mg/kg BW (K6) is the best dose to be an anti-diabetic agent. The benefit of the research is developing anti-diabetic agent from herbal resources.
Antidiabetic Potentials of Button Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) on Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats Hernayanti, Hernayanti; Yuniati, Nilasari Indah; Ekowati, Nuraeni; Ratnaningtyas, Nuniek Ina
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 10, No 3 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (317.458 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v10i3.17126

Abstract

Button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) is an edible mushroom that is most widely cultivated in the world. It contains bioactive compounds that might provide beneficial effects on diabetes mellitus patient. The study aimed to determine the effects of A. bisporus administration on the blood glucose, and malondyaldehyd (MDA) levels as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of alloxan-induced diabetic rats. This study was also conducted to determine the secondary metabolites produced by A. bisporus. The method used was experimental methods with Completely Randomized Design. A. bisporus extract at the doses of 250, 500 and 750 mg/kg body weight (BW) per day were orally applied to alloxan-induced diabetic rats for a period of 14 days after the rats became diabetes. The results showed that the extract of A. bisporus could decrease blood glucose, and MDA levels as well as increase SOD activity (p < 0.05). A. bisporus extract 500 mg/kg BW is the most effective dose to be used. Based on Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) test, it was known that secondary metabolites produced by A. bisporus are flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenoids and saponins. A. bisporus has potential as an antidiabetic through the ability to decrease blood glucose, and MDA levels, as well as increase SOD activity in diabetic rats. This research is able to provide information about the antidiabetic potential of A. bisporus extract so that it can be used as an alternative natural antidiabetic agent and can be applied in the community with ease and in a more controlled industrial scale.
Antioxidant Effect of Chlorella vulgaris on Physiological Response of Rat Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Simanjuntak, Sorta Basar Ida; Hernayanti, Hernayanti
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 11, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v11i1.16393

Abstract

Chlorella vulgaris is an algae with high nutrition content. Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) is a hepatotoxic chemical.The aims of this study were to determine the effect of C. vulgaris extract on the physiological response of liver such as MDA, SOD and GPx activity on rat after induced by CCl4 exposure as well as to determine the effective dose of C. vulgaris  extract as antioxidant that can neutralize CCl4 exposure.  This research was conducted experimentally with Completely Randomized Design that consists of 6 treatment and 5 times repetition. The doses of C. vulgaris extract used were 3, 4, and 5 mg per /100 g of rat’sbody weight (BW).The administration of C. vulgaris extract was performed within 30 days, while the CCl4 (0.25 ml/100 g BW) was administered orally on the day 9, 12, 16, 19, 23, and 26. Parameters measured were levels of MDA, SOD and GPx of rat blood serum.The results showed that the administration of C. vulgaris extract can inhibit lipid peroxidation indicated by decrease in MDA activities and oxidative stress by increasing SOD and GPx activity. In conclusion, 5 mg/100 g BW of C.vulgaris extract is an effective dose to be uses as endogenous antioxidant to protect the liver cell from damage caused by CCl4exposure. The benefit of C. vulgaris as a supplement for antihepatotoxin in humans.
EFFECT CADMIUM EXPOSURE ON RENAL FUNCTION OF WELDING WORKERS hernayanti, hernayanti; Santoso, Slamet; Lestari, Sri; Prayoga, Lucky; Kamsinah, Kamsinah; Rochmatino, Rochmatino
Kesmas Indonesia: Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 11 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (139.116 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.ki.2019.11.1.1422

Abstract

ABSTRACT Cadmium is one of the heavy metals that has nephroxic effect and &nbsp;dangerous to &nbsp;human health, especially welding workers. If cadmium enters the body will bind to metallotionein protein.&nbsp; This process can increase the formation of free radical compounds, thereby induced lipid peroxidation which damage kidney organ and may cause impaired the renal function. Decreased renal function is characterized by an increase of ?2-Microglobulin and creatinine level. The aim of this study are to know effect of Cd exposure to renal function indicated by increasing of Cd, creatinine and ?2-M level. Research design used case control. Research subjects consist of thirty welding workers in Purwokerto with a period of working more than 3 years as case subjects and control subjects come from Pamijen village Baturaden. &nbsp;Data of Cd, creatinine and ?2-M level were analyzed by t independent. Result of this research showed that in case subjects occur an increase of Cd, creatinine and ?2-M level and have higher level compare with control subjects.It can be concluded that Cd exposure has an effect on renal disfunction which indicated by increasing&nbsp; blood Cd level, creatinine and ?2-M level. &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;
PENURUNAN TOKSISITAS KADMIUM DENGAN KELATOR ALAMI PEGAGAN (CENTELLA ASIATICA) DITINJAU DARI KADAR MALONDIALDEHID (MDA) DAN SUPEROKSIDA DISMUTASE (SOD) Hernayanti, Hernayanti; Lestari, Sri
Journal of Bionursing Vol 2, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu-ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (343.571 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/bion.v2i1.41

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd) is a heavy metal that is toxic to humans. Cadmium will bind to metalotionin in the liver to form Cd+MT bonds, which triggers the formation of free radicals and causes oxidative stress. Oxidative stress characterized by elevating of MDA and decreasing of antioxidant enzyme such as SOD. Gotu kola(Centella asiatica) contains active compounds medecassoside that can function to chelate Cd, decreasing MDA  level caused by Cd-Mt bounded and generate SOD level.The aim of this study is to know the effect of Pegagan as natural chelator for Cd poisoning and as antioxidant. Twenty four rats were used in this research and divided into six groups with four replications. Group 1 (C1) as healthy. Group 2 (C2) was only given 14 mg/200 gBW of CdSO4 for 35 days. Group 3, 4, 5 and 6 were given CdSO4 14 mg / 200kgBB and gotu kola extract dose of 20 mg/200gBB, 40 mg/200gBB, 60 mg/200gBB, 80 mg / 200gBB, for 21 days. The parameters studied were blood MDA and SOD level. Measuring parameters were done on the 36th day after administration of  Centella extract. Data were analyzed by Anova and followed by Duncan test The results showed   that Centella all doses can reduce MDA level and increase SOD level. A dose of 40mg / 200gBB Centella extract has been effective in reducing MDA level  as well as increasing SOD level. It can be concluded that dose of  40mg/200gBB can use as a natural chelator of Cd and as antioxidant for Cd poisoning.
Blood Hematological and Biochemical Parameters of Osteochilus vittatus with Spirulina platensis Supplementation in Biofloc System Rijal, Muhammad Azharul; Susanto, Susanto; Simanjuntak, Sorta Basar Ida; Hernayanti, Hernayanti; Sukardi, Purnama
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 3 (2020): December 2020
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i3.20936

Abstract

Spirulina platensis is a microalgae that contains nutrients such us iron and phycocianin higher than other microalgae. Research on suplementation of S. platensis in Osteochilus vittatus cultured in biofloc system has never been done. The aim of this study was to determine the blood hematological and biochemical parameters of O. vittatus fed with S. platensis supplementation and maintained in biofloc system. The study was conducted experimentally with Completely Randomized Design, four treatments and five replications. O. vittatus were fed with S. platensis level 0, 2, 4, and 6 g.kg-1 for 56 days. Blood hematological and biochemical parameters were measured on days 0 and 56. Values of those parameters were then analyzed using ANOVA with a confidence level of 95%. The result showed that the highest red blood cells, white blood cells, and hemoglobin counts were 1.57x106­­­­ cell.mm-3, 2.37x105 cell.mm-3, and 6.77 g.dl-1 respectivley, while the highest hematocrit value was 17.5 %. The highest total protein, albumin, and globulin in blood were 7.96 g.dL-1, 4.31 g.dL-1, and 3.79 g.dL-1 respectively, and the best for ratio A/G was 1.14. S. platensis suplementation level of 4g.kg-1 feed was the most optimum level (P<0.05). Cultivation of fish with S. platensis supplementation in feed can increase fish health indicated by the hematological and biochemical parameters of the blood and the fish maintenance in biofloc systems can improve water quality. The benefit of this research is to make a good condition for cultivation and efficiently used not only water but also feed.