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Prospect of Sugar Cane by Products as a Feedstuffs for Beef Cattle Fattening in Dry Regions M, Zulbardi; Sugiarti, Tatit; Hidayati, N; Karto, Abdurrays Ambar
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 8, No 2 (1999)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (569.003 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v8i2.730

Abstract

Several by product of sugar cane can be utilized as roughage. So that cooperation between sugar processing industries and beefcattle industries is enable to enhance. In Indonesia, about 4.62 million ton sugar cane tops, 1 .98 million ton klentekan and 1.32 million ton sugar sogolan can be obtained each year. By product of sugar processing can yield bagasse, blotong and molasses . All of these by products are potential as substitute for common forage in ruminants particularly during a relatively long dry season as long as protein sources are provided. Key words : Feedstuths, by product
The production performance of Holstein Friesian dairy cattle in West Java Mahyudin, P; Siregar, S.B; Hidayati, N; Sugiarti, T
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 2, No 3 (1997)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (808.869 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v2i3.61

Abstract

The production performance of Holstein-Friesian cows in West Java was evaluated in two areas, Cisarua district (Bogor) and Tanjungsari district (Sumedang). In Cisarua the evaluation was made on 175 cows with different stage of lactation (2 - 11 months). Feed offered, both forage and concentrate, milk production and chess girth were measured from each animal for 24 h only. Date of calving, date of service and stage of pregnancy were recorded by interviewing the farmers . In Tanjungsari the study was conducted on 102 postpartum cows . Milk production and chess girth were measured at the beginning of the study and then once a month (morning and afternoon milking) for 3 months. Milk production was 3,700 1 and 3,400 1 per lactation with declining rate of 0 .03 and 0 .05 1/d for Cisarua and Tanjungsari area respectively. The ratio of concentrate : forage consumption was 1 and 1 .4 in Cisarua and in Tanjungsari respectively, and the ratio was reduced as milk production declined . The efficiency of conversion of feed ME to milk yield was approximately the same (0.12 1/MJ) in both location . The proportion of cows lost weight in Cisarua during the first three months was lower (46 %) as compared to that in Sumedang (77 %). Approximately 68 % of the population have conception rate (CR) > 50 % , the remaining should be culled, 24 % have low CR and 8 % have days open > 150 days . From 61 cows observed, 71 % and 21% have a projected calving interval of 12 months and 13 - 14 months respectively . It can be concluded that milk production and reproduction efficiency of Holsteincows in West Java are considered low.   Key words: Holstein-Friesian cow, reproduction efficiency, milk production
Relative superiority analysis of Garut lamb and its crossbred Inounu, Ismeth; Hidayati, N; ., Subandriyo; Tiesnamurti, B; Nafiu, L.O
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 8, No 3 (2003)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.994 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i3.388

Abstract

The objective of the research was to evaluate the relative superiority of Garut lamb and its crosses with St. Croix and Moulton Charollais. The research was conducted at Animal Research Station, Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production, Bogor, Indonesia. The data used for this paper was collected from 1995 to 2002. The results revealed that individual lamb weight at birth, at weaning, preweaning daily gain, at 6, 9 and 12 months of age of the composite sheep (HG = 50% St. Croix : 50% Garut, MG = 50% M. Charollais : 50% Garut, MHG (MG X HG) dan HMG (HG X MG) = 25% St. Croix : 25% M. Charollais : 50% Garut) were higher than Garut sheep. The relative superiority were 6.7-13.1% for lamb weight at birth, 6.6- 15.6% for lamb weight at weaning, 3.2-20.8% for preweaning daily gain dan 6.2-17.9% for lamb weight at 9 month of age, respectively. The superiority of composite sheep were obtained in good and limited feed condition. Lamb growth parameters were also affected by feed condition, parity, sex, and rearing type.   Key words: Garut, St. Croix, M. Charollais sheep, relative superiority
Morphological characteristics of forage crops indigofera zellongeriana at different levels drought stress and interval pruning Herdiawan, Iwan; Abdullah, L; Sopandie, D; Karti, P.D.M.H; Hidayati, N
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 17, No 4 (2012)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (128.263 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i4.693

Abstract

The objectives of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of drought stress and defoliation interval on shoot and root morphologic characteristic of Indigofera zollingeriana. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with two factors and four replications. The first factor consisted of 3 level of drought stress i.e: 100% field capacity (FC) (control), 50% FC, and 25% FC. The second factor comprised of 3 defoliation interval were interval defoliations of 60, 90 and 120 days. The observed variables were shoot, root dry weight, root/shoot ratio and root length. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and the differences between treatments were tested by LSD. The results shows that there were interactions (P < 0,05) between drought stress and defoliations interval on shoot dry weight, while root dry weight, root/shoot ratio, and root length was not. Drought treatment significantly (P < 0,05) decreased shoot, root dry weight, but increase of root/shoot ratio and root length. Defoliation interval significantly affected (P < 0,05) on shoot dry weight, but not on root dry weight, root/shoot ratio, and root length. Key Words: Indigofera zollingeriana, Drought Stress, Defoliation Interval, Shoot And Root Morphology
Relative superiority analysis of Garut lamb and its crossbred Ismeth Inounu; N Hidayati; Subandriyo .; B Tiesnamurti; L.O Nafiu
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 8, No 3 (2003): SEPTEMBER 2003
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.994 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i3.388

Abstract

The objective of the research was to evaluate the relative superiority of Garut lamb and its crosses with St. Croix and Moulton Charollais. The research was conducted at Animal Research Station, Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production, Bogor, Indonesia. The data used for this paper was collected from 1995 to 2002. The results revealed that individual lamb weight at birth, at weaning, preweaning daily gain, at 6, 9 and 12 months of age of the composite sheep (HG = 50% St. Croix : 50% Garut, MG = 50% M. Charollais : 50% Garut, MHG (MG X HG) dan HMG (HG X MG) = 25% St. Croix : 25% M. Charollais : 50% Garut) were higher than Garut sheep. The relative superiority were 6.7-13.1% for lamb weight at birth, 6.6- 15.6% for lamb weight at weaning, 3.2-20.8% for preweaning daily gain dan 6.2-17.9% for lamb weight at 9 month of age, respectively. The superiority of composite sheep were obtained in good and limited feed condition. Lamb growth parameters were also affected by feed condition, parity, sex, and rearing type.   Key words: Garut, St. Croix, M. Charollais sheep, relative superiority
Morphological characteristics of forage crops indigofera zellongeriana at different levels drought stress and interval pruning Iwan Herdiawan; L Abdullah; D Sopandie; P.D.M.H Karti; N Hidayati
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 17, No 4 (2012): DECEMBER 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (128.263 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i4.693

Abstract

The objectives of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of drought stress and defoliation interval on shoot and root morphologic characteristic of Indigofera zollingeriana. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with two factors and four replications. The first factor consisted of 3 level of drought stress i.e: 100% field capacity (FC) (control), 50% FC, and 25% FC. The second factor comprised of 3 defoliation interval were interval defoliations of 60, 90 and 120 days. The observed variables were shoot, root dry weight, root/shoot ratio and root length. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and the differences between treatments were tested by LSD. The results shows that there were interactions (P < 0,05) between drought stress and defoliations interval on shoot dry weight, while root dry weight, root/shoot ratio, and root length was not. Drought treatment significantly (P < 0,05) decreased shoot, root dry weight, but increase of root/shoot ratio and root length. Defoliation interval significantly affected (P < 0,05) on shoot dry weight, but not on root dry weight, root/shoot ratio, and root length. Key Words: Indigofera zollingeriana, Drought Stress, Defoliation Interval, Shoot And Root Morphology
PERTUMBUHAN DAN AKUMULASI MERKURI BERBAGAI JENIS TUMBUHAN YANG DITANAM DI MEDIA LIMBAH PENAMBANGAN EMAS DENGAN PERLAKUAN BERBAGAI TINGKAT KONSENTRASI MERKURI DAN KELAT AMONIUM TIOSULFAT Juhaeti, Titi; Hidayati, N; Syarif, F; Hidayat, S
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 9, No 5 (2009)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1300.087 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v9i5.1990

Abstract

Gold mining activities have recently increased in many areas. Contamination with heavy metals, mainly mercury due to illegal mine (PETI) have been in concern to residents around the area. One approach to remediate risks from some toxic metal pollutants is phytoextraction using hyperaccumulator plants. These remarkable plant species accumulate appreciable high concentrations of metals than do normal plants when the normal plants suffers yield reduction from metal phytotoxicity. Possible solution of using indigenous plants for phytoremediation has been studied. Performance of four selected plant species i.e Paspalum conjugatum, Centrosema pubescens, Commelina nudiflora and Mikania cordata were examined. In this study the plants were grown in PETI waste media contaminated with 25.733 ppm mercury (Hg), added with mercury (II) chloride (HgCl2) with different levels of concentrations i.e. 0 ppm Hg (HO), 10 ppm Hg (H10) and 20 ppm Hg (H20). To increase mercury uptake from the media, chelating agent, ammonium thiosulfat (NH4),S2O, was applied with concentration of 0 ppm (KO) dan 50 ppm (50). Plants biomass and mercury accumulation in plant shoots and roots were assessed at one and two months after treatments. The results showed that all of the plant species under study were highly tolerant to Hg. It was indicated by plant normal performances and high biomass production even in the highest level of Hg concentration and high Hg accumulation in the plant shoot and roots that reached 41.860 ppm in the shoot of P. conjugatum (H10 with chelate), 40.054 ppm in the shoot of C. pubescens (H20 no chelate),41.089 ppm in the shoot of C. nudiflora (H10 no chelate) and 42.610 ppm in the shoot of M. cordata (H10 no chelate). At the highest concentration levels of Hg under study there was no effects of toxicity on the plants, indicated by normal plant growth and high biomass production. Higher accumulation of Hg were found in the plants treated with higher level of Hg concentrations.
Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Jagung Pulut Lokal Sulawesi Selatan yang Ditanam di Polibag Pada Berbagai Kombinasi Perlakuan Pupuk Organik Juhaeti, Titi; Hidayati, N; Rahmansyah, M
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 9, No 2 (2013): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v9i2.168

Abstract

Research has been carried out through the utilization of organic fertilizer to improve the productivity of local maizecultivar originated from South Sulawesi. The study was conducted at the research station of Research Center for Biology,Cibinong Science Center. Corn seed were planted in polybag containing mixture of soil and compost, 6 and 2kg, respectively. The research were carried out by Randomized Complete Block Design arranged in factorial experimentwith four replications. The first factors are three types of local maize namely A: rice corn (pulut beras, BataraKoasa), B: waxy corn (pulut biji, Batara Kamu), C: pulut hibrida (hybrid cultivar). The second factors are 14 combinationtreatment as a mixture of LIPI organic fertilizer (Beyonic-StarTmik, Bio121, EM-121 and MegaRhizo) andanorganic NPK fertilizer. The variables observed were plant growth and production. The results showed that thehybrid cultivar had higher total corn yield productivity compared to the local one, although hybrid cultivar hassmaller plant biomass. Waxy corn (B) accession showed the weight, length and diameter of cob, and also the weightof 100 grains larger than rice corn (A). Fertilization treatments significantly affect the corn-cob productivity which isincludes the weight, length, and diameter units. Fertilization treatments such as EM-121 + (½ dose of NPK), BIO-121 + (½ dose of NPK), and Beyonic + (¼ dose of NPK) showed a good effect on plant, and it was not significantlydifferent with 100% NPK (full doses of NPK). The three corn cultivar showed different responses to fertilizationtreatments.Keywords: local corn, biofertilizer, growth, production
PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI JAGUNG PULUT LOKAL SULAWESI SELATAN YANG DITANAM DI POLIBAG PADA BERBAGAI KOMBINASI PERLAKUAN PUPUK ORGANIK Juhaeti, Titi; Hidayati, N; Rahmansyah, M
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 9, No 2 (2013): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v9i2.168

Abstract

Research has been carried out through the utilization of organic fertilizer to improve the productivity of local maizecultivar originated from South Sulawesi. The study was conducted at the research station of Research Center for Biology,Cibinong Science Center. Corn seed were planted in polybag containing mixture of soil and compost, 6 and 2kg, respectively. The research were carried out by Randomized Complete Block Design arranged in factorial experimentwith four replications. The first factors are three types of local maize namely A: rice corn (pulut beras, BataraKoasa), B: waxy corn (pulut biji, Batara Kamu), C: pulut hibrida (hybrid cultivar). The second factors are 14 combinationtreatment as a mixture of LIPI organic fertilizer (Beyonic-StarTmik, Bio121, EM-121 and MegaRhizo) andanorganic NPK fertilizer. The variables observed were plant growth and production. The results showed that thehybrid cultivar had higher total corn yield productivity compared to the local one, although hybrid cultivar hassmaller plant biomass. Waxy corn (B) accession showed the weight, length and diameter of cob, and also the weightof 100 grains larger than rice corn (A). Fertilization treatments significantly affect the corn-cob productivity which isincludes the weight, length, and diameter units. Fertilization treatments such as EM-121 + (½ dose of NPK), BIO-121 + (½ dose of NPK), and Beyonic + (¼ dose of NPK) showed a good effect on plant, and it was not significantlydifferent with 100% NPK (full doses of NPK). The three corn cultivar showed different responses to fertilizationtreatments.Keywords: local corn, biofertilizer, growth, production
The production performance of Holstein Friesian dairy cattle in West Java P Mahyudin; S.B Siregar; N Hidayati; T Sugiarti
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 2, No 3 (1997)
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (808.869 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v2i3.61

Abstract

The production performance of Holstein-Friesian cows in West Java was evaluated in two areas, Cisarua district (Bogor) and Tanjungsari district (Sumedang). In Cisarua the evaluation was made on 175 cows with different stage of lactation (2 - 11 months). Feed offered, both forage and concentrate, milk production and chess girth were measured from each animal for 24 h only. Date of calving, date of service and stage of pregnancy were recorded by interviewing the farmers . In Tanjungsari the study was conducted on 102 postpartum cows . Milk production and chess girth were measured at the beginning of the study and then once a month (morning and afternoon milking) for 3 months. Milk production was 3,700 1 and 3,400 1 per lactation with declining rate of 0 .03 and 0 .05 1/d for Cisarua and Tanjungsari area respectively. The ratio of concentrate : forage consumption was 1 and 1 .4 in Cisarua and in Tanjungsari respectively, and the ratio was reduced as milk production declined . The efficiency of conversion of feed ME to milk yield was approximately the same (0.12 1/MJ) in both location . The proportion of cows lost weight in Cisarua during the first three months was lower (46 %) as compared to that in Sumedang (77 %). Approximately 68 % of the population have conception rate (CR) > 50 % , the remaining should be culled, 24 % have low CR and 8 % have days open > 150 days . From 61 cows observed, 71 % and 21% have a projected calving interval of 12 months and 13 - 14 months respectively . It can be concluded that milk production and reproduction efficiency of Holstein'cows in West Java are considered low.   Key words: Holstein-Friesian cow, reproduction efficiency, milk production