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Legalitas Perkawinan yang Tidak Tercatat pada Masyarakat Pinrang ( Analisis Perma Nomor 1 Tahun 2015 tentang Pelayanan Terpadu Pencatatan Nikah) Agus Muchsin; Rukiah; Muhammad Sabir
DIKTUM: Jurnal Syariah dan Hukum Vol 17 No 1 (2019): DIKTUM: JURNAL SYARIAH DAN HUKUM
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum Islam Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Parepare

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (535.896 KB) | DOI: 10.35905/diktum.v17i1.653

Abstract

Marriage is a unique event because marriage is a way of gluing the knot of a family. Sociologically, the Bugis Pinrang community is obedient and obedient to the law. However, the application of marriage records has not been carried out optimally. Because there are still some couples who have not registered their marriages. This habit is proof that the legal culture has not been built to its full potential. Non-recorded marriages will have a legal impact on the child and wife. Unregistered marriages should need legal protection, not to be left without providing a solution. The form of protection was outlined in technical form by providing an opportunity to carry out the marriage certificate on the marriage which had been carried out according to the Islamic Shari'a, but was not recorded by authorized employees. Marriage rules are intended for certain things as contained in article 7 paragraph (3) KHI. The existence of this Article provides legal protection by giving the opportunity to submit a marriage certificate application. So that marriages that have not been recorded, can be recorded and recognized administratively, so that they become marriages that are formal or legal juridically.
PROBLEMATIKA PERKAWINAN WANITA HAMIL DAN IMPLEMENTASI KHI PASAL 53 TENTANG PERKAWINAN WANITA HAMIL DI PENGADILAN AGAMA. Muhammad Sabir
Hukum Islam Vol 21, No 1 (2021): PROBLEMATIKA HUKUM KELUARGA DAN EKONOMI SYARI'AH
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan hukum Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24014/jhi.v21i1.10723

Abstract

The marriage of a pregnant is a marriage that occurs before do marriage aqad. There have been differences of opinion among scholars regarding this marriage model. Even so, the State of Indonesia as a state based on law also regulates this marriage model which is contained in KHI article 53.The link between the marriage of a pregnant in a religious court is an application for marriage dispensation, because it is found that the requirements for submitting a marriage dispensation are for those who are constrained by the minimum age of marriage (19 years) with various reasons for filing including because of pregnancy. Various factors cause marriage of pregnant women, namely: age factors, lack of education, not understanding religious values and morality, as well as economic factors.
THE PROBLEMS OF THE KHI ON ARTICLE 7 ABOUT THE MARRIAGE ISBAT IN A RELIGIOUS COURT Muhammad Sabir; Aris Aris; Iin Mutmainnah
Syariah: Jurnal Hukum dan Pemikiran Vol 21, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Antasari Banjarmasin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (268.069 KB) | DOI: 10.18592/sjhp.v21i1.3994

Abstract

Abstrak: Sebelum melangsungkan perklawinan, terdapat beberapa rukun dan syarat yang mesti dipenuhi yang telah ditetapkan oleh undang-undang. Salah satunya adalah pencatatan perkawinan.  Syarat tersebut bertujuan untuk memberikan kepastian dan pengakuan hukum bahwa sebuah perkawinan pernah terjadi. Akan tetapi pada kenyataannya masih banyak perkawinan  tidak dicatat atau didaftarkan pada pegawai pencatat perkawinan yang berwenang. Pengadilan Agama selaku pelaksanan kekuasaan kehakiman dalam menangani masalah perkawinan dibutuhkan kejelian dalam menyelesaikan permasalahan tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengenalisis pelaksanaan pasal 7 dalam KHI di Pengadilan agama  tentang isbat nikah daln melihat penyebab sehingga terjadi isbat nikah. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan sosiologis dan yuridis, hasil dari penelitian ini bahwa masih banyak terjadi perkawinan bawah tangan  yang dijumpai di pengadilan agama. Hal demikian terjadi karena berbagai faktor. Olehnya itu dibutuhkan kejelian pengadilan agama dalam menagani perkara tersebut dan dibutuhkan kehadiran Negara agar menyelesaikan sehingga praktik perkawinan tersebut  tidak terjadi lagi.Kata kunci: Perkawinan, isbat nikah, Pengadilan Agama Abstract: Before entering into a marriage, there are several pillars and conditions that must be fiilfulled which have been stipulated by law. One of them is marriage registration. These requirements are to provide legal certainty and recognition that a marriage has occurred. However, in reality there are still many marriages that are not recorded or registered with the authorized marriage registrar. The Religious Court as the exercise of judicial power in handling marital problems requires carefulness to resolve these problems. This study aims to analyze the implementation of article 7 the KHI in the religious court regarding the isbat of marriage and to see the causes that lead to marriage isbat. By using a sociological and juridical approach, the results of this study show that there are still many under-handed marriages that are found in religious courts. The type marriage happened because of various factors. Therefore, religious courts need to be careful in handling these cases and the presence, help of the State is needed to resolve it so that the practice of marriage does not occur again.Keywords: Marriage, isbat, religious courts. 
Korupsi, Hibah dan Hadiah dalam Persfektif Hukum Islam (Klarifikasi dan Pencegahan Korupsi) Muhammad Sabir; Iin Mutmainnah
Alhurriyah Vol 5, No 2 (2020): Juli - Desember 2020
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bukittinggi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30983/alhurriyah.v5i2.2690

Abstract

This study attends to analyze the ulama perspective regarding the corruption, gift and grants, as well as the actions taken to prevent corruption. Qualitative descriptive is type of this research and uses a juridical sociology approach in analyzing corruption. Prizes and grants that are assumed to be gratuities are basically commendable acts but can lead to criminal acts of corruption when related to officials government. while the ulama agree that corruption is an illegal act. And the preventing and overcoming corruption is to carry out strict supervision and to give strict sanctions to the perpetrators.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa pandangan ulama menyangkut korupsi, hadiah dan hibah, serta tindakan  yang dilakukan dalam mencegah tindak pidana korupsi. Deskriptif kualitatif merupakan jenis penelitian ini dan menggunakan pendekatan sosiologi yuridis dalam menganalisis tindak pidana korupsi. Hadiah dan hibah yang diasumsikan sebagai gratifikasi pada dasarnya merupakan perbuatan terpuji namun bisa berujung pada tindak pidana korupsi apabila berkaitan dengan pejabat. Sementara ulama bersepakat bahwa korupsi adalah perbuatan haram. Hal yang dilakukan dalam pencegahan dan penanggulangan tindak pidana korupsi ialah melakukan pengawasan ketat dan memberikan sanksi yang tegas kepada para pelaku.
MAQASID SYARIAH DAN METODE PENETAPAN HUKUM DALAM KONTEKS KEKINIAN (Memahami Korelasi antara Keduanya) Muhammad Sabir; Abdul Muher
TAHKIM Vol 17, No 1 (2021): TAHKIM
Publisher : IAIN Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33477/thk.v17i1.1636

Abstract

Maqasid sharia is a concept that is becoming an interesting conversation among scholars. This concept has been known long before syatibi but this concept is very attached to it because it was introduced the first complete as a method of legal thought by him. Substantially, the maqasid of sharia or the purpose of establishing the law is nothing but benefit. In understanding the maqasid of sharia, there are two methods of legal determination that can be developed, namely the ijtihad tatbiqi and istinbati methods. Both methods have support from the ta'lili reasoning style and the istislahi ta'lili reasoning style with the qiyas and stihsan methods while istislahi reasoning with maslahah mursalah and saddu zara'i. such things all have a relationship with the maqasid of sharia. Apart from that the correlation is that there is a close relationship between the maqasid of sharia and the method of establishing law, the linkages are interconnected so that they cannot be separated. Maqasid shari'ah as a goal and a method as a tool to understand the meaning and purpose of Allah and His Messenger in ordering and prohibiting something.
Manifestation of Sharia Regional Regulations in Managing Social Morality Muhammad Sabir; Nazaruddin Nazaruddin
JURIS (Jurnal Ilmiah Syariah) Vol 20, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Batusangkar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (618.401 KB) | DOI: 10.31958/juris.v20i2.3276

Abstract

This study discuss about the manifestations of shariah perda in managing of sosial morality. The type of this research is a qualitative descriptive using the sociological, historical and normative juridical approaches. The results of this study suggest that the sharia regional regulations are established based on the Koran and hadith. In the history of its formation, it is inseparable from the formation of national law by observing the three periods of its formation, especially regarding regional autonomy. It is also necessary to understand that if you look at the position of regional regulations, especially sharia regulations by looking at the legal system in force in this country, it can be understood that Islamic sharia has an important position in the formation of law in Indonesia. This regulation aim of safeguarding and protecting the dignity of the community. Although there is opposition and rejection of it, this rule is in accordance with the national legal system and makes a great contribution to managing people's lives. Because one of the functions of law is to regulate or control the actions and behavior of the community so as not to do actions that are detrimental to themselves and to the surrounding community.