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Baseflow and lowflow of catchments covered by various old teak forest areas Tyas Mutiara Basuki; Esa Bagus Nugrahanto; Irfan Budi Pramono; Wahyu Wisnu Wijaya
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management Vol 6, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Brawijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1019.082 KB) | DOI: 10.15243/jdmlm.2019.062.1609

Abstract

Drought has become a severe disaster faced by several regions in Java, Indonesia due to land cover changes including forest conversion and the increase in air temperature. In this regards, the availability of forests related to lowflow has been a controversial debate. Forest in Java is dominated by teak; however, the hydrological teak forest has not been well known. Therefore, a research has been undertaken to know the baseflow and low-flow of teak catchments covered by various old teak forest areas. The research areas were in Blora District, Central Java, Indonesia. Data of2008-2015 from five catchments with areas of 3.38, 13.47, 20.14, 27.79, 64.80, and 69.20 ha and covered by old teak forests of 82, 82, 74, 70, and 53% of the catchment were analyzed. In this study, baseflow is the delayed flow from bank storage, and low-flow is stream flow in the dry season. The results showed that baseflow is affected by the percentage of old teak plantation areas, rainfall and antecedent soil moisture condition. Areas of the old teak plantation and the baseflow show negative and non-linear correlation. High low-flow occurs in the catchments with the percentage of old teak plantation about 74 to 70%.
Biomass carbon stock and water yield of teak catchments Tyas Mutiara Basuki; Irfan Budi Pramono; Diah Auliyani
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management Vol 8, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Brawijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15243/jdmlm.2020.081.2481

Abstract

Rehabilitation of degraded forests and lands using the vegetative method can be used to improve the environmental condition and sequestered carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. However, improper plant selection may create water shortage in dry season. Based on the background, the research was conducted in order to study the relationships of biomass carbon stock, evapotranspiration, and water yield of five catchments covered by various teak areas. The study was conducted in Blora Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. The percentage of mature teak plantation areas in the catchments were 82, 82, 73, 70, and 53%. The biomass carbon stock in each catchment was estimated using previously published data. The water yield of the catchments was calculated from the conversion of the stream water level at the outlet of each catchment. The evapotranspiration was calculated based on a simple water budget of a catchment. The results showed that the highest carbon stock was 64 t/ha and found in Modang Catchment (82% mature teak). The lowest carbon stock was 22 t/ha and measured in Gagakan Catchment (53% mature teak). In parallel with the amount of carbon stock, the highest evapotranspiration was measured in Modang Catchment, and the lowest was found in Gagakan Catchment. The observation of water yield during 2008- 2019 showed that the higher the carbon stock in the catchments, the lower the water yield. Synergy in reducing CO2 emission and sustaining water flows can be achieved by considering land suitability for plant growth and applying water conservation in forests and lands rehabilitation.
Peak flood volume and its suspended sediment at various rainfall in Kedungbulus catchment in Gombong, Central Java, Indonesia Tyas Mutiara Basuki; Irfan Budi Pramono
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management Vol 9, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Brawijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15243/jdmlm.2021.091.3211

Abstract

Flood is a natural disaster that frequently happens and causes many material and immaterial losses. During flooding, the suspended sediment is carried along by the streamflow. The amount of sediment transported varies and depends on natural and anthropogenic factors. Limited studies have been conducted regarding the relationship between peak flood volume and its sediment content. Therefore, a study with the purpose to understand the relationship of rainfall characteristics, peak flood volume, and suspended sediment was undertaken in Kedungbulus Catchment in Gombong, Central Java, Indonesia. The size of Kedungbulus catchment is 37.8 km2. To collect the required data, an automatic stream water level recorder was installed in the outlet of the catchment. In addition, an automatic and two conventional rain gauges were set up inside the catchment. Hydrograph and statistical analysis were conducted on 2016-2017 data. The results showed that during the study period, the highest peak flood volume occurred on October 8, 2016. The flood duration was 490 minutes, with the time to peak was 135 minutes. At the highest peak flood volume, the stream water was 5,091,221 m3, and the suspended sediment was around 2,394 tons. Rainfall depth significantly affects the peak flood volume and its suspended sediment. The rainfall intensity and Antecedent Soil Moisture Content (ASMC) weakly correlate with peak flood volume and its suspended sediment content.
Sediment yield and alternatives soil conservation practices of teak catchments Tyas Mutiara Basuki
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management Vol 5, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Brawijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2063.102 KB) | DOI: 10.15243/jdmlm.2017.051.965

Abstract

Quantifying sediment is essential to determine its sources and reduce its negative impacts. A study was conducted to quantify suspended sediments of catchments covering by teak plantation and to provide alternatives soil conservation practices. Five catchments with old teak coverages of 82; 82; 74; 70; and 53 % were chosen. At the outlet of each catchment was installed tide gauge to monitor stream water level (SWL). Water samples for sediment analyses were taken for every increament of SWL. Sediment yield was calculated based on rating curves of sediment discharge. The results showed that the sources of sediment in the streams were dryland agricultural and streambank erosion. The mean annual sediment yield during the study were 9.3; 10; 15; 53.3; and 22.5 t/ha for catchments covered by old teak plantation of 82, 82, 74, 70, and 53 %, respectively. To reduce sediment yield some soil conservation practices must be applied. Conservation of soil organic matter is important in order to stabilize soil aggregate and prevent clay dispersion which causes erosion and sedimentation. Green firebreaks or making channels are needed to prevent fire during dry season and organic matter loss. Stabilization of streambank is neccesary, either using vegetative method or civil technics.
Water and sediment yields from two catchments with different land cover areas Tyas Mutiara Basuki
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management Vol 4, No 4 (2017)
Publisher : Brawijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1269.317 KB) | DOI: 10.15243/jdmlm.2017.044.853

Abstract

Land cover and human activities affect water yield and soil erosion-sedimentation in a catchment. Therefore, a study to obtain information of water and sediment yields from two catchments covered by different land cover areas has been conducted in Tanjung and Bakar catchments. The catchments are located in Tanah Laut Regency, South Kalimantan Province. The area of secondary forest inTanjung and Bakar catchments are 31 and 10%. The water yield was obtained by measuring Stream Water Level (SWL) and converted the data into stream water discharge using a stream water discharge rating curve. Sediment samples were taken for every increament of SWL. The sediment concentration in water samples were converted to sediment discharge (kg/second) using a sediment discharge rating curve. The results showed that water and sediment yields in 2016 of Tanjung cacthment were higher than Bakar catchment. The water and sediment yields of Tanjung were 2994 mm and 15.7 t/ha. Bakar catchment produces water yield 2750 mm and sediment yield 7.4 t/ha. Based on the study, it shows that the suspended sediment in stream water is not only affected by the percentage of forest cover, but it is also influenced by the activities within the catchment such as traditional mining.
Temporal distribution of sediment yield from catchments covered by different pine plantation areas Tyas Mutiara Basuki; Irfan Budi Pramono; Rahardyan Nugroho Adi; Esa Bagus Nugrahanto; Diah Auliyani; Wahyu Wisnu Wijaya
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management Vol 5, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Brawijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1047.532 KB) | DOI: 10.15243/jdmlm.2018.053.1259

Abstract

Soil erosion and sedimentation are environmental problems faced by tropical countries. Many researches on soil erosion-sedimentation have been conducted with various results. Quantifying soil erosion-sedimentation and its temporal distribution are important for watershed management. Therefore, a study with the objective to quantify the amount of suspended sediment from catchments under various pine plantation areas was conducted. The research was undertaken during 2010 to 2017 in seven catchments with various percentage of pine coverage in Kebumen Regency, Central Java Province. The rainfall data were collected from two rainfall stations. A tide gauge was installed at the outlet of each catchment to monitor stream water level. The water samples for every stream water level increment were analyzed to obtain sediment concentration. The results showed that monthly suspended sediment of the catchments was high in January to April and October to December, and low in May to September. The annual suspended sediment fluctuated during the study period. Non-linear correlations were observed between suspended sediment and rainfall as well as suspended sediment and percentage pine areas. The line trend between suspended sediment and percentage of pine areas showed that the increase in pine areas decreased suspended sediment, with the slope of the graph is sharp at the percentage of pine areas from 8% to 40%, then is gentle for pine plantation areas more than 40%.
Specific Peak Discharge of Two Catchments Covered by Teak Forest with Different Area Percentages Tyas Mutiara Basuki; Rahardyan Nugroho Adi; Wahyu Wisnu Wijaya
Forum Geografi Vol 31, No 1 (2017): July 2017
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v31i1.3236

Abstract

In watershed area, forest has important roles in relation with peak discharge. This  research was conducted to study the impacts of teak forest on peak discharge. On-screen digitizing of IKONOS imagery was done to classify the land cover of the study area. Kejalen and Gagakan catchments covered by old teak forests by 74% and 53% respectively, were chosen as the study area. These catchments are located in Blora Regency. Automatic streamflow recorder was set at the outlet of each catchment and subsequently, peak discharges were examined from the recorded data. During the observation, there were 36 evidences of specific peak discharge. The results showed that a trend of lower peak discharges occurred in Kejalen catchment which has the higher percentage of teak forest area  in compared to Gagakan catchment with lower percentage of teak forest area, except when extreme rainfalls happened. At rainfall of 163 mm/day, specific peak discharge in Kejalen was higher than in Gagakan catchment. Although there is a relationship between specific peak discharge and the percentage of forest cover area, the increase of specific peak discharge is not only affected by forest cover, but also affected by daily rainfall, antecedent soil moisture, and rainfall intensity. Coefficients of determination between specific peak discharge and daily rainfall are 0.64 and 0.61 for Kejalen and Gagakan catchments, respectively.