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Journal : Jurnal Biologi Tropis

Study of Ethno Cosmetics Natural Care of Batujai Village Community, West Praya, Central Lombok Nurul Istiqomah; Nisa Isneni Hanifa; Kurniasih Sukenti
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 21 No. 1 (2021): Januari - April
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v21i1.2342

Abstract

Cosmetics are a major need for women everyday life, which can be seen from the increasing income of the cosmetics industry for up to 12% in 2016. Natural ingredients are the alternative to reduce the negative impact of synthetic cosmetics. Knowledge about it is obtained from generation to generation with oral traditions but has several weaknesses. The aims of study to conduct studies related to use of natural ingredients and to find out the value of the use of plants as natural care cosmetics by the people of Batujai village. This research used descriptive methods with qualitative and quantitative approaches, where quantitative data is the result of the calculation of the Index of Cultural Significance (ICS) and Fidelity Level (FL). The results showed that there were 13 natural care cosmetic ingredients consisting of 27 species and 18 families. The potions are children's rapus, rapus golam, rapus mutu, rapus wajah, soap, shampoo, mamak, kejames 1, kejames 2, kejames 3, kejames 4, serbat, and toothpaste. The highest ICS value of 42 was found in the species Oryza sativa L. and the lowest value of 6 was found in the species Amaranthus arenicola, Musa, Cocos nucifera L., Aleurites moluccanus, Aloe vera, Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr., Citrus aurantiifolia, Piper retrofractum Vahl, Lannea coromandelica, Jatropha curcas L., Sida rhombifolia L., Ipomoea alba L., Barringtonia racemosa, and Ipomoea sepiaria. FL values range from 25-100%.
Active Components of Komak Beak Bongkor (Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet) Seeds Nur Indah Julisaniah; Baiq Aulia Dewi Agustin; Sukiman Sukiman; Kurniasih Sukenti
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 22 No. 2 (2022): April - June
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v22i2.3633

Abstract

Komak bean (Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet) belongs to the family Fabaceae and subfamily Papilionidae. Komam bean is cultivated by people for consumption as an additional food source. Informationabout the active compound content of komak bean is needed as a reference in the utilization of komak. This research aims to determine the active compounds contained in komak seed (Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet). This study used GC-MS analysis to determine the active components of the komak bean seed. Based on research result, komak Beak Bongkor bean contain 13 active components, they were toluenea, methyl octanoat, adacene 12, isododecane, caprylic acid, retardex, 1-undecene 7-methyl-, methyl caprate, capric acid, benzoic acid 4-ethyl-, palmitic aldehyde, methyl laurate dan lauric acid.
Ethnobotanical Study of Tumpek Wariga Tradition in Hindu Community of Jagaraga Village, West Lombok Regency Ni Putu Xena Tantowi; Kurniasih Sukenti; Tri Mulyaningsih
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 22 No. 3 (2022): July - September
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v22i3.3427

Abstract

The Hindu community in Jagaraga Village, West Lombok Regency is a local community whose life is closely related to the use of plants in daily life, including using plants in traditional rituals. Jagaraga Village has areas surrounded by rice fields and farms, therefore the Hindu community in Jagaraga Village performs the Tumpek Wariga traditional ceremony. Tumpek Wariga is held as a form of gratitude for the plants and also as a form of request to the plants to produce a good harvest. This ceremony is carried out 25 days before the Galungan ceremony. This study aims to explore the ethnobotanical aspects of the plants used in the Tumpek Wariga ceremony. The research was conducted in 5 hamlets of the Hindu community of Jagaraga Village, namely Tambang Eleh Hamlet, Lamper Hamlet, Karang Lamper Hamlet, West Jagaraga Hamlet and East Jagaraga Hamlet. All qualitative and quantitative data were analyzed descriptively based on the results of observations, interviews, calculations of Reported Use (RU) and the Index of Cultural Significance (ICS). Data collection in the field is done by observation, interviews, and documentation. The selection of sources using purposive sampling and snowball sampling methods. Based on the results obtained, 59 species of plants belong to 50 generas and 36 families are used in Tumpek Wariga ceremony in the Hindu community of Jagaraga Village, West Lombok Regency. These plants are used as food, other food ingredients such as spices, secondary materials, offerings and ritual equipments.
Exploration in utilization of Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet in Central Lombok Regency as a support in food security based on local germplasm management and conservation Kurniasih Sukenti; Nur Indah Julisaniah; Sukiman Sukiman; Rina Kurnianingsih
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 22 No. 3 (2022): July - September
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v22i3.4145

Abstract

Komak (generally assumed and known as Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet) is one of the important food commodities in Fabaceae family, especially for people on Lombok Island, West Nusa Tenggara. Komak bean is also one of the common plants which is widely grown on Lombok Island in general. The objects of this research are to explore the various uses on some morphological variants of komak plant in Central Lombok Regency as one of komak production area on Lombok Island, including its potency of development strategies. This descriptive exploratory research was conducted in Central Lombok Regency as one of the important areas for komak population, supported by interviews, participatory observation and documentation. Snowball sampling method was applied in informant selection. Data were analyzed based on the calculation of Reported Use (RU) and Index of Cultural Significance (ICS). As the results, there are about 10 (ten) utilizations of komak plant reported by the community: as food, yard plants, land boundaries, economic plants, natural fertilizers, ecological functions (soil cover/erosion prevention), animal feed, seasonal indicators, ritual, and socio-cultural functions. Dissemination of information about processing technology and utilization of komak plant are still needed in order to support the optimalization of the management and utilization of this commodity as one of potential legumes that has a strategic role in realizing national food security.
Study of Habitat Characteristic and Ethnobotanical Aspects of Komak Beans (Fabaceae) in North Lombok Regency Yayat Maulidan; Sukiman Sukiman; Kurniasih Sukenti; Nur Indah Julisaniah; Rina Kurnianingsih
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 22 No. 4 (2022): October - December
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v22i4.4377

Abstract

Komak bean is one type of local beans that are quite widely cultivated. Komak beans have various important ingredients so that it can become alternative food stuffs and produce a variety of food products. North Lombok Regency is one of the komak bean cultivation center in West Nusa Tenggara. Information regarding the use and condition of the komak bean’s habitat in North Lombok Regency is not much known. Based on this, research is needed to be done related to the use and characteristics of komak bean habitats. This study aims to determine the diversity of komak bean, variety of utilization, habitat characteristics, and local wisdom in komak bean conservation. The methods used are field observations, interviews and measurements of environmental factors. Respondents were selected by purposive sampling and snowball sampling with semi-structured interview. In this study, the types of komak beans was found consisted of Lablab purpureus ssp. purpureus, Lablab purpureus var. lignosus, Lablab purpureus var. typicus, and Phaseolus lunatus. The variety of uses of komak beans in North Lombok Regency are as food ingredients, animal feed, a component of gifts in traditions, land barriers, and shade. Cultural Significance Index (CSI) value show P. lunatus as the most important type with value of 32 or almost used in all varieties of utilization. Komak beans grow at soil temperature ranges from 26℃-33℃, soil moisture 20-80%, 25℃-36℃ air temperature, air moisture 34-92%, and soil pH is range 4-8. The dominant texture of the soil are sandy clay and silty clay. Various traditional ways that are applied by the public to preserve komak seeds, namely mixing with rough salt, betel chalk and coconut oil, turmeric powder, and crushed seeds of Schleichera oleosa.
Preservation of Orchid Plants through Cultivation as Nature Tourism Objects in Mount Rinjani National Park, Lombok Island Ahmad Jupri; Rohimati Saadah; Sukiman; Kurniasih Sukenti; Wardatul Jannah
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 23 No. 1 (2023): January - March
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v23i1.4750

Abstract

Orchid is one of the horticultural plants that are in great demand because of the beauty of their flowers. Orchids are included in the Orchidaceae family. It is important to do this research in order to gain knowledge about Orchid Cultivation Techniques in the National Park of Mount Rinjani Resort Joben. The data collection used in this research is by interview, observation, and direct practice with the supervisor. Based on the results of the research that has been done, the results can be described as listed either through interviews, observations and direct practice as outlined in the form of narratives and pictures. The results of this study indicate that there are 16 types of orchids collected both from within and from outside the area. There is one species endemic orchid from Lombok Island found that is Vanda lombokensis. The cultivation proses consist of demonstration plots, propagation technique and maintenance. The technique used is the split technique or clump separation, namely cutting off the shoots that come out of the stem; cutting off the saplings that come out of the roots and flower stalks and planted using the kadaka media. The maintenance includes watering, fertilization and cleaning weeds. The strategy to develop the tourism object with produce and maintain the original orchid appropriate technology-based.
Ethnobotanical Study of Cilokaq, Traditional Musical Art of Sasak Tribe on Lombok Island Sahid Imam Wahyudi; Sukiman Sukiman; Kurniasih Sukenti
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 23 No. 2 (2023): April-June
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v23i2.4749

Abstract

Cilokaq is a traditional musical art of Sasak Tribe, which features several verses of songs with instruments such as gongs, drums, flutes, and gambus. The making of Cilokaq musical instrument uses plants that are obtained from nature, and this plant utilization should be well documented in order to assure the preservation of cultural heritage and also the plant resources contained in it. The purpose of this research is to identify the species of plants used in t Cilokaq musical instruments and to explore aspects of plant utilization and other ethnobotanical aspects of Cilokaq on Lombok Island. This research used qualitative and quantitative data collected through observations, interviews, documentation, and literatures study. Index of Cultural Significance (ICS) value was used to predict the importance value of each species involved in Cilokaq instruments. Informants were determined using snowball sampling technique. As a result, there were eight plants species categorized in 5 families used in making Cilokaq instruments, while there were 6 species belongs to 5 families used as offerings (andang-andang). Rotan (Calamus sp.) had the highest value of ICS (80), while Areca catechu, Gossypium herbaceum, Oryza sativa, Capsicum annuum, and Piper betle had the lowest value (8). Plants such as Ficus fistulosa, Calamus sp., and Schizotachyum blumei are species that begin to be difficult to find so that conservation action are needed in order to preserve the Cilokaq traditional art and plants species involved in it.
The Wisdom of The Bayan Indigenous Community in Conserving The Traditional Forest in North Lombok, Indonesia Aan Firdaus Tramdheni; I Wayan Suana; Kurniasih Sukenti
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 23 No. 4 (2023): October - December
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v23i4.5657

Abstract

Local wisdom is formed as a process of interaction between humans and their environment to meet their various needs. The Bayan indigenous people are a community that until now still adheres to the beliefs and customs of their ancestors. The purpose of this study was to determine the forms of local wisdom that exist in indigenous peoples in protecting customary forests in Bayan Village, North Lombok. As well as to find out the efforts of indigenous peoples to maintain and maintain local wisdom in protecting customary forests in Bayan Village, North Lombok Regency Collecting data using participatory observation and interviews. Based on the results of the study, it can be seen that the Bayan indigenous people at present tend to be sectoral, meaning that traditional implementation activities are local (village). The success of customary forest development cannot be separated because it is supported by local wisdom which is always obeyed. In an effort to preserve the customary forest area, it is protected by a local policy called awiq-awiq.