Ismeth Inounu
Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

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Ecosystems Potency of Small and Outer Islands of Indonesia for Beef Cattle Farming Development Priyanti, A; Saptati, R A; Martindah, E.; Inounu, Ismeth
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 17, No 4 (2007)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (83.269 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v17i4.870

Abstract

Indonesian archipelago consists of five main islands and more than seventeen thousand of small islands. These small islands are very effective as natural barrier to the spread of contagious animal diseases. This situation is very advantageous to develop many programs such as beef cattle farming to support beef self sufficient program in 2010. However, there are some constraints in developing of these small islands, namely human resources, natural resources, infrastructure, mean of communications and transportations and lack of intra sector integrated coordination. In taking the advantageous of developing small islands as a screening base and quarantine area, animal production technologies and veterinary science are much needed. The development can be done in integration with transmigration development program so that the beef cattle development could become source of income and job opportunity for the transmigran and local inhabitant as well. Beef cattle farming scheme are recommended by doing cow-calf operation or fattening. Political support from government and legislative are needed in establishment  of  infrastructure  in  the  area  chosen as  beef  cattle  farming  location.  Besides,  it  need facilitations in  land procurement for beef cattle farming, legal aspect, supports of law enforcement, simple regulation in land used and zone management planning, regulation in controlling beef importation, and credit with minimum interest rate.   Key words: Small islands, beef cattle, policy
Characteristics of Body Measurement and Shape of Garut Sheep and Its Crosses with Other Breeds Mulyono, R.H.; ., Erfan; Inounu, Ismeth
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 14, No 4 (2009)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (320.211 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v14i4.330

Abstract

It is important to know body measurement because it could be used to estimate body weight as well as to differentiate the chrateristic of body measurement and shape of animal due to different breed or environment. This research was carried out to study morphometric characteristic of body size and body shape from 78 of Garut sheep (GG), 29 HG sheep {crossbred between St. Croix (HH) and Garut sheep (GG)}, 36 MG sheep {crossbred between Mouton Charollais (MM) and Garut sheep (GG)}, 62 MHG sheep (MG x HG) and 38 HMG sheep (HG x MG). Body part measured were wither height (X1), rump height (x2), body length (X3), chest width (X4), chest depth (X5), hip width (X6), chest girth (X7), cannon circumference (X8) and hip length (X9). Data obeserved were analised using t test and Principle Components Analysis (PCA). Based on PCA it was showen that chest girth was the primary identity for body measurement on males and females of Garut, HG, MG, MHG and HMG with its Eigenvector value 0.689; 0.709; 0.689 and 0.681 respectively. The primary indentity for body shape of Garut sheep were chest girth and hip heigth with Eigenvector value -0.600 and 0.551 respectively. The primary indentity for body shape of HG sheep were body length with Eigenvector value -0.725. The primary indentity for body shape of MG sheep were chest girth, rump heigth, and wither heigth with Eigenvectors value: -0.600; 0.558 and 0.555 respectively. The primary indentity for body shape of MHG sheep was wither height with Eigenvector value 0.608. The primary indentity for body shape of HMG was body length with Eigenvector value 0.764. Body shape of HG and MG sheep is different than that of Garut sheep, but the body shape of MHG and HMG were close to Garut body shape. This result indicated that the adaptability to environment of HMG and MHG is close to that of Garut sheep. Key words: Sheep, Body Size, Body Shape.
Coat colour pattern in Garut sheep and its crossbred Mulyono, R.H.; Ambarawati, D.; Inounu, Ismeth
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 14, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (211.937 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v14i2.353

Abstract

Coat colour is a qualitative trait whose expression is controlled by genes and could be used as a characteristic of sheep breed and could be used as a trade mark for certain sheep breeder enterprise. The research was done to study the coat color pattern in Garut sheep and its crossbred. In this study 178 heads of sheep was used which consisted of 64 Garut sheep (GG); 24 MG sheep (50% M and 50% G); 14 HG sheep (50% St. Croix and 50% G); 20 HMG sheep and 56 MHG sheep. HMG and MHG sheep are compost of 25% St Croix; 25% M. Charolais and 50% Garut. Phenotypic observation of coat colour were done by visualization and from the picture of sheep as individual identity in each position from the right; the left, front and rear sites. Sheep coat colour pattern in this study was largely determined by 5 main alleles: white or tan (65.7%), wild (17.4%), badgerface (14.6%), Light badgerface (0.6%) and black and tan (1.7%) that present at the Agouti locus. Other locus that determine the coat colour pattern in this study are Albino (C); Australian Piebald (AsP); Brown (B); Extension (E); Pigment Head (Ph); Roan (Rn); Spotting (S); Sur Bukhara and Sur Surkhandarya (SuB/SuS) and Ticking (Ti) all of these locus increase the variation of coat colour pattern. Key words: Coat Colour Pattern
Animal Production (Poultry, Cattle and Goat-Sheep) in Indonesia: Prospects and Strategic Development Priyanti, Atien; Diwyanto, Kusuma; Inounu, Ismeth
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 15, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1432.555 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v15i1.834

Abstract

Animal production in Indonesia has a remarkably good prospect, as the demand for animal products always increases in line with the increase in human population and national economic development . The high animal industry bargaining status heavily depends upon certain input factors e .g . feed availability, breeding, animal management and health, including innovative technology and other external factors . The approach to improve bargaining position of the animal industry should be carried out under simultaneous approaches within harmonized implementation of support policies at the inter-ministerial level . This should be in line with other internal implementing factors i .e . production efficiency, improved product quality, continuity of supply, and market demand. The prime animal industry profiles suggest that poultry, cattle and sheep/goat industries are prospective if their production management follows the accepted procedures and rules . To respond the developing notion of the livestock sector in Indonesia, there is a heavy need for investment support of the government, farmers/people, and private sector. The policy is the creation of a condusive investment sphere, that is expected to create employment opportunities through raising animals at the input through the marketing subsystems, hence, the development of animal production in Indonesia could answer the heavy threats faced in meeting food security, employment opportunity, peoples welfare, creating devisa and national economy . Key words: Animal production, investment, prospect
Livestock Recovery Programme on Merapi Disruption Area Prawirodiputra, Bambang Risdiono; Priyanti, Atien; Inounu, Ismeth; Ketaren, Pius P
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 21, No 4 (2011)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (239.765 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v21i4.962

Abstract

Livestock Recovery Programme on Merapi Disruption Area A series of volcano eruption of Merapi on October and November 2010 was one of the biggest eruptions since 1872 with around 275 people died, 576 people in hospital and 287.131 people were evacuated. This disaster has impacted to the threatened livestock subsector that cannot be from farmers in the rural areas, especially in the Merapi surrounding areas. The proportion of livestock to total population was 14, 39 and 21,5%, for beef cattle, dairy and buffaloes respectively. Total of cattle died were 2.907 heads and the district of Sleman suffered the highest loss in livestock deaths in which 43% of the threatened dairy population died. A various action program has been carried out to recovery, i.e. supply of concentrate and wafer plus, knock down barn innovation for dairy, along with supply of medicine and services for better life of livestock. Recommendations of medium and long terms action programme for rehabilitation and reconstruction of livestock farming include: repair on water supply, innovation of complete feed, forage rehabilitation plantation, composting management and biogas usage, knock down for dairy barn to anticipate the Merapi eruption in the future, and surveillance on the possibilities of contamination and strategic animal diseases. Rehabilitation and reconstruction effort may recover the farmer economic livelihood that has been devastated in a liable period of time. Key words: Merapi disruption, livestock recovery
Lambing behavior of Garut ewes and its crosses with St. Croix and Moulton Charollais Kurniawan, W; Inounu, Ismeth; Noor, R
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 11, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.134 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i1.506

Abstract

Lamb mortality is highly related to ewe behavior at lambing. The purpose of this research was to study ewe lambing behavior and lamb behavior after birth of Garut (GG) sheep and its crosses with St. Croix (HH) and Moulton Charollais (MM). The number of observation were 106 head, consist of 32 GG; 23 of HG; 14 of MG; 31 of MHG and 6 of HMG crossed ewes. Analysis of variance of general linear model (GLM) for different number of sample was used to study ewe behavior of different group of ewes. Linear regression was used to analyze relationships between lambing behavior; times from birth to stand up and ewe body weight. While relationship between labor time and parity or type of birth were analyzed descriptively. Before lambing, ewes stood up, lain down, walked in circle, vocalized, urinated, flehmened, and pawed. HG and HMG ewes stood up less often than other breeds (P<0.05). Lambing time was distributed randomly for GG, HG, MG and MHG ewes, but HMG ewes mostly lambed at night (66.67%). Labor time of HMG ewes was significantly shorter than other breeds (P<0.05) and was not affected by birth weight, birth type and neither by parity. The ewes generally lambed in lay down position. After lambing, ewe normally stood up and cleaned the lamb immediately. The cleaning generally begin from the head progressed down to the whole body. The success for lamb to stand up was not significantly different among breeds. Key Words: Lambing Behavior, Garut, Crossbreeding, St. Croix, Moulton Charollais
Estimation of breeding value and genetic trend of Garut sheep and its crossbred Nafiu, L.O; Handiwirawan, E; ., Subandriyo; Inounu, Ismeth
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 12, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (55.149 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v12i3.489

Abstract

Crossing of Garut (GG) sheep with St. Croix sheep (HH) and Moulton Charollais (MM) resulting HG sheep (♂HH X ♀GG) and MG sheep (♂MM X ♀GG) was done by Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production. The work continued by crossing MG and HG sheep to obtain HMG (♂HG X ♀MG) and MHG (♂MG X ♀HG) sheep. The study was continued by selection program based on phenotypic performance. Estimation of breeding value and genetic trends were done in order to study the effectiveness of selection program and to study the genetic progress of each breed. The breeding value was estimated by Best Linear Unbiased Prediction (BLUP) method using Variance Component Estimation (VCE4) software to calculate variance component and using Prediction and Estimation (PEST) to calculate Breeding Value. Genetic variations of composite sheep were generally higher than Garut sheep, represented by higher estimated heritability value. Genetic correlation of body weight at diffrent age is high, that makes selection at one age could also increase body weight at any level of age. In general of this population shows positive genetic trend, but fluctuated from year to year. Composite breed tend to have higher estimated breeding value than Garut sheep. Selection method that was practiced in this population showed in line with selection method using breeding value criteria. Key Words: Breeding Value, Genetic, BLUP, Garut Sheep, St. Croix, Moulton Charollais
Growth curve analysis of Garut sheep and its crossbreds ., Subandriyo; Noor, R.R; Mauluddin, D; Inounu, Ismeth
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 12, No 4 (2007)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (176.486 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v12i4.496

Abstract

Data of body weight of Garut sheep and its crossbreds of 488 head, consist of  149 head of Garut sheep, 115 head of St. Croix X Garut (HG), 68 head of Mouton Charollais X Garut (MG), 101 head of MG X HG (MHG) and 55 head of HG X MG (HMG) which is collected from Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production at Bogor station were used in individual growth curve analysis. Three growth curve non linier model were used in this study i.e Logistik, Gompertz and Von Bertalanffy models. Comparisons were made among these models for goodness of fit, biological interpretability of parameters and computional ease and effect of genotype and environment in them. Least square means growth curve parameters which have biological interpretability were used to compare effect the genotype, interse mated procces and estimated heterosis effect. The result indicated that Von Bertalanffy was the best model in fitting the data from Garut and Crossbreds although the model needed more iteration than others in computations. All models have good biological interpretability especially for parameter mature size (A) and rate of maturity (k). Genotype, year of birth, sex and type of birth reared were important effects (p<0.01) in mature size (A) for all models except effect of type of birth rearing (P<0.05) in Logistic model. Year of birth had important effect (p<0.01) in rate of maturity (k) for all models. Genotype, year of birth, sex, parity and type of birth reared also had important effect (p<0.01) in parameter b/M; except b parameter in Von Bertalanffy was affected significantly by sex (P<0.05). Key Words: Growth Curve, Garut Sheep and Crossbreds, Relative Superiority
Relative superiority analysis of Garut lamb and its crossbred Tiesnamurti, B; ., Subandriyo; Hidayati, N; Inounu, Ismeth; Nafiu, L.O
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 8, No 3 (2003)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.994 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i3.388

Abstract

The objective of the research was to evaluate the relative superiority of Garut lamb and its crosses with St. Croix and Moulton Charollais. The research was conducted at Animal Research Station, Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production, Bogor, Indonesia. The data used for this paper was collected from 1995 to 2002. The results revealed that individual lamb weight at birth, at weaning, preweaning daily gain, at 6, 9 and 12 months of age of the composite sheep (HG = 50% St. Croix : 50% Garut, MG = 50% M. Charollais : 50% Garut, MHG (MG X HG) dan HMG (HG X MG) = 25% St. Croix : 25% M. Charollais : 50% Garut) were higher than Garut sheep. The relative superiority were 6.7-13.1% for lamb weight at birth, 6.6- 15.6% for lamb weight at weaning, 3.2-20.8% for preweaning daily gain dan 6.2-17.9% for lamb weight at 9 month of age, respectively. The superiority of composite sheep were obtained in good and limited feed condition. Lamb growth parameters were also affected by feed condition, parity, sex, and rearing type.   Key words: Garut, St. Croix, M. Charollais sheep, relative superiority
Efforts to Increase the Success Rate of Artificial Insemination on Small Ruminant Inounu, Ismeth
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 24, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.277 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v24i4.1091

Abstract

The success rate of artificial insemination (AI) technology in Indonesia is still low, especially on small ruminants. At experimental station condition, it was reported that the success rate of intrauterine AI was high (78.9% lambing percentage), while intracervix AI technique was still low (47.6% lambing percentage). Various things that could affect the success rate of AI program are discussed in this paper. Efforts to improve the success of artificial insemination in small ruminants (goats and sheep) can be done through the selection of productive female with good reproductive cycle, accurate dose of hormonal synchronization, followed by proper estrous detection and semen placement at the right time. Each stage is still open for more detailed study in order to obtain satisfactory results. Key words: Artificial insemination, small ruminant, success rate