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Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol. 2 No. 1 (2012)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

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Bioremediation is an alternative method to treat petroleum waste using microorganism into nontoxic end product. The method is relatively cheap, effective, and environmental friendly. A key factor influencing bioremediation process for petroleum refinery waste treatment is C:N:P ratio of bacterial growth medium. The objective of this research was to obtain C:N:P ratio of Stone Mineral Salt Solution (SMSS) medium that allow optimal degradation of petroleum refinery waste by consortium of hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria. C:N:P ratio of SMSS medium was adjusted to ratio of 100:10:1, 100:10:0.5, 100:5:1, and 100:5:0.5. We demonstrate that optimal degradation of petroleum refinery waste by a consortium of hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria was achieved in SMSS medium with C:N:P ratio of 100:5:1. It allowed 66.55% degradation of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) and 85.18 % decrease of chemical oxygen demand (COD) value.
The Diversity of Endophytic Bacteria from the Traditional Medicinal Plants Leaves that Have Anti-Phytopathogens Activity Syukria Ikhsan Zam; Anthoni Agustien; Syamsuardi Syamsuardi; Akmal Djamaan; Irfan Mustafa
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol. 9 No. 1 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.09.01.8


Endophytic bacteria live in plant tissues which utilized in plant protection against phytopathogens. This study aims to investigate the diversity of endophytic bacteria from the leaves of traditional medicinal plants that has anti-phytopathogens properties. Isolation of endophytic bacteria was done by spread plate method. The bacteria were characterised by Gram staining and the 16S rRNA gene analysis. Further screening of anti-phytopathogen activity used disc diffusion method for Ralstonia solanacearum, Xanthomonas campestris, Fusarium oxysporum, and Sclerotium rolfsii. All togethers, sixteen isolates of endophytic bacteria from the leaves of eight medicinal plants species were obtained. Fourteen isolates had an anti-phytopathogen (with eight isolates against R. solanacearum, seven isolates against X. campestris, nine isolates against F. oxysporum, and five isolates against S. rolfsii). From the 14 isolates identified, phylum Firmicutes were dominant (64.3%), followed by Proteobacteria (28.6%), and Actinobacteria (7.1%). Phylum Firmicutes consists of Bacillus indicus (BJF1, TCF1, and MCF2), Bacillus pumilus (CAF4), Bacillus sp. (CAF1), Bacillus subtilis (AAF2, MCF1, CAF3, and MCF3); phylum Proteobacteria consists of Pantoea agglomerans (CAF2), Pantoea stewartii (AAF4), Pseudomonas oryzihabitans (AAF3), and Pseudomonas psychrotolerans (AAF1); and phylum Actinobacteria consists of Kocuria kristinae (CSF1).
Isolation and Identification of Nitrogen-Fixing Rhizobacteria associated with Cocoa plantation (Theobroma cacao L) as Biofertilizer Agent Nurul Afiyatul Jannah; Irfan Mustafa; Yoga Dwi Jatmiko
The Journal of Experimental Life Science Vol. 12 No. 3 (2022)
Publisher : Postgraduate School, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jels.2022.012.03.01


Ringinkembar Village, Sumbermanjing Wetan District, Malang Regency, is one of the centers for cocoa plantations using an organic farming system. However, over time this organic farming system experienced a decrease in fruit production, possibly from soil fertility and biofertilizers that were less available in the soil. This study aims to analyze the nitrogen-fixing ability and identify rhizosphere isolates that excel in nitrogen-fixing obtained from the rhizosphere of cacao (Theobroma cacao L) plant. Bacteria were isolated from the soil surrounding cocoa plant roots and grown on Nfb (Nitrogen free Bromothymol Blue) agar media. The nitrogen-fixing bacteria were analyzed with quantitative and qualitative methods. Six potential nitrogen-fixing isolates were identified based on the 16S rDNA sequence. The total number of isolates obtained from nitrogen-fixing isolation was six isolates. The R3.FN1 isolate showed the highest ammonia index at 0.52 µg.L-1 and was identified as Stenotrophomonas maltophilia KB13 with 99.87% similarity to the 16S rDNA sequence. Keywords: Cocoa, Nitrogen-fixing, Rhizosphere, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia.