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Journal : Nature: National Academic Journal of Architecture

VULNERABILITY OF ELDERLY IN THEIR HOME ENVIRONMENT AT HIGH DENSELY SETTLEMENT Diananta Pramitasari; Ahmad Sarwadi
Nature : National Academic Journal of Architecture Vol 6 No 1 (2019): Nature
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology, Alauddin State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/nature.v6i1a1

Abstract

Abstract_ This study basically aims to examine the vulnerability of the elderly when they are using the space in their home within a high densely settlement. Due to the high density of the urban settlement, the condition of the elderly living unit that located in the middle of settlement area is questioned. Under the condition of lack of space, actually two questions are appeared. First question is “how do the elderly residents use the space for their daily life?”. Moreover, the second question is about “is the room as well the home environment good enough for supporting the elderly daily activities and maintaining their health?” These questions are actually directing to necessary of examining the vulnerability the elderly in their own home. This study was carried out through conducting field observation and doing the individual interview in two neighborhoods located at the city center of Yogyakarta City. By interviewing the elderly residents this study identified the room or spaces that most frequently used the senior residents during their lives inside their own home. The identification then proceeds in to the assessment of the space condition especially related to the natural lighting and ventilation. This study found that in urban settlement with high density and aging population, there was subtle vulnerability existed in the spaces within the elderly’s home that most frequently used. This vulnerability was sourced at the conditions of natural lighting and fresh air ventilation that performed by the home environment properties. These physical aspects of the space considered significant since the resident houses were in very limited urban spaces. Although the vulnerability is subtle or slight, this condition indicates that the elderly residents’ health is really threatened.Keywords: Elderly; Home Environment; High Densely Settlement; Use of Space; Vulnerability.
ANALISIS FORMAL FASAD ARSITEKTUR RUMAH TINGGAL ORANG TORAJA DI KOTA PALOPO Moh Sutrisno; Ahmad Sarwadi
Nature : National Academic Journal of Architecture Vol 6 No 2 (2019): Nature
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology, Alauddin State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/nature.v6i2a9

Abstract

Abstrak_Penelitian ini mengkaji fasad arsitektur rumah tinggal masyarakat Toraja yang ada di Kota Palopo. Arsitektur yang bersifat tradisi cenderung dinamis. Dari waktu ke waktu cenderung mengalami perubahan, serta dari tempat satu ke tempat lain cenderung mengalami adaptasi. Metode penelitian kualitatif dengan paradigma rasionalistik. Hasil menunjukkan kondisi dan keadaan lingkungan yang berbeda antara Palopo dan Toraja berpengaruh pada perwujudan dan transfromasi bentuk sehingga terjadi perubahan aspek fisik. Berdasarkan analisis dengan parameter teori proporsional garis simetri dan golden section menyimpulkan bahwa ukuran bangunan rumah tinggal berbentuk tongkonan mendekati proporsional golden section. Hirarki fungsi pada pembagian ruang atas, ruang tengah dan ruang bawah tidak diterapkan secara jelas oleh masyarakat suku toraja yang ada di Palopo. Kebutuhan fungsional pada tata ruang rumah menjadikan penggunaan hirarki ruang vertikal berubah fungsinya. Semua elemen atapnya tidak ditopang oleh tulak somba. Kesimpulan secara keseluruhan objek penelitian bahwa bentuk arsitektur tradisional di Palopo bersifat proporsi, metaforis dan monumental.Kata kunci: Rumah Tinggal; Proporsi; Golden Section; Fasad.  Abstract_This study examined the architectural of residential facades of the Toraja community in Palopo City. Traditional architecture tends to be dynamic. From time to time it tends to change. And from one place to another tends to adapt. This study applied a qualitative research method with rationalistic paradigms. The results showed that different environmental conditions between Palopo and Toraja affect the manifestation and transformation of forms so that there are changes in physical aspects. Based on the analysis with the theory parameter of symmetry line proportional and the golden section concludes the size of the house building in the form of a tongkonan approaching the proportional golden section. The hierarchy of functions in the division of upper space, the middle room, and lower space is not applied by the Toraja tribe community in Palopo. Functional requirements in the spatial layout of the house make use of the vertical space hierarchy change its function. All elements of the roof are not supported by tulak somba. The overall conclusion of the research object on traditional architectural forms in Palopo is proportional, metaphorical and monumental.Keywords:  Dwelling house; Proportion; Golden section; Facade.