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Geomaritime-Based Marine and Fishery Economic Development in Maluku Islands Atikah Nurhayati; Agus Heri Purnomo
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 49, No 2 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1650.176 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.27668

Abstract

The design of national economic development should never ignore three important aspects, namely integration, and sustainably and local contexts. Insufficient comprehension over these three aspects has caused delays of economic progress in several regions like Maluku. This region is characterized with archipelagic geo-profile where marine and fisheries resources are abundant but economic progress is sluggish. To catch up with the achievement shown by regions in the western part of the country, there must by effective efforts done in Maluku. This research is aimed at analyzing the three aspects mentioned above as related to acceleration of marine and fisheries economic development based on the region’s maritime geo-profile. In line with it, primary and secondary data were applied on a SWOT Analytical Approach. Based on the analysis, it was concluded that acceleration of marine and fisheries economic development in Maluku can be carried out through both local and national policies focused on facilitating prospective economic players in making massive investment in the marine and fisheries sector. Among others, this should be done by improving the capacity of Maluku marine ports and directing them to be local economic transmiters, through more effective functions as hubs for ships carrying commodities and products for both national and international markets. This research found that in line with it, a pre-requirement that has to be advanced by the government is detailed zoning of marine and fisheries resources, which is supported by a legal umbrella.
Developing Marine and Fisheries Industry in Pangandaran Following a Bioecoregion-Based Technopark Framework Atikah Nurhayati; Agus Heri Purnomo
STI Policy and Management Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2017): STI Policy and Management
Publisher : Center for Science and Technology Development Studies, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (658.448 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/STIPM.2017.72

Abstract

From the bioecoregional point of view, the Pangandaran Regency is a land-water-mass with a strong ecological connectivity, and which also is chareacterized by the dominance of marine and fisheries resource potentials. In this region, a number of development variables exists and are available for transforming these natural resources into an advanced industry, which can sustain the region’s economy. Recognizing such a premise, this research aims at analyzing those variables in more detail, as associated with efforts to accellerate the establishment of a strong economy which is supported by a marine and fisheries industry in Pangandaran. The technopark concept is taken as the main reference for the industry to be developed while the gap analysis is taken as the research’s primary methodological approach. Primary and secondary data collected through literature study, discussion, consultation, field visits, and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) are used to carry out the gap analysis, which is then followed up by the SWOT analysis. Based on the research, it can be concluded that the existing bioecoregional setting as well as the available development variables are conducive to facilitate development of a marine and fisheries technopark as long as a number of improvement are carried out. A proposal to operationalize such improvements as suggested by the result of this research is demonstrated in a roadmap as presented in the final section of this paper.
MANAJEMEN RISIKO PERIKANAN TANGKAP (STUDI KASUS DI TENGAH PANDEMI COVID-19) Atikah Nurhayati; Venda Pical; Anthon Erfani; Siti Hilyaa; Satrijo Saloko; Sutinah Made; Agus Heri Purnomo
JFMR (Journal of Fisheries and Marine Research) Vol 4, No 3 (2020): JFMR VOL 4 NO 3
Publisher : JFMR (Journal of Fisheries and Marine Research)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jfmr.2020.004.03.15

Abstract

The spread of the Coronavirus outbreak has had an impact on the fisheries sector. The spread of the Corona Virus has brought new challenges and risks in social life, including capture fisheries products. Disruption of supply chain between business actors and consumers due to restrictions on human mobility that were implemented to overcome the Covid-19 outbreak. This reserach aims to analyze the fisheries risk management case study in pandemic Covid-19. This research was conducted in April - September 2020. The data used are primary and secondary data. Primary data obtained by taking non-probability sampling techniques to 50 respondents of capture fisheries business actors, using health protocols. Secondary data were obtained using literature studies. The analytical tool used in this research is descriptive analysis. Based on the results of research, the risks received by capture fisheries business actors include the risk of the capture fisheries production process during the Covid-19 pandemic, the risk of collaborating with capture fisheries production during the Covid-19 pandemic, the risk of decision making during the Covid-19 pandemic, the risk of product market capture fisheries during a pandemic. Adaptation strategies should be done undertaken by fishery business actors by optimizing the function and role of fishery cooperatives, strengthening marine and fisheries financial institutions, strategies for adapting fisheries marketing through a warehouse receipt system.
Relevance of Local Wisdom to Tourism Education for Fisheries Resources Conservation (The Case Study in West Java Province, Indonesia) Atikah Nurhayati; Dian Yuni Pratiwi; Pringgo Kusuma Dewi Noor Yadi Putra; Isni Nurruhwati; Indah Riyanti; Titi Herawati
ECSOFiM (Economic and Social of Fisheries and Marine Journal) Vol 8, No 2 (2021): ECSOFiM April 2021
Publisher : Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Brawijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ecsofim.2021.008.02.11

Abstract

Local wisdom that exists in the community is a culture of social institutions that occurs through an educational process, as in West Java Province. The potential for the development of tourism education for fisheries resource conservation through local wisdom approaches continues to be carried out by local governments. This research aims to analyze the relevance of local wisdom to fisheries resource conservation tourism education. The research method used is quantitative description and used primary and secondary data. Research time was carried out February - June 2020 and using purposive sampling 30 respondents using a questionnaire. The analytical tool used validity, reliability, and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. Based on the research results, West Java Province has a conservation management area based on local wisdom, in Kuningan and Tasikmalaya Regency. Local wisdom that is formed the community through an educational process carried out by collaborating natural tourism with social, economic and environmental aspects. The factors form local wisdom of tourism education fishery resource conservation, that is internal variables of society, which includes beliefs, attitudes and myths as well as external variables that include binding customary norms and policies of local governments to protect and manage conservation of fisheries resources.
STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN ADAPTIF BERBASIS KELEMBAGAAN LOKAL SUMBER DAYA PERAIRAN Atikah Nurhayati; Isni Nurruhwati; Titin Herawati; Asep Agus Handaka
Jurnal Kebijakan Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 8, No 2 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Balai Besar Riset Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (684.732 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jksekp.v8i2.7431

Abstract

Pemanfaatan sumber daya perairan umum perlu diatur dengan kelembagaan pengelolaan yang efektif yang dapat menjamin manfaat bagi pelaku usaha dan kelestarian sumber daya yang ada. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji strategi adaptif pengelolaan perairan umum berbasis kelembagaan lokal, yang diharapkan dapat secara efektif menjawab tantangan pengelolaan sumber daya perairan umum. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode participatory action research  kemudian dideskriptifkan secara kuantitatif yang didukung oleh data primer dan sekunder yang diperoleh melalui Focused Group Disscusion (FGD) dan survei. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa di waduk Cirata telah diterapkan kelembagaaan lokal yaitu Masyarakat Peduli Cirata (MPC) yang melibatkan segenap stakeholders yaitu masyarakat pengguna perairan umum di Waduk Cirata, Dinas Kelautan dan perikanan Provinsi Jawa Barat, Badan Pengelola Waduk Cirata (BPWC) dan pembudidaya ikan KJA. Dari kasus kelembagaan di Waduk Cirata ini, dapat dipetik sejumlah pelajaran yang dapat diterapkan untuk kasus serupa di tempat lain. Pelajaran terpenting adalah terkait dengan penerapan strategi adaptif. Komponen utama dari strategi adaptif yang menopang efektivitas kelembagaan pada kasus Waduk Cirata adalah pemanfaatan dan kontrol tepat guna yang dilandasi kesepahamaan di antara stakeholders tentang fungsi potensial dari waduk dan interaksinya dengan lingkungan. Implementasi operasional dari strategi ini adalah: (1) memperbolehkan berlangsungnya perikanan budidaya karamba jaring apung (KJA), namun di sisi lain menerapkan kontrol dan dievaluasi untuk menjaga keseimbangan ekosistemnya dengan melibatkan kelompok MPC, (2) mendorong pengembangan wisata pemancingan (recreational fishing), tetapi melakukan langkah-langkah untuk pengendalian tangkapan sehingga tidak merusak keberlanjutan sumber daya ikan endemik, (3) pemanfaatan gulma eceng gondok yang dipadukan sekaligus dengan upaya pembersihan jalur transportasi air. Title: Studi Kasus di Perairan Umum Waduk Cirata Kab Cianjur, Jawa Barat) Adaptive Management Strategy Based on Local Institution  of The Aquatic Resource (A Case Study at The Cirata Reservoir  of Cianjur Regency, West JavaUtilization of open water resources needs to be regulated with effective management institution that can guarantee the benefits for the users and its sustainability. This research aims to examine and formulate adaptive strategies for the management of open water based on local institutions, which are expected to effectively answer the challenges of open water resource management. This research used participatory action research method approach and quantitatively described with primary and secondary data collected from Focused Group Disscusion (FGD) and surveys. Results showed that there are local established institution named Cirata Community Care (MPC) which involves all relevant stakeholders, they are common users, West Java Province Marine and Fisheries Service Office, Cirata Reservoir Management Agency (BPWC), and fisheries community. The case study of Cirata Reservoir resulted in a number of lesson learned that applicable to similar cases elsewhere. The most important one is its adaptive strategies. Main component of adaptive strategies to support the effectiveness of its local institution is the appropriate use and control mechanisms, i.e., those that are based on a common understanding among stakeholders regarding prospective functions of the reservoir and their interactions with environment. The implementation of this strategy covers the following actions : (1) to allow the floating net cage aquaculture as well as to control and evaluate its operation in order to maintain the balance of its ecosystem by involving MPC group; (2) to encourage the development of recreational fishing as well as to control the catch in order to sustain the endemic fish resources, and; (3) to use combined water hyacinth weeds as well as to clean water transport pathway altogether. 
Optimizing the Role of Social Media for Fisheries Business Development (Case Study in the Middle of Covid 19 Pandemic in West Java) Atikah Nurhayati; Indah Riyantini; Isni Nurruhwati; Isah Aisah
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 2 (2021): DESEMBER 2021
Publisher : Balai Besar Riset Sosial Eonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/jsekp.v16i2.8981

Abstract

The spread of the Covid 19 outbreak felt its impact in the fisheries sector. The spread of Corona Virus has brought new challenges and risks in social life, including fisheries businesses. Fishery business practitioners, namely fishermen, fish cultivators, fishery product processors and fishery product marketers, experience logistical and marketing problems. Some indications of the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic are evident in the fisheries business. These indications are a decrease in the price of fishery products, a logistic system that cannot run normally, and a decrease in demand for fishery products, all of which impact on the household income of the fishery business. The disruption of distribution channels between businesses and consumers due to restrictions on human mobility that is applied to overcome the Covid 19 outbreak is the root cause. Regional quarantine as well as large-scale social restrictions do not prohibit mobility in the transportation of goods, but in reality these restrictions significantly impede the traffic of fishery products. This is reminiscent of the implementation of the 4.0 revolution in the fisheries and marine sector, where fisheries and marine businesses including fish farmers to innovate in the use of automation tools that are controlled from smartphone applications. With digital applications, cultivation can use it to anticipate during current conditions, when the Covid 19 pandemic occurs, where market access is directly restricted which can be circumvented by online marketing where producers and consumers do not make transactions directly. This reserach  aims to analyze the optimization of the role of social media for the development of fisheries business case studies in the middle of the Covid 19 pandemic in West Java. Research time is from February to May 2020. The research method used was a survey method. The data used are primary and secondary data. Primary data were obtained by taking the technique of non-probability sampling respondents to 40 respondents of fisheries businesses. The analytical tool used in this reserach  is non-parametric statistics with Friedman and Kendalls using twigs to scale. Based on the results of research, the level of knowledge of fisheries business operators regarding handling of Covid 19 averages 70% of knowing, understanding and implementing health protocols in carrying out daily activities, the role of social media is high for fisheries business actors consisting of fishermen, fish cultivators, fishery product processors and marketer of fishery products. Social media used include Instagram, Short Message Service (SMS), Websites, Blogs, Facebook and Whatsapps. The most optimal use of social media activities is carried out by fishery product marketers via Whatsapps. and Instagram.