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Economic Growth and Poverty: The Mediating Effect of Employment Purnomo, Sodik Dwi; Istiqomah, Istiqomah
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 12, No 1 (2019): March 2019
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v12i1.18591

Abstract

The results of previous research on the relationship between economic growth and poverty have shown inconclusive results. This could be due to the fact that the relationship between these variables is indirect. Therefore, this study tries to introduce employment opportunity as a mediating variable. In addition, the authors also examined the effect of control variables consisting of dependency ratio, education, and infrastructure. The data used in this study are panel data of 6 provinces on Java Island in the period of 2000-2017. The methods used in this study are path analysis and multiple linear regression. The results  show that employment opportunity perfectly mediates the relationship between poverty and economic growth. This study also found that dependency ratio and education had a significant effect on poverty, while infrastructure had a negative, but insignificant effect on poverty. The perfect mediating effect implies that economic growth will reduce poverty only if the economic growth is able to generate employment opportunities. These findings imply the importance of inclusive growth that gives access to the poor to work and business opportunities.
Pathogenicity of Entomophatogenic Fungi Lecanicillium lecanii Against Predator Insect Menochilus Sexmaculatus Hadi, Mochammad Syamsul; Taufiqurrahman, Achmad Fitriadi; Choliq, Fery Abdul; Istiqomah, Istiqomah; Karindah, Sri
PLANTA TROPIKA: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science) Vol 8, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/pt.2020.115.63-68

Abstract

Lecanicillium lecanii is an insect pathogenic fungus that is often used for pest control and has a wide range of hosts. The L. lecanii is capable of infecting several types of host insects including the Order Orthoptera, Hemiptera, Lepidoptera, Thysanoptera and Coleoptera. The extent of this fungus host range was feared to have a negative effect on predator insects Menochilus sexmaculatus. This study aims were to determined the pathogenicity of the fungus L. lecanii against the imago predatory beetle M. sexmaculatus, to know how the predation ability and the number of eggs fecundity of Imago M. sexmaculatus after application L. lecanii. The research was arranged in Randomized Block Design with 4 replications. The conidia density of L. lecanii used were 106, 107, 108, 109 conidia/ml, 1 ml / l of lufenuron insecticide as positive control and sterile distilled water as negative control. The research showed that the mortality percentage of M. sexmaculatus due to L. lecanii application is low and medium. The L. lecanii was not affected for preying ability on imago M. sexmaculatus but gave effect to the number of eggs fecundity of imago M. sexmaculatus.
Determinants of Household Food Security in Urban Areas Mutiah, Sarah Ayu; Istiqomah, Istiqomah
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.9130

Abstract

Food security at household level is a very important precondition to foster the national and regional food security. Many people migrate to urban areas in the hope of improving their welfare. Generally people think that in the city there are more opportunities, but the opposite is true. The problem is more complex in the city especially for people who do not have adequate skills and education. This study aims to address whether  age of household head, household size, education level of household head, income, and distribution of subsidized rice policy affect the food security of urban poor households in Purbalingga district. A hundred respondents were selected from four top villages in urban areas of Purbalingga with the highest level of poverty. Using binary logistic regression, this study finds significant positive effect of education of household head and household income and significant negative effect of household size and raskin on household food security, while age of household head has no significant effect on household food security. The results imply the need for increased awareness of family planning, education, improved skills, and increased control of the implementation of subsidized rice for the poor.
Determinants of Household Food Security in Urban Areas Mutiah, Sarah Ayu; Istiqomah, Istiqomah
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.9130

Abstract

Food security at household level is a very important precondition to foster the national and regional food security. Many people migrate to urban areas in the hope of improving their welfare. Generally people think that in the city there are more opportunities, but the opposite is true. The problem is more complex in the city especially for people who do not have adequate skills and education. This study aims to address whether  age of household head, household size, education level of household head, income, and distribution of subsidized rice policy affect the food security of urban poor households in Purbalingga district. A hundred respondents were selected from four top villages in urban areas of Purbalingga with the highest level of poverty. Using binary logistic regression, this study finds significant positive effect of education of household head and household income and significant negative effect of household size and raskin on household food security, while age of household head has no significant effect on household food security. The results imply the need for increased awareness of family planning, education, improved skills, and increased control of the implementation of subsidized rice for the poor.
The Effect Ethnic on Poverty in DIY Province Purnomo, Sodik Dwi; Istiqomah, Istiqomah; Suharno, Suharno
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 13, No 1 (2020): March 2020
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v13i1.22994

Abstract

The Special Province of Yogyakarta does not to allow non-native Indonesian citizens residing in the Province of DIY to possess land titles. This study aims to analyze the effect of ethnic discrimination on poverty by adding control variables such as working capital credit, investment credit, economic and education infrastructure. It employs time series data in the period 2000-2018 and are analyzed using multiple linear regression with ordinary least Square (OLS) model. The results show that working capital credit and investment credit have a negative and significant effect on poverty.  Ethnicity has a positive and significant effect on poverty. Education infrastructure has a significant effect on poverty. The findings imply the need for a review of the policy on the prohibition of land ownership and the need for the performance of the banking sector in the form of lending as well as the need to support human resources improvement through improving educational infrastructure and promoting  the quality of teachers in reducing the number of poor people.
The Impact of Airport Construction on Farm Households’ Income Matufany, Olga Melinda; Istiqomah, Istiqomah; Kadarwati, Nunik; Purnomo, Sodik Dwi
Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan Vol 22, No 1: April 2021
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jesp.v22i1.9206

Abstract

Infrastructure development is needed to encourage economic growth. However, infrastructure development requires land acquisition, which may adversely impact the community. This study aims to analyze the impact of Kertajati International Airport construction on the farm households’ income and welfare level. This research data used primary data with a simple random sampling method to select 76 farm households in the most affected village. The analysis techniques were income analysis and paired sample t-test. The results showed that farm income was significantly higher before the airport construction. Nevertheless, off-farm income increased after the airport construction, leading to an insignificant household income difference before and after the land acquisition. As for the prosperity level, on average, the farm households lived below the decent living standard. The results imply the importance of increasing farmers’ capacity so that that compensation funds can be utilized to increase household income.
EKSPERIMENTASI PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA ARAB BERBASIS SCRABBLE Istiqomah, Istiqomah
Al Mah?ra: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Al Mahara Edisi Bulan Juni 2016
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This Scrabble-based Arabic learning model basically is an attempt held by teacher in order that student can develop vocabulary, and having competence in active learning i.e. to learn to express himself both as individual or group. According to writer’s observation on Arabic learning in schools including MI Sultan Agung, the learning doesn’t make student as active learner yet. Furthermore, the teacher considers student as an object in teaching and learning process. It is expected from this Scrabble-based Arabic learning model that student can develop vocabulary competence more actively so that they can master Arabic both in spoken and written, and it also can be useful for his/her life in future.
PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE JIGSAW UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR GEOGRAFI SISWA KELAS X IIS 3 SMA NEGERI 1 TIKEP Istiqomah, Istiqomah; Ramli, Ramli
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Geografi Vol 4, No 3 (2019): Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Geografi (Juli 2019)
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (793.653 KB) | DOI: 10.36709/jppg.v4i3.8345

Abstract

SMAN 1 Tikep adalah salah satu sekolah di Kabupaten Muna Barat yang menjadi objek penelitian peneliti karena hasil belajarnya yang masih rendah dan hanya 40% yang memenuhi KKM. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk: 1) Mendeskripsikan aktivitas belajar siswa dan aktivitas mengajar guru melalui penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw; 2) Meningkatkan hasil belajar geografi melalui model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw pada siswa kelas X IIS3 SMAN 1 TIKEP. Data dalam penelitian adalah data kualitatif dan kuantitatif yang diperoleh dari lembar observasi dan tes hasil belajar. Hasil penelitian ini adalah 1). Aktivitas belajar siswa meningkat 3,6 dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw; (2). Aktivitas mengajar guru meningkat 3,4 dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw; (3). Penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN UPAYA PENCEGAHAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (DBD) PADA IBU RUMAH TANGGA DI KELURAHAN KRAMAS KOTA SEMARANG Istiqomah, Istiqomah; BM, Syamsulhuda; Husodo, Besar Tirto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 5, No 1 (2017): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (104.81 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v5i1.15831

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a vector-based diseases are a public health problem in Indonesia. DHF cases in district Tembalang reached 343 cases and most cases (13 cases) occured in Kramas area in 2015. Community behavior is very important for DHF. This study aims to determine the factors associated with the practice in the prevention of dengue fever in Kramas area Semarang City. Type of this research is analytical descriptive with cross-sectional study. The population are 800 housewife. The sample are 90 housewife were taken using random sampling technique. Data analysis using univariate and bivariat analysis with Chi Square test (significance level 0,05). The result showed that most of respondents is good knowledge (55,6%), supporting attitude (56,7), high perceptions (72,2%), abilibity rules (86,7), facilities and infrastructure available well (74,4%) good support from health workers (82,2%) good support from community leaders (74,4%), good support from family (68,9%). Variable are associated with preventive behaviour of DHF is attitude (p=0,005) facilities and infrastructure (0,003) and support from community leaders (0,002).
DETERMINANTS OF GROSS REGIONAL DOMESTIC PRODUCT IN EASTERN INDONESIA REGION Istiqomah, Istiqomah; Wibowo, Arif Andri; Yunianti, Evi; Gunawan, Diah Setyorini
TRIKONOMIKA Vol 18 No 1 (2019): June Edition
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Pasundan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (712.931 KB) | DOI: 10.23969/trikonomika.v18i1.1233

Abstract

Regional income equality has been a major development goal. However, GRDP in Western Indonesia is higher than that in Eastern Indonesia. Therefore, the government should encourage development and increase economic growth in Eastern Indonesia. There are inequalities between those provinces. The purpose of this research is to analyze the effect of labor, domestic investment, foreign direct investment, and government expenditure on GRDP in Eastern Indonesia Region. This study employed regression on panel data of 12 provinces from 2011 to 2016. The results found that labor, domestic investment, foreign direct investment, and government expenditure have positive and significant effect to GRDP. The results imply that all of the independent variables shuld be increas to promote economic growth in The Eastern Indonesia Region.