M. Arie Wuryanto
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PENENTUAN KAPASITAS VEKTORIAL Anopheles spp. DI DESA REJEKI KECAMATAN PALOLO KABUPATEN SIGI SULAWESI TENGAH Yuyun Srikandi; M. Arie Wuryanto; Martini Martini
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (179.715 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v3i1.11345

Abstract

Malaria remains a public health problem public health problem in Sulawesi, especially in Rejeki Village, Palolo Subdistrict, Sigi District. Rejeki village was a high endemic area of malaria from 2009 until 2012. In 2013, there was no positive case malaria, but the environmental condision there were very approriate to malaria transmission. Recently, in Indonesia there was lack of data about vectorial status and host identification as Anopheles bloodmeal. This research aimed to determine the vectorial capacity value of Anopheles spp. This Study was descriptive obsevational analysis with cross sectional design. The sample was female Anopheles spp. that caught allnight from 06.00 pm up to 06.00 am, and the mosquitoes that caught at the rest time in early morning. The collection was held for 6 times start from April until September. The mosquitoes that collected in Rejeki village were An. barbirostris, An. nigerrimus, An. tesselatus, An. vagus, An. indifinitus, and An. umbrosus. The result showed the species which potency as malaria vector that An. barbirostris (0,001-0,003) and An. nigerrimus (0,001-0,058). The average age of An. barbirostris was 8,58-13,78 days and An. nigerrimus was 4,24-13,78 days. ELISA bloodmeals test resulted mosquitoes which consumed human bloodmeals are An. barbirostris and An. nigerrimus, include in anthropophilic and tend to endophagic. Integrated vector control method is recommended to be applied in effort to maintained low malaria endemicity. Cattle barrier was a good solution for the control of malaria.
SURVEI KANDUNGAN RESIDU OKSITETRASIKLIN PADA HATI AYAM YANG DIJUAL DI PASAR TRADISIONAL KECAMATAN BANYUMANIK KOTA SEMARANG sheila choirunnisa; M. Arie Wuryanto; Nissa Kusariana; Lintang Dian Saraswati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7, No 4 (2019): OKTOBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (218.818 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v7i4.24886

Abstract

OTC is commonly used in medicine and is one of the main antibiotics used in zootech-nical and veterinary practices as feed additive to ensure wellness of farmed. Antibiotic commonly used in livestock industry to prevent disease amd as feed additive. However, the use of antibiotics can cause residues in livestock products that produced by antibiotics used not in accordance with the rules. The purpose of this study is to determine the description of the presence of oxytetracycline antibiotic residues in chicken liver sold in the traditional market of Banyumanik District, Semarang City. The type of this study used is descriptive study. The sample taken is chicken liver which is sold in Rasamala and Damar traditional markets while sample testing is carried out in Boyolali BALIVET laboratory. The number of samples issued amounted to 23 samples, namely 21 samples of liver broiler chicken and 2 samples of kampong chicken. The results showed that all samples of chicken liver did not contain oxytetracycline residues. The trial of antibiotic residue uses Bioassay method to know residue of oxytetracycline in the sample. The result showed that chicken liver which sold in Rasamala and Damar traditional market is secure from the presence of oxytetracycline antibiotic residue.
STUDI LABORATORIUM UJI TOKSISITAS ISOLAT Bacillus thuringiensisisraelensis DALAM MEDIA AIR PERASAN SINGKONG TERHADAP LARVA NYAMUK Aedes aegypti Wulan Kusuma Jati; M. Arie Wuryanto; Dwi Sutiningsih
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (126.099 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v3i1.11343

Abstract

Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis is a toxic bacteria for Aedes aegypti. However, raw materials of media for biopesticide production still imported . So, we need an alternative grower media, one of them by using the juice of cassava.The purpose was to determine the toxicity of B. thuringiensis israelensis isolates were cultured in the cassava juice against larvae of Ae. aegypti. This type of research is experimental research with posttest - only control group design. The population in this study were all third instar larvae of Aedes aegypti. Parameters observed that the number of spores of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis were grown on cassava juice and mortality LC50 and LC90 of Ae. aegypti with probit regression analysis . The concentration used in toxicity tests is 0,89 x10-3 ppm; 1,30 x10-3ppm; 1,49 x10-3ppm; 1.69 x10-3 ppm; x10-3 2,20 ppm ; 3,22 x10-3 ppm and 5,43 ppm x10-3. The results showed the number of spores that grow on the medium cassava juice of 1 % 230 x105 spores / ml . LC50 and LC90 concentration of B. thuringiensis  israelensis which 3,674 x10-3ppm and 14,254 x10-3 ppm. From this study it can be concluded that B. thuringiensis israelensis were cultured in the cassava juice toxic to the larvae Ae . aegypti.
STATUS KERENTANAN NYAMUK ANOPHELES SPP TERHADAP LAMBDACYHALOTHRIN 0.05% DI KECAMATAN PITURUH KABUPATEN PURWOREJO Angelia Galuh Ningtyas; M. Arie Wuryanto; Lintang Dian Saraswati; Praba Ginandjar
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 7, No 2 (2019): APRIL
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (222.59 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v7i2.24695

Abstract

Anopheles spp is a malaria mosquito vector in Purworejo Regency. The monitoring of the susceptibility status of Anopheles spp to insecticides not implemented. The purpose of this study was to determine the susceptibility status of Anopheles spp mosquitoes in Pituruh Subdistrict. The design of this study used quasi-experiment with samples of Anopheles spp mosquitoes as a result of F1 colonization The mosquitoes used for testing are female Anopheles spp mosquitoes. The total number of mosquitoes tested was 120 mosquitoes. Repetition was carried out 6 times with the details of 4 tubes as a treatment and 2 tubes as controls for each tube containing 20 mosquitoes. The results showed that the average knock down of Anopheles spp mosquitoes during the 60-minute exposure was 19 per repetition (92.5%). After a 24-hour holding, the average mortality of Anopheles spp mosquitoes was 20 per repetition (100%). Mosquito deaths reached 80 mosquitoes (100%) at 12 hours. In the control group, the number of mosquito deaths after 24 hours holding was 2 tails (0.5%), so there was no need to make corrections using the Abbots formula. Anopheles spp mosquitoes are said to be susceptible to lambdacyhalothrin so lambdacyhalothrin can still be used as vector control in Purworejo Regency.
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR HOST, FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN, DAN STATUS GIZI DENGAN KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KAYEN KABUPATEN PATI Lirin Novitasari; Sri Yuliawati; M. Arie Wuryanto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (214.835 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v6i5.22023

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Background: DHF is an endemic disease, which in a certain period able to cause an outstanding incident (KLB). The Public-Health Centre of Kayen is one of 25 health centers in Pati District with the highest coverage of DHF cases compared to other health centers. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between host factors, environmental factors, and nutritional status to the incidence of DHF in the work area of Kayen Public-Health Center, Pati Regency.Method: Observational analytic study with case control research design. The total sample is 76 respondents with the total sampling method. Data analysis used chi square test with a 95% significance level, and a large risk calculation used the value of Odd Ratio (OR).Results: The results of univariate analysis showed that most of the case and control respondents were ≤11 years old (68.4%), most of the respondents had last education in secondary and high school (73.6%), most of the respondents had jobs as housewives (47.4%), respondents also had poor knowledge (43.4%), 3M practice level was not good (32.9%), did not install wire (81.6%), the existence of a landfill in the respondent's house ( 100.0%), the presence of larvae in the respondent's houses (48.7%), and respondents with thin nutritional status (19.7%).Conclusion: From the results of the study, it can be concluded that there is no relationship between knowledge, presence of net wire, and nutritional status to DHF incidence, while 3M practice (p = 0.015; OR = 3.986) and the presence of larvae (p = 0.012; OR = 3.297) have a relation to the incidence of DHF.
PERBEDAAN BATUK EFEKTIF METODE PURSED LIP BREATHING TERHADAP KUALITAS SPUTUM Haryanto -; Praba Ginanjar; M. Arie Wuryanto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Volume 2. No. 2. Tahun 2005
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (6955.649 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jkmi.2.2.2005.%p

Abstract

Latarbelakang: Tuberkulosis paru (TB paru) adalah penyakit infeksi yang disebabkan oleh Mycobacterium tuberculosis atau disebut basil tahan asam (BTA). Diagnosis TB paru ditegakkan dengan menemukan BTA dalam pemeriksaan sputum. Husil pemeriksaan sputum sangat ditentukan oleh kualitas sputum. Sputum yang dihasilkan dapat berkualitas baik jika penderita melakukan batuk yang efektif, antara lain dengan metode pursed lip breathing.Tajuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan cara batuk efektif menggunakan metode pursed lip breathing dengan kualitas sputum. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah eksperimen kuasi dengan post test only with control group design. Subyek penelitian adalah suspek TB paru yang dipilih dengan teknik consecutive sampling. Suspek TB paru dibagi menjadi dua kelompok yaitu kelompok perlakuan yang diberi perlakuan cara batuk efektif menggunakan metode pursed lip breathing dan kelompok kontrol. Jumlah suspek TB paru seluruhnya 120 orang, dibagi 60 orang pada masing-masing kelompok. Hasil penelitian menunjuklcan terdapat 11,7% kasus BTA positif dari 120 suspek yang diperiksa. Proporsi sputum berkualitas baik pada kelompok kontrol (41,7%) jauh lebih rendah dari kelompok perlakuan (83,3%). Analisis dengan chi-square membuktikan ada perbedaan antara carabatuk efekttf metode pursed lip breathing terhadap kualitas sputum yang dihasilkan (p<0,0001). Pada kelompok kontrol tidak ada kasus BTA positif yang berhasil ditemukan pada pemeriksaan sputum pertama (0,00'%,).Sebaliknya, seluruh kasus dengan BTA positif pada kelompok perlakuan (100,0%) dapat ditemukan pada pemeriksaan sputum pertama. Simpulan: cara batuk efektif menggunakan metode pursed lip breathittg berhubungan erat dengan kualitas sputum yang dihasilkan pada pemeriksaan sputum sewaktu I. Disarankan agur metode tersebutdigunakan untuk meningkatkan efektivitas pemeriksaan sputum suspek TB paru.Kata kunci: tuberkulosis, batuk, sputunt
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK INDIVIDU DAN PERILAKU PADA PETUGAS MANAJEMEN TERPADU BALITA SAKIT (MTBS) DENGAN CAKUPAN PENEMUAN PNEUMONIA DI PUSKESMAS KABUPATEN KEBUMEN Patria Silviana; Retno Hestiningsih; M. Arie Wuryanto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (103.427 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v3i1.11340

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Pneumonia is an acute infection of the lung tissue (alveoli). The purpose of research is to know relation of individual characteristics and behavior in integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) official to the coverage detection of pneumonia in Public Health Center in Kebumen Regency. Type of research is analytic observational with cross sectional approach. The population of research are all IMCI official in 35 Public Health Center in Kebumen Regency total number of 556 IMCI official and the number of samples is 93 samples use to the sampling technical is accidental sampling. Univariat analysis is table of frecuency distribution and narrative. Bivariate analysis use the chi-square test and kendall’s tau b test correlation. The result of research shows that respondents aged over ≥36 years (55,9%), female (95,7%), background in DIII obstetrics education (80,6%), long years of work (53,8%), good knowledge (75,3%), good attitude (61,3%), poor practice (53,8%), good perception of public health leadership supervision (64,5%), good perception of motivation (55,9%). There is one variable that related is good perception of public health leadership supervision (p=0,002). In while, there are eight variables that not related are official ages (p=0,105), sex (p=0,569), education (p=0,112), years of work (p=0,371), knowledge (p=0,378), attitude (p=0,457), practice (p=0,597) and good perception of motivation (p=0,258). Recommended to the Department of Health increase on the job training and to the Public Health Center more intensive in the implementation of supervision. 
GAMBARAN KEJADIAN OBESITAS, ASUPAN GIZI DAN AKTIVITAS FISIK BERDASARKAN STATUS ANDROPAUSE PADA PRIA USIA 30-50 TAHUN (Studi di Kecamatan Tembalang Kota Semarang) Rofida Ulinnuha; Ari Udiyono; Mateus Sakundarno Adi; M. Arie Wuryanto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.435 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v6i1.19883

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Andropause is a syndrome caused by reduction of testosterone level followed by decline of physical, psychological and sexual abilities in older men. Reduction of testosterone is accelerate by external factors such as the increase of body fat or commonly called obesity. In addition, nutritional intake and physical activity affect to body fat, it also known affect testosterone level through hormone circulation. The purpose of this study is to describe obesity incidence, nutritional intake and physical activity based on andropause status among men 30-50 years old in Tembalang District. The type of this research is descriptive study with cross sectional design. The sample size in this study are 100 men among 30-50 years old selected by criterias of study. Sample size divide by population among men 30-50 years old in each sub-district using proportional stratified random sampling, then it selected using purposive sampling. The resultshowed that based on andropause status, respondent who had andropause are 56%, 60% of them had BMI classified as obesity, 61,7% had body fat percentage classified as obesity, 66.7% had waist circumference classified as central obesity, 57,4% had less energy intake, 71.4% had excessive protein intake, 59.4% had normal fat intake, 58% had less Zinc intake and 67.8% had low physical activity. It is recommended to control weight and physical activity regularly.
Rat Density of Leptospirosis Case in Puskesmas Ngemplak Boyolali Regency Muhamad Zulfikar Firdaus; Retno Hestiningsih; Martini Martini; M. Arie Wuryanto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7, No 4 (2019): OKTOBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.669 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v7i4.24897

Abstract

Leptospirosis is a disease caused by bacterial infection of Leptospira sp and a animals disease that can be transmitted to humans. Bacteria Leptospira live in the body of an infected animal and will come out with the animal's urine. Rats as a host acts as a reservoir plays an important role in the epidemiology of disease transmission and its close to human life that can be deadly, namely leptospirosis. This research is a descriptive study with a cross-sectional case study method. The variables of this study are the type of rat, sex of the rat, trap success, number of rats, density of Rats. Sampling by placing live-trap in a place that has sign traces of rats in 4 houses of leptospirosis patients and 14 houses around each house of leptospirosis patients. Sample size depends on the number of rats that are caught during this study. The results of the study showed that 14 male rats and 27 female rats were caught. Total number of rats caught was 41 rats with a success trap of 17.1% in dense category. Rats were caught from two types, namely Rattus tanezumi (rat's house) as many as 15 with an average weight of 202 gram and Rattus norvegicus (sewer rat) as many as 26 with an average weight of 239 gram.
HUBUNGAN AKTIVITAS FISIK, SCREEN BASED ACTIVITY DAN SLEEP HYGIEN DENGAN KUALITAS TIDUR PADA REMAJA USIA 15-18 TAHUN (Studi pada Siswa di SMA Negeri 1 Ungaran) Anisa Ayu Yolanda; M. Arie Wuryanto; Nissa Kusariana; Lintang Dian Saraswati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.464 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v7i1.22861

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Sleep as basic human needs that must be fulfilled based on quality and quantity. Health problems related to sleep in a long period in adolescence will have an impact on health status in adulthood.The purpose of the study to analyze physical activies, screen based activity, and sleep hygiene to sleep quality in adolescent. Analytical research with cross sectional approach. research conducted in June to December 2017 in SMA Negeri 1 Ungaran with total sample 102 students, selected by multistages random sampling. Data collection was conducted through interviews used a questionnaire Adolescent Sleep Hygiene Scale (ASHS) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Respondents with low physical  activities (63,7%), have bad habit of screen based activity (93,1%), bad sleep hygiene (54,9%) and bad sleep quality (76,5%). Based on analysis bivariat test Rank Spearman, there was relationship between sleep hygiene with sleep quality (p=0,003). Meanwhile, there was no relationship between physical activity (p=0,927) and screen based activity (p=0,216) with sleep quality.