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DAMPAK KEPEMILIKAN LAHAN PADI SAWAH TERHADAP EFISIENSI TEKNIS DAN EFISIENSI LINGKUNGAN DI KABUPATEN ROKAN HULU Widodo, Sri; Waluyati, Lestari Rahayu; Jamhari, Jamhari; Defidelwina, Defidelwina
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 5, No 1: January-June 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (888.157 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/5177

Abstract

Land ownership, technical and environmental efficiency are interrelated aspects one another which influences the sustainability of farming. This study aims to estimate the impact of land ownership on the technical and environmental efficiency of wetland rice farming in the Rokan Hulu Regency. Data obtained from interviews with 100 farm households, and analyzed using the translog stochastic frontier production function estimated by the maximum likelihood method. This production function includes conventional and detrimental input (Nitrogen). The results showed that the average technical efficiency of farming was 84.8%. Meaning that farmers can increase their technical efficiency by 15.2%. While the average of environmental efficiency is 23.7%. It is recommended to farmers to reduce their detrimental inputs by 76.3%. The technical efficiency of landowners was lower than the tenant or sharing farmers. Otherwise, the environmental efficiency of landowners higher than tenant or sharing farmers.
SUPPLIER STRUCTURE AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF SUPPLIER NETWORK PHASE RICE SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN SOUTH SUMATRA Jamhari, Jamhari; Hartono, Slamet; Hadi Darwanto, Dwidjono; bidarti, agustina
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 5, No 1: January-June 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (897.072 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/5171

Abstract

This study aims to identify the mapping, measure performance, and analyze problems in the structure of rice supply chain management on the supplier network phase in South Sumatra. Afterward, the result of this study is used as the basic consideration to improve the rice supply chain performance on indicators that have problems. Data collection was conducted by direct interview, questionnaire, and observation. This study used descriptive qualitative and several analysis tools as the data such as Supply Chain Operation Reference Model (SCOR), Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), Objective Matrix (OMAX) and Traffic Light System (TLS). According to the rice supply chain mapping on supplier network phase, there are three rice supply chains. Based on the interview, the farmers’ main problem as the main producers of the rice supply chain in South Sumatra is the limitation of unhusked rice price information in harvesting in the financial flow of rice supply chain. Based on the weighting result by OMAX scoring system, the total index value is 7.28, or in the yellow category which means that the performance of LICM rice- industry company in South Sumatra has not achieved the expected performance in terms of rice supply chain even though the result is close to the pre-determined target.
KONTRIBUSI PENDAPATAN AGROWISATA PADI SAWAH TERHADAP PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PADA BERBAGAI KATEGORI DESA WISATA Waluyati, Lestari Rahayu; Jamhari, Jamhari; handayani, sugiharti mulya; Mulyo, Jangkung Handoyo
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 5, No 1: January-June 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (758.916 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/5173

Abstract

Tourist village as a new trend of tourism that has been growing rapidly in Yogyakarta. Based on attractiveness, accessibility, facilities, community empowerment, marketing and promotion, institutional, and human resources, tourist villages are devided into growing, developing and developed categories. Wetland rice agrotourism offers attractions in tourist village that leads to increasing income of the perpetrators (main actors, supporting actors, and managers). This descriptive research aimed to compare agro-tourism perpetrators’s income contribution to household income in various categories of tourist village in Yogyakarta. This research was purposively conducted in Gabugan, Pancoh and Pentingsari Village as representation of grow, developed, and advanced tourism villages. The result depicted that the contribution of wetland rice agrotourism to household income of all agro-tourism actors was low in all tourism village categories. This indicates that the wetland rice agro-tourism has not contributed significantly in supporting the domestic economy of the perpetrators. The results of the study show that the advanced tourism villages have a higher contribution of income compared to developing and growing tourism villages.
EL NINO, LA NINA, DAN PENAWARAN PANGAN DI JAWA, INDONESIA Jamhari, Jamhari; Utami, Arini Wahyu; Hardyastuti, Suhatmini
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 12, No 2 (2011): JEP Desember 2011
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jep.v12i2.197

Abstract

Paddy and maize are two important food crops in Indonesia and mainly produced in Java Island. This research aimed to know the impact of El Nino and La Nina on paddy and maize farmer’s supply in Java. Cross sectional data from four provinces in Java was combined with time series data during 1987-2006. Paddy supply was estimated using log model, while maize supply used autoregressive model; each was estimated using two types of regression function. First, it included dummy variable of El Nino and La Nina to know their influence into paddy and maize supply. Second, Southern Oscillation Index was used to analyze the supply changing when El Nino or La Nina occur. The result showed that El Nino and La Nina did not influence paddy supply, while La Nina influenced maize supply in Java. Maize supply increased when La Nina occurred.
The Mainstreaming of Pesantrens and Madrasahs in Indonesia Jamhari, Jamhari
Studia Islamika Vol 12, No 2 (2005): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2282.816 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v12i2.593

Abstract

The project of this article has focused on six strategic groups in pesantrens and madrasahs. These are: 1)Kyai (male religious leaders) and Nyai (female religious leaders) of pesantren salaf; 2) Kyai and Nyai of pesantren khalaf; 3) key community leaders; 4) principals ofmadrasah aliyahmadrasah aliyah; and 6) student leaders of madrasah aliyah.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v12i2.593
Civil Society di Masyarakat Muslim: Pengalaman Indonesia Jamhari, Jamhari
Studia Islamika Vol 7, No 2 (2000): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4768.863 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v7i2.713

Abstract

This book presents a study on democracy and civil society in non-Western countries. Like other discourse on democracy and modernization, civil society emerged in the West with its specific culture and tradition. Therefore the development of discourse on civil society in non-Western countries has raised a question: Is a social system that emerged in a particular culture compatible to a society with different culture and tradition? Among other things, the book edited by Robert W. Hefner is aimed to answer the above mentioned question. The contents of the book consists of two parts. The first part puts forward articles written by political scientists and sociologists on structure and basic frame of civil society, then the second part contains various articles written by anthropologists and sociologists on the development of civil society in various non-Western countries. Experiences of applying civil democracy in non-Western countries, as discussed in the second part of the book, shout that the discourse on democracy and civil society is not a simple matter.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v7i2.713
EFEKTIVITAS DISTRIBUSI RASKIN DI PEDESAAN DAN PERKOTAAN INDONESIA Jamhari, Jamhari
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 13, No 1 (2012): JEP Juni 2012
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

This research aims to investigate effectiveness of rice for the poor program (Raskin) in rural and urban Indonesia based on the National Socio Economic Survey data (Susenas) collected by Central Bureau of Statistic (BPS) in 2007. Number of sample was 52,370 households. Effectiveness of Raskin Program was measured by target, quantity and price accuracy indexes. Logistic regression model was used to identify factors affecting probability of a household to receive raskin or not. The results of analysis show that raskin distribution was not yet accurately reach the target beneficiaries. Raskin distribution was also not accurate in quantity and price. Quantity accuracy index was 58 percent in rural, 53 percent in urban and 57 percent in Indonesia. Price quantity index was 68 percent in rural, 63 percent in urban and 67 percent in Indonesia. Probability of a household to receive raskin was affected by education, gender, age, household member, income, employment, floor condition and location.
KESEDIAAN MEMBAYAR PETANI KOPI UNTUK PERBAIKAN LINGKUNGAN Prasmatiwi, Fembriarti Erry; Irham, Irham; Suryantini, Any; Jamhari, Jamhari
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 12, No 2 (2011): JEP Desember 2011
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

This study aims were, first to measure the level of farmers’ willingness to pay the external cost to improve the environment and second, examine the determinant factors. The experiment was conducted in District Sumberjaya and Sekincau, West Lampung District during June-October 2009. Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) was used to answer the first purpose, while ordinal logit regression analysis was used to answer the second purpose. Factors of farmland area, land productivity, household income, educational level, number of family labor, and knowledge of farmers about the benefits of forests had positive influence on WTP while distance of farmers’ house to the forest had negative influence. The increase of WTP was needed to reduce environmental damage due to forest conversion to coffee plantation; moreover, environment improvement hopefully could restore the function of forest where coffee trees were planted.
EL NINO, LA NINA, DAN PENAWARAN PANGAN DI JAWA, INDONESIA Utami, Arini Wahyu; Jamhari, Jamhari; Hardyastuti, Suhatmini
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 12, No 2 (2011): JEP Desember 2011
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Paddy and maize are two important food crops in Indonesia and mainly produced in Java Island. This research aimed to know the impact of El Nino and La Nina on paddy and maize farmer’s supply in Java. Cross sectional data from four provinces in Java was combined with time series data during 1987-2006. Paddy supply was estimated using log model, while maize supply used autoregressive model; each was estimated using two types of regression function. First, it included dummy variable of El Nino and La Nina to know their influence into paddy and maize supply. Second, Southern Oscillation Index was used to analyze the supply changing when El Nino or La Nina occur. The result showed that El Nino and La Nina did not influence paddy supply, while La Nina influenced maize supply in Java. Maize supply increased when La Nina occurred.
Technical Efficiency of Wet Season Melon Farming Yekti, Ananti; Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi; Jamhari, Jamhari; Hartono, Slamet
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.9124

Abstract

Melon is one of high-value horticulture commodity which is cultivated widely in Kulon Progo regency. The nature of agricultural products is heavily dependent on the season, so it causes the prices of agricultural products always fluctuated every time. In wet season the price of agricultural products tends to be more expensive. Melon cultivation in wet season provide an opportunity to earn higher profits than in the dry season. The price of agricultural products tends to be more expensive in wet season, thus melon cultivation in wet season prospectively generate high profits. In order to achieve high profitability, melon farming has to be done efficiently. Objective of this study was to 1) determined the factors that influence melon production in wet season 2) measured technical efficiency of melon farming and 3) identified the factors that influanced technical efficiency. Data collected during April – June 2014. Location determined by multistage cluster sampling. 45 samples of farmers who cultivated melon during wet season obtained based on quota sampling technique. Technical efficiency was measured using Cobb-Douglas Stochastic Frontier. The result reveals that 1) land use, quantity of seed, K fertilizer contributed significantly increasing melon production, while N fertilizer decreased melon production significantly 2) technical efficiency indeces ranged from 0.40 to 0.99, with a mean of  0.77; 3) farmer’s experience gave significant influence to technical efficiency of melon farming in wet season.