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Kajian Karakteristik dan Potensi Sumberdaya Lahan Untuk Perencanaan Pembangunan Pertanian di Kabupaten Merangin Berdasarkan Zona Agro Ekologi (ZAE) Hendri Purnama; Jon Hendri; Busyra Buyung Saidi
Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal 2019: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal “Smart Farming yang Berwawasan Lingkungan untuk Ke
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Purnama H, Hendri J, Saidi BB. 2019. Characteristics of potential land resources for agricultural planning in merangin district based on Agroecological Zones (ZAE).  In: Herlinda S et al. (Eds.), Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal 2019, Palembang  4-5 September 2019. pp. 270-276. Palembang: Unsri Press. The study of Characteristics and Potential of Land Resources in Merangin Regency aims to identify the potential of land resources for agricultural development, to develop information on the type of land use for the right agricultural system as a basis for sustainable agricultural development, and to develop maps of zoning of agricultural commodities based on ZAE scale of 1: 50,000. The study was conducted with a desk study approach, soil sampling and surveys. The results of the study found that the climate classification of Merangin district was included in type B. The Merangin district landform consisted of 134 land units. SPT 1 to 6 are soil in the alluvial group, soil types Tropaquepts, Dystropepts and Tropofluvents. SPT 7 is soil in the peat group (freshwater oligotrophic peat dome), the parent material of peat. SPT 8 is soil in the Karst group, limestone mother material, soil type Inceptisol (Eutroppepts). SPT 9 to 81 are soil in the tectonic/structural group, andesite tuff parent material, ultisol and inceptisol soil types. SPT 82 to 133 is the soil in the volcanic group, the parent material of tuff andesite, the soil type consists of inceptis ol, oxisol, and ultisol. Based on the agroecological zone, Merangin Regency consists of 6 (six) zones and 9 (nine) sub zones. Food and horticultural agricultural development areas are in zones III and IV namely Zone III/Dfksvei-1 and III/ Dfksvei-2, Zone IV/Dfksvei-1 and IV/Dfksvei-1 covering 303,429 ha (40,827%), commodity development areas estate crops and horticulture, namely in zone II/Dfksvei-1 and II/Dfksvei-2 covering 62,596 ha (8,422 ha), the estate crop estate is in zone V/ Dfksvei with 1,767 ha (0.24%). And the conservation area is zone I/Dfxvei with an area of 37,417 ha (5.03%) of the area of Merangin district.Keywords: agroecological zones, commodity zoning, land resources, land suitability, Merangin 
Pengaruh Ameliorasi Lahan yang Terkena Intrusi Air Laut terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Padi Jon Hendri; Busyra Buyung Saidi
Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal 2020: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal ke-8 “Komoditas Sumber Pangan untuk Meningkatkan K
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Hendri J, Saidi BB. 2020. Effect of land amelioration on growth and rice production paddy field affected by sea water intrusion. In: Herlinda S et al. (Eds.), Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal ke-8 Tahun 2020, Palembang 20 Oktober 2020. pp. xx. Palembang: Penerbit & Percetakan Universitas Sriwijaya (UNSRI).Irrigated rice field land conversion to other non-agricultural purposes in Java still is still ongoing and it is inevitable. It has been seriously given negative impact for national rice supply. One of the alternatives to overcome the issue is to perform rice field land expansion through new rice field construction off Java. In Jambi Province, 2010-2017, 13,855 ha of rice fields had been constructed, covering of 2,364 ha of West Tanjung Jabung district partially occupies a tidal area. However, its development and management into productive land has been hampered including by soil salinity due to sea water intrusion resulting in an increase of salt content, which can cause nutrient deficiency and even plant poisoning. The objective of the research was to find out the effect of land amelioration on rice growth and its production on new constructed rice fields, which are affected by sea water intrusion. The research site was in Sungai Nibung Village, West Tanjung Jabung District, during 2018. The research applied a randomized block design with five land amelioration treatments with four reiterations. Land amelioration applied lime, manure, nitrogen, rock phosphate (RP) and potassium fertilizers. The results showed treatment of 2.5 t/ha manure, Urea 200 kg/ha, RP 200 kg/ha and KCl 100 kg/ha could give 24.66 tillers and the highest yield of 2.92 tons/ha.Konversi lahan sawah beririgasi untuk keperluan non pertanian lain di Jawa masih terus berlangsung dan tidak bisa dihindari. Hal itu berdampak serius terhadap pasokan beras nasional. Salah satu alternatif untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut adalah dengan melakukan perluasan lahan persawahan melalui pembangunan persawahan baru di luar Jawa. Di Provinsi Jambi, 2010-2017 telah dibangun 13.855 ha sawah, meliputi 2.364 ha Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Barat sebagian menempati daerah pasang surut. Namun pengembangan dan pengelolaannya menjadi lahan produktif terhambat diantaranya oleh salinitas tanah akibat intrusi air laut yang mengakibatkan peningkatan kadar garam yang dapat menyebabkan defisiensi hara bahkan keracunan tanaman. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh perbaikan lahan terhadap pertumbuhan padi dan produksinya pada lahan sawah baru yang terkena intrusi air laut. Lokasi penelitian di Desa Sungai Nibung, Kecamatan Tanjung Jabung Barat, selama tahun 2018. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dengan lima perlakuan perbaikan lahan dengan empat pengulangan. Perbaikan lahan dengan pemberian pupuk kapur, pupuk kandang, nitrogen, batuan fosfat (RP) dan kalium. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perlakuan 2,5 t batu fosfat (RP) dan pupuk kalium. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perlakuan 2,5 t batu fosfat (RP) dan pupuk kalium. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perlakuan 2,5 tPupuk kandang -1 ha, Urea 200 kg -1 ha, RP 200 kg -1 ha dan KCl 100 kg -1 ha mampu memberikan 24,66 anakan dan hasil tertinggi 2,92 ton ha -1 . 
Keragaan dan Potensi Produksi Varietas Unggul Baru Padi pada Lahan Sawah Bukaan Baru Keracunan Besi Busyra Buyung Saidi; Jon Hendri; Suharyon Suharyon
Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal 2020: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal ke-8 “Komoditas Sumber Pangan untuk Meningkatkan K
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Saidi BB, Hendri J, Suharyon S. 2020.  Performance and production potential yield of new rice high yielding varieties on new constructed irrigated rice field of iron poisoning fields. In: Herlinda S et al. (Eds.), Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal ke-8 Tahun 2020, Palembang 20 Oktober 2020. pp. xxx.  Palembang: Penerbit & Percetakan Universitas Sriwijaya (UNSRI).Assessment of Performance and Potential Yields of New Rice High Yielding Varieties on New Constructed Irrigated Rice Field of Iron Poisoning Fields was carried out in Muntialo Village, Betara District, Tanjung Jabung Barat Regency from April to August 2018. The rice varieties used consisted of: 4 varieties, namely (1) Inpari 34 Agritan Salin, (2) Inpara 3, (3) Indragiri, and (4) IR 42. The study used a randomized block design with 4 (four) replications. Fertilization recommendations based on soil nutrient status. Cultivation of crops with an integrated crop management system (ICM) of Swamp Rice. 4: 1 legowo planting system with 20 days of seedlings. The data collected consisted of the chemical properties of the soil before the assessment, components of plant growth and production. The results showed that there was no significant difference in plant height between the varieties tested. The highest plant height was Inpari 34 (105.37 cm) and Inpara 3 (100.98 cm), followed by Indragiri (97.73 cm) and the lowest was IR 42 (93.38 cm). There was a significant difference between the maximum number of tillers, productive tillers, the number of grains per panicle and yield of harvested dry grain between the VUB tested. The highest production was obtained by Inpari 34 (5.58 tons/ha), while Inpara 3 (4.10 tons/ha), Indragiri 3.86 tons / ha and the lowest was on IR 42 (3.40 tons/ha).
Optimalisasi Lahan Rawa Lebak Mendukung Produsi Padi di Kabupaten Batanghari Jambi Busyra Buyung Saidi; Hendri Purnama; Jon Hendri; Firdaus Firdaus; Nur Imdah Minsyah
Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal 2021: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal ke-9 “Sustainable Urban Farming Guna Meningkatkan
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Saidi BB, Purnama H, Hendri J, Firdaus F, Minsyah NI.  2021. Lebak swamp land optimization supports rice production in Batanghari Jambi Regency. In: Herlinda S et al. (Eds.), Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal ke-9 Tahun 2021, Palembang  20 Oktober 2021. pp. 58-71. Palembang: Penerbit & Percetakan Universitas Sriwijaya (UNSRI).Lebak swamp land is a swamp that is affected by the presence of inundation with a duration of inundation of more than 3 months and inundation height of more than 50 cm. The potential of lebak swamps for the development of rice farming is very large. The area of lebak swamp land in Batanghari Regency is 4,033 ha. In order to support the Land Optimization Program to increase rice production in Batanghari district, 2,500 ha of lebak swamp land has been established in 7 (seven) sub-districts, 21 villages. The study aims to: (1) provide information about the characteristics, potential, opportunities of lowland swamp land for agricultural development, and (2) provide direction and strategic steps for developing lowland swamp land in Batanghari Regency. The assessment will be carried out from July to August 2021. carried out using a survey method to collect primary data (characteristics of lebak swamp land) and secondary data (other supporting factors that influence the increase in rice production). The results of the study showed that the lowland swamp rice fields in Batanghari Regency were categorized as shallow lowland swamps, with alluvial soil types, namely undeveloped soils, formed from fine, coarse and organic alluvium materials. The results of the evaluation of land suitability for rice plants, the main limiting factors are the availability of oxygen (drainage), nutrient retention and nutrient availability, especially nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. For this reason, it is necessary to improve irrigation channels and manage land and nutrients (fertilization). The optimization of lebak swamp land management is very likely to be improved by increasing the cropping index (IP) from 100 to 200, introducing new, adaptive varieties, including Inpara3. increase farmers' income.
ANALISIS POTENSI SUMBERDAYA LAHAN DESA PAAL MERAH KECAMATAN JAMBI SELATAN SEBAGAI SENTRA PRODUKSI SAYURAN KOTA JAMBI Busyra Buyung Saidi
Bioplantae Vol. 2 No. 4 (2013): BIOPLANTAE
Publisher : Bioplantae

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Paal Merah Village area consists of two main Landform Group Alluvial and acidic tuff Plain. Alluvial group is small and the widest portion is acidic tuff Plain Group with slopes between 3-8%. Soil types are Typic Endoaquepts area with soil characteristics: moderate depth. Landform regions with acidic tuff little flat plains, soil type Aquic Dystrudepts with moderate depth characteristics, the top layer of somewhat coarse textured, fine sandy, slightly acidic soil pH to neutral, fluffy undercoat, drainage impeded until somewhat hampered, and the pH of acid soils. Region drier types of soil Typic Dystrudepts with soil characteristics: solum deep, well drained, slightly rough texture of the top layer, the bottom layer of smooth, pH acidic to slightly acid soil. While on land rather flat to choppy Kanhapludults Typic soil type, soil characteristics: the depth of the soil solum moderate to deep, well drained, fine texture, and pH of acid soils. Results of the evaluation of land suitability of various agricultural commodities, land can be developed for agricultural commodities featured in the Pal Merah village area of 143 ha (91.7%), while the remaining 23 ha (8.3%) could not be developed for agriculture, because it is a settlement and a service area. Results of the assessment showed that the land unit 1 (Lu-1) that is currently in the form of basin swamp with stagnant swamp grass vegetation is not appropriate (N) for the cultivation of agricultural commodities. Lu 2 and 3 with soil drainage is hampered includes quite fit (S2) for the cultivation of agricultural commodities with a lack of oxygen limiting factors (soil drainage is hampered). Lu 4 including quite fit (S2) by a factor limiting nutrient retention. While Lu 5 in addition to the retention of nutrients for crops also have limiting erosion. Based on the characteristics of the land, then in the plain areas tuff sour flat to choppy very suitable for vegetable crops such as mustard greens, spinach, chilli, egg plant, and leafy vegetable, in the alluvial basin that is now largely overgrown with potential for fisheries. Whereas in choppy lying areas suitable for the cultivation of dry land crops and perennial crops. Key words: Landform, landsuitable, cultivation, soil