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Reynold P. Kainde
Universitas Sam Ratulangi

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ANALISIS VEGETASI HUTAN LINDUNG GUNUNG TUMPA Kainde, Reynold P.; Ratag, Semuel P.; Tasirin, Johny S.; Faryanti, D.
EUGENIA Vol 17, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.17.3.2011.3547

Abstract

ABSTRACT   This research was carried out in the Mount of Tumpa Protection Forest from February to March 2003, aiming to asses Important Value (IV) Index.  Simple random sampling with plot was used to collect species data. The observation for collecting specie data was  number individual of each species, trees, poles diameter and species presence.  The data were analysed for density, relatif density, frequency, relatif frequency, dominancy, relatif dominancy and Important Values (IV) The results showed that at seedling level, Important Value of Tepu was the highest  (41,83%) and lowest was Calophyllum soulattri (10,03 %).  The highest Important Value at  the sapling level was Calamus sp (38,73%) and the lowest was Knema latericia (10,11%). The highest  Important Value at the pole level was Spathodea campanulata (74,01%) and the lowest was Dracontomelum mangiverum (10,05%).  The highest Important Value at tree level was Spathodea campanulata (88,86%) and the lowest was Calophyllum soulattri (10,22%). Keywords : Important Value Index, Vegetation Analysis
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS POHON DI HUTAN LINDUNG GUNUNG SAHENDARUMAN, KABUPATEN KEPULAUAN SANGIHE Kainde, Reynold P.
EUGENIA Vol 17, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.17.1.2011.102

Abstract

This research was carried out in the Mount of Sahendaruman Protection Forest from February to May2006, aiming to find out information tree spesies biodiversity. The method was exploration usingtransects of 20m wide from the mountain top divided in 8 directions. Result showed that there were 70tree species from 32 families belong to Magnoliopsida (dicotyl) and division of Magnoliophyta (flowerplant). There were 7 tree species in which member of Euphorbiaceae, Lauraceae dan Rubiaceae. Fivetree species were member of Apocynaceae. Four tree species were member of Meliaceae. Family ofActinidaceae, Burseraceae, Guttiferae, Monimiaceae had three species each. The following familynamely Anacardiaceae, Araliaceae, Myristicaceae, Myrtaceae, Theaceae donated two species each.Each family of Aquifoliaceae, Bignoniaceae, Celastraceae, Combretaceae, Combretaceae,Ealeocarpaceae, Ebenaceae, Fagaceae, Flacour tiaceae, Gesperiaceae, Mimosaceae, Moraceae,Ochnaceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae, Sapotaceae, Saxifragaceae, Staphyleaceae accounted onespecies. ABSTRAKPenelitian ini dilaksanakan di Hutan Lindung Gunung Sahendaruman Kebupaten Kepulauan Sangihe,yang berlangsung mulai bulan Februari – Mei 2006 dengan tujuan untuk mendapatkan informasitentang keanekaragaman jenis pohon di Hutan Lindung Gunung Sahendaruman. Penelitian inimenggunakan metode eksplorasi dengan menggunakan jalur pengamatan. Lebar jalur 20 m dan arahjalur dari puncak ke arah bawah dan dibagi menjadi 8 arah. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukan bahwaterdapat 70 jenis pohon dari 32 famili yang keseluruhan jenis-jenis pohon tersebut adalah kelasMagnoliopsida (tumbuhan dikotil) dan divisi Magnoliophyta (tumbuhan berbunga) Kelas Magnoliopsida(tumbuhan dikotil). Terdapat 7 jenis pohon yang merupakan anggota Euphorbiaceae Lauraceae danRubiaceae, 5 jenis pohon anggota Apocynaceae, 4 jenis pohon anggota of Meliaceae, 3 jenis pohonanggota of Actinidaceae, Burseraceae, Guttiferae, Monimiaceae, 2 jenis pohon anggotaAnacardiaceae, Araliaceae, Myristicaceae, Myrtaceae, Theaceae dan yang memiliki jumlah jenis palingsedikit adalah famili Aquifoliaceae, Bignoniaceae, Celastraceae, Combretaceae, Combretaceae,Ealeocarpaceae, Ebenaceae, Fagaceae, Flacour tiaceae, Gesperiaceae, Mimosaceae, Moraceae,Ochnaceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae, Sapotaceae, Saxifragaceae, Staphyleaceae, Sterculiaceae yangmasing-masing family tersebut diperoleh satu jenis pohon.
STUDI ETNOBOTANI TUMBUHAN DAUN GATAL DI KECAMATAN KWAMKILAMA KABUPATEN MIMIKA Mom, Samuel A.; Langi, Martina A.; Kainde, Reynold P.; Nurmawan, Wawan
COCOS Vol 6, No 14 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v6i14.8786

Abstract

ABSTRACT The objective of this research was to identify the plant species traditionally called as Daun Gatal at Kwamkilama, the district of Mimika. Along with that, the traditional use of Daun Gatal was also studied. Method used in this study was direct observation, interview, and questionnaire. Data were collected gradually that was from heads of village to people recommended by them and so forth. Results show that there are three species (Laportea decumana, Laportea interupta, and Dendrocnide peltata) all belong to family Urticaceae. Furthermore, traditional use of these species were for medicines (of many diseases), stamina booster, hunting, and ethnical coustum.Key words: Daun Gatal plant, Papua, Laportea, Dendrocnide.
KAJIAN ETNOBIOLOGI UPACARA ADAT DI DESA WORAT-WORAT KECAMATAN SAHU, KABUPATEN HALMAHERA BARAT Uny, Eva; Pangemanan, Euis S.; Kainde, Reynold P.
COCOS Vol 1, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACT The Worat-Worat Village community still uses plants in their daily lives as medicines, household appliances, wicker, clothing, food, shelter, and traditional ceremonies. Traditional ceremonies in Woratworat village which are still used today are: traditional eating ceremonies (Orom Sasadu) and traditional wedding ceremonies. This study aims to determine the types and benefits of plants and animals at a traditional ceremony in Worat-worat Village, Sahu District, West Halmahera Regency. The method used in the study was interviews and field observations. The technique of selecting informants using purposive sampling technique. Informants were chosen with certain considerations, in this case the informants chosen to be interviewed were traditional leaders, village leaders and the community. The results showed that plants and animals used in traditional ceremonies included 18 types of plants, namely: rice, sugar palm, betel, areca nut, banana forest, gofasa, sago, cempaka, yellow bamboo, bamboo stone, talang bamboo, balsam tree, durian, melinjo , rattan, kayu besi, coconut and langsat and 4 types of animals namely: wild boar, deer, gosong kelam, and rice snail. The use of plant and animal species in traditional ceremonies is very diverse. The use of these plants starts from the stem, bark, leaves, fruit, and sap. While the animal parts that are utilized are: rice conch shells are used as lime meal, dusky megapode eggs are used as food, wild boar is used as food and deerskin is used for making tifa. Keywords: Ethnobiology, traditional ceremony, Worat-worat Village
PERDAGANGAN JENIS SATWA LIAR DI PASAR LANGOWAN, SULAWESI UTARA Taogan, Silfana; Kainde, Reynold P.; Tasirin, Johny S.
COCOS Vol 1, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i2.27346

Abstract

ABSRACTTujuan penelitian mengetahui jenis satwa dan jumlah masing-masing dan asal satwa liar yang diperdagangkan di Pasar Langowan. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan November 2019 di Pasar Langowan, Kabupaten Minahasa, Provinsi Sulawesi Utara. Metode Pengumpulan Data yang digunakan ialah dengan melakukan wawancara terhadap pedagang dan pembeli dengan menggunakan kuisoner. Seluruh pedagang yang menjual daging satwa diwawancarai. Jadi pengumpulan data pedagang bersifat sensus. Setiap pembeli satwa yang dijadikan responden adalah mereka yang ditemukan membeli daging atau bagian lain dari satwa. Pengamatan dilakukan selama 6 hari secara berturut-turut. Ada 8 orang pedagang satwa di Pasar Langowan yang memperjualbelikan 5 jenis satwa yakni Sus celebensis, Paruromys dominator, Pteropus celebensis, Python reticulatus, dan Varanus salvator. Total volume perdagangan jenis-jenis satwa liar dalam 6 hari pengamatan di Pasar Langowan adalah Python reticulatus Rp 11.850.000, Pteropus celebensis Rp 10.098.000, Sus celebensis Rp 8.295.000, Poruromys dominator Rp 4.500.000, dan Varanus salvator Rp 390.000. Seluruh pembeli jenis-jenis satwa di Pasar Langowan melakukan transaksi dagang untuk keperluan konsumsi daging dengan Jenis Sus celebensis dan Python reticulatus memiliki pembeli terbesar masing-masing 45% dari total responden.Kata kunci : PERDAGANGAN JENIS SATWA LIAR, LANGOWAN
KONTRIBUSI HASIL HUTAN BUKAN KAYU BAGI MASYARAKAT DI SEKITAR KAWASAN HUTAN (STUDI KASUS DESA BUKAKA) Nugroho, Anton C.; Frans, Terry M.; Kainde, Reynold P.; Walangitan, Hengki D.
COCOS Vol 6, No 5 (2015)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACTParticularly, the objectives of this research are to analyze between non-timber forest product (NTFP) contribution and one of social economic aspect (education) of Bukaka household farmers community. This study is located at Bukaka village, Kotabunan District of Bolaang Mongondow Timur Regency, North Sulawesi. Technically, indepth interview was used quastionaries method to 52 respondents which are taken from April to June 2014. However, the outcome of this study shows that NTFP contributes to the household income 25,16 % (Rp. 13.552.654 annualy) including 41,67% species of flora and 58,33% of fauna speciesfrom 12 species in total which are used by household. In conclusion, contribution of NTFP is not influenced by education level.Keywords: Contributions NTFPs, Income, Socio-economic aspect, Bukaka Village.
BEBERAPA SIFAT FISIK GUBAL ANGSANA (PTEROCARPUS INDICUS) Ireeuw, Belly; Kainde, Reynold P.; Kalangi, Josephus I.; Rombang, Johan A.
COCOS Vol 3, No 6 (2013)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACT This research was to study about some physical properties of angsana (Pterocarpus indicus) sapwood related in wood position to wood position in trunk (base, middle, and tip) and to environmental factors (temperature and humidity). It used a faktorial design in completely randomized block with combinations of 3 environmental condition and 3 wood position in trunk. These nine treatments are repeated three times. The results showed that moisture content, wood density, and volumetric shrinkage of angsana sapwood could be influenced by wood position in trunk (base, middle, and tip). The swelling property of angsana sapwood was not influenced by wood position in trunk but it was influenced by environmental factors. Key words : physical properties, sapwood, wood position, temperature, humidity
Persepsi dan Interaksi Masyarakat Desa Wawona terhadap Monyet Hitam Sulawesi Rantung, Michael; Tasirin, Johny S.; Kainde, Reynold P.; Pangemanan, Lyndon
COCOS Vol 6, No 14 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v6i14.8667

Abstract

ABSTRACTPercetion and Interaction of Wawona Wawona Rural Communities to Sulawesi Black MonkeysSulawesi is the largest area in the region which is biogeography walacea a meeting location flora and fauna between the Indo-Malaysia and Australasia (Lee et al, 2001). In North Sulawesi are black monkeys Sulawesi (Macaca nigra). Currently, the existence of black monkeys Sulawesi experienced survival in nature. The main factor is the high intensity of the interference that comes from outside the region, either in the form of disturbance to habitat conversion of forest land into agricultural land as well as on the black monkeys Sulawesi itself in the form of hunting.Wawona village is the village directly adjacent to the Wildlife Manembonembo. The total area of the village of Wawona is 20.5 km2, or 19.01% of the area of the District Tatapaan. There are still many people who capture animals Village Wawona (34%). Although only 6% of the people who catch monkeys Sulawesi black, but most people still eat meat Sulawesi black monkey. Most of the community looked at the forest just as a place to store water (53%) and prevention of flooding (23%) only 9% who considered that forests are important for the survival of animals that includes monkeys Sulawesi black.
INVENTARISASI JENIS TUMBUHAN PAKAN MONYET HITAM SULAWESI (Macaca nigra) DI TAMAN WISATA ALAM (TWA) BATUPUTIH, SULAWESI UTARA Pamekas, Pamekas; Tasirin, Johny S.; Kainde, Reynold P.; Sumakud, Maria Y.M.A.
COCOS Vol 6, No 10 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v6i10.8386

Abstract

ABSTRACT  The research was conducted in Batuputih Recreational Park, North Sulawesi with the aim to inventory plant species and feeding frequency of Sulawesi crested-black macaques (Macaca nigra). A group of macaques was followed continuously starting in the morning at the sleeping tree. Observations were made in 15 minute segments including plant species eaten by alfamale, the main female, and another macaques. Plant species and eaten parts were recorded. The results showed that there are 22 species of food plants eaten by the Sulawesi crested- black macaques in Batuputih Recreational Park. The highest eating frquency is kayu sirih (Piper aduncum), Nantu (Palaquium quercifolium), coro (Ficus variegata), aren (Arenga pinata), kelapa (Cocos nucifera), and Seho yaki (Caryota mitis). The macaques ate fruits, shoots and young leaves. Alfamale feed pattern followed almost aligned by the main female and the other macaques except for Cocos nucifera, Dracontomelon dao, Eugenia malaccensis and Morinda bracteata. Exceptions of feeding pattern is that the other macaques have a very high preference in these species in comparison to alfamale and the main female. Feeding range of the macaques were more frequently in shrub land than the secondary forests.  Keywords: Sulawesi crested-black macaques, Fodder Plant Species, Home Range.
HUBUNGAN SOSIAL EKONOMI RUMAH TANGGA TANI DENGAN PENERAPAN AGROFORESTRI DI DESA KAYUUWI KECAMATAN KAWANGKOAN BARAT KABUPATEN MINAHASA Djela, Meldi; Walangitan, Hengki D.; Kainde, Reynold P.; Nurmawan, Wawan
COCOS Vol 5, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACTRELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIO-ECONOMIC of FARMER?s HOUSEHOLD WITH THE AGROFORESTRY IMPLEMENTATION IN VILALLAGE KAYUUWI SUBDISTRICT KAWANGKOAN WEST MINAHASA DISTRICTThe goal of this research is to describe the level of agroforestry implementation and analyze the relationship between socio-economic of farmer?s households with agroforestry implementation in Village Kayuuwi Subdistrict Kawangkoan West Minahasa District. This study was conducted over two months from May to July 2014.The study was conducted by survey method. Retrieving data using purposive method (deliberately) while agroforestry implementation analyzed descriptively and the chi-square analysis (x2) used for agroforestry associated with socio-economic. The results showed that the rate of adoption of agroforestry are found on farm land unit is passably agroforestry is 43.33% while the less common is a good agroforestry is 16.67%. The level of agroforestry implementation have a relationship with socio-economic factors, which is the non-formal education.Keywords: Agroforestry, Social Economic, Village Kayuuwi.