Ulung Jantama Wisha
Research institute of coastal resources and vulnerability, Ministry of marine affairs and fisheries

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Journal : ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences

Nutrient Condition of Kampar Big River Estuary: Distribution of N and P Concentrations Drifted by Tidal Bore ”Bono” Ulung Jantama Wisha; Lilik Maslukah
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (501.162 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.3.137-146

Abstract

Due to accelerated anthropogenic activity, a significant amount of pollutants has been directly or indirectly discharged into coastal estuaries of Kampar. Nutrient pollution along the river to the estuary that adversely affects coastal and estuary ecosystem mainly originates from inland such as industrial effluent, household, and agricultural waste as well as a naturally derived pollutant from biogeochemical cycle, which is controlled by the propagation of undular bore (Bono). The purpose of this study is to determine the environmental impact of distribution of nutrients caused by the mechanism of Bono. This research employed a purposive quantitative method, the concentration of dissolved phosphate, nitrate, nitrite and ammonia was analyzed using a spectrophotometer, tidal data retrieval was measured for 30 days’ near the estuarine area, while, current flow was measured for 24 hours’ measurement. Phosphate concentrations ranged from 0.02-0.1 mg.L-1, nitrate concentrations ranged from 0.76-5.73 mg.L-1, ammonia concentrations ranged from 0.2-0.41 mg.L-1, nitrate concentrations ranged from 0.001-0.03 mg.L-1. The tidal type is mixed tide prevailing semidiurnal with tidal range reach 4.2 m during spring tide condition. At the time of Bono propagate, drastically enhance the surface elevation and directly increase the drift of velocity with the flow direction from estuary into the river upstream, that mechanism affects the nutrient distribution in Kampar river. Keywords: Bono, Fluid dynamics, Nutrient distribution, Tidal bore, Water quality
Hydrodynamics of Bontang Seawaters: Its Effects on the Distribution of Water Quality Parameters Ulung Jantama Wisha; Semeidi Husrin; Gegar Sapta Prasetyo
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 21, No 3 (2016): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2018.297 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.21.3.123-134

Abstract

Bontang is a crowded with residential and industrial activities which produce heat waste into surrounding waters. This condition may cause environmental problems, and changes in water condition. Knowledge about dynamics of physic and chemical waters condition in Bontang city is very important as an effort to address environmental issues as part of coastal zone management and protection. The aim of this research is to understand hydrodynamic characteristics (tide and current) and the influence to distribution of physics and chemical in Bontang waters base on primary data (current and tide during one month, physics and chemicals waters data taken by in situ) and secondary data (bathymetry and tide forecasting). Hydrodynamic simulation is based on MIKE 21 and supported by CD-Oceanography and WR plot. The results show that the current is dominant move toward the Southwest and Northeast with current speed ranged from 0-0,22 m.s-1. The results of hydrodynamic simulation in the surface water show that the current move base on tide movement with current speed ranged from 0-0,24 m.s-1. The results of physic and chemical concentration is analysed by ArcGIS 10 to know spatial distribution of all parameters. Surface temperature ranged from 29-31,8oC, surface density ranged from 20-20,6 ppm, salinity ranged from 33,1-33,5 ppm, dissolve oxygen concentration ranged from 0,078-0,11 ppm. Distribution of all physic and chemical parameters is influenced by current and tide movement. Keywords: current, numerical model, water quality, Bontang waters
Spatial Distribution of Dissolved Heavy Metals (Hg, Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn) on the Surface Waters of Pare Bay, South Sulawesi Ulung Jantama Wisha; Aida Heriati; Muhammad Ramdhan; Eva Mustikasari; Herdiana Mutmainah; Ilham Ilham
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 23, No 4 (2018): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1096.606 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.23.4.199-206

Abstract

Pare bay is one of the areas of significance which is utilized for port services, stevedoring, oil distribution, regional industrial development, aquaculture, cultivation and settlement systems. Pare Bay potentially has a good prospect for a gigantic development. Whilst, a very dangerous threat is pollution, especially heavy metal pollution and water quality degradation. This study aims to determine the current condition of heavy metal concentrations and its distribution on surface waters of Pare Bay. Heavy metals were analyzed using AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry) in which it has a minimum detection limit reached 0.001 ppm so that the heavy metal concentration can be well-determined. Hg concentration is higher in the surface ranged 0.01-0.1 mg.l-1. Cd concentration ranged from 0.018-0.083 mg.l-1. Cu concentration ranged from 0.043-0.078 mg.l-1. Pb concentration ranged from 0.111-2.692 mg.l-1. Zn concentration ranged from 0.004 - 0.112 mg.l-1. Heavy metals content in Pare Bay exceeds the standard quality established by Ministry of Environment. It potentially harms the marine life which indirectly reduces the function value of Pare Bay as a center of maritime in the South Sulawesi. Water quality condition play a role in inducing the toxicity level of heavy metals in the Pare Bay. So that this area need to be monitored the water quality sustainably.
Physical and Chemical Conditions of Bayur Bay Waters On the East and West Season Ulung Jantama Wisha; Try Al Tanto; Ilham Ilham
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (752.594 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.1.15-24

Abstract

 Physical construction of Bayur bay coastal area as a port was followed by a variety of environmental issues, both physical degradation of the natural environment, biology reduction and an increase in social problems, directly affect to water quality decreasing in the coastal Bayur Bay. This study aims to determine the concentration distribution of physical and chemical parameters and their influence to water conditions on the east and west season. The method used is descriptive method (data taken by in situ and laboratory analysis), determining the location of sampling points based on purposive sampling method and tide prediction by NAOtide software. The results of field survey and laboratory measurements analysed using statistical method. The speed of sea currents on the east season ranged from 3,48 to 24,9 cm.s-1, while in the West season flow rate ranged from 1,4 to 57,7 cm.s-1. Rainfall in East Season ranged from 0-45 mm and The intensity of rainfall in West Season ranged from 0-30 mm. Sea-surface temperatures in the Eastern season range between 26,2- 31.5 °C, while in the west season SST range from 24,3 to 30,5°C. Dissolve oxygen concentration in the east season range from 4,3 to 6,1 mg.L-1, while the west monsoon conditions range from 4,1 to 6,4 mg.L-1. The pH values ranged from 7,4 to 8,1 in the Eastern season and ranged from 7,12 to 8,27 in the West season. Bayur Bay water quality conditions is not much different from its value range on the west and east season and influencing each other. Keywords: Bayur Bay, Seasons, SST, Statistical method