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PERBEDAAN JUMLAH KOLONI BAKTERI ASAM LAKTAT PADA KEADAAN SEHAT DENGAN PERIODONTITIS KRONIS Rheta Elkhaira; Nila Kasuma; Andani Eka Putra
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 6, Nomor 2, Desember 2019
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (187.169 KB) | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v6i2.256

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Bakteri Asam Laktat (BAL) merupakan salah satu flora normal yang terdapat di dalam rongga mulut. Keberadaan BAL di rongga mulut sangat penting untuk menjaga kesehatan oral dan mencegah terjadinya penyakit periodontal. Kemampuan BAL antara lain menghasilkan antimikroba, mengatur respons imun host sehingga dapat menghalangi pertumbuhan bakteri patogen penyebab penyakit periodontal. Salah satu penyakit peridodontal adalah periodontitis kronis. Hal ini mendorong perlunya penelitian mengenai BAL yang terdapat di dalam rongga mulut sebagai alternatif terapi periodontitis kronis. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui perbedaan jumlah BAL pada keadaan sehat dengan periodontitis kronis. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian cross sectional comparative, kelompok sehat terdiri dari subyek dengan gingiva sehat sedangkan kelompok periodontitis kronis terdiri dari subyek yang menderita periodontitis kronis. Perbedaan jumlah koloni BAL kelompok sehat dengan kelompok periodontitis kronis dianalisis dengan Independent Sample T Test. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perbedaan yang signifikan (p< 0,05) pada jumlah koloni bakteri asam laktat antara kelompok sehat dengan kelompok periodontitis kronis. Simpulan: Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini bahwa BAL yang merupakan flora normal dalam rongga mulut dapat menjaga kesehatan gigi dan mulut.
Hubungan Lama Pengadukan Dengan Setting Time dan Kekuatan Kompresi Dental Stone Nila Kasuma; Denas Symond; Danu Prianto
Cakradonya Dental Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2014): Desember 2014
Publisher : FKG Unsyiah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (355.376 KB)

Abstract

Produk gipsum digunakan dalam bidang kedokteran gigi untuk membuat model studi dan model kerja dari rongga mulut serta struktur kranio-fasial. Salah satu produk gipsum yang paling sering digunakan di bidang kedokteran gigi adalah dental stone. Sifat dan karakteristik dental stone adalah setting time dan kekuatan kompresi. Hal yang mempengaruhi setting time dan kekuatan kompresi dental stone di antaranya adalah lama pengadukan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan lama pengadukan dengan setting time dan kekuatan kompresi dental stone. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental laboratoris dengan jumlah sampel sembilan buah model dental stone, dengan masing-masing tiga perlakuan dengan lama pengadukan 20 detik, 40 detik, dan 60 detik. Pengukuran setting time dilakukan dengan alat Vicat Penetrometer dan pengukuran kekuatan kompresi dilakukan dengan alat Compressive Strength Test. Hasil menunjukkan peningkatan rata-rata setting time yang diaduk selama 20 detik, 40 detik, dan 60 detik. Kekuatan kompresi dental stone meningkat saat pengadukan selama 20 detik dan 40 detik, dan 60 detik. Hasil uji One Way ANOVA menunjukkan terdapat peningkatan signifikan pada setting time dan kekuatan kompresi yang diaduk lebih lama (p0,05). Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini terbukti bahwa terdapat hubungan lama pengadukan terhadap setting time dan kekuatan kompresi dental stone.
The RELATION OF NEUTROPHIL ELASTASE LEVEL WITH TISSUE DESTRUCTION IN GINGIVITIS AND PERIODONTITIS: HUBUNGAN KADAR NEUTROFIL ELASTASE DENGAN KERUSAKAN JARINGAN PERIODONTAL PADA GINGIVITIS DAN PERIODONTITIS Kasuma, Nila
Dentika: Dental Journal Vol. 20 No. 2 (2017): Dentika Dental Journal
Publisher : TALENTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (188.581 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/dentika.v20i2.160

Abstract

Periodontal disease consists of gingivitis and periodontitis. They occur due to the interaction between bacterial antigens and the host tissue hence neutrophil is activated, antibody is produced and bone resorption is occurred. Enzymatic changes to diagnose periodontal disease index (PDI) based on biomarker measurement scale is useful for an accurate diagnosis and a successful measurement of periodontal disease therapy. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was selected as the biological medium. This research aims to analyze the relationship between neutrophil elastase level and periodontal tissue damages at gingivitis and periodontitis. The study involved 66 people as samples with 22 healthy samples, 22 mild gingivitis samples and 22 early periodontitis samples. Enzyme level studied was tested using ELISA technique. In this cross-sectional study, neutrophil elastase enzyme level was compared between healthy, mild gingivitis and early periodontitis sample groups. Data analysis was performed using ANOVA test. The average NE level based on PDI group is ± SD 2.65 ng/dl ± 1.28 in healthy sample group. There is an increase by 2.3 times in mild gingivitis sample group where NE level is ± SD 6.27 ng/dl ± 1.13.While, the light periodontitis group has NE level of ± SD 9.38 ng/dl ± 1.06 which equals to 3.5 times increase from the healthy sample group. This research concludes that the rise of neutrophil elastase level in gingival crevicular fluid is related to the severity of gingivitis and periodontitis diseases.
MORINDA CITRIFOLIA EXTRACT MOUTHWASH AS ANTIGINGIVITIS: OBAT KUMUR EKSTRAK BUAH MENGKUDU (MORINDA CITRIFOLIA L.) SEBAGAI ANTIGINGIVITIS Kasuma, Nila; Fajrin, Fildzah Nurul; Aldi, Yufri
Dentika: Dental Journal Vol. 19 No. 2 (2016): Dentika Dental Journal
Publisher : TALENTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (371.689 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/dentika.v19i2.409

Abstract

Gingivitis is a inflamatory mild form of periodontal disease in gingiva. The early stage of gingivitis characterized by the accumulation of plaque, leukocytes, and PMN. Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) is known to have anti-inflammatory compositions which also affects the activity of leukocytes during inflammation. The research objective was to analyze the clinical effects of mouthwash that contains extracts of noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) on leukocyte levels in the saliva in patients with gingivitis, in order to obtain traditional mouthwash that is economical, readily available, and effective in reducing gingivitis and can be used by the public. Extracts of noni fruit (Morinda citrifolia L.) is given in the form of mouthwashes used for 7 days in a row. Observations conducted on three groups of respondents: group 1 using mouthwash placebo, group 2 using mouthwash noni fruit extract 5%, and group 3 using chlorhexidine 0.1%. The use of mouthwash done in the morning and at night before bed as much as 15 ml for 30 seconds. The results showed a decrease in the number of leukocytes in the group treated with placebo cyst, 5% noni fruit extract, and chlorhexidine 0.1% (p <0.05). Both test preparations equally decreased the number of leukocytes in gingival sulcus in gingivitis patients.
SEXUAL DIMORPHISM OF MINANGKABAUNES’ MAXILLARY CENTRAL INCISOR’S WIDTH: DISMORFISME SEKSUAL DARI LEBAR INSISIVUS SENTRAL MAKSILA PADA SUKU MINANGKABAU Kasuma, Nila; Susi, Susi; Fitri, Haria; Fajrin, Fildzah Nurul
Dentika: Dental Journal Vol. 20 No. 1 (2017): Dentika Dental Journal
Publisher : TALENTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (466.488 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/dentika.v20i1.705

Abstract

Teeth are known as organs made up of the hardest mineral tissue that is resistant to decay and physical, thermal, mechanical, chemical or biological damage. Tooth crown dimensions are reasonably accurate predictors of genders especially to young individuals whose secondary skeletal characteristics are yet developed. This research aims to analyse the influence of genders to the width of maxillary central incisor Minangkabaunese. The study was conducted using cross-sectional method in Luhak Agam, Luhak Tanah Datar and Luhak Lima Puluh Kota, West Sumatra using simple random sampling technique to a total of 120 samples. Teeth width was measured in mesiodistal dimension with 0.01 mm calibrated sliding digital caliper. The measurement was done on a tooth mould at â…“ incisal as the position of mesial and biggest distar. T-test independent statistic test was done to determine the relationship between the 2 variables. Sexual dimorphism was determined with Garn formula. The research shows significant difference (p=0.001) between the width of left and right central incisor in males and females. The average width of the male and female right maxillary incisor is 8.545 mm and 8.370 mm, while the left central incisor width is 8.877 mm in male and 8.283 mm in females. Sexual dimorphism on the right central incisor is 2.09% and 3.43% on the left side. The conclusion of the study is that maxillary central incisor width can distinguish different genders in the identification process.
HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI SENG SEBAGAI KOFAKTOR MAKANAN TRADISIONAL MINANGKABAU DENGAN NEUTROFIL ELASTASE DALAM CAIRAN SULKUS GINGIVA PADA PENYAKIT PERIODONTAL: RELATION OF ZINC CONSUMPTION AS COFACTOR IN MINANGKABAU TRADITIONAL FOOD WITH NEUTROPHIL ELASTASE LEVEL IN GINGIVAL CREVICULAR FLUID IN PERIODONTAL DISEASE Nila Kasuma
Dentika: Dental Journal Vol. 18 No. 2 (2014): Dentika Dental Journal
Publisher : TALENTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (172.628 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/dentika.v18i2.2010

Abstract

Penelitian ini melibatkan 66 orang sampel terdiri atas 22 orang sehat, 22 orang mengalami gingivitis ringan dan 22 orangmengalami periodontitis awal. Kadar enzim yang diteliti diuji dengan menggunakan teknik ELISA. Rancangan penelitianadalah cross sectional yang membandingkan kadar enzim netrofil elastase pada sampel sehat, gingivitis ringan danperiodontitis awal. Untuk melihat distribusi normal (p> 0,05) dilakukan tes Kolmogorov Smirnof. Terdapat kadarneutrofil elastase yang paling tinggi pada periodontitis ringan dengan rata-rata 9,42 ± 1,06 ng/dl. Kadar konsumsi sengyang paling tinggi adalah pada pasien sehat dengan rata-rata 6,39 ± 1,26 mg. Tes Pearson Correlation digunakan untukmembuktikan hubungan antara konsentrasi neutrofil elastase dengan konsumsi seng pada makanan tradisionalMinangkabau. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan korelasi yang signifikan ( p= 0,000) antara konsentrasi neutrofil elastasedengan kadar konsumsi seng pada makanan tradisional Minangkabau. Hubungan antara neutrofil elastase dan sengmenunjukkan korelasi yang kuat berarah negatif (r= -0,784). Sebagai kesimpulan, terdapat hubungan konsumsi sengsebagai kofaktor makanan tradisional Minangkabau dengan neutrofil elastase dalam gingival crevicular fluid penyakitperiodontal.
Jumlah Koloni Bakteri Asam Laktat pada Rongga Mulut yang Sehat Rheta Elkhaira; Nila Kasuma; Andani Eka Putra
Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas Vol 8, No 4 (2019): Online December 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jka.v8i4.1134

Abstract

AbstrakSalah satu flora normal yang terdapat di dalam rongga mulut adalah Bakteri Asam Laktat (BAL). Kemampuan BAL antara lain menghasilkan antimikroba, mengatur respons imun host dan menghalangi pertumbuhan bakteri patogen. Keberadaan BAL di rongga mulut sangat penting untuk menjaga kesehatan oral dan mencegah terjadinya penyakit periodontal. Hal ini mendorong perlunya penelitian mengenai jumlah koloni BAL di dalam rongga mulut yang sehat sehingga dapat dijadikan sebagai alternatif terapi penyakit periodontal. Tujuan: Mengidentifikasi jumlah koloni BAL pada rongga mulut yang sehat. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan studi observasional dengan rancangan cross- sectional. Subyek penelitian terdiri dari 49 orang dengan gusi yang sehat. Subyek diminta untuk berkumur dengan akuades steril kemudian akuades hasil berkumur ditampung untuk selanjutnya dikultur di media MRS. Setelah diinkubasi selama 48 jam dilakukan penghitungan jumlah koloni bakteri asam laktat yang tumbuh pada media MRS. Hasil: Rerata jumlah koloni BAL kelompok sehat 7,8 x 104 ± 9,4 x 104 CFU/ml. Bakteri yang tumbuh pada media MRS pada penelitian ini semuanya berbentuk bundar, umumnya tepian rata, berwarna putih, mukoid, berukuran kecil dengan elevasi cembung. Beberapa bakteri berwarna krem atau putih keruh, berukuran sedang, tidak mukoid, tepian tidak rata dan elevasi seperti tombol. Simpulan: BAL merupakan flora normal yang keberadaannya penting untuk menjaga rongga mulut yang sehat. 
PENYULUHAN KESEHATAN GIGI DAN MULUT PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR SDN 03 ALAI KOTA PADANG DALAM RANGKA MEMPERINGATI WORLD ORAL HEALTH DAY TAHUN 2017 Nila Kasuma; Haria Fitri; Dedi Sumantri; Firdaus Firdaus; Adriansyah Adriansyah; Satria Yandi; Widya Puspita Sari; Fildzah Nurul Fajrin
Jurnal Pengabdian Warta Andalas Vol 25 No 2 (2018): Warta Pengabdian Andalas
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Screening for dental caries and risk for caries in young children prior to school entry couldidentify caries at an earlier and reversible stage, and lead to interventions to treat existing caries,prevent progression of caries, and reduce incidence of future lesions. Screening strategies typicallyinclude oral health risk assessment and visual examination to identify high-risk children, including thosewho already have caries. Primary care clinicians can play an important role in screening for dentalcaries. Therefore, community service activities to prevent dental caries can improve and care for dentaland oral health at the national level. Through this dedication is expected dentists can share knowledgeto the community as a form of community service. The service activities are held in SDN 03 Alai Padang, as the cooperation form with Indonesia Dental Association (PDGI) to celebrate World oral HealthDay .This activity consist counseling and mass toothbrushing.
Bakti Sosial Teledentistry untuk Mengoptimalkan Pelayanan Pasien di Era New Normal Dentistry Haria Fitri; Suci Rahma Sari; Nila Kasuma; Rahmi Khairani; Dedi Sumantri; Fildzah Nurul Fajrin
Jurnal Pengabdian Warta Andalas Vol 28 No 3 (2021): Published in September 2021
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jwa.28.3.200-205.2021

Abstract

Dental and oral health is essential for every individual, especially for carrying out functions such as eating, speaking, aesthetics and feeling comfortable throughout the day. Dentists recommend checking the patient's oral health every six months. The Covid-19 pandemic limits the community's social conditions, including the need for patients to get dental and oral services from dentists. In addition, the professional activity of a dentist is one of the jobs most at risk of contracting Covid-19 from patients. A social service activity aims to introduce the Teledentistry method to patients, Co-ass students, Preceptors, and the general public. Teledentistry is the examination and consultation of dental and oral disorders and treatment of patients to the dentist without going through a face-to-face visit, but with the help of an online application. Through teledentistry activities, a dentist can take anamnesis to patients, in which clinical examinations were carried out through consultation with pictures and videos facilitated by interactive virtual media. The oral diagnosis was obtained as initial information in planning further treatment, and supportive care was carried out in the form of patient education and an encouragement to habituation of healthy living behaviour.
Correlation between magnesium and alkaline phosphatase from gingival crevicular fluid periodontal diseases Nila Kasuma
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol. 48 No. 3 (2015): September 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga https://fkg.unair.ac.id/en

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (370.533 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v48.i3.p130-134

Abstract

Background: Magnesium is one of the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) cofactor. The amount of magnesium contained infoods affect ALP activity. Increased ALP activity will indicate the level of inflammation in periodontal disease. Elevated inflammation in periodontal disease will change gingivitis to periodontitis, where there has been damage to the bone ssupporting the teeth, and an increasing number of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). The content of GCF consists of enzymatic and non-enzymatic. Changes in the composition of GCF occurs when the inflammation gets worse. Purpose: This study was aimed to prove the correlation between magnesium and ALP from GCF on periodontal disease. Method: This research involved 60 Minangkabaunese people with 20 healthy samples, 20 mild gingivitis samples, and 20 mild periodontitis samples. GCF was collected by absorbing method. Then ALP level in GCF was measured by using ELISA technique. Magnesium level in Minangkabaunese food was tested by Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ).Univariate analysis was performed to describe each variable. To see a normal distribution, Kolmogorov Smirnof Test was used (p>0.05). Unpaired T-test and Pearson correlation test was used to see correlation between ALP and magnesium level in Minangkabaunese food. Result: There is a significant correlation between the levels of ALP and magnesium level in Minangkabaunese food with periodontal disease (p=0.005). ALP is higest on mild periodontitis (137.74±23.01 ng/dl). Magnesium level normal control group is highest (250.14±32.34 mg) and in mild periodontitis is the lowest (110.83±21.04 mg). Corelation between ALP and magnesium level indicates strong correlation with negative direction (r=- 0.907). Conclusion: There is correlation between the levels of alkaline phosphatase and magnesium level on periodontal disease. Increasing inflamation rate will elevate the ALP level.