Cholis Abrori, Cholis
Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Jember

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Pengaruh Pemberian Teh Hitam terhadap VO2max dan Pemulihan Denyut Nadi Pasca Melakukan Latihan Treadmill (The Effect of Black Tea on VO2max and Heart Rate Recovery Time after Treadmill Exercise) Yedi Murdanu; Cholis Abrori; Muhamad Hasan
Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 4 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : UPT Percetakan dan Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

In sports, caffeine is oftenly consumed as a stimulant in intense exercise. Caffeine consists in black tea with the content is about one third to eighth compared to black coffee, The aim of this research was to find out the effect of black tea to VO2max and heart rate recovery time after treadmill exercise. There were 2 groups. Control group which consumed placebo and treatment group which consumed black tea. Both group performed Bruce Treadmill Test Protocol. The results showed that the mean value of VO2max were 32,525 for control group and 38,442 for treatment group. Data analysis using T-paired test showed that treatment group had significantly higher VO2max value than control group (p=0,0001). Heart rate change data showed that heart rate frequency in treatment group from every fixed time was higher than the control group The heart rate recovery time was 59 minutes for control group and 66 minutes for treatment group. In conclusion, consumption of black tea before exercise would increase VO2max value and extend the heart rate recovery time.   Keywords: Black tea, VO2max, heart rate recovery, Bruce treadmill test protocol
The Density of Dermatophagoides sp. in Households and its Correlation with the Score for Allergic Rhinitis in Jember, East Java Sulistyaningsih, Erma; Laili, Elisa Fadia; Abrori, Cholis
Mutiara Medika: Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 21, No 1: January 2021
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/mmjkk.v21i1.7925

Abstract

The prevalence of allergic rhinitis (AR) in Indonesia is an estimated 24.3% and increasing each year. The majority cause of AR is house dust mites (HDMs) allergens, especially Dermatophagoides sp. The screening tool to estimate the prevalence and diagnose AF in a population setting is the Score for Allergic Rhinitis (SFAR) questionnaire. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the density of Dermatophagoides sp. in households and the SFAR in Jember, East Java. The study enrolled 30 housewives as respondents, which were selected by stratified random sampling. Respondents were interviewed using the SFAR questionnaire. The dust sample from each house of the respondent was collected, the HDMs either Dermatophagoides sp. or others were identified and the density of Dermatophagoides sp. was calculated. Data were analyzed using the Pearson Test. Dermatophagoides sp. were found in 21 out of 30 samples and 11 out of 30 respondents had an SFAR of ≥ 7. The Pearson analysis showed the value of p = 0.555 and r = 0.136. Dermatophagoides sp. was the majority of species of HDMs, but there was no significant correlation between the density of Dermatophagoides sp. in households and the SFAR among housewives  in Jember.
Pengaruh Pemberian Jus Semangka terhadap Kelelahan Otot dan Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness setelah Latihan Beban (The effect of Watermelon Juice on Muscle Fatigue and Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness after Weight Training) Prayoga Adinawer Sirait; Cholis Abrori; Enny Suswati
Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 4 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : UPT Percetakan dan Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

The main problem that is often faced by athlete is fatigue. It can decrease maximum muscle strength. To overcome this problem, many athletes use ergogenic aids such as watermelon. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of watermelon juice on reduction of muscle fatigue and delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) after weight training. Muscle fatigue was measured by maximum repetition done by the subjects in the last set and DOMS was measured by post-training muscle soreness intensity. By using a randomized crossover design, 20 subjects were recruited then divided into 2 groups, a treatment group and a control group. The subjects were asked to do a training protocol to induce muscle fatigue and DOMS. As much as 500 ml watermelon juice was consumed in 1 of 2 training sessions and a placebo was consumed in the other. The number of repetitions showed a significant increase on treatment group than control group (p<0,05). Passive muscle soreness intensity and active muscle soreness intensity showed a significant decrease on 24 hours and 48 hours post-training after administration of watermelon juice (p=0,000). We conclude that there was an effect of watermelon juice on muscle fatigue and DOMS after weight training.   Keywords: weight training, muscle fatigue, DOMS, watermelon, citrulline
Pengaruh Pemberian Natrium Bikarbonat terhadap Kelelahan dan Nyeri Otot setelah Melakukan Treadmill Fath Arina Fahma; Cholis Abrori; Hairrudin Hairrudin
Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 7 No 1 (2019): Volume 7 No. 1, 2019
Publisher : UPT Percetakan dan Penerbitan Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/pk.v7i1.17590

Abstract

Treadmill is a physical exercise that caused a metabolic transition from aerobic into anaerobic. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of sodium bicarbonate to reduce fatigue and muscle pain after treadmill. This study used a time-series design with 20 selected samples from undergraduate student population of the Faculty of Medicine, Jember University. Samples consumed 100mg/kgBW NaCl (placebo) and NaHCO3 300mg/kgBW then perform a treadmil protocol until it reached maximum muscle fatigue. The results showed that the average treadmill of the treatment group (778,1±121,21 seconds) was longer than control group (717,7±93,02 seconds). The intensity of acute pain as measured by VAS (Visual Analog Scale) treatment group was lower (44,7±22,47 units) than control (55,4±19,97 units). So this study inferred that NaHCO3 can reduce fatigue and acute pain intensity after treadmill.
Acute Toxicity Tests of Basil Leaves (Ocimumsanctum) Ethanolic Extract Determined By LD50 and Renal Histopathology Cholis Abrori; Khana Nurfadhila; Elly Nurus Sakinah
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i1.6501

Abstract

Basil leaves are widely used as herbal remedies and have proven many benefits because the content of phytonutrients includes antioxidants, but at certain doses a compound retains a probability of causing toxicity in the body. This study aims to determine the acute toxicity of ethanolic extract of basil leaves seen from the value of LD50 range and renal histopathology which is the vital organ of the target of toxicity in the body. The method of acute oral toxicity test was OECD 420 fix dose procedure method with a group of 5 Balb/c female mice given a multilevel dosage. The initial dose is 2000 mg/Kg.b.w selected on a sighting study as a dose that may cause mild toxicity symptoms but does not cause death. There are 2 groups consist of treatment with dose at LD50 value and control. The result of this research showed that LD50 value of ethanol extract of Ocimum sanctum > 2000 mg/Kg.b.w. The mean renal histopathologyc scores between the control and the treatment were significantly different by The Mann-Whitney test with significance value of p=0.018. Ocimum sanctum ethanolic extract is classified as non-toxic compounds but there was a change in renal histopathology of mice in the form of focal lesions after acute exposure at highest dose of OECD 420 method. Keywords: acute toxicity test, renal histopathology, basil leaves
Pengaruh Minuman Kopi terhadap VO2max dan Pemulihan Denyut Nadi pasca Melakukan Treadmill (The Influence of a Coffee Drinks to VO2max and Pulse Recovery after Doing Treadmill) Natasha Amelia; Cholis Abrori; M Ihwan Narwanto
Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 3 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : UPT Percetakan dan Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Coffee can be classified as a psicostimulant which cause person stay awake. Coffee contains any ingredients such as caffeine.Caffeine could improve the performance of athletes. VO2max is a highest ratio of oxygen consumed during intense physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of caffeine consumption on VO2max and exercise recovery pulse. The study used experimental research with Randomized Clinical Trial (RCT) methods. There were 20 volunteers, who were divided into two groups. The control group was given a drink that contains no caffeine while the treatment group was given a drink containing caffeine. Then all volunteers were asked to perform Modified Bruce Treadmill Test procedure until exhaustion occurred then VO2max.The next 4 days were washing out period where the control and treatment groups swap the roles. The results showed the average value of VO2max in the treatment group was 30.69 ml/ kg/min higher than in the control group 25.98 ml/ kg/min, but the duration of pulse recovery in the treatment group was 127 minutes slower than the control group, 121 minutes, indicating to its effects as a stimulant. In conclusion, administration of caffeine increased VO2max, but delayed time of pulse recovery.   Keywords: Modified Bruce Treadmill Test, pulse recovery, caffeine,VO2max
Uji Sensitivitas Amoksisilin dan Eritromisin terhadap Infeksi Sekunder dari Spesimen Pasien Infeksi Saluran Pernafasan Akut (Sensitivity Test of Amoxicillin and Erythromycin againts Secondary Infections from Acute Respiratory Infection Speciments) Olyvia Yulyani Khaerul Putri; Cholis Abrori; Ida Srisurani Wiji Astuti
Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 3 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : UPT Percetakan dan Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Acute respiratory infections (ARI) is one of health problems in Indonesia, which are caused by viruses. But on a visit to health facility, physicians prescribe antibiotics as therapy. Irrational prescribing of antibiotics led to bacterial resistance. The use of amoxicillin and erythromycin as the first and second line drugs in patients with ARI causes high resistance to them. This study aimed to determine differences sensitivity of amoxicillin and erythromycin against secondary infection of ARI. This was a descriptive analytical study, using Mann-Whitney different test and determination of Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) antibiotics using logarithmic regression. The sample was obtained from specimens of patient ARI with secondary infection who visited UPT Pelayanan Kesehatan Universitas Jember. Five of twenty two specimens successfully cultured in Blood Agar Plate (BAP). The cultures showed five bacteria with Gram-positive cocci morphology and two with Gram-negative bacilli morphology. Mann-Whitney test showed significant difference between two drugs (p=0.008), where 85% bacteria were resistant to amoxicillin and 40% were to erythromycin. Logarithmic regression results, obtained amoxicillin’s MIC was 7.48-9.02 mg/L and erythromycin’s was 0.23-4.95 mg/L. It can be concluded, there was a significant difference between two drugs, where bacteria that cause secondary infections are no longer sensitive to amoxicillin.   Keywords: Amoxicillin, Erythromycin, ARI
Pengaruh Minuman Kopi Minim Kafein terhadap VO2max dan Pemulihan Denyut Nadi setelah Melakukan Treadmill (The Effect of Decaffeinated Coffee Drink on VO2max and Pulse Recovery Rate after Treadmill Test) Chikita R Hanifati; Cholis Abrori; M Ihwan Narwanto
Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 4 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : UPT Percetakan dan Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Coffee can be classified as a psicostimulant agent cause awakening, due to its content, such as caffeine. For intolerant person caffeine can be harmful, so nowadays created decaffeinated coffee. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of decaffeinated coffee drink consumption on VO2max and pulse recovery rate after treadmill test. This was a quasi experimental study with Randomized Clinical Trial (RCT) methods. There were 20 volunteers, divided into two groups that swapping roles after 4 days washing out. The control group was given an instant coffee drink while the treatment group was given a decaffeinated coffee drink. All volunteers were asked to perform Modified Bruce Treadmill Test procedure until exhausted then VO2max were examined. The results showed the average value of VO2max in treatment group was +45,22 ml/kg/min and in control group +46,96 ml/kg/min from the previous study the value of VO2max using placebo was 25,98 ml/kg/min. Duration of pulse recovery rate in treatment group was 52 minutes faster than control group, 57 minutes. Analyses by T-test obtained p=0,23 mean there was no significant difference. In conclusion, decaffeinated coffee drinks could increased VO2max as the instant coffee did, but it still could accelerate pulse recovery rate. Keywords: Modified Bruce Treadmill, pulse recovery rate, VO2max, decaffeinated coffee
The Density of Dermatophagoides sp. in Households and its Correlation with the Score for Allergic Rhinitis in Jember, East Java Sulistyaningsih, Erma; Laili, Elisa Fadia; Abrori, Cholis
Mutiara Medika: Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 21, No 1 (2021): January
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/mmjkk.v21i1.7925

Abstract

The prevalence of allergic rhinitis (AR) in Indonesia is an estimated 24.3% and increasing each year. The majority cause of AR is house dust mites (HDMs) allergens, especially Dermatophagoides sp. The screening tool to estimate the prevalence and diagnose AF in a population setting is the Score for Allergic Rhinitis (SFAR) questionnaire. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the density of Dermatophagoides sp. in households and the SFAR in Jember, East Java. The study enrolled 30 housewives as respondents, which were selected by stratified random sampling. Respondents were interviewed using the SFAR questionnaire. The dust sample from each house of the respondent was collected, the HDMs either Dermatophagoides sp. or others were identified and the density of Dermatophagoides sp. was calculated. Data were analyzed using the Pearson Test. Dermatophagoides sp. were found in 21 out of 30 samples and 11 out of 30 respondents had an SFAR of ≥ 7. The Pearson analysis showed the value of p = 0.555 and r = 0.136. Dermatophagoides sp. was the majority of species of HDMs, but there was no significant correlation between the density of Dermatophagoides sp. in households and the SFAR among housewives  in Jember.
Perbandingan Peningkatan Kadar Malondialdehid (MDA) Serum setelah Olahraga Pagi dan Malam Hari pada Orang Tidak Terlatih Mushab Mushab; Hairrudin Hairrudin; Cholis Abrori
Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas Vol 9, No 2 (2020): Online June 2020
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jka.v9i2.1312

Abstract

Olahraga mampu meningkatkan kadar radikal bebas dalam tubuh melalui beberapa mekanisme yaitu peningkatan aktivitas mitokondria, NADPH, dan XO serta inflamasi pada sel otot rangka yang mengakibatkan stimulasi aktivitas fagosit. Olahraga yang dilakukan pada malam hari memiliki beberapa mekanisme tambahan sehingga berpotensi menyebabkan peningkatan kadar radikal bebas lebih tinggi, yaitu faktor pencetus radikal bebas yang meningkat pada malam hari. Salah satu indikator untuk mengetahui kadar radikal bebas dalam tubuh yaitu malondialdehid (MDA). Tujuan: Menentukan perbandingan antara peningkatan kadar MDA serum setelah olahraga pada dan malam hari pada orang tidak terlatih. Penelitian ini merupakan uji klinis dengan pre dan post-test group design. Metode: Sampel berjumlah  20 mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Jember yang tidak terlatih, masing-masing berperan ganda sebagai kelompok pagi (Kp) dan kelompok malam (Km) sehingga jumlah total sampel sebesar 40. Olahraga yang dilakukan berupa sepeda statis dengan intensitas 70-80% dari heart rate maksimal. Setelah satu minggu dilakukan croosing-over, yaitu sampel Kp dijadikan Km begitu pula sebaliknya. Pengukuran kadar MDA dilakukan sebelum dan setelah olahraga menggunakan metode TBARS. Peningkatan kadar MDA merupakan selisih dari kadar MDA setelah dan sebelum olahraga. Hasil: Peningkatan kadar MDA setelah olahraga pada pagi dan malam hari adalah 0,29±0,87 nmol/mL dan 1,13±1,2 nmol/mL. Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan ada perbedaan yang signifikan p=0,021 (p<0,05). Simpulan: Peningkatan kadar MDA setelah olahraga pada malam hari lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan peningkatan kadar MDA setelah olahraga pada pagi hari pada orang yang tidak terlatih.Kata kunci: malondialdehid, olahraga, radikal bebas, TBARS