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PENGUKURAN KETINGGIAN MUKA AIR PADA LAHAN GAMBUT MEMPERGUNAKAN SENSOR ULTRASONIK HCSR-04 Novianti Novianti; Lazuardi Umar
Komunikasi Fisika Indonesia Vol 18, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/jkfi.18.1.69-74

Abstract

Indonesia is a country that has an area of + 14 million hectares of peatlands. Utilization of Indonesia's peatlands is used in various sectors such as plantation and agriculture which increase income in the economic sector so the importance of peatland management. Measurement of the water level in peat is very necessary to maintain the stability of the TMA (water level) of the peat, which is 40 cm. This study uses the ultrasonic sensor HCSR-04  which has a resolution of 0.3 cm with a measurement range of 2 cm to 4 m and is coupled with the Arduino Unowhich is open source so that measurements can be carried out directly using the serial monitor on Arduino-uno. The ultrasonic sensorHCSR-04  is made on a prototype that will be used in TMA measurements both in the field and on a laboratory scale. The measurements show very accurately results with measurement errors 1.2 % with measurements from 100 – 500 mm. measurement error for water temperature  variations of  30 ºC, 35 ºC,and 40 ºC is 1.8%, 6% and than 10%.
IDENTIFICATION OF WHITE NOISE AND 1/f IN CURRENT MIRROR CONFIGURATION BASED ON VDS MOSFET Maria Rosariana Gea; Lazuardi Umar; Rahmondia Nanda Setiadi
JOURNAL ONLINE OF PHYSICS Vol. 7 No. 2 (2022): JOP (Journal Online of Physics) Vol 7 No 2
Publisher : Prodi Fisika FST UNJA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/jop.v7i2.18167

Abstract

Identifying noise in the Current Mirror (CM) circuit is essential to locate noise signals in biosensor applications so that measurements become more accurate and precise. There are two dominant types of noise: white noise, which consists of thermal noise and shot noise, and also low-frequency noise (1/f  noise). The main component of the CM circuit is the BS250 type MOSFET, which works by varying the width of the charge carrier channelcontrolled by the voltage at the gate. When the drain is given a voltage, electrons will flow from the source to the drain which generates the noise.This study was carried out to identify the noise in the CM configuration by varying the reference voltage of MOSFET using the PCI-6221 card data integrated with the LabVIEW program. The reference voltage values ​​used are 1 mV, 10 mV, and 100 mV to determine the effect of the input voltage on the CM circuit noise signal, while the measurement frequency is varied from 0.1 Hz to 100 kHz with a resolution of 0.1 Hz. The results show that the noise characteristics vary with the applied voltage, which will increase at a higher voltage. Analysis of 1/f noise at frequencies up to 0.2 Hz has a gradient increase of up to 10 times for each given voltage value. Based on the value of the data distribution on the white noise measurement, it shows that a voltage of 100 mV produces the highest noise with an average of 3.62 × 10-7 Vrms/Hz1/2. The results of this study are used in the design of CM circuits with minimal noise.