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ANALISIS KEBERLANJUTAN PERKEBUNAN KARET DI PULAU SARAK KABUPATEN KAMPAR RIAU Shorea Khaswarina
Sosiohumaniora Vol 20, No 1 (2018): SOSIOHUMANIORA, MARET 2018
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (413.473 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v20i1.13187

Abstract

Usaha perkebunan karet rakyat di Pulau Sarak Kabupaten Kampar masih menghadapi banyak kendala. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengatasi kendala tersebut yaitu menganalisis keberlanjutan sistem usahatani karet di Kabupaten Kampar, Provinsi Riau. Metode penelitian adalah survei. Hasil penelitian adalah tingkat keberlanjutan (Ikb) usahatani karet di Kabupaten, secara ekonomi cukup baik dan secara sosial dapat diterima oleh masyarakat, secara ekologis tidak berbahaya bagi lingkungan. Dimensi sosial lebih dominan dalam menentukan keberlanjutan dibandingkan dimensi ekonomi dan lingkungan. Faktor-faktor yang rentan terhadap keberlanjutan usahatani karet di Kabupaten Kampar adalah stabilitas harga hasil pertanian pada saat panen (dimensi ekonomi), pH air di lahan pertanian dan fluktuasi debit air pada lahan petani (dimensi lingkungan).
ANALISIS KINERJA KUD SIALANG MAKMUR DI DESA SIALANG INDAH KECAMATAN PANGKALAN KURAS KABUPATEN PELALAWAN Masnilam '; Shorea Khaswarina; Ermi Tety
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the financial performance of KUD Sialang Makmur during the period 2008-2012. The results of the analysis of the financial performance obtained KUD Sialang Makmur seen from the level of liquidity by using the current ratio and quick ratio, KUD Sialang Makmur are in liquid state, means being able to meet its short term obligations because of the level of liquidity is above 100% because of the level of total current liabilities current assets. Level of solvency ratios, KUD Sialang Makmur is in a position solvable means the level of solvency in a good enough position that is 100% which means that if the KUD Sialang Makmur able to repay long-term debt, is due to the amount of assets is higher than the amount of debt. The level of activity ratio, KUD ability to obtain funds that are embedded in the assets is low to produce a number of revenue and net sales, KUD Sialang Makmur need to add capital to be invested in the assets to accelerate revenue generating assets and services net sales are also accepted by KUD Rates of return of KUD Sialang Makmur terms of economic profitability has declined, in terms of profitability of own capital gains KUD Sialang Makmur continue to increase and decline, means the net income used is higher than the net assets acquired cooperatives and use of inefficient costs issued by KUD Sialang Makmur indicated by the ratio of operating profits from the high that’s why is low. Keywords: Financial Performance, Financial Ratios, KUD
ANALISIS USAHA DAN PEMASARAN JAMUR TIRAM PUTIH (Pleurotus Ostreatus) STUDI KASUS DI KELURAHAN TANGKERANG TIMUR KECAMATAN TENAYAN RAYA KOTA PEKANBARU Arif Rahman Zikri; Shorea Khaswarina; Evy Maharani
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The purpose of this research are: 1) identifying the white oyster mushroom cultivation techniques which are run by farmers King Spora Farm. 2) analyzing the costs and revenue of white oyster mushroom cultivation is carried out by farmers King Spora Farm. 3) analyzing the cost, margin and marketing efficiency of white oyster mushroom business by farmers King Spora Farm. The research was do from January 2015 to April 2015. The method used is the case study method. Results showed white oyster mushroom cultivation techniques the farmers get optimal results after doing research on the experience during to farm. White oyster mushroom farming requires production cost of Rp 16,651,822,- each production cycle. Net income derived from the cultivation of white oyster mushroom Rp 6,298,178,- each production cycle and gross revenue of Rp 22.950.000,- each production cycle. Results of the analysis of white oyster mushroom farming obtained RCR of 1,38. BEP white oyster mushroom farming Rp 13,206,407,- each production cycle or 433,17 kg of white oyster mushroom each production cycle. Thus, white oyster mushroom farming viable and profitable. Marketing white oyster mushroom of King Spora Farm there are two marketing channels, namely channel I (farmer to consumers) and channel 2 (farmer to traders to consumers). Channel I marketing efficiency by 0.62%, while marketing channel II by 1.75%, so that the white oyster mushroom cultivation is more efficient on channel I.   Keywords: cultivation, farming, marketing, white oyster mushrooms.
PENGELUARAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI KARET DI DESA PULAU JAMBU KECAMATAN KUOK KABUPATEN KAMPAR Arif Suganda; Shorea Khaswarina; Eliza '
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The purposes of this research are 1) To determine the pattern of food and non food expenditure of households 2) To determine the ability of farmers to meet the basic needs based on the criteria of BPS. This research was conducted at Pulau Jambu village, Kuok district, Kampar regency in April to July 2014. The method of sampling in this study was randomly and took 60 farmers as respondent. Analysis of the data for the study was by counting household expenditures and based on 14 indicators of basic needs in 2008 according to the BPS. The household expenditure’s average of rubber farmers in Pulau Jambu village is Rp. 3,150,800 per month divided into food and non-food expenditures. The total average of household expenditure across the sample rubber farmers reached Rp. 189,048,000 per month. The fulfillment of basic needs of households that have been analyzed by the 14 criterias for basic needs according to the BPS that indicates the rubber farmers in the Jambu village is not included to the category of near-poor.   Keywords: Expenditure, Households, Rubber Farmers.
PERANAN PROGRAM MODEL KAWASAN RUMAH PANGAN LESTARI (M-KRPL) TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA DI KABUPATEN SIAK Iskandar, Muhamad; Edwina, Susy; Khaswarina, Shorea
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Wisuda February 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The Sustainable Food House Area Model Program is a government’s program to fulfill the household nutrition and increase income by taking advantage from yard as farming area. This research aim to know the rate of increment household groups income before and after the program held, know the contribution M-KRPL program towards household groups income and know the problems that faced by farmer. Random sampling methode was the sampling technique that was used in this research which in accordance to the number of respondens were 42 samples in Siak Regency. Data were analyzed using farm income analysis, contribution analysis and t-test analysis. Based on the result, income before and after the program has been able to increase revenue and provide benefits to the group in Siak. The results of t-test showed that there was significance among groups activities to strive for M-KRPL program toward household income. Natural factors, techniques to overcome pests and disease, technology and capital were be problem that farmer faced. Keywords: M-KRPL program, household income, revenue
FAKTOR DOMINAN YANG MEMPENGARUHI EKONOMI RUMAH TANGGA PETANI KARET DI DESA KOTO DAMAI KABUPATEN KAMPAR Shorea Khaswarina
Sosiohumaniora Vol 19, No 3 (2017): SOSIOHUMANIORA, NOPEMBER 2017
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (326.964 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v19i3.9711

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis faktor yang dominan mempengaruhi perilaku ekonomi rumah tangga petani karet Eks UPP TCSDP di Desa Koto Damai Kecamatan Kampar Kiri Tengah Kabupaten Kampar. Teknik pengambilan sampelnya adalah Stratified Random Sampling. Jumlah responden sebanyak 50 rumah tangga petani karet Eks UPP TCSDP. Untuk menjawab ini menggunakan pendekatan ekonometrika menggunakan model Two Stage Least Square. Hasil dalam penelitian ini adalah faktor yang dominan dan responsif dari aspek produksi adalah alokasi waktu kerja didalam usaha tani karet. Dari aspek alokasi waktu kerja, faktor yang dominan adalah pengalaman kerja, jumlah batang karet produktif, angkatan kerja rumah tangga dan pengeluaran komunikasi. Faktor yang responsif mempengaruhi alokasi waktu kerja adalah angkatan kerja rumah tangga. Dari aspek pendapatan, faktor yang dominan adalah pendidikan petani karet dan alokasi waktu kerja diluar usaha tani karet. Tidak ditemukan faktor yang responsif terhadap pendapatan, namun yang paling besar pengaruhnya adalah pendidikan petani karet. Dari aspek pengeluaran, faktor yang dominan adalah jumlah anggota rumah tangga, tabungan, jumlah anak sekolah, konsumsi non pangan dan pendapatan total. Faktor yang responsif mempengaruhi pengeluaran adalah pendapatan total.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI CURAHAN WAKTU KERJA BURUH TANI WANITA PADA USAHATANI PADI SAWAH DI DESA MANIK RAMBUNG KECAMATAN SIDAMANIK KABUPATEN SIMALUNGUN Siregar, Yemima; ', Rosnita; Khaswarina, Shorea
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The purposes of this research are to analyze the influance of age, number of children, wage level, width of, arable land area, work on area, education and experience level towards outporing work hour of women peasant and which factor that has the most dominant effect towards the work hour of women peasant at their lowland rice. The research used a survey method with purposive sampling. The samples of this research are 27 samples. Data analysis using Simple Linier Regression. The result showed that, the average outporing work hour of women peasant at their farm is 19,856 Hkp/growing season, age level variable, education and experience level do not have significant effect towards outporing work hour, meanwhile number of children, width of work on area, and wage level variable have significant effect towards outporing work hour of women peasant at their farm, and the most dominant independent variable in affecting the dependent variable is width of work on area.   Keywords: Farm, Peasant Women, Outporing Work Time
ANALISIS USAHA DAN PEMASARAN JAMUR TIRAM PUTIH (Pleurotus Ostreatus) STUDI KASUS DI KELURAHAN TANGKERANG TIMUR KECAMATAN TENAYAN RAYA KOTA PEKANBARU Zikri, Arif Rahman; Khaswarina, Shorea; Maharani, Evy
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The purpose of this research are: 1) identifying the white oyster mushroom cultivation techniques which are run by farmers King Spora Farm. 2) analyzing the costs and revenue of white oyster mushroom cultivation is carried out by farmers King Spora Farm. 3) analyzing the cost, margin and marketing efficiency of white oyster mushroom business by farmers King Spora Farm. The research was do from January 2015 to April 2015. The method used is the case study method. Results showed white oyster mushroom cultivation techniques the farmers get optimal results after doing research on the experience during to farm. White oyster mushroom farming requires production cost of Rp 16,651,822,- each production cycle. Net income derived from the cultivation of white oyster mushroom Rp 6,298,178,- each production cycle and gross revenue of Rp 22.950.000,- each production cycle. Results of the analysis of white oyster mushroom farming obtained RCR of 1,38. BEP white oyster mushroom farming Rp 13,206,407,- each production cycle or 433,17 kg of white oyster mushroom each production cycle. Thus, white oyster mushroom farming viable and profitable. Marketing white oyster mushroom of King Spora Farm there are two marketing channels, namely channel I (farmer to consumers) and channel 2 (farmer to traders to consumers). Channel I marketing efficiency by 0.62%, while marketing channel II by 1.75%, so that the white oyster mushroom cultivation is more efficient on channel I.   Keywords: cultivation, farming, marketing, white oyster mushrooms.
ANALISIS CURAHAN WAKTU KERJA WANITA PENGUSAHA AGROINDUSTRI MAKANAN SKALA RUMAH TANGGA DI KECAMATAN KUOK KABUPATEN KAMPAR Satriati, Fujiastari; Khaswarina, Shorea; Maharani, Evy
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to analyze the working hours of women entrepreneurs agro industry food household in Sub-District Kuok of  Regency Kampar. The sampling method in this research using census sampling technique by making a sample of the entire population. This research was conducted in District Kuok of Regency Kampar. The results of the analysis show  the total working time productive activities of women entrepreneurs is 3.536,67 hours/month or 79%, total working time on reproductive activities is 854,17 hours/month or 19% and in social activities total working time is 110,00 hours/month or 2%. Based on the standard normal working hours there are 3 (21%) women entrepreneurs who have business hours according to standards, while 11 (79%) women entrepreneurs have standard working hours exceeding normal working hours.   Keywords    : Working hours of women, productive activities, reproductive activities, social activities
STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN AGROINDUSTRI KERIPIK SINGKONG PRIMADONA DI KECAMATAN TENAYAN RAYA KOTA PEKANBARU Rukayah, Ira; Khaswarina, Shorea; Edwina, Susy
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The purpose ofthis study are: (1) determine the aspects of production, processing aspects, technological,marketingandinstitutionalaspects oftheagroindustryeffortcassava chipsin Pekanbaru(2) developappropriatestrategiesfor thedevelopment ofagroindustryentrepreneursinthe city of Pekanbaru. The research was conductedatSelindungKulim street  km. 15Pembatuandistrict ofTenayanRayaPekanbaru. The method usedis acase studyon the basis thatthe location ofits extensionactivitiesactiveandhave ahighenough income. SWOTanalysisperformedat the gauge. PriorityStrategiesincassava chipsbusiness, namely: (1) increasedservice andproductappearance, (2) standardizingproduct, (3) increase theamountof production, (4) expandingmarket development. Keywords:cassava chips, development, strategy, SWOT