Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 20 Documents
Search

Kinematic Analysis of A 4-Axis Manipulator Design with 2-Axis Gripper Asmara Yanto; Rozi Saferi; Anrinal Anrinal; Fikri Azhar
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 9, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1242.934 KB)

Abstract

The purpose of this work is to analyze the kinematic of a manipulator that was designed to has four revolute movements (R1, R2, R3 and R4) and is equipped with a gripper that has one revolute movement (R) and one prismatic movement (P). The analysis was conducted by varying R1, R2, R3 and R4 of manipulator and R and P of gripper. Kinematic analysis was carried out using the Forward Kinematics method based on DH-Parameters of manipulator and gripper. Manipulator was designed to be consist of 120 mm of Link-1, 200 mm of Link-2, 250 mm of Link-3 and 250 mm of Link-4. Revolute movements range of manipulator was designed for variation of R1, R2, R3 and R4, and with movements range of gripper for variation of R and P. From this work can be concluded that manipulator has 228.5 mm of minimum range radius of end-effector and 547.0 mm of maximum range radius of end-effector.
Experimental Study of Vibration of Shaft-Rotor System Due to Imbalance Asmara Yanto; Rozi Saferi
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1055.357 KB)

Abstract

In this study, vibration of shaft-rotor system as a part of rotating machinery prototype due to imbalance has been monitored, processed and analyzed by a dynamic signal analyzer virtual instrument (DSA VI). The rotating machinery prototype consists of an AC induction motor, a pulley-belt system, and a shaft-rotor system supported by two bearings. Two discs were placed between two bearing housings. On both discs are added and placed additional mass as unbalance mass on shaft-rotor system. Unbalance mass placement is varied with different of angle orientations i.e. 0o, 30o, 60o, 90o, 120o, 150o and 180o between on both discs. DSA VI consists of four micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS)-based accelerometers type ADXL335 that placed on the bearing housings, a data acquisition device and a data analyzer device. The four accelerometers serve to convert the mechanical quantities of measured vibration acceleration into electrical quantities in mV. Vibration signal in mV is acquired by the data acquisition device. Data sampling rate is set at control panel of the data analyzer device. Measurable vibrations in the time domain are displayed by the data analyzer device in a computer. Vibration in time domain is transformed into frequency domain by using fast fourier transfrom (FFT) method. From this experimental study of vibration of shaft-rotor system due to imbalance obtained the highest vibration amplitude for unbalance mass placement with different of angle orientation is 30o between on both discs. If unbalance mass placement with different of angle orientation is greater than 30° between on both discs, then amplitude of vibration due to imbalance will decreases.
A Study on The Crack Behavior of Baggase-Polyester Composites Rozi Saferi; Asmara Yanto
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1142.489 KB)

Abstract

The development of composite technology has begun to change nowadays, from composite fiber-synthesized to composite natural fiber fabrics. Natural baggase fiber has the opportunity to be developed as a strengthening medium in polymer resins. The purpose of this study were to know the effect of fiber orientation to maximum critical load for different initial crack lengths, to know elastic energy of composite material having fiber orientation varied at the time of loading and to know the effect of fiber orientation on fracture toughness for composite material. In this paper, it’s used 1.5mm diameter sugarcane fibers and the polyester matrix. The fraction volume of fiber and resin used is 5%: 95%. Fiber is given 20% NaOH treatment. Then the fiber is arranged with orientation 0/90º and 0/45º. While the bending test specimen is in accordance with ASTM-D5045 standard, the size of the specimen dimension is 125 mm long, 30 mm wide and 10 mm thick; with crack variations are 7mm, 9mm, 11mm, 13mm, and 15mm. It’s could be concluded that the critical load will decrease as the initial crack length increases. Composite material with 0/90º fiber orientation has elastic energy greater than composite with 45º fiber orientation. And crack propagation rate in composite material with fiber orientation 0/90º is faster than composite with 0/45º orientation.
Study of Experimental Vibration Due to Misalignment of Pulley-Belt in Rotary Machine Asmara Yanto; Anrinal Anrinal; Rozi Saferi; Zultri Memori
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 10, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the vibration of rotary machine due to misalignment of its pulley-belt, experimentally. Here, the rotary machine is driven by an AC motor with pulley-belt transmission that positioned on the outer portion of shaft-rotor. To generate vibration of rotary machine, pulley-belt is conditioned to have a combination of offset and angular misalignments. Offset misalignment variations are 0, 2, 4, and 6 mm and angular misalignment variations are 0ᵒ, 2ᵒ, 4ᵒ, and 6ᵒ. Vibration of rotary machine is measured on the bearing housing by use MEMS-based accelerometers. The measured signal of vibration acceleration is acquired with a data acquisition device to obtain vibration spectrum. From the investigation to vibration spectrum has been done, it can be concluded that vibration of rotary machine has characteristic with dominant frequencies at 1xRPM of shaft and at 1xRPM of motor. The vibration amplitude at 1xRPM of shaft is higher than the vibration amplitude at 1xRPM of motor. From this investigation, it is not possible to find differences in the characteristics of vibrations significantly that occur between vibrations due to offset misalignment, angular misalignment or their combination.
Modal Analysis of Free-Inverted Wilson Tennis Racket with 1st Type and 2nd Type of Damper Rozi Saferi; Asmara Yanto; Ismet Eka Putra
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 6, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1034.019 KB)

Abstract

One way that can be used to analyze vibration in structures is the modal method of analysis. With this method vibration can be measured when the structure is working, so get the form of vibration mode and vibration values with different frequency levels. If the frequency of the structure in operation is known, then the structure can be controlled so that it does not work on its private frequency, so that the vibrations that occur in the structure are at a safe level. The objective of this research is to know the mechanism of reconstruction of disturbance force on tennis racket structure that vibrates and determines the personal frequency through the test. Then determine the time-frames style graph. In testing, the Wilson brand test racket was given a type 1 and type 2 damper with a weight of 320 grams and a 697mm long vertical hanging with a free-to-pedestal condition. After the software was run, an excitation style with impact hammer was applied to the top of the racket. Measurement of response is done by recording FRF (frequency domain) and coherence graph. The sampling results are stored in * .txt extensioned files and processed with microsoft excel to get real FRF and imaginary FRF graphics. The test is done several times by varying the accelerometer position of 8 points and 2 types of silencer. From the capital test the analysis of the specimen is hung freely with the silencer, then obtained the personal frequency of the test racket with a lower silencer than the personal frequency of the system without damper with a difference of 2 Hz. The three lowest vibration modes of the free-hanging system of the experimental results are the first mode of a half-wave graph forming a peak, the second mode being a one-wave graph forming a single valley peak, and the third mode being a one-and-a-half wave graph of the two valleys. The damping of the test structure is different at each test point and at any given frequency range.
Design and Finite Element Analysis of Lawn Mower Machine Rozi Saferi; Asmara Yanto; Joko Sucipto
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 10, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Technological advances are now being found in everyday, one of them is an android smartphone. Android can be used to control motor speed without using cables with the help of microcontroller, motor driver and bluetooth module. In this study the autors designed and performed static analysis on the framework an android-based lawn mower using Autodesk Inventor. This grass cutting machine consists of several components, that is: framework, battery, microcontroller, motor driver, relay 5v, bluetooth module and others. The design result of an android-based lawn mower have a whole dimension with length = 298.89mm, width = 334.88mm and high = 241.02mm.  After static analysis is carried out on the framework obtained results: Displacement minimum 0 mm and displacement maximum 0.0909735 mm, Safety factor minimum 1.93351 and safety factor maximum 15.
Design, Fabrication and Analysis of Material Requirements of Spices Mixing Machine Rozi Saferi; Asmara Yanto; Jendri Surianda
Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM) Vol 10, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : LP2M - Institut Teknologi Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The process of mixing the spices often done manually, which it takes time and reduces the effectiveness of the process. This study aims to analyze the design, material requirements and production process of a spices mixer machine. In this work is also done to analyze the speed optimization in mixing process of spices with the main food. Analysis of the machine design using the finite element method by aided Autodesk Inventor software. The analysis results show that the mass density of the frame is 8.8041 g/cm3, and the maximum compressive strength is 345 MPa. Furthermore, the young’s modulus is 200 GPa, the position ratio is 0.3 and the shear modulus is 76.9231 GPa. The test of spices mixer machine showed that the optimal spice stirring value occurred at 35 rpm with a mixing percentage of 83%.The process of mixing the spices often done manually, which it takes time and reduces the effectiveness of the process. This study aims to analyze the design, material requirements and production process of a spices mixer machine. In this work is also done to analyze the speed optimization in mixing process of spices with the main food. Analysis of the machine design using the finite element method by aided Autodesk Inventor software. The analysis results show that the mass density of the frame is 8.8041 g/cm3, and the maximum compressive strength is 345 MPa. Furthermore, the young’s modulus is 200 GPa, the position ratio is 0.3 and the shear modulus is 76.9231 GPa. The test of spices mixer machine showed that the optimal spice stirring value occurred at 35 rpm with a mixing percentage of 83%.
Product Design Evaluation of Scooter 2 Pedal with Quality Function Development Method Rozi Saferi; Asmara Yanto; Muhammad Ilhamdi
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 11 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol.11 No.1 April 2021
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LP2M) - ITP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1099.43 KB) | DOI: 10.21063/jtm.2021.v11.i1.47-53

Abstract

A scooter is defined as a two-wheeled vehicle with a step-through chassis and footrest platform. There are several factors that must be considered in planning and designing this scooter including an attractive design, selection of the right material, analysis of material strength, ergonomics factors and others. The purpose of this research is to design a 2 pedal scooter and evaluate the design results using the quality function development (QFD) method. The results of the evaluation of the 2-pedal scooter product design with the quality function development method show that the highest stress occurs at a load of 90 kg with a displacement of 6.11 mm and is still safe to use. Furthermore, the design of the 2-pedal Scooter is better than otoped in terms of the transmission system and ergonomics and is better than commercial scooters in terms of weight.
Design, Fabrication and Analysis of Material Requirements of Spices Mixing Machine Rozi Saferi; Asmara Yanto; Jendri Surianda
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 10 No 2 (2020): Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol.10 No.2 October 2020
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LP2M) - ITP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21063/jtm.2020.v10.i2.123-130

Abstract

The process of mixing the spices often done manually, which it takes time and reduces the effectiveness of the process. This study aims to analyze the design, material requirements and production process of a spices mixer machine. In this work is also done to analyze the speed optimization in mixing process of spices with the main food. Analysis of the machine design using the finite element method by aided Autodesk Inventor software. The analysis results show that the mass density of the frame is 8.8041 g/cm3, and the maximum compressive strength is 345 MPa. Furthermore, the young’s modulus is 200 GPa, the position ratio is 0.3 and the shear modulus is 76.9231 GPa. The test of spices mixer machine showed that the optimal spice stirring value occurred at 35 rpm with a mixing percentage of 83%.
Modal Analysis of Free-Inverted Wilson Tennis Racket with 1st Type and 2nd Type of Damper Rozi Saferi; Asmara Yanto; Ismet Eka Putra
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 6 No 2 (2016): Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol.6 No.2 October 2016
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LP2M) - ITP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21063/jtm.2016.v6.i2.99-103

Abstract

One way that can be used to analyze vibration in structures is the modal method of analysis. With this method vibration can be measured when the structure is working, so get the form of vibration mode and vibration values with different frequency levels. If the frequency of the structure in operation is known, then the structure can be controlled so that it does not work on its private frequency, so that the vibrations that occur in the structure are at a safe level. The objective of this research is to know the mechanism of reconstruction of disturbance force on tennis racket structure that vibrates and determines the personal frequency through the test. Then determine the time-frames style graph. In testing, the Wilson brand test racket was given a type 1 and type 2 damper with a weight of 320 grams and a 697mm long vertical hanging with a free-to-pedestal condition. After the software was run, an excitation style with impact hammer was applied to the top of the racket. Measurement of response is done by recording FRF (frequency domain) and coherence graph. The sampling results are stored in * .txt extensioned files and processed with microsoft excel to get real FRF and imaginary FRF graphics. The test is done several times by varying the accelerometer position of 8 points and 2 types of silencer. From the capital test the analysis of the specimen is hung freely with the silencer, then obtained the personal frequency of the test racket with a lower silencer than the personal frequency of the system without damper with a difference of 2 Hz. The three lowest vibration modes of the free-hanging system of the experimental results are the first mode of a half-wave graph forming a peak, the second mode being a one-wave graph forming a single valley peak, and the third mode being a one-and-a-half wave graph of the two valleys. The damping of the test structure is different at each test point and at any given frequency range.