Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 2 Documents
Search
Journal : Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai

DAYA DUKUNG LAHAN DI KAWASAN HUTAN DENGAN TUJUAN KHUSUS (KHDTK) GOMBONG (Carrying capacity of land in Forest Area for Specific Purpose (KHDTK) Gombong) Nur Ainun Jariyah
Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai (Journal of Watershed Management Research) Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai (Journal of Watershed Managem
Publisher : Center for Implementation of Standards for Environmental and Forestry Instruments Solo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (879.729 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jppdas.2018.2.1.35-44

Abstract

ABSTRACTPopulation growth has an impact on increasing the need for land to fulfill people’s food, thus it may decrease the carrying capacity of land. Therefore, a study has been conducted to evaluate the carrying capacity of the land to meet the needs of the local community at Forest Area for Specific Purpose (KHDTK) Gombong, Kebumen District, Central Java. Secondary data collection was including population, land area, productivity and price from agriculture, plantation, forestry, livestock and fishery, rice prices at producer level. Another secondary data collection was collected from Central Bureau of Statistics of Kebumen, forest district service, districts and villages. Data were analyzed using a descriptive quantitative method by calculating the supply and demand of land to know carrying capacity of the land. The result of this research showed that the availability land in KHDTK Gombong was 68,559.72 ha while the required land was 101,909.56 ha, thus experiencing a deficit of - 33,349.84 ha. The deficit condition in KHDTK Gombong can be fulfilled from Kebumen regency that has a surplus or cooperate with other regions. This condition makes the attention of the local government to overcome KHDTK Gombong such as increase land availability, land conversion towards other more profitable business, land intensification with new technology and land conservation.Keywords: land supply; land demand; KHDTK Gombong; deficit ABSTRAKPertambahan jumlah penduduk berdampak pada peningkatan kebutuhan akan lahan untuk memenuhi pangan sehingga dikhawatirkan akan menurunkan daya dukung lahan. Untuk itu telah dilakukan penelitian yang bertujuan mengetahui daya dukung lahan di Kawasan Hutan Dengan Tujuan Khusus (KHDTK) Gombong dalam mencukupi kebutuhan masyarakat sekitar. Pengumpulan data sekunder meliputi: jumlah penduduk, luas lahan, produktivitas, dan harga produk (pertanian, perkebunan, kehutanan, peternakan, dan perikanan), serta harga beras di tingkat produsen. Pengumpulan data sekunder juga dilakukan di Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Kebumen, dinas kehutanan, kecamatan, dan kelurahan. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan deskriptif kuantitatif dengan menghitung ketersediaan (supply) dan kebutuhan (demand) lahan untuk mengetahui daya dukung lahan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketersediaan lahan di KHDTK Gombong sebesar 68.559,72 ha dan kebutuhan lahan sebesar 101.909,56 ha, sehingga mengalami defisit sebesar -33.349,84 ha. Kondisi yang defisit di KHDTK Gombong dapat dipenuhi dari Kabupaten Kebumen yang mengalami surplus meskipun tidak menutup kemungkinan bekerjasama dengan wilayah lain. Daya dukung lahan di KHDTK Gombong dapat ditingkatkan dengan meningkatkan ketersediaan lahan, konversi lahan ke arah usaha lain yang lebih menguntungkan, intensifikasi lahan dengan teknologi baru, dan konservasi lahan.Kata kunci: ketersediaan lahan; kebutuhan lahan; KHDTK Gombong; deficit
KERENTANAN SOSIAL EKONOMI DAN BIOFISIK DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI SOLO (Socio-economic and biophysical vulnerability of Solo Watershed) Nur Ainun Jariyah; Irfan Budi Pramono
Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai (Journal of Watershed Management Research) Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai (Journal of Watershed Managem
Publisher : Center for Implementation of Standards for Environmental and Forestry Instruments Solo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1036.492 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jppdas.2018.2.2.89-110

Abstract

ABSTRACTIncreasing degradation of watershed ecosystem is a problem that needs to be resolved. Therefore, a study was conducted in order to determine the socio-economic and biophysical vulnerability of Solo watershed in relation to watershed management. This research was conducted in Solo Watershed. The collected data include primary and secondary data. The potential and vulnerability of socio-economic and biophysical were evaluated using the The Formulation of Watershed level Characterization System. The results of the study showed that (1) the socio-economic of the whole Solo watershed classify as moderate category, with the highest vulnerable district was Wonogiri due to high population density and high land vulnerability, (2) land vulnerability for the whole Solo watershed is in the medium category, with the most vulnerable land category was in Madiun and upstream Solo sub-watersheds, (3) the most prominent flood vulnerability was in the downstream of Solo sub-watershed, (4) the typology of watershed management was classified as high vulnerable because the territorial typology was in the very high vulnerable and the watershed typology was medium vulnerable. By knowing its vulnerability level, the rehabilitation program can be directed to areas with a high level of vulnerability.Keywords: socio-economic; biophysical; vulnerability; watershed management ABSTRAKKerusakan ekosistem Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) yang semakin meningkat merupakan permasalahan yang perlu diselesaikan. Oleh karena itu telah dilakukan penelitian yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui kerentanan sosial ekonomi dan biofisik Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Solo dalam kaitannya dengan pengelolaan DAS. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di wilayah DAS Solo. Data yang diambil meliputi data primer dan sekunder. Potensi dan kerentanan sosial ekonomi serta biofisik dievaluasi dengan menggunakan formulasi Sistem Karakterisasi Tingkat DAS (Tipologi DAS). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) tipologi sosial ekonomi keseluruhan DAS Solo termasuk dalam kategori sedang dengan kabupaten yang sangat rentan adalah Wonogiri yang dipicu oleh kepadatan penduduk dan kerentanan lahan yang tinggi, (2) kerentanan lahan di DAS Solo secara menyeluruh termasuk dalam kategori sedang dengan tingkat kerentanan lahan yang paling tinggi di Sub DAS Kali Madiun dan Solo Hulu, (3) kerentanan banjir paling tinggi di Sub DAS Solo Hilir, (4) tipologi pengelolaan DAS Solo secara keseluruhan termasuk dalam kategori kerentanan tinggi karena tipologi kewilayahan termasuk dalam kategori kerentanan sangat tinggi dan tipologi DAS termasuk dalam kategori kerentanan sedang. Dengan mengetahui tingkat kerentanan suatu DAS maka kebijakan program rehabilitasi dapat diarahkan ke daerah-daerah yang mempunyai tingkat kerentanan yang tinggi.Kata kunci: sosial ekonomi; biofisik; kerentanan; pengelolaan DAS