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GAMBARAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN TENTANG PENTINGNYA KONSUMSI SERAT UNTUK MENCEGAH KONSTIPASI PADA MASYARAKAT KELURAHAN RENGAS CONDONG KECAMATAN MUARA BULIAN /KABUPATEN BATANGHARI PROVINSI JAMBI Elsa Nadhia Amanda; Debie Anggraini; Dita Hasni; Sri Nani Jelmila
JURNAL KEDOKTERAN DAN KESEHATAN Vol 9, No 2 (2022)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32539/JKK.V9I2.17010

Abstract

 Background: Dietary fiber is part of food in the form of complete carbohydrates found in plant cell walls and can be consumed by the body. People who consume low fiber will slow down the transit time of food in the intestine which will cause constipation. Constipation is the sensation or desire to have a bowel movement, feeling dissatisfied with bowel movements, pain, needing extra pressure or having a hard bowel movement. Constipation is also said to be in everyday situations when defecating is less than 3 times a week and defecating is required by straining excessively. Objective: To describe the level of knowledge about the importance of fiber consumption to prevent constipation in the people of Rengas Condong Village, Muara Bulian District Batanghari Regency, Jambi Province in 2021. Methods: The type of research used is descriptive with a crosssectional approach. The affordable population in this study were the people of Rengas Condong Village, Muara Bulian District, Batanghari Regency, Jambi Province with 148 samples using simple random sampling. Univariate data analysis is presented in the form of frequency distribution and percentage and data processing using the computerized SPSS version 25.0 program. Results: Most errors in knowledge are in statement number 8, namely water-soluble fiber is easily digested (89.9%), the most gender were male, namely 76 people (51.4%) and the most recent age was late adulthood, namely 37 people (25.0%), and the highest level of knowledge was moderate, namely 101 people (68.2%) Conclusion: Error The most knowledge in statement number 8 is that water-soluble fiber is easy to digest, the most sexes are male and the age at most is late adulthood, and the most  knowledge level is moderate.
Gambaran Histopatologi Tumor Ganas Payudara di Laboratorium Patologi Anatomi RSUP M. Djamil Padang Tahun 2017 Ana Stesia Suarfi; Debie Anggraini; Nurwiyeni Nurwiyeni
Health and Medical Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2019): HEME January 2019
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (465 KB) | DOI: 10.33854/heme.v1i1.213

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Tumor ganas payudara merupakan suatu penyakit dimana terjadi pertumbuhan berlebih atau perkembangan tidak terkontrol dari sel-sel jaringan payudara. Metode dalam mediagnosis tumor ganas payudara sampai sekarang yang menjadi gold standard adalah pemeriksaan histopatologi, dimana dalam pemeriksaan ini dapat menentukan jenis tumor payudara baik ganas maupun jinak. Pemeriksaan histopatologi jaringan payudara dibutuhkan sebagai diagnosis definitif dalam menentukan jenis tumor ganas payudara serta derajat histopatologinya. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui gambaran histopatologi tumor ganas payudara di Laboratorium Patologi Anatomi  RSUP. M. Djamil Padang tahun 2017. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan desain cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 47 orang penderita tumor ganas payudara di Laboratorium Patologi Anatomi RSUP.Dr.M.Djamil Padang tahun 2017 yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Data penelitian diperoleh dari status laboaratorium Patologi Anatomi RSUP.DR.M.Djamil Padang tahun 2017. Hasil: Frekuensi penderita tumor ganas payudara tertinggi pada kelompok umur 26-65 tahun (95,7%), jenis kelamin wanita (100%), jenis histopatologi karsinoma duktal invasif (63,8%), derajat histopatologi (68,1%). Kesimpulan: Gambaran kejadian tumor ganas payudara di laboraorium RSUP.Dr.M.Djamil Padang tahun 2017 banyak terjadi pada usia 26 -65 tahun, berjenis kelamin wanita, jenis histopatologi karsinoma duktal invasif, derajat II.
RISK FACTORS OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE IN ELDERLY IN GUGUAK KABUPATEN 50 KOTA, WEST SUMATERA, INDONESIA Debie Anggraini; prima adelin
HUMAN CARE JOURNAL Vol 5, No 1 (2020): Human Care Journal
Publisher : Universitas Fort De Kock

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32883/hcj.v5i1.650

Abstract

Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. The most stringent primary CVD screening guidelines in developed countries use absolute CVD risk scores or coronary heart disease, such as Framingham or SCORE (Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation) there are two types of CVD risk factors namely modifiable risk factors and unmodified risk factors. The aim of the current study is to determine the profil of potentially modifiable and unmodified cardiovascular risk factors. Method: This research consists of 41 elderly people which aged ≥ 60 years in Guguak, Kabupaten 50 Kota, West Sumatera, Indonesia. The data taken is modifiable risk factors consisting of diseases related risk factors including blood pressure categories, lipid profile, central obesity, body mass index and lifestyle related risk factors such as smoking habit. We also take data of unmodified risk factors such as age and gender. The result: this study consists of 41 elderly people which aged ≥ 60 years in Guguak, Kabupaten 50 Kota, West Sumatera, Indonesia. The mean age of  elderly were 68±7.64861 years old that consisting of 29.3% men and 70.7% women, 34% of elderly with hypertension, the elderly with hypercholesterolemia 71%, hypertriglyceridemia 41%, and the elderly women with low HDL-C levels were 53%,  the elderly men with low HDL-C levels were 92%. Conclusion: There are two types of risk factors CVD, modifiable risk factors and nonmodifiable risk factors. The modifiable risk factors consisting of diseases related risk factors including blood pressure categories, lipid profile, central obesity, body mass index and lifestyle related risk factors such as smoking habit.
PEMERIKSAAN LABORATORIUM UNTUK DIAGNOSIS LEPTOSPIROSIS Debie Anggraini
Jurnal Kesehatan Saintika Meditory Vol 4, No 2 (2021): November 2021
Publisher : Stikes Syedza Saintika

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30633/jsm.v4i2.1225

Abstract

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease with the main source of transmission in humans from rats, dogs, cattle, and pigs. Leptospira icterohemorrhagiae is a Leptospira serovar that infects rats. Leptospires live in the kidneys/urinary tract of these animals without causing disease and continuously flowing in the urine. Leptospira examination was carried out using a phase contrast microscope or dark field. Leptopira requires special media and conditions to grow and its culture takes a long time. Serological examination is the main basis in the diagnosis of leptospirosis. The reference method of serological examination for leptospirosis is the microscopic agglutination test (MAT).
Laboratory Examination in Hepatocelullar Carcinoma Debie Anggraini
Health and Medical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2019): HEME July 2019
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (698.945 KB) | DOI: 10.33854/heme.v1i2.241

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant tumor originating from hepatocyte cells including primary malignant tumors of the epithelial liver. Hepatocellular carcinoma is the fifth most malignant in the world and the third largest cause of death of all malignancies. Diagnosis of HCC is obtained from the patient's history, examination of the patient, by imaging (ultrasonography, MRI or CT scan) and an increase in serum tumor biomarkers of alpha feto protein (AFP) (> 400 ng mL). Early diagnosis is important to increase the patient's life expectancy and only 30-40% of patients are diagnosed at an early stage. Biomarkers in HCC not only help in diagnosing but also predict prognosis or recurrence and in choosing therapy. The stability of miRNA in blood circulation makes miRNA an ideal candidate for use in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Objective: to briefly review all current information about HCC. Conclusion: HCC diagnosis is obtained from the patient's history, physical examination, imaging (ultrasonic, MRI or CT scan that shows the presence of a typical liver mass for HCC) and an increase in AFP serum (> 400 ng / mL). Biomarker examination and evaluation is still very limited, one of which is the examination of MicroRNAs
Hematology Profile of Tuberculosis Lymphadenitis Patients at Siti Rahmah Hospital, Padang, Indonesia Debie Anggraini; Meta Zulyati Oktora
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PATHOLOGY AND MEDICAL LABORATORY Vol 27, No 3 (2021)
Publisher : Indonesian Association of Clinical Pathologist and Medical laboratory

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24293/ijcpml.v27i3.1719

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is a progressive granulomatous infectious disease caused by Gram-positive acid-resistant bacilli classified in the genus Mycobacterium. Tuberculosis in humans is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and it mainly infects the lungs, although it can also infect intestines, meninges, bones, lymph nodes, skin that cause extra-pulmonary TB. Tuberculous lymphadenitis is an inflammatory process in lymph nodes as a result of MTB activity. The inflammatory process caused by MTB activity is often associated with anemia as the most common complication. Anemia in TB is caused by an inflammatory process associated with bone marrow suppression due to pro-inflammatory cytokines, thus inhibiting the proliferation and differentiation of erythroid progenitor cells. This chronic TB infection also affects iron hemostasis, thus further affecting the hematological profile of TB patients. This study aimed to determine the hematology profile of TB lymphadenitis patients in the Siti Rahmah Hospital, Padang, Indonesia. This was a descriptive study, with a population of patients diagnosed with TB lymphadenitis based on the results of a fine needle biopsy in the Colli region. The samples of this study consisted of 24 patients who have tested the hematology profile. Tuberculosis lymphadenitis patients in females were higher than males, the mean age was 26.75±19.53 years old dominated by an adult (54%). The mean of 3 hemoglobin levels was 11.8±1.522 g/dL, with 62.5% anemia patients. The mean leukocyte count was 10400±3018.926/mm , 3 with 54.2% of patients had normal levels of leukocyte. The mean of thrombocyte count was 334750±74440.668/mm , with 83.3% in normal levels and the mean of Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) was 35.25±31.489 mm/h, with 54.2% patients in high ESR. Hematology profile in TB lymphadenitis patient was anemia, normal levels of leukocytes, thrombocyte, and increased levels of ESR.
EARLY DETECTION OF HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA IN THE ELDERLY Debie Anggraini; Dita Hasni
Jurnal Abdimas Saintika Vol 3, No 2 (2021): November Jurnal Abdimas Saintika
Publisher : Stikes Syedza Saintika Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30633/jas.v3i2.1173

Abstract

Hypercholesterolemia is total cholesterol inblood with high cholesterol levels that is 200 mg/dl. Hypercholesterolemia is one of the indicators of atherosclerosis in blood vessels and become a top priority in overcoming health problems in developed and developing countries. The cause of hypercholesterolemia is the intake of unhealthy food, such as overeating fat, low consumption of fruits and vegetables, obesity, low physical activity, hypertension, stress, smoking and alcohol use.
Hubungan Kadar Ferritin Serum Pada Ibu Hamil Dengan Berat Badan Bayi Baru Lahir di Rsi Siti Rahmah Padang Tahun 2018-2019 Indri Putri Meiriska; Debie Anggraini; Melya Susanti
Scientific Journal Vol. 1 No. 1 (2022): SCIENA Volume I No 1, January 2022
Publisher : CV. AKBAR PUTRA MANDIRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (89.896 KB) | DOI: 10.56260/sciena.v1i1.12

Abstract

Latar Belakang:Anemia defisiensi besi adalah anemia yang timbul akibat kekurangan zat besi sehingga pembentukan sel – sel darah merah serta fungsi yang lain mengalami gangguan. Anemia yang paling sering terjadi pada ibu hamil adalah anemia defisiensi besi. Anemia defisiensi besi selama kehamilan memiliki dampak negatif bagi ibu dan janin salah satunya bayi dapat lahir dengan berat yang rendah. Alat ukur yang dapat digunakan untuk mengetahui defisiensi besi yaitu kadar ferritin. Tujuan:untuk mengetahui hubungan kadar ferritin serum pada ibu hamil dengan berat badan bayi baru lahir di RSI Siti Rahmah Padang tahun 2018-2019.Metode:Ruang lingkup mencakup bidang ilmu obstetri dan pemeriksaan laboratorium pada kehamilan. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah analitik observasional dengan desain penelitian cross sectional. Populasi terjangkau dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh ibu hamil trimester III yang memeriksa kehamilannya di RSI Siti Rahmah Padang tahun 2018- 2019 dengan 95 sampel menggunakan teknik simple ramdom sampling. Analisis data univariant disajikan dalam bentuk distribusi frekuensi dan presentase sedangkan analisis bicariant menggunakan uji chi square dan pengolahan data menggunakan komputerisasi program SPSS. Hasil: Hasil penelitian usia terbanyak adalah usia 20-35 tahun sebanyak 90 ibu hamil (94,7%) , kadar hemoglobin terbanyak adalah<11 gr/dl (rendah) sebanyak 50 ibu hamil (52,6%) , kadar ferritin serum terbanyak adalah<30 μg/L (defisiensi besi) sebanyak 65 ibu hamil (68,4%) , berat badan bayi baru lahir terbanyak adalah>2500 – 4000 gram sebanyak 87 bayi (91,6%) , tidak terdapat hubungan bermakna antara kadar ferritin serum pada ibu hamil dengan berat badan bayi baru lahir di RSI Siti Rahmah Padang tahun 2018-2019didapatkan p=0,225 (p>0,05). Kesimpulan:Tidak terdapat hubungan bermakna antara kadar ferritin serum pada ibu hamil dengan berat badan bayi baru lahir di RSI Siti Rahmah Padang tahun 2018-2019.
Aspek Klinis dan Pemeriksaan Laboratorium untuk Diagnosis Demam Berdarah Dengue Ariyanti Melly; Debie Anggraini
Scientific Journal Vol. 1 No. 1 (2022): SCIENA Volume I No 1, January 2022
Publisher : CV. AKBAR PUTRA MANDIRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (100.866 KB) | DOI: 10.56260/sciena.v1i1.13

Abstract

Dengue infection is a viral infection through arthropods that is found throughout the world. This disease is caused by dengue virus which consists of four serotypes and each of these serotypes can cause disease. The pathogenesis of dengue infection, especially the mechanism of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) manifestations is still not clearly understood. The results of laboratory tests on dengue hemorrhagic fever found thrombocytopenia (≤ 100,000/mm3), a 20% increase in hematocrit and a positive Rumple Leed test. Five basic serological tests used to detect antibodies in diagnosing dengue infection are haemagglutination-inhibition (HI), complement fixation (CF), neutralization test (NT), IgM capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (MAC-ELISA), and indirect IgG. ELISA. RT-PCR examination in a number of studies was reported to have successfully detected the dengue virus. This examination has better specificity and sensitivity compared to virus isolation with a fast turn around timeLaboratory tests on dengue infection include hematological, serological and nucleic acid tests that play a role in supporting the rapid and accurate diagnosis of dengue hemorrhagic fever.
Validitas dan Reliabilitas Kuesioner Penilaian Pembelajaran Skills Lab Secara Daring pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Baiturrahmah Padang Muhamad Jefri; Debie Anggraini; Meta Zulyati Oktora
Scientific Journal Vol. 1 No. 1 (2022): SCIENA Volume I No 1, January 2022
Publisher : CV. AKBAR PUTRA MANDIRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (121.315 KB) | DOI: 10.56260/sciena.v1i1.16

Abstract

Background : Lecturing with the online method is the main means as well as a solution so that the teaching and learning process continues in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, especially in learning lab skills for medical students who need direct practice in order to achieve the goals of the clinical skills needed, online methods are not fully profitable. Objective : This study aims to determine the validity and reliability of the online skills lab learning assessment questionnaire at the Faculty of Medicine, Baiturrahmah University, Padang. Methodes : This research is a research on the scope of medical education which was conducted in April 2020-February 2021 for students of the Faculty of Medicine at Baiturrahmah University. This type of research is a non-experimental, quantitative descriptive study with a cross-sectional approach. The sampling technique was carried out by simple random sampling and a total sample of 86 people.. The research measuring instrument used a likert scale and data analysis of validity and reliability tests used the SPSS program. Results : The validity test on 46 questions on the questionnaire showed that 13 questions were declared invalid because they had a value of rcount <rtable of 0.276. The results of the reliability test of the research questionnaire had a reliability coefficient of 0.920 with a very high interpretation. Conclusion: The results of the validity test research were in the form of questions that were declared valid as many as 33 questions and the results of the reliability test in the reliability category were very high.