Angkasa Angkasa
Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Published : 5 Documents Claim Missing Document
Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 5 Documents
Search

Green Victimology Perspective the Law Number 32 of 2009 on Environmental Protection and Management Angkasa Angkasa
Jurnal Media Hukum Volume 27, Number 2, December 2020
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jmh.20200153

Abstract

Green victimology refers to the study of victimology that focuses on  victims of environmental harm. The object of this new study cannot be separated from the philosophical values that underlie the growth of green victimology. Through literature research based on secondary data, this research focuses on two studies. The first is about the philosophical foundations of green victimology and the second is about the perspective of green victimology in the Law Number 32 og 2009 on Environmental Protection and Management. Based on the results of the research, it can be stated that the foundation of green victimology ecocentrism which sees that the environmental entities have intrinsic value in virtue of their own interests apart from its instrumental or utilitarian value for humans. This is different from the values underlying the previous victimological study that was based on anthropocentrism. Ecocentrism has been adopted in the Law Number 32 of 2009 on Environmental Protection and Management.
EFEKTIVITAS RANCANGAN UNDANG-UNDANG PENGHAPUSAN KEKERASAN SEKSUAL SEBAGAI HUKUM POSITIF DALAM PERSPEKTIF VIKTIMOLOGI Angkasa Angkasa; Rili Windiasih; Ogiandhafiz Juanda
JURNAL USM LAW REVIEW Vol 4, No 1 (2021): MEI
Publisher : Universitas Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26623/julr.v4i1.2696

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mereview Rancangan Undang-Undang Penghapusan Kekerasan Seksual (RUUPKS) dalam perspektif Viktimologi dengan titik berat pada perlindungan hukum dan perhatian hukum terhadap korban akibat kekerasan seksual. Kajian ini dilakukan dengan melalui  library research dengan sumber data sekunder berupa RUU PKS dan bahan referensi terkait. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dan pembahasan menunjukan bahwa RUU PKS sangat berorientasi terhadap korban. Hal ini ditunjukan dengan  banyaknya hak-hak korban maupun  keluarga korban serta perhatian hukum terhadap korban. Hak-hak korban dinyatakan secara tegas pada Pasal 22 hingga Pasal 31 RUU PKS. Perhatian Hukum terhadap korban terdapat dalam konsidertan hingga pasal demi pasal dengan adanya regulasi yang mewajibkan serta melarang aparat penegak hukum yang meliputi penyidik, jaksa penuntut umum hingga hakim. Selain itu juga terdapat aturan tentang pasrtisipasi masyarakat untuk ikut serta mencegah terjadinya kekerasan seksual hingga melakukan bantuan secara sosial terhadap korban kekerasan seksual. Namun demikian RUU PKS diprediksi sangat berat untuk dapat efektif mencapai tujuan dikarenakan besarnya dana yang dubutuhkan dalam rangka untuk membentuk Pusat Pelayanan Terpadu beserta pelaksanaan tugasnya.  Untuk itu maka komitmen pemerintah dalam penyediaan dana untuk mendukung sepenuhnya maksud dibuat nya UU PKS menjadi sangat urgen. 
CYBERCRIME DI ERA INDUSTRI 4.0 DAN MASYARAKAT 5.0 DALAM PERSPEKTIF VIKTIMOLOGI Angkasa Angkasa; Rili Windiasih
Journal Justiciabelen (JJ) Vol 2, No 02 (2022): July
Publisher : Univeristas Suryakancana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35194/jj.v2i2.2113

Abstract

ABSTRAK Era Industri 4.0 dan Masyarakat 5.0 mempunyai karakteristik yang berbeda dan berdampak pula bagi jenis viktimisiasi khususnya akibat cybercrime. Hal ini berkorelasi dengan karakter pada era tersebut antara lain digitalisasi, rekayasa intelegensia dan internet of thing,  Melalui penelitian kepustakaan dapat dijelasakan bahwa dalam perspektif viktimologi korban atas cybercrime. Korban cybercrime mengalami berupa kerugian materi, akibat psikologis akibat fisik dan  akibat sosial. Viktimisasi  cybercrime dapat dijelaskan dengan The Lifestyle-Routine Activities Theory  (L-RAT). Perlindungan hukum korban cybercrime mendasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 19 Tahun 2016 Atas Perubahan Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2008 Tentang Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik dapat dikatakan  tidak terdapat perlindungan hukum secara signifikan dapat dirasakan oleh para korbannya Seharusnya terdapat sanksi berupa restitusi dan/atau pemberian kompensasi. Hal ini selaras dengan karakter masyarakat 5.0 yang lebih menghormati keberadaan manusia. ABSTRACTThe Industrial Era 4.0 and Society 5.0 have different characteristics and this has an impact on the types of victimization, especially those caused by cybercrime. This correlates with the characteristics of that era, including digitalization, intelligent engineering and the internet of things. Through library research, it can be explained from a victimological perspective that victims of cybercrime suffer losses in the form of material losses, psychological suffering, physical suffering and social suffering. Cybercrime victimization can be explained by the lifestyle-routine activities theory (L-RAT). The legal protection of cybercrime victims is based on Law Number 19 of 2016 on Amendments to Law Number 11 of 2008 concerning Information and Electronic Transactions and it can be said that there is no significant legal protection that can be felt by the victims. There should be sanctions in the form of restitution and/or compensation. This corresponds to the nature of society 5.0 which is more respectful of human existence.
Restorative justice-based criminal case resolution in Salatiga, Indonesia: Islamic law perspective and legal objectives Ariefulloh Ariefulloh; Hibnu Nugroho; Angkasa Angkasa; Riris Ardhanariswari
Ijtihad : Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam dan Kemanusiaan Vol 23, No 1 (2023)
Publisher : State Islamic University of Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18326/ijtihad.v23i1.19-36

Abstract

Restorative justice is a pattern of dispute resolution which emphasizes the responsibility of the perpetrator for the consequences of his actions while at the same time paying attention to the position of the victim. This is not simply about punishing the offender; it is about obtaining justice through discussion outside of the criminal justice system to ensure the situation can be returned to its prior state. Islamic law offers a concept of restorative justice called islah, which is a technique to resolve conflicts between parties by forgiving one another. Salatiga City, the most tolerant city in Indonesia, is where this study is being conducted. The idea of restorative justice is used to resolve disputes through the role of a lurah (head of neighborhood), who is responsible for upholding communal order. It is intriguing to investigate whether the reality of restorative justice in Salatiga City can achieve the three main objectives of the law as outlined by Gustav Radburch: justice, benefit, and legal certainty. This study employs a qualitative methodology and a socio-legal research design. Interviews with the offenders, victims, and the lurah who served as the government's mediator resulted in the gathering of data. The findings of this study demonstrate that Salatiga City's restorative justice method to conflict settlement has achieved the goals of justice and legal advantage and can even foster good will among the parties. The absence of lurah's legal standing in the resolution of this issue, however, does not satisfy the requirement of legal clarity. For Salatiga City residents, a legal foundation is required for restorative justice-based legal dispute settlement
Capturing The Bride Culture In Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara: A Victimological Analysis Siti Syahida Nurani; Angkasa Angkasa; Arief Budiono; Nurdin Nurdin; Dyah Adriantini Sintha Dewi
Jurnal Dinamika Hukum Vol 23, No 2 (2023)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.jdh.2023.23.2.3637

Abstract

The Sumba people has a culture called ‘capturing the bride’ (kawin tangkap), where a man captures the woman he will marry. But its practice has deviated and it became full of intimidation. This paper aims to analyze the ‘capturing the bride’ practice of Sumba people from the victimological perspective. This was descriptive qualitative research. Results show that the current form of ‘capturing the bride’ is a form of violence against women. The violence experienced by ‘capturing the bride’ victims is motivated by a created opportunity and a man’s idealized need to marry a woman. From the victimological perspective, based on Mendelshon’s theory on the degree of victims’ fault, the above victims are completely innocent victims. Based on Schafer’s concept on victim responsibility, they are categorized as biologically and socially weak victims. Then, if related to Fattah’s theory on victim involvement, they are categorized as non-participating victims.