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Uji Diagnostik Genexpert Mtb/Rif Di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Haji Adam Malik Medan Elva Susanty; Zainuddin Amir; Parluhutan Siagian; Rina Yunita; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
JBIO: jurnal biosains (the journal of biosciences) Vol 1, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Biosains
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24114/jbio.v1i2.2783

Abstract

Background: Cases of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) is increasing in number in the world and requires early detection to prevent further transmission. GeneXpert MTB/RIF is a tool that can be used for detection of rifampicin resistance, as a surrogate marker for MDR TB. This study aims to assess the sensitivity and specificity of the GeneXpert MTB/RIF in diagnosis of MDR TB. Methods: diagnostic test study was conducted at a poly MDR TB General Hospital Haji Adam Malik Medan. The subjects were all suspected MDR TB who had results positive GeneXpert MTB/ RIF with sensitive rifampin or resistant  rifampin and had a drug sensitivity test results with the proportion method Lowenstein Jensen medium. Data retrieved from the medical records, between January until December 2013. Results: founded 64 samples that had results of GeneXpert MTB/RIF test positive and had the results of drug sensitivity, 87.5% of rifampin-resistant samples were also resistant to isoniazid. The GeneXpert MTB/RIF examination showed the sensitivity of 92.86% and the specificitu of 59.09%. Conclusion: GeneXpert MTB/ RIF has a high sensitivity for diagnosing MDR TB compared the gold standard drug sensitivity testing proportion method on Lowenstein Jensen medium. This study recommends the GeneXpert MTB/RIF be used for MDR TB screening tool. Keywords: GeneXpert MTB/RIF, multidrug resistant tuberculosis, drug susceptibility test, Lowenstein Jensen medium
Peningkatan Pengetahuan dan Perilaku Personal Hygiene Anak di Panti Asuhan Baiturrahmah Kampar Elva Susanty; Yusdiana Yusdiana
ABDI: Jurnal Pengabdian dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Vol 4 No 1 (2022): Abdi: Jurnal Pengabdian dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat
Publisher : Labor Jurusan Sosiologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24036/abdi.v4i1.223

Abstract

Personal hygiene is an effort to maintain personal hygiene and health. Knowledge about personal hygiene needs to be known by children from an early age so that children avoid diseases such as worms, dental caries, and others. Increased knowledge will improve personal hygiene behavior in a better behavior. This community service activity aimed to increase children's knowledge about personal hygiene, improve personal hygiene behavior, and to find out the description of dental and oral health in children at the Baiturrahmah Orphanage, Kampar Regency. The method used in this community service activity was education, dental and oral health check up. This community service activities began with pretest, education, post test, and dental and oral health check up. The results of this service activity showed an increase in knowledge about personal hygiene, especially about dental and oral health, as well as hand washing WHO 6 steps by 18.01%, there were 59.26% of children suffering from dental and oral diseases such as superficial caries, chronic pulpitis, pulp gangrene, pulp polyps, crowding, and impacted teeth. It is necessary to carry out routine dental and oral health check up on children at the Baiturrahmah Orphanage and familiarize children with good personal hygiene behavior.