Ading Kusdiana
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Peran Pesantren dalam Penyebarluasan Seni Kaligrafi Islam di Jawa Barat Kusdiana, Ading
PANGGUNG Vol 22, No 4 (2012): Dimensi Sejarah, Transformasi, dan Diseminasi Seni
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v22i4.65

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis paper discusses a description of the role of pesantren in West Java in the dissemination of the art of Islamic calligraphy. The purpose of the research is to find out the development history of the art of Islamic calligraphy and the role of pesantren located in West Java in disseminating it. The method which is used in the research is historical research method. The result of the research shows that the art of Islamic calligraphy not only appeared in the Arabian Peninsula but also expanded to West Java. Pesantren, as one of Islamic activity centres, has a big role in disseminating the art of Islamic calligraphy. Pesantren is associated with the amount of interest, attention, and support provided by Kyai, head of pesantren, to develop the art of calligraphy through educational activities, ranging from reading and writing Quran, teaching activities, including preserving the art of Islamic calligraphy. Keywords: calligraphy, pesantren, dissemination, West Java ABSTRAKTulisan ini membahas deskripsi tentang peran pesantren di Jawa Barat dalam penyebaran seni kaligrafi Islam. Tujuan dari penelitian ini ialah untuk mengetahui tentang sejarah perkembangan seni kaligrafi Islam dan peran pesantren yang ada di Jawa Barat dalam penyebarannya. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode sejarah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa seni kaligrafi Islam tidak hanya muncul di Semenanjung Arab, tetapi juga meluas hingga ke Jawa Barat. Pesantren, sebagai salah satu pusat kegiatan agama Islam, memiliki peran besar dalam menyebarkan seni kaligrafi Islam tersebut. Pesantren berkaitan dengan sejumlah kepentingan, perhatian, dan dukungan yang diberikan oleh Kyai, kepala pesantren, untuk mengembangkan seni kaligrafi melalui kegiatan-kegiatan pendidikan, mulai dari membaca dan menulis Quran, kegiatan pengajaran, termasuk pelestarian seni kaligrafi Islam.  Kata kunci: kaligrafi, pesantren, penyebaran, Jawa Barat
Peran Pesantren dalam Penyebarluasan Seni Kaligrafi Islam di Jawa Barat Ading Kusdiana
PANGGUNG Vol 22, No 4 (2012): Dimensi Sejarah, Transformasi, dan Diseminasi Seni
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.22 KB) | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v22i4.65

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis paper discusses a description of the role of pesantren in West Java in the dissemination of the art of Islamic calligraphy. The purpose of the research is to find out the development history of the art of Islamic calligraphy and the role of pesantren located in West Java in disseminating it. The method which is used in the research is historical research method. The result of the research shows that the art of Islamic calligraphy not only appeared in the Arabian Peninsula but also expanded to West Java. Pesantren, as one of Islamic activity centres, has a big role in disseminating the art of Islamic calligraphy. Pesantren is associated with the amount of interest, attention, and support provided by Kyai, head of pesantren, to develop the art of calligraphy through educational activities, ranging from reading and writing Quran, teaching activities, including preserving the art of Islamic calligraphy. Keywords: calligraphy, pesantren, dissemination, West Java ABSTRAKTulisan ini membahas deskripsi tentang peran pesantren di Jawa Barat dalam penyebaran seni kaligrafi Islam. Tujuan dari penelitian ini ialah untuk mengetahui tentang sejarah perkembangan seni kaligrafi Islam dan peran pesantren yang ada di Jawa Barat dalam penyebarannya. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode sejarah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa seni kaligrafi Islam tidak hanya muncul di Semenanjung Arab, tetapi juga meluas hingga ke Jawa Barat. Pesantren, sebagai salah satu pusat kegiatan agama Islam, memiliki peran besar dalam menyebarkan seni kaligrafi Islam tersebut. Pesantren berkaitan dengan sejumlah kepentingan, perhatian, dan dukungan yang diberikan oleh Kyai, kepala pesantren, untuk mengembangkan seni kaligrafi melalui kegiatan-kegiatan pendidikan, mulai dari membaca dan menulis Quran, kegiatan pengajaran, termasuk pelestarian seni kaligrafi Islam.  Kata kunci: kaligrafi, pesantren, penyebaran, Jawa Barat
PERAN ALEX EVERT KAWILARANG DALAM MENUMPAS DI/TII DI JAWA BARAT miftahudin, abdul fatah; Kusdiana, Ading
Historia Madania: Jurnal Ilmu Sejarah Vol 4, No 2 (2020): Historia Madania: Jurnal Ilmu Sejarah
Publisher : Historia Madania: Jurnal Ilmu Sejarah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/hm.v4i2.9509

Abstract

 AbstractThe Darul Islam Movement / Indonesian Islamic Army (DI / TII) is a movement that emerged from dissatisfaction with the "Renville" agreement which impacted on TNI and army troops who had to migrate from West Java. on August 7, 1949 S. M. Kartosuwirjo as the leader declared the establishment of the Islamic State of Indonesia (NII) with its central position in West Java, especially in the East Priangan area. This made things even more difficult to control when on 19 December 1948 the Dutch reneged on the Renville Agreement and attacked the Indonesian capital in Yogyakarta, the Second War of Independence broke out, so this triggered the return of troops who migrated to their troops in West Java, but when it arrived at their troops were welcomed like enemies, finally a war broke out between three camps namely the TNI, Darul Islam and the Dutch troops. to the point where on December 27, 1949 the Dutch recognized the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia but DI / TII remained in principle wanting to establish a State based on Islamic sharia. The government finally held diplomacy but it did not find any bright spot so the government took the road to dissolve the DI / TII movement by force. Colonel AE Kawilarang, who at that time served as Commander of the Army and Territory III / West Java and was responsible for restoring security and peace in the region of West Java, thus the central government issued an Order to carry out "Operation Merdeka" in an effort to disperse DI / TII to re-lap Motherland. Keywords: DI/TII, Kawilarang, Supperssion DI/TIIAbstrak Gerakan Darul Islam/Tentara Islam Indonesia (DI/TII) adalah gerakan yang muncul dari ketidakpuasan atas perjanjian “Renville” yang berdampak pada pasukan TNI dan  lasykar yang harus hijrah dari Jawa Barat. pada tanggal 7 Agustus 1949 S. M. Kartosuwirjo sebagai pemimpin menyatakan berdirinya Negara Islam Indonesia (NII) dengan pusat kedudukannya berada di Jawa Barat, terutama di daerah Priangan Timur. Hal ini membuat keadaan semakin sulit dikendalikan ketika pada tanggal 19 Desember 1948 Belanda mengkhinati Perjanjian Renville dan menyerang ibu kota RI di Yogyakarta maka pecahlah Perang Kemerdekaan II, sehingga ini menjadi pemicu  kembalinya tentara  yang hijrah ke pasukan-pasukannya di Jawa Barat, tetapi ketika sampai di pasukan mereka disambut layaknya musuh, akhirnya pecahlah perang antara tiga kubu yaitu TNI, Darul Islam dan pasukan Belanda. sampai pada titik dimana pada tangggal 27 Desember 1949 Belanda mengakui kedaulatan RI tapi DI/TII tetap pada prinsipnya ingin mendirikan Negara yang berlandaskan syari’at Islam. Pemerintah akhirnya mengadakan diplomasi akan tetapi tidak menemui titik terang sehingga pemerintah mengambil jalan untuk membubarkan gerakan DI/TII secara paksa. Kolonel A. E. Kawilarang yang pada saat itu menjabat sebagai Panglima Tentara dan Teritorium III/Jawa Barat serta bertanggung jawab terhadap pemulihan keamanan dan ketentraman wilayah Jawa Barat, dengan demikan pemerintah pusat mengeluarkan Perintah untuk menjalankan “Operasi Merdeka” dalam usaha membubarkan DI/TII agar kembali kepangkuan Ibu Pertiwi. Kata kunci: DI/TII, Kawilarang, pembubaran DI/TII.  
The Pesantren Networking in Priangan (1800-1945) Ading Kusdiana; Nina Herlina Lubis; Nurwadjah Ahmad EQ; Mumuh Muhsin Z
International Journal of Nusantara Islam Vol 1, No 2 (2013): International Journal of Nusantara Islam
Publisher : UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/ijni.v1i2.30

Abstract

This research is about the networks of pesantren in Priangan from 1800 to 1945. The result shows that along 1800-1945, there were many networks that described the relations among pesantrens in Priangan. There are five networks forms as manifested from those relations. First, the networks among pesantrens, which were formed, are based on scientific relation. They are Pesantren Al-Falah Biru, Pangkalan and Keresek in Garut; Gentur, Kandang Sapi and Darul Falah Jambudipa in Cianjur; Sukamiskin Bandung; and Darul Ulum in Ciamis. Those pesantrens have intellectual relation that pointed to one public figure, namely Syekh Khatib Sambas in Mecca. Second, the networks among pesantrens, which were formed, are based on relative (genealogy) relations. The existence of Pesantren Sumur Kondang, Keresek, Gentur, and Cijawura were the ones that have this relation. Third, the networks among pesantrens, which were formed, are based onmarriage relation. For instance, Pesantren Cidewa with Pagerageung, Pesantren Cipari with Cilame, Cipasung with Gentur Rancapaku, Cijantung with Gegempalan, Sukamiskin with Al-Jawami, and Pesantren Sukamiskin with Cijawura Bandung, were the ones that have this relation. Fourth, the networks among pesantrens, which were formed, are based on the similarities in developing a particular Islamic mysticism (tarekat). The existence of Pesantren Suryalaya which develops Qodiriyah wa Naqsabandiyah mysticism—followed by generating their talqin and Pesantren Al-Falah Biru which develops Tijaniyah mysticism—followed by generating their muqaddam are the ones of this relation. Fifth, the networks among pesantrens, which were formed, are based on the same vision of their movement and struggle against the colonizer. The existence of Pesantren Al-Falah Biru with Samsul Ulum Gunung Puyuh through POII (Persatoean Oemat Islam Indonesia) organization, and Pesantren Cipasung with Sukamanah through Nahdhatul Ulama organization in Tasikmalaya were the ones who struggle against the colonizers of Netherland and Japan.