S. Agung Sri Raharjo
Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai

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GERMADAN RAWA PENING: TINDAKAN BERSAMA DALAM PENGELOLAAN COMMON POOL RESOURCES (Germadan Rawa Pening: Collective action in managing common pool resources) S. Agung Sri Raharjo; Faiqotul Falah; S. Andy Cahyono
Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai (Journal of Watershed Management Research) Vol 3, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai (Journal of Watershed Managem
Publisher : Center for Implementation of Standards for Environmental and Forestry Instruments Solo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (899.913 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jppdas.2019.3.1.1-12

Abstract

ABSTRACTGermadan is one form of lake management policy implemented through the establishment of institutions involving many stakeholders. The institutional management of the Rawa Pening Lake is a collective action to the preservation of the Rawa Pening Lake. This study aimed to evaluate the implementation of Germadan in the perspective of the theory of collective action. The research used a qualitative approach. Data collection through in-depth interviews, observation, and literature study. The descriptive analysis was carried out to describe the implementation and to identify the successes and failures of Germadan. Based the analysis, it can be concluded that as a collective action, Germadan has failed. This failure is due to imperfection of participation in planning and implementation of the program, and the lack of enforcement of agreed rules and lack of incentives for both economic and social incentives in their implementation.Keywords: Germadan; Rawa Pening; collective action; stakeholders ABSTRAKGermadan merupakan salah satu bentuk kebijakan pengelolaan danau yang dilaksanakan melalui pembentukan kelembagaan yang melibatkan banyak pemangku kepentingan. Kelembagaan pengelolaan Danau Rawa Pening merupakan tindakan bersama untuk kelestarian Danau Rawa Pening. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengevaluasi pelaksanaan Germadan dalam perspektif teori collective action. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Pengumpulan data melalui wawancara mendalam, observasi, dan studi pustaka. Analisis secara deskriptif dilakukan untuk menggambarkan pelaksanaan Germadan dan mengetahui keberhasilan maupun kegagalan collective action dalam Germadan. Berdasarkan analisis dapat disimpulkan bahwa sebagai sebuah tindakan bersama, Germadan telah gagal. Kegagalan ini disebabkan oleh partisipasi dalam penyusunan perencanaan dan pelaksanaan program tidak sempurna, dan tidak adanya upaya penegakan aturan yang telah disepakati serta kurangnya insentif baik insentif ekonomi maupun sosial dalam pelaksanaannya.Kata kunci: Germadan; Rawa Pening; collective action; pemangku kepentingan
Identifikasi Sektor Ekonomi Unggulan di Daerah Tangkapan Air Danau Rawa Pening Sigit Andy Cahyono; Faiqotul Falah; S. Agung Sri Raharjo
Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan Vol 8, No 1 (2020): April 2020
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jwl.8.1.36-50

Abstract

Rawa Pening Lake is one of the priority lakes facing severe eutrophication and sedimentation problems. Agriculture is one of the problems in Rawa Pening Lake, even though community welfare is the government's policies. For this reason, the development of the economic sector in Rawa Pening catchment area must have advantages, yet information on this is still neglected and limited. The study aims to analyze the leading economic sectors in the Rawa Pening catchment area. The study used the Klassen Typology method to determine the pattern and structure of the economy and the Location Quotient method in determining the economic sector that has a comparative advantage in each sub-district and analysis of sectoral contributions. The data used is secondary data and field observations. The results showed that Bawen Subdistrict was a developed but depressed area, relying on the manufacturing industry sector. Rapidly developing districs (Tuntang, Jambu, Sumowono, and Ambarawa) rely on all economic sectors. The lagging districts (Getasan and Banyubiru) relly on the primary sector. Leading sectors of each district differ depending on resources and comparative advantage. Leading economic sector contribute relatively significantly to economic development in the lake Rawa Pening catchment. The development of the economic sector will be better directed to leading economic sector so that it can attract sector that are not base, especially in the limited resources and allocation of development budgets. In addition, Location Quotient analysis can be used for analysis of areas with natural boundaries such as catchments or watersheds.