Siti Masrochah
Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Journal : Journal of Applied Health Management and Technology

ANALYSIS OF IMAGE INFORMATION WHEN EMPLOYING THE DIFFUSION WEIGHTED IMAGING (DWI) SEQUENCES WITH ‘B’ VALUE VARIATION FOR INTRACRANIAL TUMOR CASE Maizza Nadia Putri; Lydia Purna W.S.K; Siti Masrochah
Journal of Applied Health Management and Technology Vol 4, No 1 (2022): January
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (249.648 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/jahmt.v4i1.8242

Abstract

Background: One variation of pulse sequence used in MRI Brain examination is Diffusion Weighted Image (DWI). In the DWI sequence, the value of 'b' which the operator must choose when setting the parameters, affects the signal intensity. In radiology installations, radiographers often use a 'b' value of 1000 s/mm2 with various pathologies. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of setting the value of 'b' (1000.1500.2000 s/mm2) on image information and to determine the best setting of the three selected 'b' values in generating DWI signals for cases of intracranial tumors.Methods: This research is experimental study. This research uses MR GE 1.5 Tesla. 6 radiographic images were created with three 'b' value settings. Three radiologists then assessed areas of white matter, gray matter, proc. coronoid, basal ganglia and tumor lesions. The results were then analyzed using the Friedman statistical test.Results: The results showed that there were differences in signal intensity and image quality between the three setting values of 'b' with p value 0.005. The mean rank indicates that the best setting 'b' value in producing high signal intensity in Basal ganglia, Proc. coronoid and tumor lesions is 1500 s/mm2 (Mean rank: 2.75 and 2.42). then for white matter and gray matter the best 'b' value setting is 1000 s/mm2 (average rating: 2.50).Conclusion: There is a significant difference in MRI Brain image information with variations in the "b" values of 1000 s/mm2, 1500 s/mm2 and 2000 s/mm2 with pulse sequence Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI) using GE 1.5 Tesla MRI modality in patients with intracranial tumors (p 0.05). Keyword : DWI , ‘b’ value,  Brain, Tumor, image information
BENEFITS OF STEEPING BLACK TEA AS A NEGATIVE CONTRAST MEDIUM ON CT UROGRAPHY EXAMINATION Sagita Yudha; Suharyo Hadisaputro Hadisaputro; Jeffri Ardiyanto; Donny Kristanto Mulyantoro; Siti Masrochah
Journal of Applied Health Management and Technology Vol 2, No 2 (2020): April 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (823.425 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/jahmt.v2i2.5697

Abstract

The use of water as a contrast medium requires large amounts of water to fill the lumen of the Urinary Tractus and more water is reabsorbed by the body than is secreted into urine. Steeping Black tea contains Caffeine which is able to increase blood flow in the kidneys thus inhibiting the process of absorption of Na, Ca and Mg causing stimulation of the kidneys to increase the amount of urine production. The purpose of this study is to prove that drinking black tea can increase urine production as a negative contrast medium to see differences in the distension and density of the Urinary Tract on CT Urography examination. This type of research uses True Experimental with Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design research design. Patients selected by Simple Random Sampling. Analysis: Paired t test and Independent t test. The results of the study of the use of 600 ml steeping Black Tea as a negative contrast medium on CT Urography examination did not show the difference in mean difference between the left renal Pelvis p value 0.956, Left UVJ 0.640, Right UVJ 0.935 while on the right renal Pelvis p value 0.001 showed differences in mean difference between the left renal Pelvis p value 0.956, Left UVJ 0.640, Right UVJ 0.935 while on the right renal Pelvis p value 0.001 intervention and control group. Hasil pengukuran p value  densitas Vesika urinaria sebesar 0,678. Conclusion: Black tea can be used as a negative contrast medium on CT Urographic examination but when compared with mineral water it does not show a significant difference.