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Being a Muslim in Animistic Ways Maarif, Samsul
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 52, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2014.521.149-174

Abstract

This paper examines religious practices of Ammatoans professed to be “Islamic” by practitioners, but ethnocentrically understood as “animistic” in Tylorian sense by scholars. Scholars have argued that Ammatoans’ practices are incompatible with Islam. Islam and animism are mutually exclusive. This paper, in contrast, argues that Islam and animism are all encompassing. To build the argument, this paper firstly elaborates scholars’ revisited theory of animism that argues for the (indigenous) notion of personhood as not limited only to human beings, but extended to non-human beings: land, forest, trees, animals and so forth. Secondly, this paper reviews the Quranic verses that explicate the personhood of non-human beings, and finally Ammatoans’ practices –visits to forest, refusal of electricity installation and others– as ethically responsible and mutually beneficial acts that ensure the well-beings of both human and non-human beings (interpersonal relations). These presentations show how Ammatoans exemplify being Muslim in animistic ways.[Artikel ini membahas praktik keagamaan masyarakat Ammatoa, yang menurut pelakunya disebut “Islamic”, tetapi menurut ahli etnografi sering disebut animistik, karena tidak sesuai dengan ajaran Islam. Islam dan animisme saling menafikan. Namun hasil penelitian ini membuktikan lain, Islam and animisme saling terkait dan saling mengisi. Untuk mengawali pembahasan, dipaparkan pandangan para ahli mengenai konsep “baru” anismisme yang memandang konsep dasar tentang diri tidak hanya terbatas pada manusia, tetapi juga mencakup selain manusia: tanah, hutan, pohon, hewan, dan lain-lain. Ayat-ayat al-Quran juga memperkenalkan adanya konsep diri bagi selain manusia. Baru kemudian dibahas mengenai praktik-praktik masyarakat Amatoa, seperti masuk hutan, menolak instalasi listrik, dan lainnya, yang merupakan tanggung jawab moral serta bermanfaat bagi kehidupan, baik bagi manusia maupun selain manusia dalam konteks hubungan interpersonal. Paparan ini menunjukkan corak khas masyarakat Ammatoa untuk menjadi seorang muslim dalam cara yang animistik.]
Ethnicity-Based Religiousity: Multi-Faceted Islam in Miami, USA, in the Age of War on Terrorism Muttaqin, Ahmad; Maarif, Samsul
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 44, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2006.442.275-294

Abstract

Minoritas muslim seringkali menunjukkan perilaku yang ambigu. Satu sisi mereka mendambakan pengakuan dan perlakukan yang tidak diskriminatif dari kalangan mayoritas-non Muslim, namun di sisi lain ada “keengganan” untuk berbaur dengan kelompok mayoritas. Tulisan ini menguraikan dua tipe minoritas Muslim di Miami, Florida, Amerika Serikat, Muslim imigran dan Muslim kelahiran Amerika, serta menjelaskan berbagai faktor keengganan mereka dalam berbaur dengan mayoritas non Muslim. Di antara faktor keengganan tersebut adalah kesulitan mereka mencari rujukan ajaran Islam yang melegitimitasi “etika proaktif ” minoritas terhadap mayoritas, segmentasi etnis, kebangsaan dan paham keagamaan minoritas Muslim, serta beban psikis mereka yang merasa belum sepenuhnya menjadi warga negara Amerika Serikat. Dibandingkan kaum Muslim imigran yang sebagian besar berasal dari Timur Tengah dan Pakistan, kaum Muslim keturunan Afrika yang lahir di Amerika cenderung lebih terbuka dan aktif berbaur dengan kelompok mayoritas non-Muslim. Sikap ini ternyata berkorelasi positif dengan perlakukan yang mereka peroleh pasca tragedy 9/11. Kelompok pertama merasa selalu menjadi target operasi anti teror pemerintah Amerika, sedangkan kelompok kedua justru menekankan bahwa mereka adalah korban dari terorisme tersebut.
Lexical and Phrasal Semantic Extension of Japanese Color Words Based on Metonymic Motivation Maarif, Samsul
Journal of Japanese Language Education and Linguistics Vol 4, No 2 (2020): Agustus
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jjlel.4237

Abstract

Research on semantic extension is concerned with words that develop a new, separate, but related meaning from their core sense. By using corpus data, this paper seeks to identify the extended meaning of Japanese color words on a phrasal level and reveal the cognitive processes behind their extended meaning. The corpus data show that metonymy is one of the most common routes for conveying the extended meaning of Japanese color words. This paper, therefore, proposes a model of semantic extension of such color words based on metonymy.
الأسطوانة الإرتجالية وفعاليتها في تعليم مهارة القراءة بمدرسة هداية المبتدئين الثانوية الاسلامية مالانق Maarif, Samsul
Abjadia Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Abjadia
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/abj.v1i1.3982

Abstract

يهدف هذا البحث إلى (1) معرفة عملية صناعة المواد التعليمية الحاسوبية على شكل الأسطوانة، و(2) معرفة مدى فعالية استخدام الأسطوانة الإرتجالية لتعليم مهارة القراءة  في مدرسة هداية المبتدئين الثانوية الاسلامية مالانج. وأما نتائج البحث فهي (1) صناعة المواد التعليمية و الأسطوانة الإرتجالية، (2) معيار نتيجة اختبار الطلبة قبل استخدام الأسطوانة الإرتجالية 55،88% وبعد استخدامها 90،64%، وهذا يدل على ارتقاء 35،76%، (3) استبانة الطلبة حصلت على 76،35% ومعناها جيّدة وفعّالة. وتوصيات هذا البحث هي (1) إن في هذه الأسطوانة الإرتجالية خمس تدريبات في قياس مهارة القراءة لدى الطلبة، رجاء إلى الباحثين الآخرين أن يزيدوا التدريبات الموجودة، (2) الباحثين الأكادميكيين أن يدرّسوا اللغة العربية بطريقة أو بوسائل التعليم المتنوعة مملوءة بالفرح، (3) تختص هذه الأسطوانة الإرتجالية لتعليم مهارة القراءة للفصل الثاني عشر  المدرسة الثانوية الإسلامية، رجاء لللباحثين الآخرين أن يصمموا المواد التعليمية الآخر لمهارة الإستماع والكلام والكتابة.The purpose of this study there were two, namely 1) production hand-book and interactive CD to increase the reading skill (Research Development at Islamic Senior High School of Batu, 2) test the effectiveness of hand-book in increasing reading skill in the students Islamic Senior High School of Batu. Result of this research are 1) product hand-book arabic reading and interactive CD, it ist based on theories of teaching and curriculum arabic teaching of Islamic Senior High School. 2) the result of validation testing performed on experts suggest that interaktif CD is organized in categories including best and can be used directly in the learning without revision, while the small group testing shows that the interactive CD is included in both categories and can be used directly in the learning with a little revision. Student test results before using interactive CD shows the value 54,88% that indicates that the value of reading skills of students for reading is Low undersirable). As for the use interactive CD, found of a significant increase in the total value is 90,64%, this indicates that their value has increased accepted). While reseachers suggestions presented are 1) should be the intensification of efforts to teach reading material other Arabic as a manifestation of the development of teacher quality in particular Arabic and arabic Language teaching in Indonesia general, 2) for researchers interested in doing further similar research, is expected to produce a interactive CD that provides exercices based on the for laguage skills.
PESANTREN DAN PROGRAM DERADIKALISASI AGAMA Budiyanto, Arkanudin; Subejo, Subejo; Maarif, Samsul
Al-A'raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 16, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22515/ajpif.v16i1.1692

Abstract

This study tries to describe responses of the pesantren community on the deradicalization program carried out by the Indonesian government in the Sukoharjo Regency, Central Java along with various factors that influence to those responses. Through the qualitative approach, the results of studies show that pesantren have a strategic role in supporting the success of deradicalization program. Pesantren, which have been united with the community, are trusted and believed by the community as an institution capable of making changes to the outlook as well as the religious model of the community. However, the involvement of pesantren needs to pay attention based on the cultural factors that exist in the pesantren environment. This cultural frame will then be able to support the appropriate deradicalization communication patterns, and the right acceptance of the government in running the deradicalization program.
MENGKONSTRUKSI BUKTI GEOMETRI MELALUI KEGIATAN EKSPLORASI BERBANTU CABRI II PLUS Maarif, Samsul
Euclid Vol 3, No 2 (2016): EDISI JULI
Publisher : Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33603/e.v3i2.331

Abstract

Pembelajaran matematika harus mengalami perubahan dalam konteks perbaikan mutupendidikan sehingga dapat meningkatkan hasil pembelajaran yang optimal. Peran buktidalam pembelajaran geometri merupakan bagian sentral untuk memahami konsep-konsepgeometri. Sehingga, perlu dikembangkan kepada siswa untuk mengkonstruksi buktigeometri. Untuk mengembangkan kemampuan mengkonstruksi bukti geometri dibutukhansuatu alat bantu untuk menjastifikasi ide bukti untuk dijadikan konjektur sehingga didapatsuatu bukti formal. Software Cabri Geometry II Plus menyediakan layanan untukmengkonstruksi titik, garis, segitiga, lingkaran dan geometri datar lainya lengkap denganperhitungan-perhitungan terkait dengan geometri datar. Oleh karena itu, konsep abstrakpada geometri dapat di visualisasikan dengan software Cabri Geometry II Plus sehingga dalammempelajari dan menganalisis konsep geometri akan pembelajar geometri akan lebih mudahmemahaminya sehingga dapat dijadikan konjektur untuk selanjutnya dapat digunakanuntuk mengkonstruksi bukti formal geometri.Kata kunci: Geometri, Mengkonstruksi Bukti Geometri, Cabri Geometry II Plus
PENERAPAN MODEL GUIDED DISCOVERY LEARNING DALAM MENGEMBANGKAN KEMAMPUAN MENGKONSTRUKSI BUKTI GEOMETRI Maarif, Samsul; Pradipta, Trisna Roy; Pramuditya, Surya Amami; Noto, Muchamad Subali
JNPM (Jurnal Nasional Pendidikan Matematika) Vol 4, No 1 (2020): EDISI MARET
Publisher : Universitas Swadaya Gunung Djati

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3674.928 KB) | DOI: 10.33603/jnpm.v4i1.2811

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis penerapan model Guided Discovery Learning (GDL) dalam meningkatkan kemampuan mengkonstruksi bukti geometri (KMBG) pada perkuliahan geometri dasar. Penelitian menggunakan eksperimen factorial design 3×2 yang melibatkan dua kelas geomeri dasar dengan perlakuan pembelajaran yang berbeda yakni model GDL di kelas eksperimen dan model Direct Instruction (DI) di kelas kontrol. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah seluruh mahasiswa yang mengikuti mata kuliah geometri dasar Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika di salah satu Perguruan Tinggi. Sampel penelitian sejumlah 75 mahasiswa dipilih dengan teknik Cluster Random Sampling yang terbagi dalam kelas ekperimen dan kelas kontrol. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa: 1) peningkatan KMBG mahasiswa yang memperoleh GDL lebih baik dibandingkan dengan mahasiswa yang memperoleh DI; 2) terdapat perbedaan peningkatan KMBG ditinjau dari level Kemampuan Awal Matematika (KAM) mahasiswa; 3) terdapat efek interaksi faktor pembelajaran dan KAM terhadap peningkatan KMBG.Kata Kunci: Guided Discovery Learning, Pembuktian, Geometri, Mengkonstruksi Bukti Geometri.
The implementation of self-explanation strategy to develop understanding proof in geometry Maarif, Samsul; Alyani, Fitri; Pradipta, Trisna Roy
JRAMathEdu (Journal of Research and Advances in Mathematics Education) Volume 5 Issue 3 October 2020
Publisher : Department of Mathematics Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jramathedu.v5i3.9910

Abstract

Proof is a key indicator for a student in developing mathematical maturity. However, in the process of learning proof, students have the difficulty of being able to explain the proof that has been compiled using good arguments. So we need a strategy that can put students in the process of clarifying proof better. One strategy that can explore student thought processes in explaining geometric proof is self-explanation strategy. This research aimed to analyze the ability to understand the geometric proof of prospective teacher students by implementing a self-explanation strategy in basic geometry classes. This study used a quasi-experimental research type of nonequivalent control group design. The participants of this research were 75 students of mathematics education study programs at one private university in Semarang. This research used four instrument tests of geometric proof. Before being used for research, the instruments were tested for validity and reliability using product-moment and Cronbach's alpha. Data analysis in this study used a two-way ANOVA test. The results showed that: the increased ability to understand the geometric proof of students who used self-explanation strategy was better than those who obtained direct learning; there was a significant difference between the increase of students’ mathematical proof ability in a group of students with a high and moderate level of initial mathematical ability; the initial ability (high, medium, low) of mathematics did not directly influence the learning process to improve the ability to understand the geometric proof. Hence, it can be concluded that the self-explanation strategy is effective to be used to improve the understanding of the geometric proof. 
PARADOXES IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION: State Defense Program Anomaly Toa, Akhmad Juni; Maarif, Samsul; Hidayat, Rachmat
POLITICO Vol 20, No 2 (2020): Jurnal POLITICO Fisipol
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32528/politico.v20i2.3618

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis paper carries out an in-depth review of the implementation of state defense policies in Situbondo so far which is still not optimal. To conduct in-depth research in this paper the researcher uses qualitative research with a porposive approach in order to obtain valid, in-depth and proportional information. The results of the study concluded that: First, the implementation of state defense policy in Situbondo Regency is still not optimal in achieving its stated goals, because there is a paradox in its implementation. This paradox arises because in the implementation of state defense policies top down and ignores local potential, such as the role of charismatic kiai - social capital - which has a strong influence in the Situbondo community so far, so that it has a direct impact on the creation of regional stability, as one of the objectives of national defense. Secondly, because there is a paradox in the implementation of the country's defense policy, it eventually gave birth to an anomaly in the National Defense Program because the Ministry of Defense on one hand wanted the birth of as many national defense cadres, in order to maintain the country's existence from various threats. But on the other hand, in its implementation the Ministry of Defense is exclusive by ignoring the role of the kiai as a very important social capital in the area in encouraging the optimization of the State Defender Program in Situbondo.
Study on Acquisition of Japanese Adnominal Clauses Using Metalanguage Awareness in Indonesian Learners Maarif, Samsul
JAPANEDU: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pengajaran Bahasa Jepang Vol 6, No 2 (2021): JAPANEDU Volume 6 Issue 2, December 2021
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (Indonesia University of Education)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/japanedu.v6i2.36622

Abstract

The theoretical research of Japanese linguistics is diverse. However, applying such research theory to Japanese language education does not necessarily help learners’ understanding. The purpose of this research is to concretely present the problems that arise from the gap between theory and practice in Japanese language research and Japanese language education. In this study, we examine the effect of the theoretical explanation of the Japanese adnominal clause on the learners’ understanding. We selected 10 second-year university Japanese learners as research subjects. They were selected because second-year learners already learn the adnominal clause. The adnominal clause was chosen because it has a considerably simple construction to check whether the learners can comprehend the meaning from those simple constructions. Since the theoretical explanation of linguistics is difficult for learners to understand, we gave a lesson using the learners’ awareness of language called “metalanguage awareness.” By using metalanguage awareness, learners are guided to understand the meaning through the comprehension of its grammatical construction using linguistic terms both in Japanese and their native language, which is Indonesian. As a result, it was found that even though adnominal clause construction is simple, the understanding of the meaning is not that simple. The understanding of adnominal clauses depends on the understanding of more basic learning items of “particles” and “clauses”, which learners still can’t grasp. We conclude that introducing such dependency in focus on form teaching method has the advantage for the teacher to check the degree of learners’ understanding. In this study, the adnominal clause can be used to check whether learners have fully understood the concept and usage of “particles” and “clauses” in Japanese. Since both concepts are very basic, it is important to take a step back and re-explain both concepts and usage so learners can use them correctly in the future.