I Gede Mahardika
Fakultas Peternakan Unud

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The effect of concentrate replacement level with gamal leaf (gliricidia sepium) in ransum on rument metabolite products and blood goat profile Perdana, Sigit; Cakra, I Gusti Lanang Oka; Mahardika, I Gede
International journal of life sciences Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020): April
Publisher : Universidad Tecnica de Manabi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (784.916 KB) | DOI: 10.29332/ijls.v4n1.379

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of replacing concentrates with Gamal leaves (Gliricidia sepium) in the ration on the product and the performance of rumen metabolites and the blood profile of PE goats. The experimental design used was the Latin square design, 4 x 4 that is 4 treatments with four 4 replications each experiment unit consisted of 1 animal. One treatment period for 2 weeks. The first week was adapted and the second week the data collection process was carried out. The treatment given is as follows. The treatments are A (45% concentrate and 55% field grass); B (Gamal 15% with 30% concentrate and 55% field grass); C (Gamal 30% with 15% concentrate and 55% field grass); D (Gamal 45% and field grass 55%). The results of this study indicate that the effect of the rate of replacement of concentrates with Gamal leaves (Gliricidia sepium) in the ration on rumen metabolite products PE goat was significantly different (P <0.05) total VFA concentration and VFA Parcial. The concentration of N-NH3, protozoan population the acidity of pH, methane production showed results that were not significantly different.
Total Eritrosit, Kadar Hemoglobin, Nilai Hematokrit Sapi Bali Lepas Sapih Diberi Pakan Kandungan Protein dan Energi Berbeda Dewi, Ade Kiki Sintya; Mahardika, I Gede; Dharmawan, Nyoman Sadra
Indonesia Medicus Veterinus Vol 7 (4) 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.669 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/imv.2018.7.4.413

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian pakan dengan tingkat energi protein bertingkat terhadap total eritrosit, kadar haemoglobin, dan nilai hematokrit sapi bali lepas sapih. Perlakuan yang diberikan adalah A = sapi lepas sapih yang diberi pakan dengan PK 12% dan ME 2000 kkal; B = sapi lepas sapih yang diberi pakan PK 13% dan ME 2100 kkal; C = sapi lepas sapih yang diberi pakan PK 14% dan ME 2200 kkal; dan D = sapi lepas sapih yang diberi pakan PK 15%, dan ME 2300 kkal. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok. Pengambilan darah dilakukan melalui vena jugularis menggunakan venoject. Total eritrosit, kadar haemoglobin dan nilai hematokrit dihitung menggunakan metode pemeriksaan hematologi rutin dengan mesin Hematologi Analyzer. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa perlakuan pemberian pakan dengan energi dan protein yang berbeda tidak berpengaruh nyata (P>0,05) terhadap total eritrosit, kadar haemoglobin, dan nilai hematokrit sapi bali lepas sapih.
Effect of Feeding Difference Levels of Concentrate on NNH3, VFA and In Vitro Digestibility Wijayanti, Ni Putu Putri; Cakra, I Gusti Lanang Oka; Mahardika, I Gede
E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University Vol 4 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : E-Journal of Animal Science Udayana University

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to observe the effect of giving difference levels concentrate on NNH3, VFA production and in vitro of dry matter and organic matter digestibility. Completely Randomized Design (CRD) was used in this study with four treatments and four replications, i.e. 75% concentrate + 25% forage (60% king grass + 40% glyricidia) (A); 60% concentrate + 40% forage (60% king grass + 40% glyricidia) (B); 45% concentrate + 55% forage (60% king grass + 40% glyricidia) (C); and 30% concentrate + 70% forage (60% king grass + 40% glyricidia) (D). The result of this study showed that the NNH3 concentration was highest in treatment A, which was 13.60 mM. VFA concentration was higher in treatment C, which was 118.40 mM. Dry matter digestibility and organic matter digestibility was higher in treatment A, which were 59.71 and 60.27%. It is concluded that the giving of concentrate with containing urea, lime and cassava from 30 to 75% has non-significant (P>0.05) effect on NNH3 and VFA level in every treatments. Giving higher level of concentrate will be increase dry matter and organic matter digestibility
Total Dan Diferensial Leukosit Sapi Bali Lepas Sapih yang Diberi Pakan Dengan Kandungan Protein dan Energi Berbeda Andini, Ni Putu Mega; Mahardika, I Gede; Dharmawan, Nyoman Sadra
Indonesia Medicus Veterinus Vol 7 (4) 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.758 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/imv.2018.7.4.434

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian pakan dengan kandungan protein dan energi berbeda terhadap total leukosit dan hitung jenis leukosit (neutrofil, eosinofil, basofil, limfosit dan monosit) pada sapi bali lepas sapih. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL). Sampel yang digunakan adalah sampel darah dari 12 ekor sapi bali lepas sapih. Perlakuan yang diberikan adalah pemberian formula pakan A= PK 12% dan ME 2000 kkal/kg; B= PK 13% dan ME 2100 kkal/kg; C= PK 14% dan ME 2200 kkal/kg; D= PK 15% dan ME 2300 kkal/kg. Pemeriksaan leukosit dilakukan selama tiga kali di awal, pertengahan, dan akhir pemberian perlakuan. Pemeriksaan dengan cara otomatis menggunakan alat hematology analyzer. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan sidik ragam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan pemberian pakan dengan kandungan protein dan energi yang berbeda tidak berpengaruh (P>0.05) terhadap total dan diferensial leukosit, baik antar perlakuan maupun antar waktu pemeriksaan. Disimpulkan bahwa keempat formula pakan aman diberikan kepada sapi bali lepas sapih dan perlakuan A dinilai efektif dan efisien.
THE EFFECT OF FERMENTED PURPLE SWEET POTATO (Ipomoea batatas L) IN THE RATION ON THE ANTIOXIDANT PROFILE AND MEAT CHOLESTEROL OF BALI DUCK Belawa Yadnya, Tjokorda Gede; Sudana, Ida Bagus; Mahardika, I Gede; Mastika, I M.
E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University Vol 2, No 1,Tahun 2013
Publisher : E-Journal of Animal Science Udayana University

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Abstract

An experiment was carried out to the study the effect of fermented purple sweet potato ( Ipomoea batatas L) in the ration on the profile antioxidant and meat cholesterol of bali duck. A Completely Randomized Design (CRD), consisted seven treatments and four replicates each was used in this experiment. The seven treatments were ration without purple sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L) (treatment A), ration containing 10, 20, and 30% un fermented purple sweet potato (treatment B, C, and D), ration containing 10, 20, and 30% fermented purple sweet potato (treatment E, F, and G). Each treatment consisted of four replicates with four ducks in each replicates with homogenous age and weight. The variables observed including profile antioxidant, antioxidant capacity, malondialdehida (MDA), and superoxida dismutase (SOD); lipid profile : total clolesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), and triglyceride. Feeds offered were iso nitrogenous and iso calory and were given ad lidThe result showed that using fermented purple sweet potato in the ration improved antioxidant profile that was increased of antioxidant capacity such as superoxida dismutase (SOD) were significantly (P<0,05), and malondialdehida (MDA) decreased was sinificantly (P<0,05) than those given control diet..Ducks meat offered control diet contained total cholesterol and LDL 107,66 mg/100 g and 45,55 mg/100g respectively, When offered diet containing un fermented purple sweet potatoes decreased the content of cholesterol and LDL significantly (P<0.05) compared to control.Result of the experiment suggested that the effect of fermented purple sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L) in the ration improved the antioxidant profile and consentration of the meat cholesterol of bali duck.
Giving the extract of clove leaves (Syzygium aromaticum L.) fermented through drinking water against growth of kampong chicken Bulu, Sosiawan; Mahardika, I Gede; Nuriyasa, I Made
International journal of life sciences Vol. 4 No. 3 (2020): December
Publisher : Universidad Tecnica de Manabi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29332/ijls.v4n3.538

Abstract

This study aims to determine the microbial population, nutrient digestibility, and growth in native chickens fed fermented clove leaf extract through drinking water. The experimental design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with four treatments and five replications, using three native chickens 2 weeks old in each unit. The treatments were drinking water without fermented clove leaf extract (P0), drinking water given 1% fermented clove leaf extract (P1), drinking water was given 2% fermented clove leaf extract (P2), drinking water was given 3% fermented clove leaf extract (P3). The variables observed were microbial population, nutrient digestibility, and growth. The results showed that giving fermented clove leaf extract through drinking water in treatment P1 and P2 resulted in a significantly different increase in lactic acid bacteria (P<0.05) compared to the control and treatment P1 reduced pathogenic bacteria Escherichia Coli and Coliform significantly different (P<0, 05) compared to control. Treatment P2 received a higher Total Plate Count (TPC) which was significantly different (P<0.05) compared to P0, P1, and P3. The digestibility values of dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, and digestible energy were significantly different in treatment P1 (P<0.05) compared to the control.