Gulat ME Manurung
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Pengaruh Pemberian Mulsa Organik Terhadap Sifat Fisik dan Kimia Tanah serta Pertumbuhan Akar Kelapa Sawit Antari, Rabisa; ', Wawan; Manurung, Gulat ME
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) is a multipurpose plant which occupies an important position generaly in agricultural sector and particularly in plantation sector. Bright prospects for palm oil commodity in the world encourage people to plant oil palm in acidic mineral soil, which could face some obstacles, on physical, chemical and biological soil properties. In the dry season, oil palm has the type of oil palm roots are shallow making it relatively less tolerant to drought. Because of these problems is an attempt to solve the problem in oil palm land by using organic mulch (oil palm empty fruit bunches, Calopogonium, palm midrib and ferns). This research has been carried out in the experimental farm of the Agriculture Faculty Riau University, from June to September 2012. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of organic mulch on soil physical and chemical properties, as well as the root growth of palm oil using a randomized block design (RBD), that consists of 5 treatments and 3 replications. The results of this study shown that treated soil using organic mulch had the significant difference compare to soil without mulch in the whole observation parameters. Organic mulches can improve total pore space, C-organic, N-total, soil water content and soil temperature and decrease soil bulk density. It also, can increase the weight of the roots, root dry weight, root occupy and the plant root volume.  Keywords: Organic Mulch, Soil Physical and Chemical Properties, Palm Oil
TEKNIK BUDIDAYA TANAMAN KELAPA SAWIT (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) BELUM MENGHASILKAN DI LAHAN PASANG SURUT YANG DILAKUKAN PETANI DI KECAMATAN BANGKO PUSAKO KABUPATEN ROKAN HILIR Hartono, Budi; ', Adiwirman; Manurung, Gulat ME
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Oil palm(Elaeis guineensisJacq) comefromNigeria, West Africa. This plant is adominantcropplantationinIndonesia, especiallyin Riau. Common problems of palm plantationsare include in low productivityandquality of production. One of thecauses oflow productivity due totheappliedproductiontechnologyis stillrelativelymodest, rangingfromnurserytoharvest. Oil palm plantations in Bangko Pusako district is a large area of tidal lands especially Bangko Kanan village and Bangko Kiri village that are managed by the Department of Horticulture and by farmers. This study aims to determine the technical implementation of oil palm (Elaeis guennensis Jacq) cultivation in tidal lands are held by non-government in Bangko Pusako, Rokan Hilir. This research was carried in August 2013 to October 2013 in Bangko Pusako district with three typeof tidal lands. This study used a survey method and the number of samples was 5% of the population. The sampling techniqueused wasPurposiveRandom Sampling. The results showed thatoil palmcultivationtechniqueswerecarried outbyfarmersin the District ofBangkoPusako, rangingfromseedlingstomaintenanceonly27,7% whofollow the suggestion/recommendations from RokanHilirDepartment of Horticulture. This is due to the sample farmers less understanding about the right oil palm cultivation techniques. The reason is most of the sample farmers follow the oil palm cultivation techniques were done by the previous farmers. Keyword : Oil Palm, Tidal Lands, Cultivation Techniques
Implementasi Pemupukan Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis jacq) Pola Masyarakat Pada Lahan Pasang Surut di Desa Bangko Kanan dan Bangko Kiri Kecamatan Bangko Pusako Kabupaten Rokan Hilir Nurlela '; Armaini '; Gulat ME Manurung
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

One alternative land for oil palm cultivation is tidal land, but many abstacles tidal land for the cultivation of plan on agronomic, pattern of wichh the water system and the limitations of physical and chemical condtions, aluminium, low fertility and salinity toxicity. To overcome these problems is necessary for an appropriate processing technologie and efficient, one of them is with the proper fertilizer. Purpose of this study is to investigate the implementation of palm fertilizer made by the comunity on tidal land in the district of Rokan Hilir Bangko Pusako. This research was conducted in tidal land and village right Bangko and Bangko districts left Pusako Rokan Hilir. This study uses survey method and technique of determining the population as on object of study usingPurposiveRandom Samplingmethod. Sample size of at least 5% of the total population that is determined proportionally, the data implementation fertilization and cultivation techniques were analyzed kualitatif and are tabulated in table form. Seen from fertilization concept that farmers have not been doing fertilizing with right timing with presentation as 87,5%, the recommended dose 100%, type of fertilizer I needed plant5%,how fertilization100% and quality manner fertilizer 5%, growth resulting oil palm farmers growth sample is not optimal, as yellowing leaves, young leaves, young leaves or shoots broken, drid up old leaves, leaf curl or wrinkle, rods, small hump and draw plant and were cultivated by the optimal growth of plantation service like leaf green, fully, developed leaves, bigger trunk, large tubers and plant are not stunted. Keyword: Palm oil plant, tidal land, implementasi of fertilizer.
Pelaksanaan Teknik Budidaya Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq) Swadaya Masyarakat di Lahan Pasang Surut Kecamatan Bangko Pusako Kabupaten Rokan Hilir Santoso '; Sampoerno '; Gulat ME Manurung
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the implementation of non-governmental palm oil cultivation techniques (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) in tidal area on Bangko Pusako District Rokan Hilir Regency. The research was conducted on tidal land at the village of Bangko Kanan and Bangko Kiri in Bangko Pusako District Rokan Hilir  Regency, from April to July 2013. This study was conducted using survey and processed data presented in descriptive form. The number of respondents in this study were 40 respondents, based on  5% level of representation. 17 respondents drawn from the Bangko Kanan and 23 respondents drawn from the Bangko Kiri. The parameters studied were the origin of the seeds, plant spacing, size of planting holes, transplanting seedlings to the field, eradication of weeds, fertilizing, castration, plant population/ha, water level measurements and measurements of distance of land from the river. The results show that the average production of farmers palm oil are still very low at less than 50% when compared to the average production of palm oil of PTPN V on mineral lands in general. The low production of palm oil cultivation techniques of farmers due to conducted as seed origin, plant spacing, pattern spacing, the size of the planting hole, transplanting seedlings into the ground, fertilizing, castration and plant population/ha are still quite low level of the appropriate palm oil cultivation techniques application in the field. Keywords: Palm Oil Cultivation, Tidal Area, Rokan Hilir Regency  
Pengaruh Mulsa Serbuk Gergaji dan Pupuk Npk Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) Pada Fase Main Nursery Fernando Situmorang; Hapsoh '; Gulat ME Manurung
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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ABSTRACT This study aimed to determine the effect of sawdust mulch and NPK fertilizer giving on the growth of oil palm seedlings and to get the appropriate dose for the growth of oil palm seedlings. This study has been conducted at the Experimental Garden Faculty of Agriculture, University of Riau began in December 2012 until March 2013. The research was conducted in the experiment form with Completely Randomized Design ( CRD ) which is arranged in factorial consisting of 2 factors, they are: First factor is the standard dose of NPK Sigifertilizer which is consisting P0=Without NPK fertilizer/polybag, P1=NPK dose 2 tablets/polybag, P2=NPKdose 4 tablets/polybag, and P3=NPK dose 6 tablets/polybag. Second factor is the giving of sawdust mulch consisting of M0=Without sawdust /polybag, M1=dose giving sawdust 100 g/polybag, M2=dose giving 200g/polibag sawdust and repeated 3 times, so it can be 36 units in the trial. Each experimental unit consisting of 2 oil palm seedlings, so it takes 72 seeds. The parameters were observed are the plants gain height, increasing number of leaves, increasing tuber diameter, root volume, dry weight seedling and relative growth rate. NPK fertilizer giving gave significantly different effect on seedling height parameter and the number of leaves but did not give significant effect on tuber diameter, root volume, dry weight seedlings and relative growth rate. The combination of sawdust mulch giving 200 g/polybag with NPK fertilizer 4 tablets/polybag give the best seedling growth on the parameters of seedling height, leaf number, root volume and dry weight. Keywords : palm seeds, sawdust mulch, fertilizer NPK
Pengaruh Pupuk Kompos Limbah Sayur dan Pupuk Npk Tablet Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Jagung Manis (Zea mays L. Var. saccharata Sturt) Rendra q Rakasiwi; Edison Anom; Gulat ME Manurung
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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This research is purposed to find out the effect of Vegetable Waste Compost and NPK Tablets compost fertilizer against growth and production of Sweet Corn (Zea mays L. Var. saccharata Sturt). The experiment held in experimental field of Agriculture Faculty of Riau University began from June 2013 to September 2013, this experiment used group random program in factorial form. The first factor is Vegetable Waste fertilizer in three level of fertilizer, K1 = 94 g/crop (5 ton/ha) K2 = 187 g/crop (10 ton/ha) K3 = 281 g/crop (15 ton/ha). The second factor is NPK Tablets in three level of fertilizer, T1 = 2 tablets/crop T2 = 4 tablets/crop T3 = 6 tablets /crop. The observation parameters are the plantation growth rate (cm), the plantation net-weight (g) in 42 days, the appearance of male flower (HST), the appearance of female flower (HST), the weight per cob (g), and the production per 3m2. Giving vegetable waste compost affects in appearance of male and female flower but does not affect the plantation growth rate, the net-weight of plantation, the weight per cob and the production per plot. Giving NPK Tablets does not affect the plantation growth rate, the net-weight of plantation, the weight per cob and the production per plot.  Keywords: growth, production, Vegetable Waste Compost fertilizer, NPK Tablets Compost fertilizer, sweet corn