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Muh. Aris Marfai
Institut Teknologi Yogyakarta

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“Kampung” as a Formal and Informal Integration Model (Case Study: Kampung Pahandut, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia) Rijanta, R; Marfai, Muh. Aris; Hamidah, Noor; Setiawan, Bakti
Forum Geografi Vol 31, No 1 (2017): July 2017
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v31i1.3047

Abstract

Kampung is a mixed formal and informal settlements which has a long history. Kampung has always been occupied by millions of in Indonesia. Kampung shows its capacity to integrate formal and informal activities both within the kampung itself and activities at city level. This research try to explore Kampung Pahandut, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia as a case study of embryo settlement close to the river. The objective of this research is to describe of formal and informal in formal and informal activities within Kampung Pahandut. This research attempt to study the pattern and the forms of socio-economic integration of the community. This research applies mixed method (qualitative and quantitative) through field observation as a step to find the integration of formal and informal activity in Kampung. Data collection is primarily to record both social and economic activities since field observation records physical appearances of infrastructure. In addition, this Kampung research was also conducted through in-depth interview to explore information from the selected resource persons. This research approves that Kampung, in the case of Kampung Pahandut, is not separated both physical and social from the city of Palangka Raya. It is reveal that internal social activity of  Kampung are able to maintain ‘gotong-royong’ and external social activity showed by ‘green kampung’. Kampung Pahandut is a part of the Palangka Raya city government by kampung improvement program. It means integration through physical and social activities shows that kampungs are not isolation settlements. Kampung has its significant contributions to the social and physical of the Palangka Raya city. It is as proven by formal and informal activities of Kampung Pahandut which is found to be fully integrated to the city of Palangka Raya.
The Relationship between Total Income and Groundwater Utilization on Fluviomarine Landform Area in Jakarta Marfai, Muh. Aris; Suratman, S; Setiawan, Cahyadi
Forum Geografi Vol 31, No 1 (2017): July 2017
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v31i1.2851

Abstract

Approximately 40% of Jakarta is below sea level when the tide is in, which is referred to as a fluviomarine landform. This study aims: (a) to analyse the relationship between total income and household water demand, and (b) to analyse the relationship between total income and the proportion of groundwater utilization. It uses quantitative and qualitative analysis survey methods, as well as sampling methods, to represent the population. The population of this research is comprised of households that use groundwater on land units made from two classes of landform, two classes of settlement pattern, and three classes of settlement density. To determine the 30 wells, samples with proportional random sampling of the land units formed with groundwater samples have been taken at a radius of 100m from each well sample of 110 households. Quantitative and qualitative approaches have been used to prove the research aims. The analysis of this study indicates that the total income is proportional to household water demand but that it is inversely proportional to the share of groundwater utilization. The results also show that groundwater is not the only source to fulfil household water demand, and that it is necessary to utilize other sources of water.
Potensi Bencana Tsunami dan Kesiapsiagaan Masyarakat Menghadapi Bencana Studi Kasus Desa Sumberagung Banyuwangi Jawa Timur Sunarto, S; Marfai, Muh. Aris
Forum Geografi Vol 26, No 1 (2012): July 2012
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v26i1.5047

Abstract

This research aims to, 1) identify the physical condition and vulnerability due to tsunami at Pancer, Sumberagung Banyuwangi and 2) identify the awareness program done by community to reduce the risk and impact due to tsunami. Field observation and analysis of morphology, topography and physical characteristic of the coastal area of Pancer has been done in this research. Interview with key person and stakeholders has been conducted in order to understand the awareness system and program done by the community. Descriptive analysis has been used to describe the research result. From the topographical point of view, study area consist of lowland and hilly area. Lowland area is dominated by settlement and paddy field, meanwhile the hilly area is mainly for forest and dry farming system. Lowland area is the most vulnerable area for inundation due to tsunami. Coastal community has knowledge on tsunami hazard. Many program has been implemented to strengthen the community capacity and awareness, such as campaign, workshop for evacuation route identification, and evacuation simulation.