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PEMANFAATAN RPO (RED PALM OIL) SEBAGAI SUMBER PROVITAMIN A ALAMI PADA PRODUK MI INSTAN UNTUK ANAK BALITA Sri Anna Marliyati; Hardinsyah Hardinsyah; Neysa Rucita
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 1 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (208.089 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.1.31-38

Abstract

The objective of this research was to study the use of RPO as a sources of natural provitamin A in instant noodle product for under five children. For this purpose 5 formulas were developed based on RPO’s level added to the formula (0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%). The result shown that instant noodle with 75% RPO was the best formula of RPO instant noodle. No significant difference in acceptance between this formula and other commercial instant noodle (α>0.05). The result of RPO instant noodle’s chemical analysis were moisture content 7.40% (wb), ash content 2.51% (db), protein content 13.66% (db), fat content 9.84% (db), carbohydrate was 74.49% (db) and carotenoid 136.41 ppm (≈ 76.42 ppm β-carotene ≈ 636.8 RE/serving size). RPO instant noodle has physical properties as follow, optimum cooking time was 3 minutes, the color was yellow-red, elasticity properties was 261.94%-455.65% and water holding capacity was 137.98%. This noodle was contributing 100% of vitamin A RDA for the children.
SOSIAL EKONOMI DAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH (IMT) PRIA DEWASA DALAM KAITANNYA DENGAN FAKTOR RISIKO PENYAKIT JANTUNG KORONER DI PERDESAAN DAN PERKOTAAN BOGOR-JAWA BARAT Sri Anna Marliyati; Megawati Simanjuntak; Deni Surya Kencana
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 1 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.569 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.1.15-25

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The objectives of this research was to study social economy and body mass index of men andit’s correlation with risk factor of coronary heart disease in rural and urban of Bogor, West Java. The amount of samples were 100 adult men aged 25-39 of years. Samples were devided into two categories of expense which as < Rp 500.000/capita/month (low income) and ³ Rp 500.000/cap/month,- (high income). Results of this study showed that using independent t-test there was a significant difference between low income and high income samples in rural area in the case of family size, education level, income per capita, total expenditure, nutritional knowledge score and HDL cholesterol level. In urban area, we found significance difference in the case of family size, education level, income per capita, total expenditure, total cholesterol level, LDL and HDL cholesterol level between low income and high income samples. Spearman rank correlation test in rural area showed significance correlation between education level, income per capita, total expenditure, and nutritional knowledge score with HDL cholesterol level. Income per capita and total expenditure correlated significantly with total cholesterol level and BMI correlated significantly with level of triglyceride. Meanwhile, in urban area we found significant correlation between education level, total expenditure, nutritional knowledge score, and BMI with total cholesterol level. Education level and nutritional knowledge score correlated significantly with LDL cholesterol level, and BMI correlated significantly with level of triglyceride.
Development of High Antioxidant Red Palm Oil Cake as a Potential Functional Food Rini Harianti; Sri Anna Marliyati; Rimbawan Rimbawan; Dadang Sukandar
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 13 No. 2 (2018)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (397.62 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2018.13.2.63-70

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This study aimed to develop high antioxidant cake product with red palm oil (RPO) content to substitute the use of margarine as a potential functional food. This study used a complete randomized design with four levels of RPO substitution for margarine, namely F0 (0:100), F1 (80:20), F2 (90:10), and F3 (100:0). Organoleptic results showed that high antioxidant cake F3 was best in which also contained the highest RPO addition level. The high antioxidant cake F3 had yellow colour, hardness of 650.67 gf, bulk density of 0.27 g/ml, 4.31% moisture, 1.48% ash, 21.66% fat, 9.76% protein, 62.80% carbohydrate, 40.74 ppm/100 g β-carotene, and the 470.44 mg/100 g antioxidant activity. Thus the product can be categorized as high in β-carotene. Therefore, this product has a potential to be a functional food options, especially for atherosclerosis prevention.
EFIKASI SUPLEMEN BESI-MULTIVITAMIN UNTUK PERBAIKAN STATUS BESI REMAJA WANITA Dodik Briawan; Hardinsyah .; Muhilal .; Budi Setiawan; Sri Anna Marliyati
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 30, No 1 (2007): Maret 2007
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36457/gizindo.v30i1.39

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EFFICACY OF IRON-MULTIVITAMIN SUPPLEMENT FOR IMPROVING THE IRON STATUS OF ADOLESCENT FEMALESThe study was aimed to analyze the efficacy of supplementation iron-multivitamin for improvingthe iron status of adolescent females through the double-blind trial. Subjects were 224 of the firstgrade university students (IPB) who were randomly allocated to three study groups through adouble blind trial. The first group received only placebo (control group); the second group received60 mg iron, 250 ug folate (B-F group); the third group received 60 mg iron,800 ug folate, 4200 ugretinyl acetate, 500 mg vitamin C, and 16.8 ug vitamin B12 (B-MV group). All supplements weredistributed and consumed weekly during 25 weeks. The mean changes in Hb, STfR and SFamong the groups were tested with Ancova and adjusted with BMI; capsule compliance;food/snack compliance; adequacy of energy, protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, iron; and baselinevalue of Hb, STfR, SF. The results showed the demographics and nutritional characteristics ofsamples were not significantly different. At the baseline, the mean of haemoglobin(Hb=126.2±13.1 g/l) and serum ferritin (SF=18.3±15.9 ug/l) were not significantly different amongthe three groups (p0.05). However, the serum transferrin receptor (STfR) was lower in the control(5.8 ± 3.2 mg/l) than B-F (7.9 ±4.4 mg/l) and B-MV (11.8±5.5 mg/l). After 25 week ofsupplementation, the mean change of hemoglobin was not different among the three groups (10.1g/l; p0.05). The B-MV group significantly lower decreased in STfR (-4.2 mg/l) and higherincreased in SF (+13.4 ug/l) compared to B-F and control group (p0.05). Meanwhile, only theSTfR in B-F group (-1.3 ug/l) was significantly lower than control group (p0.05). This implied theimportant of the multi-vitamin to complement the iron supplementation.Keywords: haemoglobin (Hb), serum transferrin receptor (STfR), serum ferritin (SF), iron status, iron-multivitamin, iron-folate, adolescent female
PENERIMAAN DAN PREFERENSI RUMAH TANGGA DAN JASA BOGA TERHADAP MINYAK GORENG CURAH YANG DIFORTIFIKASI KAROTEN DARI RED PALM OIL (RPO) Sri Anna Marliyati; Tika Nurmalasari; Lilik Kustiyah; Drajat Martianto
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 7 No. 3 (2012)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (303.816 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2012.7.3.197-202

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The purpose of this research was to find out acceptance and preference of households and catering to non-branded cooking oil fortified with carotene from Red Palm Oil (RPO). The subjects in this study was 30 people respectively for each households and catering. Data was collected through interviews and discussions using questionnaires. Data of subjects acceptance and preference were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Friedman test. Average cooking oil used by household subjects was 0.185+0.070 kg/day and catering was 3.87+2.46 kg/day. Most households (73.3%) and catering (66.7%) could not accept cooking oil fortified with carotene from RPO due to its colour and aroma. Fortified cooking oil had orange colour and rotten aroma (of odor). More than half of households (66.7%) and catering (63.3%) could not accept the fried product using fortified cooking oil because of its yellow colour. Friedman test showed that there were differences in both subjects acceptance to nonfortified and fortified non-branded cooking oil (p<0.05). Both household and catering subjects preferred nonfortified cooking oil.
Study of Iodium Content in Seaweed Juice as an Alternative for GAKI's Prevention Endang Rohmawati; Hidayat Syarief; Sri Anna Marliyati
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol. 24 No. 1 (2000): Jurnal Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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This research was conducted to study the iodium level in seaweed (Euchema cottonii) juice as the alternative to pprevent the iodium deficiency disorders. The result showed that fresh seaweed contained 91,19 % water, 5,07 % ash, 0,27 % fat, 0,27 % protein, 3,22 % carbohydrate and 2,81 ppm iodium. However, the most preferred seaweed juice contained 83,41 % water, 0,04 % ash, 0,48 % fat, 0,15 % protein, 15,93 % carbohydrate and 1,03 ppm iodium. The characteristics of seaweed juice were as follows : iodium level ranged from 0,62 - 1,99 ppm, pH 3,14 - 3,42, acid total 0,32 - 0,51 %, glucose level 11,00 - 18,13 % and dissolved suspension total 1,35 - 1,36 Brix. The organoleptic test showed that the most preferred seaweed juice was one in comparison with water 1:7 and 25 % glucose (A3B3) supplemented
Kualitas Minyak Goreng dan Produk Gorengan Selama Penggorengan di Rumah Tangga Indonesia Ibnu Malkan Bakhrul Ilmi; Ali Khomsan; Sri Anna Marliyati
Jurnal Aplikasi Teknologi Pangan Vol 4, No 2 (2015): Mei 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Food Technologists

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Minyak goreng yang digunakan secara berulang-ulang berpotensi mengandung asam lemak trans. Konsumsi asam lemak trans berisiko memunculkan penyakit diabetes dan jantung koroner. Di Indonesia kebiasaan menggunakan minyak secara berulang lebih dari dua kali mencapai 24%. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengamati perubahan mutu minyak goreng dan produk setelah digoreng dengan menggunakan teknik rumah tangga. Penelitian ini merupakan eksperimental study dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL). Teknik menggoreng yang digunakan adalah deep fat frying dengan minyak sebanyak 2 liter. Produk yang digoreng adalah tahu seberat 900 gram dengan suhu 150-165oC selama 30 menit. Penggorengan dilakukan empat siklus pada jam 07.00 dan 11.30 selama dua hari. Analisis yang dilakukan meliputi analisis Free Fatty Acids (FFA), nilai peroksida, profil asam lemak di minyak goreng dan produk. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kadar FFA dan peroksida minyak tidak berbeda nyata (α > 0.05) antara penggorengan pertama sampai keempat. Asam lemak terbanyak dalam minyak dan tahu adalah asam lemak oleat, linoleat dan palmitat. Rasio asam lemak linoleat dan palmitat tidak mengalami penurunan yang signifikan (α > 0.05) sampai penggunaan minyak keempat. Kadar asam lemak trans produk tahu sampai penggorengan keempat masih dalam batas aman.
PENGARUH STEROL LEMBAGA GANDUM (Triticum sp.) TERHADAP PROFIL LIPIDA DARAH TIKUS Sri Anna Marliyati; Hidayat Syarief; Deddy Muchtadi; Latifah Darusman; Rimbawan Rimbawan; Bambang Pontjo Priosoerjanto
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol. 28 No. 2 (2004): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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ABSTRACT. The role of fitosterol in preventing cholesterol absorption and reducing atherosclerosis risk has been reported. This research was conducted to evaluate the effect of wheat germ sterol on the concentration of total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides, and lesion formation in mice. In this research work. Sprague Dawley mice at the age of 2 months  (productive age) were used A random block design was employed with the following treatment on each experimental unit: Po (basal diet, negative contra/), PI (basal diet with cholesterol added, positive control), P2 (basal diet with cholesterol and ground wheat germ added), P3 (basal diet with cholesterol and wheat germ oil added). P4 (basal diet with cholesterol and wheat germ sterol added). 'and P5 (basal diet with cholesterol and wheat germ sterol supplemented margarine). Each mouse was d.esigned to intake 0.0343 g ofsterol daily, except those of negative control (Po) and positive control (PI). In order to increase cholesterol concentration in blood serum ofmice, 20 mglkg-body weight per day ofpropyltiourasil (PTU) was added into each diet. A set oftests was carried out to observe the concentrations of total cholesterol. LDL, HDL, and tryglycerides in blood serum of test animals, and mouse aorta micrographs. Results showed that wheat germ sterol could prevent the increase ofcholesterol in the blood ofmice. Feeding with sterol (P4) or sterol-supplemented margarine (P5) prevented the increase of total cholesterol after I month of experimentation, however, only P4 sustained the same condition after 2 months ofexperimentation. Feeding with wheat germ sterol (P4) was also the only treatment that prevented the increase of LDL cholesterol after 2 month of experimentation, and it was not different significantly with negative control (Po). Results of experimentation also showed that the concentration of HDL in serum blood of mice was not affected by wheat germ sterol. Unsurprisingly, there was no lesion ofatherosclerosis observed in all treatments used in this research. This result confirmed that mouse is resistant to atherosclerosis. Keywords: wheat germ sterol, mouse, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides. atherosclerotic lesions
EKSTRAKSI DAN ANALISIS FITOSTEROL LEMBAGA GANDUM (Triticum sp.) [Extraction and Analysis of Phytosterol from Wheat Germ (Triticum sp.)] Sri Anna Marliyati; Hidayat Syarief; Deddy Muchtadi; Latifah K Darusman; Rimbawan Rimbawan
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 16 No. 1 (2005): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (497.496 KB)

Abstract

Phytosterol may reduce the absorption of cholesterol, and used for preventing atherosclerosis. It is limited in soybean, but potentially abundant in wheat germ. Research on the utilization of wheat germ sterol had not been reported so far. Many aspects of germ sterol extraction from wheat germ and its characteristics were still unknown. In this research, the best extraction method, kinds and content of phytosterol from wheat germ were investigated. This research consisted of two steps: (1) extraction of phytosterol directly form whole germ and ground germ using hexane, and indirect extraction through germ oil using hexane and mixed solvent of hexane and ethanol, and direct extraction from ground germ using ethanol; (2) analysis of the type and content of phytosterol in the crude extract through the following steps: preparation of crude extract, fractionation, and analysis. Results showed that indirect extraction through germ oil was considered as the best method which yielded 1.37% of phytosterol. The highest yield was obtained when extracted using a mixed solvent of hexane – ethanol 82:18. However, the odor of ethanol and hexane (gasoline like odor) was still detected. The solvent’s ratio of hexane to ethanol at 1:2 resulted better odor of the extract. Extraction of sterol using ethanol yielded 18.39% of sterol when the ratio of germ to ethanol at 1:10 (w/v) was applied. Results of quantitative analysis on the main component of crude extract of wheat germ sterol showed that the total content of sterol extracted with mixed solvent was higher than those extracted with ethanol. The ratio of hexane to ethanol at 1:1 (v/v) gave higher content of total sterol, stigmasterol and campesterol, whereas higher content of -sitosterol was produced at the solvent’s ratio of hexane to ethanol at 1:2 (v/v).
APLIKASI SERBUK WORTEL SEBAGAI SUMBER β-KAROTEN ALAMI PADA PRODUK MI INSTAN Sri Anna Marliyati; Ahmad Sulaeman; Mega Pramudita Rahayu
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 7 No. 2 (2012)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (276.159 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2012.7.2.127-134

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ABSTRACTThe objective of this research was to study the use of carrot powder as a source of natural β-carotene in instant noodle. Four formulas were developed based on carrot powder level added into the formula (0%, 10%, 15%, and 20%). The carrot instant noodle was evaluated for sensory properties by 30 panelists. The best formula was analyzed for chemical properties, including proximate composition, dietary fibre, and β-carotene. The physical properties were analyzed in color, cooking time, elasticity, and water holding capacity. The experimental design applied terms of Complete Randomized Design. The result showed that instant noodle with 15% carrot powder was the best formula of carrot instant noodle. No significant difference in acceptance between this formula and commercial instant noodles. Product was composed of moisture content 7.75% (wb), ash 1.59% (d.b), protein 12.82% (d.b), fat 1.41% (d.b), carbohydrate 84.18% (d.b) and β-carotene 2 390 μg/100 g (199 RE or 99.5 RAE/serving size). Carrot instant noodle had physical properties as cooking time was 3.5 minutes, the color was yellow-redish, elasticity properties was 162.22%, and water holding capacity was 143.89%. This noodle contribute above 15% RDA of vitamin A for the children aged 4—5 years.Key words: β-carotene, carrot powder, instant noodleABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mempelajari penggunaan serbuk wortel sebagai sumber beta karoten alami dalam mi instan. Empat formula dikembangkan berdasarkan jumlah serbuk wortel yang ditambahkan (0%, 10%, 15%, dan 20%). Mi instan wortel dievaluasi sifat organoleptiknya oleh 30 orang panelis. Formula terbaik dianalisis sifat-sifat kimianya meliputi komposisi, serat pangan, dan beta karoten, sedangkan sifat-sifat fisik yang dianalisis adalah warna, waktu masak, elastisitas, dan daya serap air. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mi instan dengan penambahan 15% serbuk wortel merupakan formula terbaik. Tidak ada perbedaan yang nyata dalam penerimaan antara mi instan formula ini dengan mi instan komersial. Produk mi instan ini mengandung air sebesar 7.75% (bb), abu 1.59% (bk), protein 12.82% (bk), lemak 1.41% (bk), karbohidrat 84.18% (bk) dan karoten 2 390 μg/100 g (199 RE atau 99.5 RAE/takaran saji). Mi instan wortel mempunyai sifat-sifat fisik seperti waktu masak 3.5 menit, warna kuning kemerahan, elastisitas 162.22%, dan daya serap air 143.89%. Mi ini berkontribusi sebesar 15% terhadap Angka Kecukupan Gizi vitamin A untuk anak usia 4—5 tahun.Kata kunci: β-karoten, mi instan, serbuk wortel
Co-Authors . Mervina A'immatul Fauziyah Ahmad Sulaeman Aini Aqsa Arafah Aisyah Aisyah Aisyah Nurhusna Aji Nugraha Alfia Ansarullah Ali Khomsan Angga Rizqiawan Avliya Quratul Marjan Bambang Pontjo Priosoeryanto Bibi Ahmad Chahyanto Budi Setiawan Budi Setiawan Budi Setiawan Budi Setiawan Budi Setiawan Cahyuning Isnaini Chairunnisa Utami Pratiwi Clara M. Kusharto Clara Meliyanti Kusharto Clara Meliyanti Kusharto Clara Meliyanti Kusharto Dadan Rohdiana Dadang Sukandar Daniel Pratama Sianturi Darningsih, Sri Deddy Muchtadi Deddy Muchtadi Deni Surya Kencana Dewi Kartika Sari Dewi Ratih Agungpriyono Deya Silviani Dian Ekawati Dodik Briawan Drajat Martiano Drajat Martianto DWINITA WIKAN UTAMI Endang Rohmawati Eny Palupi Evy Damayanthi Fahrul Rozi Faisal Anwar Fajria Saliha Puspita Prameswari Firdaus Firdaus Firdaus Firdaus Fuadini Therik Hadi Riyadi Handaru Tri Mulyono Hardinsyah . Herviana Ferazuma Hidayat Syarief Hidayat Syarief Hidayat Syarief I wayan Teguh Wibawan Ikeu Ekayanti Ilmi, Ibnu Malkan Bakhrul Indah Yuliana Iskandar Mirza Katrin Roosita Katrin Roosita Latifah Darusman Latifah K Darusman Latifah K. Darusman Leily Amalia Lilik Kustiyah Lilik Noor Yuliati MADE ASTAWAN MARDHIATI, RETNO Mega Pramudita Rahayu Megawati Simanjuntak Melly Latifah Mokhamad Fahrudin Muhammad Nuzul Azhim Ash Siddiq Muhilal . Naufal Muharam Nurdin Neysa Rucita Nur Rahman Nurdin Nurdin Nurjannah Dongoran Nusa, Cassandra Permata Pratiwi, Dwi Yanti Winda Putri Novitasari Reni Novia Retnaningsih Retnaningsih Retno Mardhiati Rimbawan , Rini Harianti Rini Harianti Rini Nurindarwati Risti Rosmiati Rizal Damanik Rizal Damanik Siti Madanijah Siti Madanijah Siti Madanijah Sri Yuni Subangkit, Mawar Sumali M Atmojo TATI NURHAYATI Tetty Herta Doloksaribu Tika Nurmalasari Tommy Marcelino Gantohe Trina Astuti Ulfa Purnamasari Purnamasari Wilda Yunieswati Wiwin Winarsih Wiwit Estuti Yayat Heryatno Yuni Nurwati