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PGV-1 is a Potent Antimitotic Agent Barinta Widaryanti; Muhammad Da’i; Masashi Kawaichi
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 13, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (61.837 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.7796


Carcinogenesis may resulted from the malfunctioning of programmed cell death. Most of the anticancer drugs incurrent use induce apoptosis in susceptible cells. The fact that disparate agent interacting with different targets seemto induce cell death through some common mechanisms suggest that anticancer activity is determined by the abilityof inhibiting cell growth. Pentagamavunon-1 (PGV-1) is one of the curcumin analogues which showed to havepotency in inhibiting proliferation of T47D human breast carcinoma cells. The effects on T47D cells growth isassociated with cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase at the concentration of 2.5 ?M, followed by hyperploidy. The data onpolymerization assay, indicated that PGV-1 interact with tubulin in different manner from taxol. PGV-1 inhibittubulin polymerization on cell culture while taxol stabilized tubulin polymerization. Immunostainning data onPGV-1 treated cells showed slightly tubulin condensation, while taxol treated cells showed tubulin condensationdistinctly at 12 minutes after releasing from depolymerizing agent.In conclusion, PGV-1 represent a new microtubule inhibitor and has the potential to be developed for antimitoticdrugKey words: Pentagamavunon-1, T47D, tubulin
T47D cells arrested at G2M and Hyperploidy Formation Induced by a Curcumin’s Analogue PGV-1 Muhammad Da’i; Umar Anggara Jenie; Supardjan AM; Masashi Kawaichi; Edy Meiyanto
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 12, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (305.077 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.7776


its chemical structure than curcumin. As a curcumin analogue, PGV-1 was considered to have anticanceractivities. This research was conducted to study the effect of PGV-1 on the cycle progression of T47D cells. Cytotoxiceffects of PGV-1 on T47D cells were determined using MTT assay, and the the effect on cell cycle progressionwas carried out using flowcytometry. Western blot analysis was used to analyze protein expression correspondingto cell cycle progression. The result showed that at the concentration of 2.5 μM PGV-1 inhibited cell cycleprogression through G2/M arrest and induced of cells hyperploidy formation. The hyperploidy formation inducedby PGV-1 was related to the increase of cdc-2 expression. PGV-1 2.5 μM elevated the level of p21 CIP/KIPthrough p53- independent manner. Apoptosis was also induced by PGV-1 at early phase of treatment indicated byPARP cleavage due to activation of caspase-3/7 after 12 h treatment. The results above suggest that PGV-1 inhibitsthe growth of T47D cells targeted on microtubules.Keywords: PGV-1, G2/M arrest, apoptosis, p21
Cloning and Expression of ORF124 Koi Herpesvirus as a Vaccine M. Murwantoko; Dewi Nur'aeni Setyowati; Rarastoeti Pratiwi; Masashi Kawaichi
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 17, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (226.702 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.7850


Koi herpesvirus (KHV) which also known as Cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (CyHV-3), Koi herpes-like virus,and carp interstitial nephritis gill necrosis virus (CNGV), caused signifi cant morbidity and mortality in koiand common carp (Cyprinus carpio). The case fatality rate of this disease is 80–100%. Glycoprotein has beenused for vaccine development as sub unit vaccine against viruses. The aim of this research was to clone andexpress membrane glycoprotein ORF124 KHV as a candidate of recombinant vaccine. ORF124 KHV gene wassuccessfully cloned into pBSKS and sequenced. Result showed that ORF124 KHV (isolate from Indonesia) had100 % similarity with Cyprinid herpesvirus 3 strain TUMST1 (from Japan), 99% similarity with Koi herpesvirus strain KHV-U (from USA) and Koi herpesvirus strain KHV-I (from Israel). Prediction analysis of T and B cellepitopes showed that ORF124 KHV protein had 14 and 11 T cell epitopes (IAd, Rothbard/Taylor pattern),and had 10 B cell epitopes, suggested that the protein can be used as a vaccine candidate. ORF124 gene hasbeen expressed in Escherichia coli under pET32-a(+)vector.
Phylogenetic relationship of Gram Negative Bacteria of Enterobacteriaceae Family in the Positive Widal Blood Cultures based on 16S rRNA Gene Sequences Sri Darmawati; Langkah Sembiring; Widya Asmara; Wayan T. Artama; Masashi Kawaichi
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 19, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (431.864 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.8635


The purpose of this study was to analyze the phylogenetic relationship of Gram negative bacteria (3strains of Salmonella typhi, 1 strain of Escherichia coli, 1 strain of Serratia marcescens, and 3 strains of Enterobactercloacae) of Enterobacteriaceae family in positive Widal blood cultures based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. Theresults respectively showed that each two 16S rRNA gene clones of Serratia marcescens KD 08.4 had a closerelationship with 16S rRNA gene of Serrratia marcescens ATCC 13880 (similarity: 99.53-99.8%), Eschericia coliBA 30.1 with Eschericia coli ATCC 11775T (similarity: 99.38-99.67%), Salmonella typhi BA 07.4, Salmonella typhiKD 30.4, and Salmonella typhi SA 02.2 with Salmonella typhi ATCC 19430T (similarity: 99.4-100%) as well as theisolates of Enterobacter cloacae SA 02.1, Enterobacter cloacae BA 45.4.1, one 16S rRNA gene clone of Enterobactercloacae TG 03.5 with Enterobacter cloacae ATCC 23373 (similarity: 99.0-99.87%).