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THE DESCRIPTION OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT AT PT X SIDOARJO Putri Ayuni Alayyannur; Neffrety Nilamsari
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 1, No 2 (2017): Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v1i2.887

Abstract

Various sources of hazard in the workplace needs to be controlled to minimize the risk of occupational accidents and occupational diseases. PT X is one of the pharmaceutical industry in Sidoarjo, East Java. It produces more than 270 different products in different dosages and forms and is considered as one of the leading pharmaceutical manufacturers in Indonesia. Therefore, then the likelihood of accidents must be prevented. Potential hazards in PT X are very complex, including physical, chemical, biological, and mechanical hazard. Therefore, the industry makes every effort to minimize the potential hazards in accordance with the hierarchy of control. Th recommendations use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) as early protection measures against the hazard of accidents and occupational diseases that arise in the workplace performed after other methods first conducted. This study aimed to describe the PPE management in PT X, with observational method. Based on observations and interviews, PT X had identified the needs and requirements of PPE; selecting appropriate PPE to the type of hazards and comfort of workers; PPE training; conducting the use, maintenance and storage of PPE training; governance disposal or destruction of PPE; coaching; and inspections, but had not done an evaluation and reporting PPE. Keywords: personal protective equipment; personal protective equipment management; pharmaceutical manufacturers 
An Ergonomic Desk and Chair Prototype to Improve Seating Position on Senior High School Students at Kabupaten Gresik Neffrety Nilamsari; Soebijanto Soebijanto; Lientje S.M.; Setokoesoemo B.R.
Jurnal Ners Vol. 10 No. 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2680.238 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v10i1.1880

Abstract

Introduction: The need of desks and chairs at school which appropriate with student’s anthropometry are very important. Desks and chairs which not suit with student’s anthropometry will lead to fatigue. At Kabupaten Gresik, the provision of desks and chairs which suit with student’s anthropometry still less in number. This study was aimed to provide recomendation for an ergonomic desk and chair prototype to improve seating position on senior high school students at Kabupaten Gresik.Methods: This was preexperiment research with one group pre post test design. Research subjects were students at SMAN 1 Menganti and SMAN 1 Cerme, Kabupaten Gresik, 139 students were involved.Results: The recomendation of ergonomic desks and chairs specifi cation according to student’s anthropometry were: 1) Prototypechair N, length = 48 cm, wide = 43 cm, cushion base’s height from floor surfaces = 47 cm, bag keeper’s height from floor surfaces =3cm, bag keeper’s wide= 43 cm, bag keeper’s length = 47 cm, cushion’s wide = 41 cm, cushion’s length = 46cm, handrest’s height = 22 cm, handrest’s length = 30 cm, backrest’s height = 38 cm, backrest’s wide = 43 cm, cushion’s foam thickness = 4 cm, backrest’s foam thickness = 4 cm; 2) Prototype desk N, length = 50 cm, wide = 66 cm, back section’s height = 85 cm, front section’s height = 75 cm, footrest from fl oor surfaces = 10 cm, drawer’s height = 10cm, front bamper’s height = 40 cm, and table’s angle = 10o.Conclusion: An ergonomic desks and chairs are very important for students at school, it will help teaching learning process run well and comfortable. The measurement of desk and chair must be reviewed after fi ve years, because of student’s anthropometric development. So then students will feel no fatigue.
An Ergonomic Desk and Chair Prototype to Improve Seating Position on Senior High School Students at Kabupaten Gresik Nilamsari, Neffrety; Soebijanto, Soebijanto; S.M., Lientje; B.R., Setokoesoemo
Jurnal NERS Vol 10, No 1 (2015): Vol. 10 Nomor 1 April 2015
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2680.238 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/%oj.Ners101%y87-103

Abstract

Introduction: The need of desks and chairs at school which appropriate with student’s anthropometry are very important. Desks and chairs which not suit with student’s anthropometry will lead to fatigue. At Kabupaten Gresik, the provision of desks and chairs which suit with student’s anthropometry still less in number. This study was aimed to provide recomendation for an ergonomic desk and chair prototype to improve seating position on senior high school students at Kabupaten Gresik. Method: This was preexperiment research with one group pre post test design. Research subjects were students at SMAN 1 Menganti and SMAN 1 Cerme, Kabupaten Gresik, 139 students were involved. Result: The recomendation of ergonomic desks and chairs specifi cation according to student’s anthropometry were: 1) Prototypechair N, length = 48 cm, wide = 43 cm, cushion base’s height from floor surfaces = 47 cm, bag keeper’s height from floor surfaces =3cm, bag keeper’s wide= 43 cm, bag keeper’s length = 47 cm, cushion’s wide = 41 cm, cushion’s length = 46cm, handrest’s height = 22 cm, handrest’s length = 30 cm, backrest’s height = 38 cm, backrest’s wide = 43 cm, cushion’s foam thickness = 4 cm, backrest’s foam thickness = 4 cm; 2) Prototype desk N, length = 50 cm, wide = 66 cm, back section’s height = 85 cm, front section’s height = 75 cm, footrest from fl oor surfaces = 10 cm, drawer’s height = 10cm, front bamper’s height = 40 cm, and table’s angle = 10o. Discussion: An ergonomic desks and chairs are very important for students at school, it will help teaching learning process run well and comfortable. The measurement of desk and chair must be reviewed after fi ve years, because of student’s anthropometric development. So then students will feel no fatigue.Keywords: ergonomy, senior high school student’s seating position
HUBUNGAN MASA KERJA DAN USIA DENGAN TINGKAT HIDRASI PEKERJA PERAJIN MANIK-MANIK DI KABUPATEN JOMBANG Neffrety Nilamsari; Ratih Damayanti; Erwin Dyah Nawawinetu
Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) Vol 9 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) November 2018
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Maluku

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (593.351 KB) | DOI: 10.32695/jkt.v2i9.14

Abstract

Every workplace always has potential hazards. The potential hazards most often found inmanufacturing industries are potential physical hazards that can affect labor productivity. The purposeof this study was to analyze the relationship between working period and age of bead craftsmen withhydration levels. Respondents in this study were 19 workers in PT X Jombang Regency. This researchis an observational study with a cross sectional design. Data collection was conducted from April toJuly 2018. Statistical tests used correlation test in testing urin color indications to determinedehydration levels. The results showed a relationship between the variable work period and the level oflabor hydration with p-value 0.000, age variable with hydration level did not have a relationship withp-value 0.087 where the temperature in the workspace averages 34.1°C. There is a relationship betweenthe length of work and the level of hydration of bead craftsmen and there is no relationship betweenage and level of hydration of bead craftsmen. To reduce the level of hydration status, it isrecommended that every bead craftsman every 2 hours drink as much as 0.5 liters of water, so that theneed for fluids is approximately 2 liter in 8 hours of work can be fulfilled. Companies are advised toadd the amount of ventilation in the workspace to reduce exposure to hot temperatures in theworkspace. Keywords: Hydration level, working period, age
FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH BLOOD PRESSURE ON SHIFT WORKERS AND NON-SHIFT WORKERS IN PT. X GRESIK Nur Fitriani; Neffrety Nilamsari
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v2i1.1273

Abstract

Blood pressure is a critical factor in the circulation system. There are two kinds of blood pressure abnormality known as hypertension or high blood pressure and low blood pressure or hypontension. Many risk factors to enhace it, or person who suffering hypertension, one of them shift work. A research about Malaysian male workers in a firm showed that the prevalence of shift work related to hypertension was significantly higher shift worker than non-shift worker. The result of Medical Check Up PT. X Gresik worker on 2017, that shift worker and non-shift have hypertension risk approxiametly 15.75 % or 26 workers. The purpose of this research, knowing  the  factors related to blood pressure on shift worker or non-shift worker in PT. X Gresik. This research cross-sectinal designed with 44 workers into 2 grohups and its selected to use purposive sampling. Data taken by through measurement and questionnaire. The data analysis are univariate analysis with cross tabulation and bivariate analysis with statistic test, its chisquared test and spearmen correlation. The result explained that shift worker and non-shift worker who have normal blood pressure 34.1 %, pre hypertension, 52.2%, and hypertension stage one 13.6%. In this research, significantly statistic of the history of family disease and body massa index are correlated to blood pressure (p<0.05). While the age, education level, job stress, physical activity, caffeine consumtion, drugs ingestion, and smoking habit are significantly statistic uncorrelated to blood pressure (p>0.05). Based on research, it would be suggest to a company provide routine health service, and workers to check routinely blood pressure tension, to set diet with balanced nutrition. Keywords : Blood pressure, Shift and non-shift workers, PT. X Gresik
PENDIDIKAN USIA DINI BERBASIS KESEHATAN UNTUK MENURUNKAN ANGKA KESAKITAN PADA BALITA DAN ANAK DI SURABAYA Ratih Damayanti; Neffrety Nilamsari
Jurnal Layanan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Services) Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020): JURNAL LAYANAN MASYARAKAT
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jlm.v4i1.2020.152-159

Abstract

Clean and Healthy Life Behavior is important to be included in the material taught in kindergarten / KB schools which are elements of early childhood education (PAUD).  Because lessons that are implanted early on will make an impression and will always be done by children to adulthood. In addition, clean and healthy living behavior, as a preventive measure, can help reduce infant mortality due to infectious diseases, both water borne disease and food born disease. TK-KB and TPA Lasiyam and TK-KB Masyithah are representatives of two districts, namely Tambaksari District and Mulyorejo District for this community service program. The program aims to increase the knowledge of teachers and caregivers in these two schools in the hope that teachers and caregivers can teach clean and healthy living behavior to their students. The increase of knowledge for teachers and caregivers in PAUD will be important to help reduce the number of morbidity and the establishment of knowledge of health knowledge for students in kindergarten, family planning, TPA Lasiyam and TK & KB Masyithah.abstrakPerilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat penting untuk dimasukkan dalam materi yang diajarkan di sekolah TK / KB yang merupakan elemen pendidikan anak usia dini (PAUD). Karena pelajaran yang ditanamkan sejak dini akan membuat kesan dan akan selalu dilakukan oleh anak hingga dewasa. Selain itu, perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat, sebagai tindakan pencegahan, dapat membantu mengurangi kematian bayi karena penyakit menular, baik penyakit yang terbawa air dan penyakit bawaan makanan. TK-KB dan TPA Lasiyam dan TK-KB Masyithah adalah perwakilan dari dua kabupaten, yaitu Kecamatan Tambaksari dan Kecamatan Mulyorejo untuk program layanan masyarakat ini. Program ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan para guru dan pengasuh di kedua sekolah ini dengan harapan bahwa para guru dan pengasuh dapat mengajarkan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat kepada siswa mereka. Peningkatan pengetahuan untuk guru dan pengasuh di PAUD akan penting untuk membantu mengurangi angka morbiditas dan pembentukan pengetahuan kesehatan bagi siswa di taman kanak-kanak, keluarga berencana, TPA Lasiyam dan TK & KB Masyithah.
EFFECTIVENESS OF FIRST AID AND OSH TRAINING ON IMPROVING THE KNOWLEDGE OF KINDERGARTEN TEACHERS IN GRESIK Neffrety Nilamsari; Ratih Damayanti
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 3, No 1 (2018): New Dimensions of Occupational Health and Industrial Safety
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v3i1.2429

Abstract

In Indonesia every year, 750,000 children die from accidents and 400 million children are seriously injured. In 2010 child mortality due to accidents, poisoning and trauma in Indonesia was recorded at 7.3% and was one of the five highest causes of child mortality. Accidents can be prevented and can be overcome if the teacher knows what to do to prevent and provide first aid in accidents or medical emergencies. The purpose of this study was to identify the average value of kindergarten teacher knowledge about occupational safety and health (OSH) in the school environment before and after training to improve first aid and OSH knowledge and skills. This type of research is quasy exprimental with one group pre test and post test design research design. The population is all kindergarten teachers in Menganti District, Gresik Regency. The purposive sampling technique was 20 teachers who were representatives of 3 HIMPAUDI clusters. Results of the study Before and after training participants were given a questionnaire aimed at knowing participants' understanding of knowledge and materials about first aid and knowledge of occupational safety and health (OSH). The average knowledge before first aid training was 65.75 while after the training it increased to 89.75.The average knowledge about OSH before training was 61.5 and after training increased to 90. The results of paired test tests obtained p value> 0.005 that is 0.000 which means that there is a very significant mean difference between before and after the provision of first aid and OSH training in school environments . It can be said that the training can increase the knowledge of playgroup teachers who are trainees about first aid knowledge and knowledge about OSH in the school environment. First Aid and OSH training can improve knowledge of kindergarten teachers at Menganti District, Gresik.Keywords: First aid, Ocupational Health and Safety, Knowledge , Kindergarten teacher
THE EFFORT TO INCREASE AWARENESS SAFETY AND HEALTH AT SCHOOLS FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS STUDENT USING ROLE PLAY METHOD Neffrety Nilamsari; Fadilatus Sukma Ika Noviarni; Ratih Damayanti
Darmabakti Cendekia: Journal of Community Service and Engagements Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Vocational Studies, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (405.65 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/dc.V1.I1.2019.22-27

Abstract

Background: Application of Occupational Safety and Health (K3) is not only the scope of the company but also be started from the household and school environment. There are many potential hazards for students at school and can cause an accident or illness for students if not controlled well. Primary school is a form of formal education for children aged 6 to 12 years. Child is curious about a concept. During this period, children have begun to be able to distinguish between good and bad based on their own reasoning. Purpose: The right method was needed to motivated children aged 6-12 years to play safe at the school environment and home. Method: The role play method was used as a tool to stimulate students aged 6-12 years to be able to increase awareness of the importance of applying OSH in the school and home environment especially when playing futsal and bicycles. Result: The understanding scores of playing material was safe during the pre-test with a very good rating of 66.67%, and those who lack understanding 12.90%. An increase in scores after the role play of the criteria was very good up to 69.15% while the lack of understanding criteria can be reduced until 4.25%. Conclusion: The material thas has been given has a positive impact on students awareness. These activities can be improved through children habituation to live safety consciously.
SAFE BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS OF WORKERS WITH ABC (ACTIVATOR-BEHAVIOR-CONSEQUENCE) MODEL Luthfi Rizky Affandhy; Neffrety Nilamsari
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v2i1.1270

Abstract

One way of reducing occupational accidents is by implementing BBS program and the goal is by changing “at risk” behavior  to safe behavior. The unsafe actions is likely driven by unawareness, ignorance, and incompetence of the workers to commit safe behavior. As the result, analysis on workplace safety behavior, the activator-behavior-consequence (ABC) model was applied to optimize the prevention of occupational accidents. The main purpose of this study was to analyse the safe behavior of the workers through the ABC model. This was an observational research using the cross-sectional design. The population was all workers (N=32) employed in the Production unit PT. X Mojokerto and the sample was the total population. The results of this study showed that most of workers (90,6%) had good knowledge; 84,4% of workers had good awareness; 84,4% of workers stated the need for safety had been fulfilled; all workers stated that the existing safety rules of the company had been implemented; 65,6% of workers never got positive reinforcement; 87,5% of workers never got punishment; and 87,5% of workers did safety behavior at the workplace. Keywords: production workers, safe behavior, The ABC model
THE EFFORTS TO INCREASE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT BALANCED NUTRITION AT ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN Ratih Damayanti; Indah Lutfiya; Neffrety Nilamsari
Darmabakti Cendekia: Journal of Community Service and Engagements Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Vocational Studies, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (471.176 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/dc.V1.I1.2019.28-33

Abstract

Background: The balanced  nutrition  paradigm is currently unknown  to  the  general public, especially school-age children. The old paradigm of four healthy five perfects is still taught in schools. Whereas in the new paradigm of balanced nutrition, in addition to the principle of nutrition that must be consumed in a balanced manner, there is another message that must be conveyed, namely physical activity at least 30 minutes every day, regular exercise, drinking 8 glasses of water a day, washing hands before and after eating and always monitor your weight. Purpose: This community service activity aims to improve balanced nutrition knowledge in elementary school age children. Method: The method of community service is through lectures and games for ice breaking so that the atmosphere becomes more fun. Results: Most of the students of SDN Kalisari 1 Surabaya were female (54%), 10 years old (62%), and parents had jobs in the “other” category namely construction workers, janitors and farm workers (38%). As many as 83% of students have breakfast habits and 88% of students often access the internet. The level of student’s knowledge of balanced nutrition is included in the sufficient category (59%). There is a difference in the level of knowledge before and after counseling about the concept of balanced nutrition (α = 0.04). Conclusion: Efforts to increase knowledge of balanced nutrition with counseling and game methods are considered effective because there is a significant increase in the level of knowledge of SDN Kalisari 1 Surabaya students.