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DESCRIPTION OF ACCIDENT AT STEEL INDUSTRY IN GRESIK INDONESIA Ratih Damayanti; Egy Ramandhani
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Safety Culture to Improve The Quality of Human Life
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v2i2.1886

Abstract

One of the main causes of loss in the company or industry is an occupational accident. The loss were losing work time, companies spend a lot of money to do the treatment to the victim or the cost for damages that arise. Industri Baja X Gresik aas one of the largest steel processing industry in Indonesia has potential hazards that can lead to work accidents. The aim of this research was to know the description of work accidents in Industri Baja X Gresik including the characteristics and history of accidents workers. This research was descriptive observational research conducted to crossectional approach. The respondent of this study were the total population of workers who had experienced occupational accidents from September 2016 to August 2017. Most of the workers (55%) from 4 units of work have experienced accidents such as scratched, cut or slashed. The most dominant factor were the unsafe behavior (55%) and the unsafe condition (20%). Conclusion : The work accident that happened in Industri Baja X Gresik in consequence of unsafe act and unsafe condition. Eventhough not a fatal accident if an accident then the main cause should be eliminated. Recommendation : The Company should take prevention with adequate use of PPE, the implementation of 5 R and control of production space and safety promotion activity to increase worker knowledge and awareness in order to decrease accident rate for worker with age group below 45 years. Keywords : accidents, metal industry, Indonesia
HUBUNGAN MASA KERJA DAN USIA DENGAN TINGKAT HIDRASI PEKERJA PERAJIN MANIK-MANIK DI KABUPATEN JOMBANG Neffrety Nilamsari; Ratih Damayanti; Erwin Dyah Nawawinetu
Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) Vol 9 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) November 2018
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Maluku

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (593.351 KB) | DOI: 10.32695/jkt.v2i9.14

Abstract

Every workplace always has potential hazards. The potential hazards most often found inmanufacturing industries are potential physical hazards that can affect labor productivity. The purposeof this study was to analyze the relationship between working period and age of bead craftsmen withhydration levels. Respondents in this study were 19 workers in PT X Jombang Regency. This researchis an observational study with a cross sectional design. Data collection was conducted from April toJuly 2018. Statistical tests used correlation test in testing urin color indications to determinedehydration levels. The results showed a relationship between the variable work period and the level oflabor hydration with p-value 0.000, age variable with hydration level did not have a relationship withp-value 0.087 where the temperature in the workspace averages 34.1°C. There is a relationship betweenthe length of work and the level of hydration of bead craftsmen and there is no relationship betweenage and level of hydration of bead craftsmen. To reduce the level of hydration status, it isrecommended that every bead craftsman every 2 hours drink as much as 0.5 liters of water, so that theneed for fluids is approximately 2 liter in 8 hours of work can be fulfilled. Companies are advised toadd the amount of ventilation in the workspace to reduce exposure to hot temperatures in theworkspace. Keywords: Hydration level, working period, age
FACTORS OF SUBJECTIVE WORK FATIGUE ON SERVICE WORKERS DOCKING PT PAL INDONESIA (PERSERO) Yola Bella Arfani; Ratih Damayanti
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 4, No 1 (2019): Cultivate and Sustain a Safety Culture for Building Nation
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v4i1.3300

Abstract

Fatigue was a feeling of tiredness and a decrease in alertness to workers caused by psychological and physical factors. Fatigue will reduce performance and increase the level of work errors. The purpose of this study was to analyze the internal factors and external factors of subjective work fatigue on service workers docking maintenance division in PT PAL Indonesia (Persero). This study was an observational study with cross sectional design. The subject in this study was the total population (18 workers). The independent variables in this study were internal factors (age, working period, and nutritional status) and workload. Dependent variables were subjective work fatigue that measured by the International Fatigue Research Committee (IFRC) 30-item questionnaire general fatigue symptoms. The results of this study showed that the most fatigue felt by workers was moderate fatigue (50%). Moderate fatigue were experienced by workers ranging in age from 25 to 32 years (57.1%) with a working period of 24-32 years (54.5%), excessive nutritional status (50%), and light workload (54.5%). The conclusion of this study were that the more age increases, the longer the working period, the more nutritional status increases the fatigue of work experienced. The lighter the workload, the more work fatigue increases, it is caused by factors outside of work. Keywords: Subjective Work Fatigue, Internal Factor, External Factor
PENDIDIKAN USIA DINI BERBASIS KESEHATAN UNTUK MENURUNKAN ANGKA KESAKITAN PADA BALITA DAN ANAK DI SURABAYA Ratih Damayanti; Neffrety Nilamsari
Jurnal Layanan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Services) Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020): JURNAL LAYANAN MASYARAKAT
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jlm.v4i1.2020.152-159

Abstract

Clean and Healthy Life Behavior is important to be included in the material taught in kindergarten / KB schools which are elements of early childhood education (PAUD).  Because lessons that are implanted early on will make an impression and will always be done by children to adulthood. In addition, clean and healthy living behavior, as a preventive measure, can help reduce infant mortality due to infectious diseases, both water borne disease and food born disease. TK-KB and TPA Lasiyam and TK-KB Masyithah are representatives of two districts, namely Tambaksari District and Mulyorejo District for this community service program. The program aims to increase the knowledge of teachers and caregivers in these two schools in the hope that teachers and caregivers can teach clean and healthy living behavior to their students. The increase of knowledge for teachers and caregivers in PAUD will be important to help reduce the number of morbidity and the establishment of knowledge of health knowledge for students in kindergarten, family planning, TPA Lasiyam and TK & KB Masyithah.abstrakPerilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat penting untuk dimasukkan dalam materi yang diajarkan di sekolah TK / KB yang merupakan elemen pendidikan anak usia dini (PAUD). Karena pelajaran yang ditanamkan sejak dini akan membuat kesan dan akan selalu dilakukan oleh anak hingga dewasa. Selain itu, perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat, sebagai tindakan pencegahan, dapat membantu mengurangi kematian bayi karena penyakit menular, baik penyakit yang terbawa air dan penyakit bawaan makanan. TK-KB dan TPA Lasiyam dan TK-KB Masyithah adalah perwakilan dari dua kabupaten, yaitu Kecamatan Tambaksari dan Kecamatan Mulyorejo untuk program layanan masyarakat ini. Program ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan para guru dan pengasuh di kedua sekolah ini dengan harapan bahwa para guru dan pengasuh dapat mengajarkan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat kepada siswa mereka. Peningkatan pengetahuan untuk guru dan pengasuh di PAUD akan penting untuk membantu mengurangi angka morbiditas dan pembentukan pengetahuan kesehatan bagi siswa di taman kanak-kanak, keluarga berencana, TPA Lasiyam dan TK & KB Masyithah.
Knowledge Enhancement about COVID-19 Prevention on Community with Webinar Program Ratih Damayanti
Jurnal Layanan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Services) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2021): JURNAL LAYANAN MASYARAKAT
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jlm.v5i1.2021.103-110

Abstract

COVID-19 is increasingly difficult to control. There is evidence of an increase in cases during the beginning of December. There needs to be community participation in prevention and control efforts anywhere (including at home, public facilities and workplaces). Webinars are a method that can be used during a pandemic to increase public knowledge. In this activity, the results showed that some of the participants were female in the age group less than 30 years old with status as students. There was a significant increase in knowledge (p-value = 0.000) of community groups who were provided with counseling through webinars of 9.17 points. It is necessary to expand the reach of people who get counseling through webinars so that information or knowledge about the prevention and handling of COVID-19 can be widely spread throughout Indonesia. 
Occupational Stress among Librarian and Library Staff in Universitas Airlangga Indonesia Ratih Damayanti; Fadilatus Sukma Ika Noviarmi; Erwin Dyah Nawawinetu; Maisyatus Suadaa Irfana
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol. 9 No. 1 (2020): The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v9i1.2020.104-112

Abstract

Introduction: As the other worker, librarian could be got occupational stress because of their duties. However, the duties of librarians and library staff seem trivial and monotonous to the general public. Precisely because it looks trivial and monotonous, research needs to be done related to work stress experienced by librarians and library staff.  Aim of this study were to assessed the work stress experienced by librarians and library staff also analyze work stress related factors among librarians and library staff. Methods: In this observational analytic research that has cross sectional designed, occupational stress level was measured by HSE questionnaire and role conflict, carrier development and responsibility to person in organization were calculated by questionnaire in Manpower Minister Decree number 5 2018. Results: Most of the librarian and library staff experienced moderate level of occupational stress. Analysis of chi-square results proved that role conflicts and carrier development significantly related to occupational stress that was experienced by librarian and library staff in Airlangga University. On the other hand, the other variables of socio-demographic and responsibility to person in organization have no significant relationship. Conclusion: Almost all levels of work stress on librarians and library staff are middle to high level with factors related to role conflict and career development.Keywords: Indonesia, librarian, occupational stress, university
THE EFFORTS TO INCREASE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT BALANCED NUTRITION AT ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN Ratih Damayanti; Indah Lutfiya; Neffrety Nilamsari
Darmabakti Cendekia: Journal of Community Service and Engagements Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Vocational Studies, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (471.176 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/dc.V1.I1.2019.28-33

Abstract

Background: The balanced  nutrition  paradigm is currently unknown  to  the  general public, especially school-age children. The old paradigm of four healthy five perfects is still taught in schools. Whereas in the new paradigm of balanced nutrition, in addition to the principle of nutrition that must be consumed in a balanced manner, there is another message that must be conveyed, namely physical activity at least 30 minutes every day, regular exercise, drinking 8 glasses of water a day, washing hands before and after eating and always monitor your weight. Purpose: This community service activity aims to improve balanced nutrition knowledge in elementary school age children. Method: The method of community service is through lectures and games for ice breaking so that the atmosphere becomes more fun. Results: Most of the students of SDN Kalisari 1 Surabaya were female (54%), 10 years old (62%), and parents had jobs in the “other” category namely construction workers, janitors and farm workers (38%). As many as 83% of students have breakfast habits and 88% of students often access the internet. The level of student’s knowledge of balanced nutrition is included in the sufficient category (59%). There is a difference in the level of knowledge before and after counseling about the concept of balanced nutrition (α = 0.04). Conclusion: Efforts to increase knowledge of balanced nutrition with counseling and game methods are considered effective because there is a significant increase in the level of knowledge of SDN Kalisari 1 Surabaya students.
EFFECTIVENESS OF FIRST AID AND OSH TRAINING ON IMPROVING THE KNOWLEDGE OF KINDERGARTEN TEACHERS IN GRESIK Neffrety Nilamsari; Ratih Damayanti
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 3, No 1 (2018): New Dimensions of Occupational Health and Industrial Safety
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v3i1.2429

Abstract

In Indonesia every year, 750,000 children die from accidents and 400 million children are seriously injured. In 2010 child mortality due to accidents, poisoning and trauma in Indonesia was recorded at 7.3% and was one of the five highest causes of child mortality. Accidents can be prevented and can be overcome if the teacher knows what to do to prevent and provide first aid in accidents or medical emergencies. The purpose of this study was to identify the average value of kindergarten teacher knowledge about occupational safety and health (OSH) in the school environment before and after training to improve first aid and OSH knowledge and skills. This type of research is quasy exprimental with one group pre test and post test design research design. The population is all kindergarten teachers in Menganti District, Gresik Regency. The purposive sampling technique was 20 teachers who were representatives of 3 HIMPAUDI clusters. Results of the study Before and after training participants were given a questionnaire aimed at knowing participants' understanding of knowledge and materials about first aid and knowledge of occupational safety and health (OSH). The average knowledge before first aid training was 65.75 while after the training it increased to 89.75.The average knowledge about OSH before training was 61.5 and after training increased to 90. The results of paired test tests obtained p value> 0.005 that is 0.000 which means that there is a very significant mean difference between before and after the provision of first aid and OSH training in school environments . It can be said that the training can increase the knowledge of playgroup teachers who are trainees about first aid knowledge and knowledge about OSH in the school environment. First Aid and OSH training can improve knowledge of kindergarten teachers at Menganti District, Gresik.Keywords: First aid, Ocupational Health and Safety, Knowledge , Kindergarten teacher
THE EFFORT TO INCREASE AWARENESS SAFETY AND HEALTH AT SCHOOLS FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS STUDENT USING ROLE PLAY METHOD Neffrety Nilamsari; Fadilatus Sukma Ika Noviarni; Ratih Damayanti
Darmabakti Cendekia: Journal of Community Service and Engagements Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Vocational Studies, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (405.65 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/dc.V1.I1.2019.22-27

Abstract

Background: Application of Occupational Safety and Health (K3) is not only the scope of the company but also be started from the household and school environment. There are many potential hazards for students at school and can cause an accident or illness for students if not controlled well. Primary school is a form of formal education for children aged 6 to 12 years. Child is curious about a concept. During this period, children have begun to be able to distinguish between good and bad based on their own reasoning. Purpose: The right method was needed to motivated children aged 6-12 years to play safe at the school environment and home. Method: The role play method was used as a tool to stimulate students aged 6-12 years to be able to increase awareness of the importance of applying OSH in the school and home environment especially when playing futsal and bicycles. Result: The understanding scores of playing material was safe during the pre-test with a very good rating of 66.67%, and those who lack understanding 12.90%. An increase in scores after the role play of the criteria was very good up to 69.15% while the lack of understanding criteria can be reduced until 4.25%. Conclusion: The material thas has been given has a positive impact on students awareness. These activities can be improved through children habituation to live safety consciously.
Correlation between Workers’ Characteristics and Workplace Noise with Subjective Hearing Disorders in Textile Industry Ratih Damayanti; Indah Lutfiya; Esfahani Refi Mirza
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol. 11 No. SI (2022): Special Issue
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v11iSI.2022.19-30

Abstract

Introduction: The textile manufacturing industry has a noisy work environment as a result of the weaving machines which have a noise intensity exceeding the threshold value. Noise can cause complaints of hearing disorders. Other factors that influence hearing disorders are agework period, and the use of ear protection equipment. This study aims to analyze the relationship between age, work period, the use of ear protection equipment, and noise intensity on complaints of subjective hearing disorders in the AJL Weaving Department of Textile Industry. Method: This research was a descriptive observational study with a cross sectional approach. Data were obtained by measuring noise intensity and distributing questionnaires to workers. Respondents in this study amounted to 45 people who were the total population of weaving operators and maintenance workers in the AJL Weaving Department of Textile Industry. Results: The results of this study indicate that age and work period have a sufficient relationship with complaints of subjective hearing disorders, while the use of ear protection equipment has a weak relationship with complaints of subjective hearing disorders, and noise intensity has a strong relationship with complaints of subjective hearing disorders. Conclusion: Individual characteristics only have a weak to moderate relationship with subjective hearing complaints. Meanwhile, exposure to noise intensity has a strong relationship with subjective hearing complaints.