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PENERAPAN SISTEM PENANAMAN JAJAR LEGOWO MELALUI PEMBERIAN RHIZOBAKTERI UNTUK PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI PADI Yulmira Yanti; Hasmiandy Hamid; Yaherwandi Yaherwandi; Noveriza Hermeria
Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS Vol 3 No 4 (2020)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jhi.v3i4.469

Abstract

Kabupaten Tanah Datar merupakan daerah agraris, lebih 70% penduduknya bekerja pada sektor pertanian, baik pertanian tanaman pangan, perkebunan, perikanan, maupun peternakan. Nagari Gunung Rajo merupakan salah satu nagari di Kecamatan Batipuh dengan pertanian sebagai sektor ekonomi utama yaitu tanaman padi sawah. Masalah yang sering dihadapi petani Gunung Rajo adalah masalah hama dan penyakit yang menyerang tanaman. Salah satu komponen utama dari program PHT adalah pengendalian hayati dengan memanfaatkan agen hayati rizobakteri indigenus. Aplikasi rizobakteri sangat menguntungkan bagi tanaman karena dapat mempengaruhi pertumbuhan tanaman secara langsung dan tidak langsung. Tujuan kegiatan pemberdayaan kelompok tani ini adalah untuk menambah pengetahuan masyarakat mengenai pemanfaatan rizobakteri yang dapat meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan hasil produksi tanaman padi dengan sistem tanam jajar legowo. Metode yang digunakan dalam kegiatan ini yaitu dengan pelatihan terstruktur dan praktik langsung dilapangan pengaruh rizobakteri terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman padi menggunakan sistem jajar legowo. Hasil yang diperoleh dari kegiatan ini yaitu produksi bobot gabah/rumpun tanaman yang diberi perlakuan rizobakteri lebih tinggi sebanyak 40,74 gram dibandingkan dengan tanaman yang tidak diberi perlakuan rizobakteri (tanaman kontrol). Kesimpulan dari kegiatan ini yaitu pertumbuhan dan hasil produksi tanaman yang di aplikasikan menggunakan rizobakteri lebih tinggi dari pada tanaman yang tidak diberi perlakuan rizobakteri. Penggunaan rizobakteri sangat disarankan karena selain mudah untuk didapatkan juga memberikan nilai positif terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman dan baik untuk teknologi lingkungan sekitar tanaman budidaya.
PEMBERDAYAAN KELOMPOK TANI SAWAH PAYO KABUPATEN TANAH DATAR DALAM PEMBUATAN RIZOKOMPOS DAN PESTISIDA NABATI Yulmira Yanti; Hasmiandy Hamid; Putra Santoso; Noveriza Hermeria
Jurnal Dinamika Pengabdian (JDP) Vol. 6 No. 1 (2020): JURNAL DINAMIKA PENGABDIAN VOL. 6 NO. 1 OKTOBER 2020
Publisher : Departemen Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian UNHAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jdp.v6i1.7702

Abstract

The Sawah Payo Nagari Gunung Rajo farmers group of Batipuh Subdistrict, Tanah Datar Regency has the potential in the production of organic fertilizers and vegetable pesticides because it is supported by the rest of the agricultural products and weeds of Tithonia diversifolia, Piper aduncum and livestock waste (animal waste) which overflow. Utilization of weed crop agricultural waste, whether livestock is still not optimal. The processing of agricultural and agricultural waste into compost carried out by most farmers in Nagari Gunung Rajo has not used the fermentation process, resulting in less than optimal quality and farmers' ignorance in utilizing plants that cause vegetable pesticides. The purpose of this farmer group empowerment activity is to provide knowledge about the process of making organic fertilizers and vegetable pesticides from the supply of raw materials, making bio-activators, and packaging of production results. The method used is structured training and direct practice in making organic fertilizer. The results obtained from this empowerment activity are farmer groups capable of making organic fertilizers and vegetable pesticides independently with a fairly good quality of production results.   Keywords: Empowerment, organic fertilizer, botanical pesticide.   ABSTRAK Kelompok tani Sawah Payo Nagari Gunung Rajo Kecamatan Batipuh, Kabupaten Tanah Datar mempunyai potensi dalam produksi pupuk organik dan pestisida nabati hal ini karena didukung oleh sisa hasil pertanian jerami dan gulma tanaman pahitan Tithonia diversifolia, Piper aduncum dan limbah peternakan (kotoran hewan) yang melimpah. Pemanfaatan limbah pertanian tanaman gulma, maupun peternakan masih belum maksimal. Pengolahan limbah pertanian dan peternakan menjadi kompos yang dilakukan oleh sebagian besar petani di Nagari Gunung Rajo belum menggunakan proses fermentasi, sehingga hasilnya dan kualitasnya kurang maksimal serta ketidaktahuan petani dalam memanfaatkan tanaman yang berpotensi sebagai pestisida nabati. Tujuan kegiatan pemberdayaan kelompok tani ini adalah memberikan pengetahuan tentang proses pembuatan pupuk organik dan pestisida nabati dari penyedian bahan baku, pembuatan bio-aktivator, dan pengemasan hasil produksi. Metode yang digunakan dengan pelatihan terstruktur dan praktik langsung pembuatan pupuk organik. Hasil yang diperoleh dari kegiatan pemberdayaan ini adalah kelompok tani mampu membuat pupuk organik dan pestisida nabati secara mandiri dengan kualitas hasil produksi yang cukup baik.   Kata kunci: Pemberdayaan, pupuk organik, pestisida nabati.
PENGGUNAAN TRICHODERMA SPP UNTUK PENGENDALIAN PENYAKIT DAN PENINGKATAN PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN CABAI DI NAGARI TAEH BARUAH KECAMATAN PAYAKUMBUH KABUPATEN LIMAPULUH KOTA Yulmira Yanti; Nurbailis Nurbailis; Hasmiandy Hamid; Trizelia Trizelia; Haliatur Rahma; My Syahrawati; Noveriza Hermeria
Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS Vol 4 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jhi.v4i1.491

Abstract

Jorong Parit Dalam Nagari Taeh Baruah, Payakumbuh District, Limapuluh Kota Regency is one of the villages that has various problems such as drought, high number of idle lands and remote access. The main crop planted during the rainy season is lowland rice, but most of the land becomes idle land during the dry season. In terms of fertilization, farmers in this location still use artificial fertilizers (chemical fertilizers) and in terms of pest and disease control they still use chemical pesticides. The solutions that can be offered are planting chili plants which are more resistant to drought, processing agricultural waste into compost as an alternative to reduce dependence on the use of chemical fertilizers, use of Trichoderma and vegetable pesticides as agents for controlling pests and diseases, and processing chili production to increase value. selling, competitiveness and community income. The purpose of this farmer group empowerment activity is to increase public knowledge about the use of Trichoderma which can increase the growth of chili plants, and can also be used as a biological agent to control pests and diseases that often attack chili plants when cultivated. The method used in this activity is socialization and counseling, structured training and direct practice in the field of Trichoderma's influence on the growth and production of chili plants. The results obtained from this activity are that the community can recognize that there are alternative controls that are more environmentally friendly than the use of synthetic pesticides. The public can also gain new understanding regarding the increased growth and yield of chili plants by utilizing the Trichoderma biological agent. So that in the end it can reduce dependence on synthetic pesticides obtained from outside. Therefore, the environment and the balance of the ecosystem in the Nagari Taeh Baruh area are maintained. The conclusion of this activity is that plant growth applied using Trichoderma spp is higher than plants that are not treated with Trichoderma spp (control). The use of Trichoderma spp is highly recommended because besides being easy to obtain, it also provides positive values for plant growth and is good for environmental technology around cultivated plants.
PENERAPAN TEKNOLOGI BUDIDAYA TANAMAN JAHE DI NAGARI TAEH BARUAH KECAMATAN PAYAKUMBUH KABUPATEN LIMAPULUH KOTA Yulmira Yanti; Irwin Mirza Umami; Lora Triana; Noveriza Hermeria
Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS Vol 4 No 3 (2021)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jhi.v4i3.553

Abstract

Nagari VIII Koto is one of the villages in Guguak District with agriculture as the main economic sector of the community with the main crops of lowland rice and maize. Access to remote provincial and regency capitals is one of the obstacles to economic growth for these regions. There is often a shortage of fertilizers because subsidized fertilizers are lost on the market, making it difficult for farmers to maintain their production. The solutions that can be offered are planting ginger plants that are more resistant to drought, processing agricultural waste into compost, an alternative to reduce dependence on the use of chemical fertilizers, use of biological agents and vegetable pesticides as agents for controlling pests and diseases, and processing ginger production for increase selling value, competitiveness and community income. The purpose of this farmer group empowerment activity is to increase farmers' interest in cultivating ginger well and towards certification of better cultivation (healthy and organic) and processing ginger into instant products independently by the village community. The method used in this activity is socialization and counseling activities. The results obtained from this activity, the community and farmers get new understanding and knowledge about how to cultivate ginger plants properly and correctly and how to process ginger into a higher quality product, have higher competitiveness and will be able to compete in the international arena because of its benefits. many in the world of health. The conclusion of this activity is to increase the understanding of the community, especially farmers in ginger cultivation activities, and increase the interest of farmers in processing ginger into quality products.
Pemberdayaan Kelompok Tani Sawah Payo Kabupaten Tanah Datar Dalam Pelatihan Pembuatan Rhizokompos Yulmira Yanti; Hasmiandy Hamid; Yaherwandi Yaherwandi; Noveriza Hermeria
Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat dan Corporate Social Responsibility (PKM-CSR) Vol 3 (2020): Peran Perguruan Tinggi dan Dunia Usaha Dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Untuk Menyongsong
Publisher : Asosiasi Sinergi Pengabdi dan Pemberdaya Indonesia (ASPPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (372.997 KB) | DOI: 10.37695/pkmcsr.v3i0.989

Abstract

Kelompok tani Sawah Payo Nagari Gunung Rajo Kecamatan Batipuh, Kabupaten Tanah Datar mempunyai potensi dalam produksi pupuk organik, hal ini didukung oleh sisa hasil pertanianseperti jerami dan gulma tanaman pahitan Tithonia diversifolia, serta limbah peternakan (kotoran hewan) yang melimpah. Pemanfaatan limbah pertanian, tanaman gulma, maupun peternakan masih belum maksimal. Pengolahan limbah pertanian dan peternakan menjadi kompos yang dilakukan oleh sebagian besar petani di Nagari Gunung Rajo belum menggunakan proses fermentasi, sehingga hasil dan kualitasnya kurang maksimal. Tujuan kegiatan pemberdayaan kelompok tani ini adalah memberikan pengetahuan tentang proses pembuatan pupuk organik dari penyedian bahan baku, pembuatan bio-aktivator, dan pengemasan hasil produksi. Metode yang digunakan dengan pelatihan terstruktur dan praktik langsung pembuatan pupuk organik atau yang lebih dikenal dengan kompos. Hasil yang diperoleh dari kegiatan pemberdayaan ini adalah kelompok tani mampu membuat pupuk organik rizokompos berbahan limbah pertanian, gulma, limbah peternakan dan rizobakteri secara mandiri dengan kualitas hasil produksi yang baik yang mampu meningkatkan hasil pendapatan masyarakat setempat
PEMANFAATAN BAKTERI BACILLUS DENGAN TRICHODERMA UNTUK PENINGKATAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN BAWANG MERAH DALAM PEMBERDAYAAN KELOMPOK TANI PADANG LAWEH NAGARI SUNGAI NANAM KABUPATEN SOLOK Yulmira Yanti; Hasmiandy Hamid; Noveriza Hermeria
Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat dan Corporate Social Responsibility (PKM-CSR) Vol 4 (2021): Peran Perguruan Tinggi dan Dunia Usaha dalam Mewujudkan Pemulihan dan Resiliensi Masya
Publisher : Asosiasi Sinergi Pengabdi dan Pemberdaya Indonesia (ASPPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.088 KB) | DOI: 10.37695/pkmcsr.v4i0.1356

Abstract

Nagari Sungai Nanam merupakan salah satu nagari di Kecamatan Lembah Gumanti, Kabupaten Solok dengan pertanian sebagai sektor ekonomi utama yaitu budidaya tanaman bawang merah. Tanaman bawang merah memiliki potensi pengembangan yang sangat baik. Permintaan pasar akan komoditi tanaman bawang merah cenderung meningkat setiap tahunnya berkaitan dengan pertumbuhan jumlah penduduk. Tujuan dari kegiatan pemberdayaan kelompok tani ini adalah untuk memberikan pengetahuan dan juga informasi megenai cara peningkatan produksi tanaman bawang merah nagari sungai nanam dengan cara yang efektif dan efisien melalui pemanfaatan bakteri Bacillus spp dan Trichoderma spp. Metode pelaksanaan kegiatan meliputi survei pendahuluan pendekatan sosial, penyuluhan, pelatihan dan pembuatan demplot. Kegiatan ini sangat bermanfaat bagi masyarakat khususnya kelompok tani Padang Laweh, Nagari Sungai Nanam. Antusias dan partisipasi masyarakat sangat menunjuang keberhasilan dalam kegiatan ini. Pertumbuhan dan hasil produksi terbaik di dapatkan pada perlakuan dengan penggunaan bakteri Bacillus spp. Dalam penerapan teknologi menggunakan bakteri Bacillus spp dan Trichoderma spp ini sangat membantu percepatan pertumbuhan tanaman bawang merah dibandingkan dengan yang biasa ditanam masyarakat tanpa menggunakan perlakuan. Penggunaan bakteri Bacillus spp ini sangat disarankan karena selain mudah untuk di dapatkan juga memberikan nilai yang positif terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman dan baik untuk lingkungan sekitar tanaman budidaya.
SOSIALISASI HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TANAMAN PADI DI KELOMPOK WANITA TANI TUNAS HARAPAN KELURAHAN LIMAU MANIS KECAMATAN PAUH KOTA PADANG Yulmira Yanti; Hasmiandy Hamid; Nurbailis Nurbailis; Noveriza Hermeria
BULETIN ILMIAH NAGARI MEMBANGUN Vol 5 No 2 (2022)
Publisher : LPPM (Institute for Research and Community Services) Universitas Andalas Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/bina.v5i1.417

Abstract

The Tunas Harapan Women Farmers Group, Limau Manis Village, Pauh District, Padang City is one of the farmer groups that has various problems such as drought, high amount of unused land and far access. The main crop planted during the rainy season is lowland rice, but most of the land becomes idle land during the dry season. Another problem that is often faced during the implementation of cultivation is the problem of pests and diseases which are the cause of low production yields. In terms of fertilization, farmers in this location still use artificial fertilizers (chemical fertilizers) and in terms of pest control, they still use chemical pesticides. One of the main components of the IPM program that can be used to control plant pests and diseases is the use of biological agents. The purpose of this community service activity is to increase public knowledge about pests and diseases that often attack rice plants, resulting in decreased yields and crop failure. The method used is the method of socialization, counseling and direct discussion with farmer groups about pests and diseases that often attack rice plants in the field. The results obtained from this empowerment activity are that the Tunas Harapan KWT farmer group understands various plant-disturbing organisms that attack rice plants, the community knows better how to control it properly, so that it can increase production better
PENERAPAN PEMBUATAN RHIZOKOMPOS BAGI KELOMPOK WANITA TANI TUNAS HARAPAN KELURAHAN LIMAU MANIS KECAMATAN PAUH KOTA PADANG Yulmira Yanti; Hasmiandy Hamid; Nurbailis Nurbailis; Noveriza Hermeria
Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS Vol 5 No 3 (2022)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jhi.v5i3.612

Abstract

The Tunas Harapan Women Farmers Group, Limau Manis Village, Pauh District, Padang City is one of the farmer groups that has various problems such as drought, high amount of unused land and arid land. The main crop planted during the rainy season is lowland rice, but most of the land becomes idle land during the dry season. Another problem that is often faced during the implementation of cultivation is the problem of soil quality, the lack of organic matter in the soil can also be the cause of degradation which has an impact on decreasing the productivity of rice plants. In terms of fertilization, farmers in this location still use artificial fertilizers (chemical fertilizers), where the use of chemical fertilizers can also reduce the quality of agricultural food so that it is not safe for consumption. The purpose of this activity is to increase public knowledge that corncob waste and cocoa waste that are widely available in the surrounding environment can be used as compost material. The method used is the method of socialization, counseling and discussion as well as demonstrations in the form of the practice of making rhizocompost directly in the field with farmer groups and the surrounding community. The results of this activity obtained rhizocompost made from corn cobs waste and cocoa waste. The conclusion that can be drawn from this activity is the increasing understanding of the community, especially the Farmers Group (KWT Tunas Harapan) about the benefits of corncob waste and cocoa waste that can be used as the main ingredients for making compost.