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KONSEP AKULTURASI BUDAYA MASYARAKAT TIONGHOA DITINJAU DARI KOMUNIKASI ANTAR BUDAYA (STUDI KASUS ETNIS TIONGHOA DI WILAYAH BARAT SELATAN ACEH) Muzakkir Muzakkir
KAREBA : Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi Vol. 8 No. 2 Juli - Desember 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31947/kareba.v8i2.8872

Abstract

Abstrak Kajian dalam penelitian ini fokus pada konsep akulturasi budaya etnis Tionghoa yang ada di Wilayah Barat Selatan Aceh melalui proses komunikasi antar budaya. Perbedaan budaya tentunya membawa banyak manfaat, sehingga proses interaksi tidak akan mengalami hambatan, dengan begitu diperlukan banyak penyesuaian untuk memehami interaksi tersebut. Faktor ke Bhinnekaan memberikan implementasi untuk menghormati satu sama lain yang berbeda. Metode yang peneliti gunakan adalah pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif dengan pengambilan sampel melalui snowball sampling. Dengan metode tersebut peneliti berharap dapat terus mengumpulkan informasi yang dibutuhkan sebagai bahan untuk membahas tentang proses akulturasi ini. Penelitian ini dilakukan secara sistematis dan terstruktur dengan jadwal yang telah ditetapkan sehingga akan dilakukan secara bertahap. Tujuan akhir dari kajian ini nantinya untuk memperoleh gambaran tentang konsep akulturasi yang digunakan oleh etnis Tionghoa dalam bermasyarakat di Wilayah Barat Selatan Aceh. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pengaruh budaya Tionghoa yang nyata dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat terdapat kesamaan budaya yang dipraktikkan etnis Tionghoa dengan masyarakat Aceh di Wilayah Barat Selatan, seperti budaya perkawinan, perayaan hari raya, budaya peusijueuk (menepung tawar). Kedua etnis tersebut dapat menyerap nilai-nilai baru antara kebudayaan melalui proses akulturasi.
RITUAL BAKAR KEMENYAN DITINJAU DARI ASPEK KOMUNIKASI SOSIAL (Studi Kasus Masjid Gudang Buloh Kabupaten Nagan Raya-Aceh) Muzakkir Muzakkir; Rena Juliana; Reni Juliani
KAREBA : Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi Vol. 9 No. 1 Januari – Juni 2020
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31947/kareba.v9i1.10545

Abstract

Sebagian besar masyarakat di Aceh masih mengikuti tradisi turun temurun dan dipraktikkan hingga sekarang. Di Kabupaten Nagan Raya, Provinsi Aceh, ritual bakar kemenyan di dalam masjid masih tetap dipertahankan, suatu upcara ritual yang diyakini dan dipercaya mengandung nilai keramat. Metode penelitian ini adalah kualitatif. Peneliti turun langsung ke lapangan. Setelah peneliti melakukan observasi, mendapatkan data dari berbagai sumber dan wawancara, selanjutnya penulis analisis untuk menjadi bahan kajian. Ritual bakar kemenyan yang merupakan tradisi nenek moyang dari zaman ke zaman yang dilakukan secara turun-temurun sampai saat ini terus berkembang. Lokasi penelitian di Masjid Syeikh Syaikhuna Gudang Buloh, Desa Ujong Pasie, Kecamatan Kuala, Kabupaten Nagan Raya. Hasilnya; pertama, ritual bakar kemenyan dalam masjid itu merupakan warisan masa lalu hingga saat ini masih terus dilestarikan bahkan semakin berkembang dan telah menjadi suatu kepercayaan bagi sebagian masyarakat. Kedua, ritual bakar kemenyan (yang dituntun oleh khadam masjid setempat) kepada setiap masyarakat yang mempunyai hajat (nazar). Ketiga, Masjid Gudang Buloh diyakini oleh sebagian masyarakat mengadung nilai keramat. Praktik bakar kemenyan itu dilakukan setiap hari bagi masyarakat yang melepaskan nazarnya. Keempat, dalam perspektif komunikasi sosial, ritual bakar kemenyan tersebut sekaligus menjadi proses sosialisasi penerusan nilai-nilai lama yang diangungkan oleh suatu masyarakat, dan melalui komunikasi sosial kesadaran masyarakat dapat terbina ukhuwah dan persaudaraan, sehingga apa yang diyakini oleh masyarakat tercapai. Atas keyakinan tersebut ritual bakar kemenyan tetap dipertahankan.
The Meaning of Burning Incense Ritual as a Preservation of Cultural Values and Beliefs of the Community of Nagan Raya-Aceh Muzakkir Muzakkir; Rena Juliana; Reni Juliani
IJELR: International Journal of Education, Language, and Religion Vol 3, No 1 (2021): May
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35308/ijelr.v3i1.3632

Abstract

The ritual of burning incense at Gudang Buloh Mosque, which has existed for hundreds of years, is still upheld by the community of Nagan Raya. This ritual is an ancestral tradition from time to time that has been carried out from generation to generation until now it has been developing in some people in the southwest region of Aceh. The purpose of this study was to investigate the meaning of the burning incense ritual at Gudang Buloh Mosque to the people. This research method is qualitative. The researchers went to the site to collect data. After the researchers made observations, received data from various sources, and interviews, the researcher analyzed them to use as study material. The research site is located in the Syeikh Syaikhuna Gudang Buloh mosque, Ujong Pasie village, Kuala district, Nagan Raya Reign, Aceh Province. The results showed that; First, the ritual of burning incense in the mosque, which is a legacy of the past to this day, is still preserved and has even evolved and become the beliefs of some people in and around it. Second, the ritual of burning incense is guided by the Khadam of the mosque to every community who has a desire so that the ceremony is believed to contain sacred values. Third, from the perspective of social communication, the ritual of burning incense is at the same time a process of socialization for the transmission of ancient values that are exalted by society, and through social communication, the consciousness of the community can build a fraternal bond that what the community believes can be achieved. Based on this belief, the ritual of burning incense is maintained.
Pembelajaran Masa Pandemi pada Anak Masyarakat Petani Pedalaman di Aceh Selatan Samwil Samwil; Yusi Hidjrawan; Muzakkir Muzakkir; Endah Anisa Rahma
Jurnal Sosiologi USK (Media Pemikiran & Aplikasi) Vol 15, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Sociology Department Of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24815/jsu.v15i2.23559

Abstract

This study aims to determine the community's response to the pandemic and learning practices during the pandemic for the children of rural farmers in South Aceh. This study uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive model. Data obtained from observations, interviews, and relevant literature studies, then analyzed the data, researchers will use interactive analysis techniques. The results of this study indicate that 1) The public's perception of risk for a pandemic is low, but the community continues to respond well to this pandemic, namely complying with health protocols by using masks when going out to public places. 2) Learning activities for children from rural farming communities in Kluet Tengah continued as usual. Like other schools that adhere to the education bureaucracy, schools in rural areas also implement health protocols and shorten teaching and learning time in class, even though the community in the school environment considers pandemics to be a natural reality.AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui respons masyarakat terhadap pandemi dan praktik pembelajaran masa pandemi pada anak petani pedalaman Aceh Selatan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan model deskriptif. Data diperoleh dari hasil observasi, wawancara, dan studi literatur yang relevan, kemudian dianalisis data, peneliti akan menggunakan teknik analisis interaktif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa 1) Persepsi risiko masyarakat terhadap pandemi tergolong rendah, namun masyarakat tetap merespons pandemi ini dengan baik yaitu mematuhi protokol kesehatan dengan menggunakan masker ketika keluar menuju ke tempat-tempat umum. 2) Kegiatan pembelajaran anak-anak masyarakat petani pedalaman yang ada di Kluet Tengah berlangsung seperti biasa. Sebagaimana sekolah lainnya yang patuh pada birokrasi pendidikan, maka sekolah di pedalaman juga menerapkan protokol kesehatan dan mempersingkat waktu belajar mengajar di dalam kelas, meskipun masyarakat dilingkungan sekolah tersebut menganggap pandemi sebagai realitas yang biasa.
The Role of Journalists in Building Optimism in the Small Industry Community During the Corona Pandemic (Study: Formation of a Post For Journalists Covering Covid-19 for the South West Region of Aceh) Muzakkir Muzakkir; Alisman Alisman; Putri Maulina; Ikhsan Ikhsan
Ilomata International Journal of Social Science Vol 2 No 4 (2021): October 2021
Publisher : Yayasan Ilomata

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (309.969 KB) | DOI: 10.52728/ijss.v2i4.377

Abstract

The coronavirus pandemic has made some small industrial communities complain, plus there is confusing news information so that some people feel nervous in dealing with the spread of the coronavirus. The study in this research is basically field research (field research) and literary (library research), with a historical and multidisciplinary approach. Existing data, the authors analyze using a comparative method in a qualitative paradigm, through snowball sampling. Through this method, researchers hope to collect information needed by the small industrial community, so that they are motivated and enthusiastic in moving their business in the midst of the Corona pandemic. The role of the media is not only to report but also to deny hoax information and untrue information, moreover, the media has an important and strategic role in following the development of reliable information related to Covid-19 reporting, as a trusted source for the community towards the era of adaptation of new habits (new normal). ). The presence of journalists presenting news about aid programs, business opportunities, and product marketing facilities for small industry players in circulation and online is one of the breakthroughs that can foster new optimism and hope (expectations) among small industry players in the midst of their business slump due to the pandemic. corona. The final goal of this study, the author tries to get a concrete picture of the roles and responsibilities of journalists in building the optimism of the small industrial community during the corona pandemic.
Pelatihan Karya Tulis Ilmiah (KTI) bagi Penghulu Guna Meningkatkan Kompetensi dalam Menulis Muzakkir Muzakkir; Said Fadhlain; Rena Juliana; Samwil Samwil
Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat: Darma Bakti Teuku Umar Vol 3, No 1 (2021): Januari-Juni
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35308/baktiku.v3i1.3675

Abstract

The Ministry of Religions' success indicator for religious advice is reflected in the level of the community's satisfaction index with the performance of the head of the KUA in providing an excellent service to the community. For this reason, it is important to promote academic work for the headmen that is the result of researching or studying Islamic marriage law, developing the headmen, or improving the services of the KUA in areas related to the headmen. The results achieved through this community service activity are fostering the talents and interests of the headmen in writing and the creativity in improving their writing skills, at least encouraging them to write as a Muslim intellectual tradition. As evidence, there were several headmen who submit assignments in the form of scientific writing for guidance. In addition, the results of this activity add to the nuances and insights of the headmen in writing and learn how to write scientific writing techniques in the form of journals and books as a link between society and government and vice versa. 
Sosialisasi Implementasi Undang-Undang No. 33 Dan 34 Tahun 1964 Tentang Pertanggung Jawaban Risiko Kecelakaan Lalu Lintas PT. Jasa Raharja Perwakilan Meulaboh, Cabang Aceh Safrida Safrida; Nodi Marefanda; Desi Maulida; Rachmatika Lestari; Muzakkir Muzakkir; Nila Trisna; Veni Nella Syahputri; Agussalim Agussalim; Risna Dewi
Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat: Darma Bakti Teuku Umar Vol 3, No 1 (2021): Januari-Juni
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35308/baktiku.v3i1.2217

Abstract

AbstractHuman activities are inseparable from various risks, such as road activities that often cause accidents and deaths. Therefore the government established Law No. 33 and 34 of 1964 concerning liability for accident risk carried out by PT. Jasa Raharja . PT. Jasa Raharja is a state-owned enterprise (BUMN) that guarantees traffic accident insurance through compulsory contributions from passengers and mandatory donations from vehicle owners. But many people do not know yet, when an accident occurs the victims blame each other, burden each other or bear all the risks of the accident. Furthermore, many people do not yet clearly know the procedures, requirements and other provisions for obtaining accident compensation. PT. Jasa Raharja, representative of Meulaboh as the institution responsible for providing accident compensation, has carried out a coding program related to the delivery of information or the socialization of the insurance business. This service program was attended by 40 participants from State Administration Science Teuku Umar University students. This dedication targets all participants to understand the material well delivered and be able to be a liaison to the public related to accident recovery information.
Bimbingan Literasi Media Dalam Perspektif Jurnalistik Bagi Calon Insan Pers pada Harian Serambi Indonesia Muzakkir Muzakkir; Putri Maulina; Murhaban Murhaban; Rena Juliana; Samwil Samwil; Teuku Farizal
Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat: Darma Bakti Teuku Umar Vol 4, No 1 (2022): Januari-Juni
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35308/baktiku.v4i1.5379

Abstract

Di era milenial sekarang ini, perkembangan informasi media sosial (medsos) tidak selalu menjadi rahmat bagi  manusia. Artinya, banyak informasi yang berdampak negatif bahkan menjadi petaka disebarkan. Karenanya, diperlukan kecerdasan literasi media untuk memahami, menganalisis, mengintepretasi, dan mendekonstruksiperspektif jurnalistik bagi calon insan pers dalam penggunaan media sosial seperti internet, bagi kebutuhan kehidupan insan, terutama dalam menghadapi media baru (new media). Tujuannya, menjadi karya kreatif dan inovatif bagi calon insan pers dan wahana transformasi pengetahuan serta kreasi seni bagi publik atau bagi masyarakat yang berminat membaca. Manfaatnya, menjadikan pribadi calon insan persn yang ‘melek media’, dan mampu mengeluarkan pendapat secara kritis atas informasi atau pesan yang dapat diserap dari media. Senantiasa bersikap terhadap isu, permasalahan yang muncul  secara bijak, tidak mudah terbawa arus dan tergiring opininya menuju hal yang bersifat negatif. Targetnya, calon insan pers mampu melahirkanpemahaman  dan konsep menulis dengan baik dan memiliki intuisi (nurani) yang tajam terhadap aspek kehidupan dan peristiwa.Menggunakan metode ceramah dan diskusi, caranya menampilkan materi dalam bentuk power point. Hasilnya, calon insan pers dapat melahirkan karya berkualitas yang memiliki fungsi pemberi informasi tentang suatu situasi dan keadaan terhadap peristiwa agar pengguna media lebih memahami tentang isu yang dikonstruksi oleh calon insan pers untuk selanjutnya  diakses ke publik.
Strategi Harian Serambi Indonesia Dalam Meningkatkan Pemberitaan Bagi Publik Rahmalia Rahmalia; Muzakkir Muzakkir
COMSERVA : Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Vol. 2 No. 3 (2022): COMSERVA : Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat
Publisher : Publikasi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.59141/comserva.v2i3.231

Abstract

This research is motivated by the intense competition of the mass media so that it requires mass media companies to package their information with good quality. This study aims to examine and find out how the strategy carried out by Serambi Indonesia Daily in improving the quality of reporting for the public. This study uses qualitative research methods with three informants. Data collection techniques were carried out through observation, interviews, documentation, and the internet. The results of the author's research found that the strategies applied by the Serambi Indonesia Daily to improve the quality of reporting were increasing human resources (HR), increasing work facilities, increasing issue content and evaluating. The factors that influence Serambi Indonesia in improving the quality of news coverage are circulation (number of prints sold) and advertisements. Several strategies and factors carried out by Serambi Indonesia Daily are considered capable of improving the quality of its reporting. This can be seen from the number of print media and online media circulation, as well as the number of customers who advertise on Serambi Indonesia, both from government and private agencies.
Proses Sosial dan Fenomena Retardasi Mental di Kabupaten Aceh Barat Muzakkir Muzakkir; Samwil Samwil; Said Fadhlain; Iwan Doa Sempena
Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI) Vol 3 No 3 (2022)
Publisher : Program Studi Sosiologi Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/jsai.v3i3.2107

Abstract

This article aims to describe the mental retardation phenomenon among several suffered in Aceh Barat District, Aceh Province, focusing on the causes and how their lives undergo. This study was qualitative research with data collection techniques such as observation and interviews. Informants in this study were selected using the snowball technique, and data were analyzed in a qualitative descriptive approach. This study shows that a social process in families also causes mental retardation. Parenting patterns that do not prioritize good psychological communication and domestic violence are one of the causes of mental retardation among children. Therefore, social processes within families and communities need to get attention, especially from parents and stakeholders, so that mental retardation in children can be prevented, and the social process in the form of parenting with communication psychology as an approach is something important to overcome mental retardation that was occurred. Abstrak Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan tentang penderita retardasi mental yang ada di Kabupaten Aceh Barat Provinsi Aceh. Adapun yang menjadi fokus utama dalam artikel ini adalah bagaimana kehidupan penyandang retardasi mental dan apa penyebabnya mereka menderita hal tersebut. Kajian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data berupa observasi dan wawancara. Informan dalam penelitian ini dipilih dengan teknik snawball dan analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif kualitatif. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa retardasi mental juga disebabkan oleh suatu proses sosial yang terjadi di dalam keluarga masyarakat. Pola asuh yang tidak mengedepankan komunikasi psikologis yang baik dan tindakan kekerasan dalam rumah tangga telah menjadi salah satu penyebab terjadinya retardasi mental pada anak. Oleh karena itu, proses sosial yang terjadi dalam keluarga dan masyarakat perlu mendapatkan perhatian oleh orang tua dan pihak-pihak terkait agar retardasi mental pada anak dapat dihindari, dan yang juga tidak kalah penting adalah proses sosial yang berupa pola asuh dengan pendekatan psikologi komunikasi perlu dijadikan sebagai salah satu pendekatan untuk mengatasi retardasi mental yang telah terjadi.