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Kajian Luas Rumah Tinggal Masyarakat Berpenghasilan Rendah di Kawasan Pusat Kota Mulyati, Ahda
SMARTek Vol 6, No 3 (2008)
Publisher : SMARTek

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Abstract

Permukiman masyarakat berpenghasilan rendah merupakan kampung, yang umumnya terletak di sekitar pusat kota, mempunyai  kepadatan  tinggi  tanpa halaman yang cukup,  serta  prasarana  fisik  lingkungan  yang kurang memadai. Rumah merupakan kebutuhan dasar manusia selain sandang, pangan dan kesehatan,  dan berfungsi  sebagai tempat tinggal, tempat bermukim, sebagai proses yang berlanjut, sebagai shelter,  mesin   kehidupan,  tempat  bercengkerama, menjamu sahabat, mendidik anak, bekerja dan berprestasi, sebagai aset dan modal kehidupan. Karena keterbatasan lahan, ruang terbuka merupakan ruang yang paling dominan dipergunakan untuk segala aktivitas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan : Sesuai dengan fungsinya ruang-ruang publik  sebagai ruang multi fungsi  merupakan ruang yang paling dominan dimanfaatkan untuk kegiatan-kegiatan dalam menunjang kehidupan pemukim, dibuat tanpa pembatas karena ruang-ruang adalah milik bersama; karena keterbatasan lahan, rumah tinggal dibangun sesuai dengan keinginan dan kemampuan pemukim tanpa mempertimbangkan faktor keamanan, kesehatan dan persyaratan-persyaratan lingkungan permukiman yang layak untuk hunian; luasan rumah tinggal masih bervariasi sesuai dengan kemampuan dan kebutuhan jumlah penghuni
STUDI KONDISI FISIK RUMAH TINGGAL PERMUKIMAN MASYARAKAT BERPENGHASILAN RENDAH DI KAWASAN PUSAT KOTA PALU Mulyati, Ahda
MEKTEK Vol 10, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : MEKTEK

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Abstract

Low Income Society dwelling forms as city villages , generally placed in center city area, high population density, without enough yard also lack physic infrastructure environment. That function of housing for shelter, settle, on going process, social interaction, and asset for life. Indicated that resident using rooms in their environment dwelling as maximal as they can to dwelled activity, social interact and working. Open rooms is the most dominant area used to the activities which stand receding livings. Because lack of area, living house build appropriate with citizen needs and ability without considering to safety factor, healthy and dwelling environmental condition which suitable to settle. To develop the housing use material and construction non standard, but ten percent housing used material and construction with standard quality for technic
Setting Ruang Permukiman dalam Pengembangan Ruang Bermukim Di Kepulauan Togean Sulawesi Tengah Ahda Mulyati; Nindyo Soewarno; Arya Ronald; A Sarwadi
Forum Teknik Vol 34, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Togean the islands are cluster of the small islands located in the district of Tojo Una-una and the very excited tourist attraction in Central Sulawesi Province. Some of the cluster of the islands is the settled place Bajo communities who occupied the coastal areas and the small islands. The islands are formed from the volcanic activity with the fertile plants as well surrounded by the rocks formations. Piles of the rocks to forms and functions as a place to living. Togean the islands has an area of ±362,000 ha and has been designated as one of the Marine National Park in the Indonesia. Case study research approah used with multiple cases, naturalistic quantitative data collection with analysis techniques in exploration.The islands in the islands Togean as a shelter the coastal communities particularly in the settlements on the islands of Enam/Enau (district Togean) and the island Kabalutan (district Walea the island). The two these islands setting show a very specifically lived spaces because it is strongly influenced by of nature physical factors, socio-economic conditions, and the local wisdom there. The development of the settlement spaces setting formal due to : (a) the limited land areas as a dwelling allocation, (b) presense of land potential that can be developed to support the economic life and the preservation of natural environment, and (c) the environmental suistainability of its settlement that a unique and specific. Keywords : Setting Space, Housing, Development Settlement
KAJIAN PERUBAHAN PERMUKIMAN SUKU BAJO BERDASARKAN KONSEP TRANSFORMASI KEBUDAYAAN IGNAS KLEDEN Muhammad Amir Salipu; Ahda Mulyati; Anggia Riani Nurmaningtyas; Imam Santoso
Mintakat: Jurnal Arsitektur Vol 23, No 2 (2022): September 2022
Publisher : Architecture Department University of Merdeka Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26905/jam.v23i2.7830

Abstract

Permukiman suku Bajo yang dikenal dengan permukiman di atas laut tersebar di beberapa wilayah perairan di Indonesia, salah satunya di wilayah pantai BajoE, Kabupaten Bone Sulawesi Selatan. Awalnya mereka tinggal di atas perahu, kemudian mengalami perubahan, mulai membuat rumah di atas alr, lalu berangsur-angsur bergeser membangun rumah di daratan. Perubahan permukiman dari laut ke daratan merupakan proses yang cukup lama dan dipengaruhi oleh lingkungan sekitar baik faktor fisik (alam) maupun non fisik (kebudayaan). Menurut Kleden, (1987), perubahan kebudayaan sebagai sebuah proses merupakan gerakan tiga langkah sesuai arah pandang perubahan yang dapat disebut sebagai proses transformasi kebudayaan. Transformasi kebudayaan, adalah perubahan pada sistem nilai (value system), kerangka pengetahuan dan makna (system meaning), tingkah laku, interaksi dan pelembagaan bentuk-bentuk interaksi. Konsep transformasi kebudayaan tersebut dapat dipergunakan untuk mengkaji transformasi permukiman suku Bajo di BajoE dari arah pandang perubahan fisik permukiman, sosial dan ekonomi. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode kepustakaan, wawancara dan tinjauan lapangan untuk mendeskripsikan perubahan yang terjadi baik fisik maupun non fisik dari permukiman suku Bajo. Metode kepustakaan dipergunakan karena data yang berkaitan dengan masa lalu tidak dapat diamati secara empiris seperti pemahaman terhadap peristiwa masa lalu yang berkaitan dengan sejarah, persepsi dan sistem nilai budaya.  Berdasakan hasil penelitian diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa konsep trasnformasi kebudayaan Ignas Kleden dapat menjelaskan proses transformasi permukiman suku Bajo yang terdiri atas tiga langkah yaitu: integrasi, desintegrasi, reintegrasi (value system) dan orientasi, disorientasi, reorientasi (system of meaning). Di samping itu, perubahan kebudayaan akan merubah: Tingkah laku dari penerimaan pola, adakalanya melalui penolakan pola menjadi penerimaan pola-pola baru. Orang yang berinteraksi dari sosilisasi, melalui disosialisasi menjadi resosialisasi. Serta pemantapan bentuk-bentuk interaksi dari organisasi, melalui disorganisasi menjadi reorganisasi. Dampak dari perubahan lokasi tersebut terhadap aspek fisik adalah terjadinya perubahan pada: lokasi rumah (di atas laut ke daratan), bentuk, luas, dan tampilan rumah. Dampak pada aspek non fisik yaitu peningkatan aspek sosial ekonomi masyarakat suku Bajo di BajoE Kabupaten Bone.---------------------------------------------------------------------------The settlements of the Bajo tribe, which are known as settlements on the sea, are scattered in several water areas in Indonesia, one of which is in the BajoE coastal area, Bone Regency, South Sulawesi. At first they lived on a boat, then underwent changes, began to build houses on the river, then gradually shifted to building houses on land. Changes in settlements from sea to land is a long process and is influenced by the surrounding environment, both physical (natural) and non-physical (cultural) factors. According to Kleden, (1987), cultural change as a process is a three-step movement according to the direction of change which can be called a process of cultural transformation. Cultural transformation, is a change in the value system, the framework of knowledge and meaning (system meaning), behavior, interaction and institutionalization of forms of interaction. The concept of cultural transformation can be used to examine the transformation of Bajo tribal settlements in BajoE from the perspective of physical, social and economic changes in settlements. This research was conducted using literature, interviews and field reviews to describe changes that occurred both physically and non-physically from the Bajo tribal settlements. The library method is used because data related to the past cannot be observed empirically such as understanding past events related to history, perceptions and cultural value systems. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that the concept of cultural transformation of Ignas Kleden can explain the transformation process of the Bajo tribal settlements which consists of three steps, namely: integration, disintegration, reintegration (value system) and orientation, disorientation, reorientation (system of meaning). In addition, cultural change will change: Behavior from acceptance of patterns, sometimes through rejection of patterns to acceptance of new patterns. People who interact from socialization, through being socialized into resocialization. As well as strengthening the forms of interaction from the organization, through disorganization into reorganization. The impact of the change in location on the physical aspect is a change in: the location of the house (above the sea to the mainland), the shape, area, and appearance of the house. The impact on non-physical aspects is an increase in the socio-economic aspects of the Bajo tribal community in BajoE, Bone Regency.
KARAKTERISTIK SPASIAL PERMUKIMAN VERNAKULAR PERAIRAN DI SULAWESI TENGAH (Characteristic Settlement on The Spatial of Aquatic Vernacular at Central Sulawesi) Ahda Mulyati; Nindyo Soewarno; Arya Ronald; Ahmad Sarwadi
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan Vol 23, No 1 (2016): Maret
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jml.18781

Abstract

ABSTRAKPermukiman masyarakat perairan terbentuk karena kondisi alam dan geografi yang rentan terhadap bencana. Masyarakat setempat membangun rumah tinggal berbentuk panggung, di mana sebagian atau seluruhnya berada di atas air, menggunakan bahan bangunan yang mudah diperoleh di lingkungannya. Tujuan penelitian untuk mendapatkan gambaran karakteristik spasial permukiman vernakular perairan khususnya di Sulawesi Tengah. Penelitian menggunakan metode studi kasus dengan pendekatan kualitatif, pengambilan data dilakukan secara naturalistik dan teknik analisis secara induktif. Awalnya permukiman dibentuk oleh pemukim karena kebutuhan tempat bernaung dan berlindung. Tempat dipilih yang dapat memberi keamanan bersama keluarga, sehingga pulau-pulau karang menjadi pilihannya. Kelompok terdiri atas beberapa keluarga, membangun tempat tinggal mengelilingi daratan bukit karang sesuai pengetahuan lokalnya. Dalam perkembangannya, jumlah permukim bertambah, sehingga unit-unit permukiman tumbuh dan berkembang ke laut. Permukiman terdiri atas deretan rumah tinggal dihubungkan oleh jalan atau jembatan kayu (tetean). Unit-unit permukiman membentuk spasial di mana rumah tinggal mengelilingi ruang-ruang publik. Interaksi sosial dilakukan pada dego-dego, jalan setapak (tetean) dan ruang-ruang publik permukiman. Interaksi lain biasanya dilakukan pada saat melaut mencari ikan. Laut sebagai akses antar unit-unit lingkungan, tempat bermain bagi anak-anak dan ruang kehidupan bagi pemukim. Rumah tinggal merupakan ruang privat, sedang dego-dego, tetean jalan dan pasar adalah ruang publik. Spasial permukiman membentuk pola melingkar satu arah mengelilingi daratan bukit karang atau linier satu dan dua arah. Orientasi lain dan bersifat privat yaitu laut sehingga ruang belakang rumah tinggal (tatambe) menghadap ke laut. Pusat permukiman adalah mesjid sebagai ruang sakral sekaligus ruang publik. ABSTRACTCommunity settlements waters formed due to natural and geographical conditions that are vulnerable to disasters. They have built houses, where the majority or entirely are above of water, using the building materials which are easy to obtain at the environment. This research purposes to get an idea of the spatial characteristics of the vernacular waters of settlements, especially at Central Sulawesi. This research use case study method with qualitative approach and data were collectend with naturalistic and analysis technique was inductive. The settlements of aquatic community were formed because of natural conditions and geography condition that are particularly vulnerable to disasters. At first, the settlements were established by the settlers because of the need for shelter and refuge. They chosed a shelter that can provide security with his family, so that the islands adjacent to the place that gives life is the choice. A group of several families eventually built their houses around the inland cliffs appropriate to their local knowledge. In the development of settlers grew, the settlement units grow and develop over the sea. Also the houses made a linear line form around the coral reef. The settlement consists of a row of houses (very dense on the mainland island) which are connected by a road or bridge timber (tetean). These units settlement form a spatial between the houses around public spaces that are streets, mosques, schools, village halls, shops, washing bath, and places to play. Social interaction settlers were carried on the front porch, pathways, and public spaces in neighborhoods. Another interaction is usually done when they are fishing. The sea also serves as an access between the units and a playground for neighborhood children as well as space for the life of settlers. The residential house is a private space but the front porch and the road is public space. The spatial of settlement forms a circular pattern around the land of the cliff, or a linear one-and two-way and the street or tetean serves as the access and public space which is as the central orientation. The other orientation as private spaces is ‘the sea’ so that behind of the houses face the sea. The central of settlement is the mosque or mushollah which has function as sacred space and public space.