Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 19 Documents
Search

PENAFSIRAN QASIM AMIN TENTANG HIJAB Munfarida, Elya
Yinyang: Jurnal Studi Islam Gender dan Anak Vol 9 No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak (PSGA) IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (702.895 KB)

Abstract

Abstrak: Persinggungan Arab Islam dengan kolonialisme dan modernitas melahirkan dinamika intelektual Arab Islam yang menandai satu fase kebangkitan Islam yang berpretensi untuk melakukan reinterpretasi tradisi Islam. Qasim Amin sebagai salah satu tokoh kebangkitan Islam juga berupaya untuk menafsirkan kembali ajaran dan tradisi Islam, terutama yang terkait dengan perempuan, dengan mengakomodir pemikiran-pemikiran dan budaya modern. Berbasis pada kritiknya terhadap pemakaian niqab dan burqa yang dianggap sebagai praktik hijab yang berlebihan dan justru mensubordinasi perempuan, Amin berupaya untuk memaknai kembali tradisi hijab tersebut dengan mengkaji historisitas hijab, menggali kembali teks-teks al-Qur’an dan hadis yang berbicara tentang perempuan dan hijab, penafsiran para ulama terhadap kedua teks tersebut, nilai-nilai dan prinsip-prinsip dasar dari syari’at Islam yang melandasi legislasi Islam, serta pemikiran feminisme liberal. Dalam konteks hijab, Amin menawarkan model hijab syar’i (moderat) yang tidak menutup seluruh tubuh perempuan dan menyisakan bagian muka dan kedua telapak tangan dalam kondisi terbuka. Secara teologis, model ini justru sesuai dengan teks-teks al-Qur’an dan hadis yang membolehkan perempuan memperlihatkan kedua bagian itu, karena dalam sejarah manusia keduanya sangat penting untuk melakukan aktivitas sehari-hari baik dalam ruang privat maupun publik. Sementara secara sosial, hijab syar’i lebih sesuai dengan syari’at Islam terutama terkait dengan prinsip kemudahan, karena lebih memungkinkan perempuan untuk bisa terlibat baik dalam urusan domestik maupun publik secara lebih mudah dan leluasa. Kemudahan dalam partisipasi sosial ini akan berdampak secara signifikan bagi peningkatan kualitas intelektual dan kesejahteraan sosial perempuan. Secara makro, partisipasi perempuan yang lebih luas dalam ranah publik akan berkontribusi penting bagi pencapaian progresi bangsa, sehingga bangsa-bangsa Arab mampu mencapai kemajuan seperti yang telah dicapai oleh bangsa-bangsa Barat. Abstract: Intersection between Islamic Arab with colonialism and modernity make Islamic Arab intellectual dynamics that mark the Islamic revival phase that pretend to perform a reinterpretation of Islamic tradition. Qasim Amin as one of the leaders of Islamic resurgence has also sought to reinterpret the teachings and traditions of Islam, especially those related to women, to accommodate the ideas and modern culture. Based on his criticism of the use of the niqab and burqathat is regarded as excessive and practice of hijab, actually it is a practice of subordinating women. Amin attempted to re-interpret the hijab tradition by examining the hijab historicity, dig up the texts of the Qur'an and hadiths that talk about women and hijab, the interpretation of the scholars of the two texts, the values ​​and principles of Islamic Shariah underlying Islamic legislation, as well as the idea of ​​liberal feminism. In the context of hijab, Amin offers hijab syar'i models (moderate) that do not cover the entire female body and leaves the face and both palm of the hands in an open condition. Theologically, this model precisely in accordance with the texts of the Qur'an and the Hadith which allow women shows both that part, because in human history are both very important to perform daily activities in both the private and public spaces. While socially, hijab syar'i more in line with Islamic Shari'ah principles, especially related to convenience, since it allows women to be involved in both domestic and public affairs more easily and freely. The ease in social participation will significantly impact to the improvement of the quality of the intellectual and social well-being of women. At the macro level, the wider participation of women in the public sphere will contribute significantly to the achievement of the progression of the nation, so that the Arabs are able to achieve such progress that has been achieved by Western nations. Kata Kunci: Penafsiran, Seklusi Perempuan, Hijab Syar’i.
Hermeneutika Al-Qur’an dalam Perspektif Farid Essack Munfarida, Elya
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 2 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (7122.21 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/mnh.v2i1.3693

Abstract

Reception hermeneutic toward Al-Qur’an in Farid Essack perspective is not only able to accommodate the history of texts but also to give space for readers to ‘have dialogues’ with text based on social contexts. This approach is applied as a to get objective interpretation especially in South Africa with its characteristic (rasism, economic exploitation, etc ).
PERAN KELUARGA DI ERA BUDAYA KONSUMEN Munfarida, Elya
KOMUNIKA: Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi Vol 6 No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Dakwah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (276.902 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/komunika.v6i1.333

Abstract

The development of consumer culture that increasingly strengthened creates verysignificant cultural implications in society. Shift in the meaning of the commodity-valueproducts in order to be a symbolic value, impact on changes in consumption practices thatoriginally was based on making the benefits of the exchange of goods became a symbol ofspace and social identity. Commodities in turn are consumed to obtain all the identities,symbols, images and signs attached to it. This in turn creates a culture where performanceimmanence (the things that are surface) occupies a higher position than anything substantial.Consequently, people are trapped in the banality of morality and spirituality, whichconsiders moral and spiritual issues as being trivial. Cultural impact is of course very crucialto be addressed so that people are not getting mired in a cycle of low moral and spiritualculture that would degrade the quality of humanity itself. In this case, the role of all levels ofsociety needs to be revitalized, and one of them is family. Family as the basic unit of societyhas many functions that are essential to be developed to address the strengthening of consumerculture. Various functions, such as religious function, social cultural function, charity function,the function of protecting, reproductive function, the function of socialization and education,including the economic and environmental development function, can make an importantcontribution to the construction of individual personality and social action. Internalizing thevalues of religion, social, cultural and other social capital will be affecting the actions andsocial practices. In relation to the negative impacts of consumer culture, education forreligious values which is related to the dimension of the divine becomes the counterculture toovercome the culture of immanence in the consumer culture.Reliance transcendental becomes an important mechanism to sensitize the public onthe need for transcendence to improve the quality of our humanity. In addition, efficientinternalization of culture or modest consumption (moderate) as confirmed in faith should bedone to limit the desire for being consumptive. This value needs to be emphasized because ithas a positive impact for the future protection of family and community in both the short andlong term.
PERKAWINAN MENURUT MASYARAKAT ARAB PRA ISLAM Munfarida, Elya
Yinyang: Jurnal Studi Islam Gender dan Anak Vol 10 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak (PSGA) IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (235.086 KB)

Abstract

Abstract: The abandonment of the historical context of the text in the interpretation of the text, make the text meaning is partial or distorted. For example, in Islamic jurisprudence, particularly those associated with the issue of marriage, there is a concept dzihar, namely equating wife with his mother’s (back). When someone does something like this, then in the study of Islamic law, divorce may fall against his wife. Almost all the products of Islamic law claim this. The question then is why equating wife with her husband's mother's back is to drop the divorce? It is certain that the equation wife with her back is a problem that is not simple, because divorce is a critical issue. And this can only be seen by looking at how the Arab culture to talk about these issues. In a patriarchal Arab society, marriage following the model of ownership (tamalluk). This can be seen from the term used to refer to her husband with Ba'al (Lord, master, master, owner) and his wife with mab'ul (servants, slaves, controlled, owned). This ownership model can be seen in the implementation of various forms of marriage in pre-Islamic society. There are several forms of marriage in the community, such as marriage Safah, al-rahti marriage, marital al-mukti, ordinary marriage, marriage istibda ', mut'ah marriage, and polygamous marriages. All forms of marriage above are in terms of a model of ownership (tamalluk). Although the marriage is considered Safah models provide the freedom of women to have sex with several men and determine who will be the father of her unborn child, but the marriage was in a patriarchal culture base, so when he had entered into the marriage, then the position will remain the mab'ul and the husband's property. With the ownership model, women are in a subordinate position and must have the submission and total devotion to her husband. Conversely, men / husbands have dominant authority to treat her in accordance with her wishes. Keywords: Perkawinan, Masyarakat, Arab, Pra Islam
SOSIALISASI BUDAYA ADIL GENDER OLEH ORGANISASI GENDER Sumiarti, Sumiarti; Munfarida, Elya
Yinyang: Jurnal Studi Islam Gender dan Anak Vol 10 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak (PSGA) IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (227.905 KB)

Abstract

Abstract: equality and gender justice is a global issue. Along with the awareness of human rights, human beings begin to question and criticize the cultures already established that they perceive as unfair behavior constructor (bias) gender. From this point, then there are many organizations that provoke equality and gender justice. In this paper, the organization is called gender organizations. Gender organizations is a noble mission, to speak out gender equality and justice, but in practice, they experience a harsh challenge. How the strategy of gender culture in socializing gender fair culture, this is the question that became the starting point of this paper. Kata Kunci: Sosialisasi, Budaya Adil Gender, dan Organisasi
KEKERASAN SIMBOLIK MEDIA TERHADAP ANAK Munfarida, Elya
KOMUNIKA: Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi Vol 4 No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Dakwah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1529.394 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/komunika.v4i1.139

Abstract

Various social anomalies that occurred in this nation can represent the people (individuals) who are "sick". Thevalues of this nation in reality have not been able to effectively stem the rampant phenomenon of anomalies above. Variousfactors can cause the condition, such as ineffective value education in schools, families or communities; ungroundeddakwah; or media that is not impartial public interest. Media as one of information tools, considered to have significantinfluence to child's destructive and deviant behavior. Programs that aired in fact be counterproductive to the improvementof children's human qualities. This can be seen from several cases of child abuse and sexual harassment was motivated bythe impression of violence and pornography in the media. In this context, this paper tries to study the symbolic violence frommedia to the children (world) by presenting programs of violence and pornography in its various forms. Economic interests ofpolitical domination has made the media ignores the public interest, especially children by creating programs that do noteducate and inculcate the values of violence
KEPEMIMPINAN PEREMPUAN DALAM IBADAH: TAFSIR TRANSFORMATIF ATAS DISKURSUS IMAM PEREMPUAN BAGI LAKI-LAKI DALAM SHALAT Munfarida, Elya
Yinyang: Jurnal Studi Islam Gender dan Anak Vol 3 No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak (PSGA) IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2570.337 KB)

Abstract

Controversy about women ability as imam for men, have become polemic of past ulama. Four imam mazhab firmly refusewomen imamah to men. Ulama discourse about women’s imamah reflects their inclination to patriarchal interest. It is clear from theexistence of rational inconsistency on their thought: in one side on imam general prerequisite, religious understanding and al-Qur’an fluentlyas main criteria. However, on the other side, when discussing about women imamah, those substantial criteria neglected. Their refusal didnot based on consideration whether women comply with qualification that being prerequisite, but simple because on “because she iswoman”. Meanwhile, Abu Tsaur, al-Thabari, and Mazini as ulama side whom absolute permit women as imam. However, their view did notemerge to surface; moreover almost disappear from Islamic thought discourse. On this point, the appointment of Ummu Waraqah as imamfor men can be understood as implementation and affirmation of human equality idea, which existed on tauhid doctrine. Therefore, men andwomen have chance to become imam, as long as comply with qualification prerequisite.
TANTANGAN DAKWAH DI ERA POSMODERNISME Munfarida, Elya
KOMUNIKA: Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi Vol 1 No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Dakwah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3338.392 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/komunika.v1i2.800

Abstract

As a criticism to modemism, posmodemism has created new cultural realities different from the previous. Through its political acts and strategies, postmodernism has constructed cultural hypereality and complexity. This change becomes a chance and also threat that we need to be critical to anticipate the negative effects. One of its strategies is cultural deconstruction, which denies transcendental signs, meanings, and values, represents one of its negative effects. It will eliminate religious values which by contrast place transcendental values as its principle. For that reason, we need to contextualize Islamic teachings in order not to make postmodernism eliminate Muslims’ sense of religiousity. Da’wa, as a means of communication and transformation of Islamic values, plays a significantrole in this postmodernism era. Consequently, reconstruction of contextual da’wa strategy should be committed to balance the domination of postmodernism cultures.
Truth and Love in Sexual Ethics of Islam Munfarida, Elya; Soeratno, Siti Chamamah; Syamsiyatun, Siti
KALAM Vol 11, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (684.305 KB) | DOI: 10.24042/klm.v11i1.1070

Abstract

Tulisan ini berpretensi untuk mengelaborasi salah satu unsur penting dalam etika seksual Islam yakni cinta untuk memperkuat dasar pernikahan. Cinta adalah dialog dan perjumpaan antara dua ‘Aku” yang kemudian melebur dalam ke-aku-an kekasih. Pandangan ini menunjukkan adanya beberapa komponen dalam cinta. Pertama, dialog dan perjumpaan mengisyaratkan kesetaraan eksistensi dan subyek yang otonom yang memiliki kebebasan determinasi-nya. Kedua, konsekuensi logis dari relasi dialog adalah mutualitas di mana masing-masing saling berbagi kasih sayang. Ketiga, kesatuan antara dua aku yang tidak menghilangkan subyektifitas masing-masing aku. Cinta meniscayakan adanya kemuliaan dan kesetiaan seperti yang digariskan oleh moralitas dan agama. Cinta juga sangat berkaitan dengan panca indera, karena penggunaan yang tepat berbasis pada prinsip abstinensi justru akan menguatkan ikatan cinta. Selain itu, akal juga penting dalam cinta, karena eksistensinya dapat mencegah efek negatif dalam memaknai dan merealisasikan cinta. Terakhir, cinta sangat terkait dengan pernikahan, karena hanya dengannya cinta dapat mencapai kondisi sempurna dan mengantarkan seseorang pada kebenaran dan kebijaksanaan.
NEGOTIATING BEAUTY (MUSLIM WOMEN RESPONSE ON WHITENING BEAUTY PRODUCT) Munfarida, Elya
Yinyang: Jurnal Studi Islam Gender dan Anak Vol 6 No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak (PSGA) IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1909.987 KB)

Abstract

Abstract: Kecantikan perempuan bukan sesuatu yang universal dan tidak berubah. Hal ini dibuktikan dengan adanya pergeseran konsepsi kecantikan perempuan, yang dulu diidentikkan dengan tubuh yang gemuk. Sekarang lebih diidentikkan dengan tubuh yang langsing dan berkulit putih. Oergeseran konstruksi kecantikan ini tidak terlepas dari peran media yang merepresentasikan kecantikan perempuan dengan image tertentu, misalnya melalui iklan-iklan produk pemutih yang menggambarkan perempuan cantic adalah yang memiliki kulit putih. Dalam artikel ini, perempuan justru menggunakan agensi mereka untuk menegosiasi konsepsi kecantikan yang diidentikkan dengan kulit putih yang lebih menekankan penampilan fisik, dan merekontruksi konsep kecantikan yang berbeda. Sebagai perempuan mmuslim, mereka mengakomodir nilai-nilai agama yang lebih menekankan moralitas sebagai bagian dari inner beauty utntuk mengkritik konsepsi kecantikan yang direpresentasikan media yang semata-mata menekankan aspek fisik. Meskipun, penampilan fisik juga dianggap pentiing, namun moral yang baik diangga[ lebih esensial. Dengan rekontruksi ini, perempuan telah mengorganisir identitas yang berbeda, bahkan berlawanan dalam narasi baru yang menjadi dasar bagi kontruksi habitus dan praktik kecantikan mereka di masa yang akan datang. Kata-kata Kunci: Kecantikan, Media, Representasim Subjektifitas, Agensi