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The Metaphor of "Center" in Planning: Learning from the Geopolitical Order of Swidden Traditions in the Land of Sunda Setiadi, Hafid; Yunus, Hadi Sabari; Purwanto, Bambang
Journal of Regional and City Planning Vol 28, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : The ITB Journal Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (430.915 KB) | DOI: 10.5614/jrcp.2017.28.2.3

Abstract

Abstract. This study intends to open a new discourse about the role and position of the center in the field of regional and urban planning by using it as a metaphor. By using a metaphoric deconstruction method, the study examines the changes in geopolitical order and in the concept of the center in the Land of Sunda, which based on the swidden tradition as an implication of Hindu and Islamic influences. The study shows that from before the arrival of Hinduism until the height of Islamic power in the 15th century, the geopolitical order in the Land of Sunda has transformed from (1) an egalitarian system without center to (2) an  egalitarian system with a hidden center and then to (3) a  hierarchical-network system with noticeable and bold center. However, the swidden tradition remains, which is mainly evident from the use of the concepts of “inside” and “outside” for representing the principles of autonomy and alliance respectively.  The two principles have been the main features of the geopolitical order in the Land of Sunda with its ecological and pluralistic nature.  These principles teach that the center is not always identified as a dominant and absolute power. The center is not the only decisive point that determines the stability of a system as a whole. The stability is rather maintained by sharing power mechanism to advance the self-empowerment process of non-center entities, which allows them to emerge as new powers. This understanding indicates the urgency to re-evaluate the current planning approach that focuses mainly on the implementation of the size-based paradigm, which is deterministic and always positions the center as a major decisive power.Keywords. center, geopolitical order, regional and urban planning, swidden tradition, the Land of Sunda.Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuka diskursus baru mengenai peran dan kedudukan pusat dalam perencanaan wilayah dan kota dengan menempatkannya sebagai metafora. Dengan memanfaatkan metode dekonstruksi metaforik, penelitian ini menelaah perubahan tatanan geopolitik dan konsep pusat di Tanah Sunda yang berbasis tradisi ladang sebagai implikasi dari masuknya ajaran Hindu dan Islam. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa terhitung sejak sebelum kedatangan ajaran Hindu hingga masa kejayaan kekuasaan Islam di abad ke-15, tatanan geopolitik di Tanah Sunda telah mengalami transformasi, yaitu dari (1) tatanan egaliter tanpa pusat ke (2) tatanan egaliter dengan pusat yang tersembunyi dan akhirnya ke (3) tatanan jaringan-hierarkis dengan pusat yang berani tampil. Transformasi tersebut tidak sepenuhnya menghilangkan tradisi ladang, yaitu melalui pemberlakuan konsep “dalam” dan “luar” yang merepresentasikan prinsip kemandirian dan kebersamaan. Kedua prinsip tersebut merupakan ciri utama tatanan geopolitik di Tanah Sunda yang bersifat ekologis dan plural. Pembelajaran yang dapat ditarik dari kedua sifat itu adalah bahwa pusat tidak selalu identik dengan dominasi dan absolutisme kekuasaan. Pusat bukan satu-satunya titik yang menentukan keseimbangan suatu sistem. Keseimbangan sistem diwujudkan melalui mekanisme pembagian peran antara pusat dan non-pusat yang memungkinkan terjadinya proses penguatan diri secara spontan pada entitas di luar pusat. Pemahaman ini mengisyaratkan perlunya penilaian ulang terhadap paradigma perencanaan berbasis ukuran yang bersifat deterministik serta senantiasa memposisikan pusat sebagai kekuatan besar yang menentukan.    Kata kunci. pusat, perencanaan wilayah dan kota, tatanan geopolitik, Tanah Sunda, tradisi ladang.
Produksi Ruang Kekuasaan di Pulau Jawa Abad ke-16-17 dan Dampaknya pada Pertumbuhan Kota Hafid Setiadi; Hadi Sabari Yunus; Bambang Purwanto
Majalah Geografi Indonesia Vol 31, No 2 (2017): Majalah Geografi Indonesia
Publisher : Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2448.922 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/mgi.26103

Abstract

AbstrakStudi ini membahas keterkaitan antara tradisi kekuasaan, produksi ruang, dan pertumbuhan kota. Tujuan utamanya adalah untuk memahami secara mendalam pola dan proses spasial produksi ruang kekuasaan dan implikasinya pada pertumbuhan kota. Lingkup penelitian mencakup situasi geopolitik di Pulau Jawa selama abad ke-16 hingga ke-17 ketika Kesultanan Mataram memegang dominasi kekuasaan berlandaskan tradisi sawah. Metode analisis yang diterapkan mengacu pada pemikiran hermeneutika yang mengedepankan metode pembacaan teks. Data penelitian berasal dari sumber-sumber sekunder terutama berupa hasil-hasil penelitian yang telah dipublikasikan dalam bentuk artikel, buku, peta maupun makalah seminar.  Hasil analisis memperlihatkan bahwa selama rentang waktu tersebut pola dan proses spasial produksi ruang kekuasaan didominasi oleh netralisasi dan pembentukan wilayah pinggiran sebagai konsekuensi dari absolutisme kekuasaan raja.  Modus produksi ini menyebabkan terjadinya likuidasi politik terhadap kota-kota tertentu yang ditandai oleh perubahan identitas kota, terutama di wilayah pesisir. Abstract This study discusses the relations between the tradition of power, the production of space, and city growth. This study primarily aimed to comprehend the spatial pattern and process of the production of authority space and its implications for city growth. It covers the geopolitical situation in Java during the 16th and 17th centuries when the Mataram Sultanate ran a dominant power based on ricefield tradition. The analysis method applied in this study referred to hermeneutical thinking, which foregrounds a text reading method. The research data was obtained from secondary resources, especially published research in the forms of articles, books, maps, and seminar papers. The analysis results showed that the spatial pattern and process of authority space production within these centuries were dominated by neutralization and the formation of peripheries, i.e., the consequence of the king’s absolute power. This production mode resulted in the political liquidation of certain cities and, thereby, changed the identity of the said cities, especially those located in coastal areas.   
Worldview, religion, and urban growth: a geopolitical perspective on geography of power and conception of space during Islamization in Java, Indonesia Hafid Setiadi
Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies Vol 11, No 1 (2021): Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies
Publisher : IAIN Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18326/ijims.v11i1.81-113

Abstract

Discussion of Islamization is not only associated with the spread of religious values but also related to the activity of trade and the opening of the new lands. In Java, all three of these themes have occurred simultaneously and then experienced rapid development since the 15th century. During the 15th and 17th centuries, many Islamic kingdoms rose and fell by turns with variuos ideology and their economic and political motives. As a result, Java experienced a complex of territorialization. By a spatial-historical approach, this article shows how territorialization affects the fashion of the emergence and collapse of the cities in Java. The spatial dynamics of urban growth reflected changes in political space production run by each ruling actor. The city played a significant role as a symbol and an identity of the political power of the dominant regime.
What Determine Ragpickers’ Movement and Location Selection? – A Qualitative Study in Depok City Putri Intan Adella; Triarko Nurlambang; Hafid Setiadi
Proceedings of AICS - Social Sciences Vol 7 (2017): 7th AIC in conjuction ICMR 2017 Universitas Syiah Kuala October 2017
Publisher : Proceedings of AICS - Social Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (346.106 KB)

Abstract

Ragpickers (or pemulung) move from one location to another to collect garbage. This study was conducted with an objective to analysis the movement and location selection decision of ragpickers in Depok City, Indonesia. This qualitative based research was carried on 10 working sites of ragpickers located in 3 sub-districts (kecamatan) in Depok City. Data was collected through observation and in-depth interviews with 13 selected ragpickers. Secondary data was obtained from 2014 land use map of Depok, demography report and waste management regulation in Depok Government. The data was analyzed by using qualitative data method. This study found that ragpickers determine main location and alternative locations. Their working location selection is decided based on some factors i.e. location characteristics and individual preferences. The location characteristics are the operational time of the waste picker, the community's habit of choosing the waste, and the rules within the location. Meanwhile, the individual preferences are distance, time and competition among ragpickers. The choice of location is linked to gender identity and the length of ragpickers experience. This study also found that the more experienced ragpickers moved to landfills within certain times, whereas less experienced ragpickers choice different working location to avoid competition.
The Metaphor of "Center" in Planning: Learning from the Geopolitical Order of Swidden Traditions in the Land of Sunda Hafid Setiadi; Hadi Sabari Yunus; Bambang Purwanto
Journal of Regional and City Planning Vol. 28 No. 2 (2017)
Publisher : The Institute for Research and Community Services, Institut Teknologi Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5614/jrcp.2017.28.2.3

Abstract

Abstract. This study intends to open a new discourse about the role and position of the center in the field of regional and urban planning by using it as a metaphor. By using a metaphoric deconstruction method, the study examines the changes in geopolitical order and in the concept of the center in the Land of Sunda, which based on the swidden tradition as an implication of Hindu and Islamic influences. The study shows that from before the arrival of Hinduism until the height of Islamic power in the 15th century, the geopolitical order in the Land of Sunda has transformed from (1) an egalitarian system without center to (2) an  egalitarian system with a hidden center and then to (3) a  hierarchical-network system with noticeable and bold center. However, the swidden tradition remains, which is mainly evident from the use of the concepts of "inside" and "outside" for representing the principles of autonomy and alliance respectively.  The two principles have been the main features of the geopolitical order in the Land of Sunda with its ecological and pluralistic nature.  These principles teach that the center is not always identified as a dominant and absolute power. The center is not the only decisive point that determines the stability of a system as a whole. The stability is rather maintained by sharing power mechanism to advance the self-empowerment process of non-center entities, which allows them to emerge as new powers. This understanding indicates the urgency to re-evaluate the current planning approach that focuses mainly on the implementation of the size-based paradigm, which is deterministic and always positions the center as a major decisive power.Keywords. center, geopolitical order, regional and urban planning, swidden tradition, the Land of Sunda.Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuka diskursus baru mengenai peran dan kedudukan pusat dalam perencanaan wilayah dan kota dengan menempatkannya sebagai metafora. Dengan memanfaatkan metode dekonstruksi metaforik, penelitian ini menelaah perubahan tatanan geopolitik dan konsep pusat di Tanah Sunda yang berbasis tradisi ladang sebagai implikasi dari masuknya ajaran Hindu dan Islam. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa terhitung sejak sebelum kedatangan ajaran Hindu hingga masa kejayaan kekuasaan Islam di abad ke-15, tatanan geopolitik di Tanah Sunda telah mengalami transformasi, yaitu dari (1) tatanan egaliter tanpa pusat ke (2) tatanan egaliter dengan pusat yang tersembunyi dan akhirnya ke (3) tatanan jaringan-hierarkis dengan pusat yang berani tampil. Transformasi tersebut tidak sepenuhnya menghilangkan tradisi ladang, yaitu melalui pemberlakuan konsep "dalam" dan "luar" yang merepresentasikan prinsip kemandirian dan kebersamaan. Kedua prinsip tersebut merupakan ciri utama tatanan geopolitik di Tanah Sunda yang bersifat ekologis dan plural. Pembelajaran yang dapat ditarik dari kedua sifat itu adalah bahwa pusat tidak selalu identik dengan dominasi dan absolutisme kekuasaan. Pusat bukan satu-satunya titik yang menentukan keseimbangan suatu sistem. Keseimbangan sistem diwujudkan melalui mekanisme pembagian peran antara pusat dan non-pusat yang memungkinkan terjadinya proses penguatan diri secara spontan pada entitas di luar pusat. Pemahaman ini mengisyaratkan perlunya penilaian ulang terhadap paradigma perencanaan berbasis ukuran yang bersifat deterministik serta senantiasa memposisikan pusat sebagai kekuatan besar yang menentukan.    Kata kunci. pusat, perencanaan wilayah dan kota, tatanan geopolitik, Tanah Sunda, tradisi ladang.
Perubahan Identitas Tempat dan Konflik Ruang di Pinggiran: Studi Awal Tentang Urban Habitus dalam Transformasi Ruang di Kota Depok, Jawa Barat Hafid Setiadi
RUANG: Jurnal Lingkungan Binaan (SPACE: Journal of the Built Environment) Vol 5 No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1098.338 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JRS.2018.v05.i01.p05

Abstract

Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengemukakan gagasan tentang struktur yang terkandung dalam Teori Habitus Sosial serta temuan-temuan awal yang dipandang relevan dengan gejala transformasi ruang di Kota Depok Jawa Barat; sebagai wilayah pinggiran yang sedang berkembang pesat. Cara pandang ini mengisyaratkan adanya keterlibatan pusat, aktor dominan, dan resistensi sosial budaya dalam proses transformasi ruang. Berkenaan dengan itu, pembahasan berbagai temuan awal yang diperoleh baik melalui observasi lapang, studi literatur, maupun wawancara menekankan pada saling keterkaitan antara perubahan identitas tempat dan konflik ruang yang berlangsung dalam suatu pola kekuasaan tertentu. Berlandaskan pada konsep “struktur yang menstruktur” dan “struktur yang terstruktur”, hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa perubahan wujud fisik, desain arsitektur, dan fungsi bangunan tidak selalu berimplikasi pada perubahan atau bahkan hilangnya identitas tempat. Hal ini tergantung pada tingkat kesadaran spasial penduduk sesuai dengan sejarah panjang dari pengalaman serta kontribusi sosial mereka pada tempat tertentu. Namun demikian, daya tahan identitas suatu tempat dapat meningkatkan konflik ruang sebagai cermin dari persaingan simbol antara aktor-aktor urban demi memperkuat keberadaan mereka masing-masing. Kata kunci: identitas tempat, konflik ruang, urban habitus, transformasi ruang urban
Semiotic Study of Settlement’s Spatial Pattern in Kuningan Regency, West Java Muhamad Iko Kersapati; Hafid Setiadi
Journal of Geography of Tropical Environments Vol 5, No 1 (2021): April
Publisher : Open Journal System

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jglitrop.v5i1.83

Abstract

This study discusses how people in Kuningan Regency divided into indigenous and immigrant communities interpret human relations with nature as well as changes in the context of the natural environment identified through the configuration of the components of the settlements. The observed natural environments include water, land, forest, and mountains, while the settlement components include houses, village halls, mosques, cemeteries, and rice fields. The data used in this study is qualitative data from various literature, maps, observations, and in-depth interviews. The method used in this study is the method of interpretation to reveal the meaning behind the spatial pattern of settlement as a unity of signs. The results reveal that the influence of water and land was more dominant in nature-depended traditional settlement and transition settlement. Meanwhile, forests and mountains did not have a major impact on the spatial patterns of all three categories of settlements.Keywords: Spatial Pattern, Sundanese Philosophy, Semiotics, Settlement, Cultural Geography.
PADDY FIELD CONVERSION IN INDONESIA IN A CONTEMPORARY GEOGRAPHIC PERSPECTIVE: A CONCEPTUAL OVERVIEW OF HUMAN-NATURE DIALECTICS Hafid Setiadi; Muhammad Dimyati; Nurrokhmah Rizqihandari; Ratri Candra Restuti; Satria Indratmoko; Tuty Handayani
JURNAL GEOGRAFI Vol 13, No 2 (2021): JURNAL GEOGRAFI
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24114/jg.v13i2.21027

Abstract

Experts from various perspectives have widely reviewed the patterns, processes, reasons, and impacts of paddy field conversion. However, most of these reviews tend to understand paddy fields from the physical-material dimension. By using the perspective of contemporary geography, this paper provides a critical conceptual overview of the conversion of paddy fields through the elaboration of human-nature dialectic as a central theme in the discipline of geography. The dialectic also contains identity, spatial awareness, and spatial-symbolic order issues that affect the existence of farmers and their paddy fields. This critical review results in the argument that the relationship between farmers and paddy fields represents a spatial-symbolic order that contains values, enthusiasm, identity, and living traditions. The identity and existence of farmers are part of the existence of paddy fields. Paddy fields have become part of the minds and consciousness of the farmers. The conversion of paddy fields will reduce the eco-cultural relations in this order and replace it with a capitalistic system.Keywords: contemporary geography, human-nature dialectic, paddy field conversion, spatial-symbolic order, sustainable agriculture
Persepsi Masyarakat dan Pemanfaatan Ruang Publik Kota Jakarta (Studi Kasus: RPTRA Cililitan dan RPTRA Kenanga) Alisa Delmafitri; Hafid Setiadi
Prosiding Industrial Research Workshop and National Seminar Vol 9 (2018): Industrial Research Workshop and National Seminar
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35313/irwns.v9i0.1166

Abstract

Ruang publik berkaitan dengan kehidupan sehari-hari masyarakat perkotaan. Salah satu peran ruang publik yaitu membawa individu manusia keluar dari kehidupan privat ke kehidupan sosial. Provinsi DKI Jakarta, sejak tahun 2015, mulai membangun ruang-ruang publik melalui program Ruang Publik Terpadu Ramah Anak (RPTRA). Pada tahun 2017, Pemerintah Provinsi (Pemprov) DKI Jakarta menargetkan adanya ruang publik terpadu ramah anak (RPTRA) di setiap Rukun Warga (RW) se-DKI Jakarta. Namun pada kenyataannya, tidak semua RPTRA dimanfaatkan secara maksimal oleh masyarakat di sekitarnya. Perbedaan tersebut didasari oleh persepsi atau pandangan masyarakat terhadap RPTRA. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini mencoba melihat perbedaan persepsi masyarakat terhadap RPTRA berdasarkan karakteristik lokasi dan sosialnya. Penelitian menggunakan studi kasus dimana RPTRA yang dipilih yaitu RPTRA Cililitan dan RPTRA Kenanga. Metode yang digunakan untuk mengukur persepsi masyarakat yaitu menggunakan kuesioner dengan skala likert. Hasilnya, perbedaan karakteristik lokasi dan sosial memengaruhi persepsi yang terbentuk. Perbedaan persepsi diwujudkan dalam bentuk pemanfaatan ruang publik oleh masyarakat. Kesamaan dari kedua lokasi tersebut adalah pemanfaatan RPTRA sebagai tempat bermain bagi anak, tempat berolahraga, dan penghubung program pemerintah dengan masyarakat. Namun, RPTRA yang berada di wilayah homogen juga dimanfaatkan sebagai tempat berkumpul masyarakat, sedangkan yang berada di wilayah heterogen juga dimanfaatkan untuk tempat beristirahat.
A Spatial Political-Economic Review on Urban Growth in Java under Economic Liberalization of Dutch Colonialism During the 19th Century Hafid Setiadi; Hadi Sabari Yunus; Bambang Purwanto
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 54, No 3 (2022): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.60550

Abstract

This study understands the rise and fall of cities as a result of colonial worldview and practices. Based on spatial political-economic thinking, this study examines the spatial implications of Dutch colonialism on urban growth in Java during the 19th century. The practice of colonialism at that time took place in a relatively stable regional situation.  The analysis of textual data from various literature indicates that the economic liberalization of Dutch colonialism in that time was a continuation of the VOC’s mercantilism but with a stronger intention to control the factors of production. Territorial expansion to fertile areas indeed encouraged the emergence of medium-sized cities in the inland, but on the other hand, degenerated several older cities on the coast. Spatially, the ambitions and practices of colonialism had a limited implication on urban growth. The combination of territorial and capital logic triggered political liquidation which was reflected in the spatial pattern of urban growth. The identity and symbol of colonial power were attached as new elements to the cities. This process revealed a locational decision to channel economic benefits to strategic places for sustaining domination of power for the long-term.