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POTENSI BIJI LABU KUNING SEBAGAI AGEN FITOESTROGEN PADA WANITA POST MENSTRUAL Lestari, Beni; Hanif, Naisbitt Iman; Anggarany, Ariska Deffy; Ziyad, Thoriq; Walidah, Ziana; Murwanti, Retno
Program Kreativitas Mahasiswa - Penelitian PKM-P 2014
Publisher : Ditlitabmas, Ditjen DIKTI, Kemdikbud RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (756.169 KB)

Abstract

Osteoporosis and hypercholesterolemia are prevalent condition in menopausal women. The common therapy to prevent the estrogen degrading condition is Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT). However, HRT possessed various risks. Curcubita pepo L. seed (pumpkin seed) contains lignan secoisolariciresinol and lariciresinol which exhibit estrogenic effect. The aim of this study is to determine the estrogenic effect of Ethanolic Extract of Pumpkin Seeds (EEPS) through in silico and in vivo study. In silico study were conducted by molecular docking of lignan which is secoisolariciresinol and lariciresinol with Estrogen Receptor (ERα and Erβ). In vivo study conducted by using ovariectomized Sprague dawley female rats as a model of postmenopausal women. Blood lipid profile, bone density, and uterine weight were assayed after thirty days. Molecular docking score of secoisolariciresinol and lariciresinol were similar to estradiol. In vivo study found that EEPS increase bone density and uterine weight percentage while also improve the blood profile. In conclusion, these result showed that EEPS is potential to be developed as an osteoporosis and hypercholesterolemia prevention agent. Keywords:  Lime peel, Limonene, Aromatic candles, Repellent
Suppression of DMBA-induced carcinogenesis of breast cancer in post initition stage by ethanolic extract of Gynura procumbens (Lour), Merr leaves Edy Meiyanto; Sri Tasminatun; Sri Susilowati; Retno Murwanti; Sugiyanto .
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy Vol 18 No 4, 2007
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (181.092 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp169-175

Abstract

Gynura procumbens (Lour) Merr., has been shown to suppress lung cancer development in mice and breast cancer development in rat when the extract was given at initiation stage. The aim of this research is to examine the potential of ethanolic extract of G. procumbens to suppress DMBAinduced breast cancer development at early development (post initiation I) and late development (post initiation II). Sprague Dawley Rats were used in this research and were grouped as indicated treatment. Ethanolic extract of G. procumbens was administered into 2 levels of doses, namely 250, 750 mg/kgBW. Tumor development was examined by palpation every week and terminated at week 16th after the end of DMBA treatment. The result showed that extract treatment at the dose of 250, and 750 mg/kgBW at the post initiation I could not reduce tumor incidence but suppressed of tumor multiplicity. However, the treatment at the post initiation II, the extract could not reduce neither incidence nor multiplicity. In conclusion, ethanolic extract of G. procumbens performs potential effect to suppress breast cancer development at the dose of 250 mg/kgBW when administered at the early stage of carcinogenesis.Key words : Carcinogenesis inhibition, G. procumbens, breast cancer, post initiation
Chemopreventive effect of ethanolic extract of Gynura procumbens (Lour), Merr on the carcinogenesis of Rat breast cancer development Meiyanto, Edy; Susilowati, Sri; Tasminatun, Sri; Murwanti, Retno; ., Sugiyanto
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 18 No 3, 2007
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.982 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp154-161

Abstract

Gynura procumbens (Lour) Merr., empirically, used to prevent cancer development and has been proven to be able to suppress lung cancer development. The aim of this research is to examine the potential of ethanolic extract of G. procumbens to suppress DMBA-induced breast cancer development. Sprague Dawly Rats were used in this research and were grouped as indicated treatment. Ethanolic extract of G. procumbens was administered into 3 levels of doses, namely 250, 500, and 750 mg/kgBW. Tumor development was examined by palpation every week and terminated at week 16th after the end of DMBA treatment. The result showed that extract treatment at the dose of 250, 500, and 750 mg/kgBW reduced tumor incidence by 60%, 30 %, and 20 % respectively. The doses of 500 and 750 mg/kgBW exhibited strong suppression of tumor multiplicity, where as the dose of 250 performed less potential suppression. In conclusion, ethanolic extract of G. procumbens performs chemopreventive effect to suppress breast cancer development at the dose of 250 mg/kgBW.Key words : chemopreventive, Gynura procumbens (Lour) Merr, breast cancer.
Efek Penghambatan Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tumor Paru dan Uji Ketoksikan Akut Ekstrak Kapsul Chang Sheuw Tian Ran Ling Yao Pada Mencit (Mus musculus) dan Tikus (Ratus tanezumi) Fudholi, Ahmad; Meiyanto, Edy; Donatus, Imono Argo; Nurrochmad, Arief; Hakim, Arief Rahman; Murwanti, Retno
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 5, No 1 (2008): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (382.692 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v5i1.3202

Abstract

Inhibitory Phases Effect of The Lung Cancer And Acute Toxicity of Chang Sheuw Tian RanLing Yao Capsule Extracts in House mice (Mus musculus) and Rat (Ratus tanezumi). Effortsto find anticancer agents have been developed nowadays, some of them are focused in traditionalherbs. One of the available products in the market that claims effective to cure cancer isthe Chang Sheuw Tian Ran Ling Yao, PT. Daun Teratai extract containing CAPSULE (CSTRLYextract). The aim of this study is to examine of confession of some people which are usingthe useful of medicine CSTRLY extract capsule through inhibitor laboratory effect of theCSTRLY extract in the initiation and post initiation phases of the lung cancer in mice and ratsthat had been induced by eather Benzo[?]pyrene (BP) or Dimetilbenz[?]antrazene (DMBA)and to clarify the potency of acute toxicity and specific toxic manifestations of thephytopharmaca.The results showed that the CSTRLY extract can reduce the cancer incidence caused bycarcinogen, BP and DMBA. Moreover, the extract can also inhibit the cancer growth in themice and rats, especially in the early post-initiation phase. Further, the histopathologicalevaluation showed that up to the highest dose level that technically could be administrated tothe animals (12500 mg/kg bw), no animal death was occurred. Furthermore, the ADG values formale and female rats indicated no significant different (P > 0.05) that relative to the controlgroup. No animals were shows physical symptom as a toxic manifestation. It’s indicated thatthe phytopharmaca no influenced to somatomotor and nervous system. Within the dose rangeadministrations, no detectable morphological toxic effects or histophatological changes of theliver, spleen, heart, and lungs were observed. the acute toxicity value of Chang Sheuw TianRan Ling Yao Capsule was very low (or minimal almost non-toxic with LD50 > 12500 mg/kg bw)and the spectrum of toxic effects of the phytopharmaca were considered negligible.Key words: Ekstract, CSTRLY, mice and rat, BP, DMBA, carsinogenesis, lung cancer
Effect of Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. ethanolic extract on the lung tumor growth on post initiation phase in female mice induced by Benzo(a)pyrene Retno Murwanti; Edy Meiyanto; Arief Nurrochmad; Susi Ari Kristina
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy Vol 15 No 1, 2004
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (433.981 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp7-12

Abstract

Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. rhizomes has been used as a traditional cancer medicine since a long time ago, but the so far researches performed on the pharmacological mechanism were lacking. This present research has been done to determine the effect of ethanolic extract of Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. rhizomes on lung cancer of female mice previously induced by Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P).Newborn mice were induced by B[a]P and then were separated between male and female mice. On 30th day after birth, female mice were given the ethanolic extract of Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. rhizomes and divided into five groups. Three groups were given 200, 500 and 750 mg/kgBB extract, a group was given solvent (DMSO) as negative control, and another group was given nothing as positive control.The results of this present research shown that the ethanolic extract of Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. rhizomes has proved to posses inhibition effect on lung cancer growth in female mice, at dose of 250 mg/kgBB (49,63%), 500 mg/kgBB (73,33%) and 750 mg/kgBB (77,78%).Keywords : Newborn Mice, Benzo[a]piren, Curcuma zedoaria Rosc.
Penares sp sponge from Menjangan Island-water West Bali National Park: Isolation of Cytotoxic Compounds Erna Prawita Setyowati; Sudarsono Sudarsono; Retno Murwanti
Majalah Obat Tradisional Vol 22, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (909.182 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/mot.31547

Abstract

Sponges are multicellular animals which have cytotoxic compounds. In this study, isolation and cytotoxic activity of Penares sp sponge from Menjangan island-water West Bali National Park have been carried out. The results showed that chloroform extract and GF V Penares sp fraction were toxic according to Brine Shrimp Lethality Test method (each 85% and 63.3% mortality at 25μg/mL concentration). The isolation result of GF V fraction was obtained a compound (Spot 4) that is active as cytotoxic agent against T47D cells (IC50 of 12.7 ug/mL). Spot 4 is a terpenoid compound which has conjugated double bonds.
Physical and Chemical Properties of Native and Fully Pregelatinized Cassava Starch (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Dewantara Putra, I Gusti Ngurah Agung; Murwanti, Retno; Rohman, Abdul; Sulaiman, T.N Saifullah
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy Vol 29 No 3, 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1325.919 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm29iss3pp145

Abstract

Starch is widely used as an excipient in pharmaceutical formulations because it is inert and it can be mixed with drugs without any chemical reactions. This study was aimed to develop and to characterize the physical and chemical properties of cassava starch fully pregelatinized (CSFP) and native cassava starch (Manihot esculenta Crantz) (NCS). Organoleptic properties, pH, ash content, shrink drying, macroscopic and microscopic analyses, amylose and amylopectin content, bulk and tapped density, the angle of repose and flow rate were physically evaluated for both type of cassava starch. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to characterize and evaluate the chemical properties of the CSFP and NCS. The results of this study indicate that CSFP exhibited different values of those determined parameters compared to that of NCS organoleptic properties i.e, pH, viscosity, ash content, shrink drying, macroscopic and microscopic analyses, amylose and amylopectin content, bulk and tapped density, angle of repose and flow rate. The measurement results with DSC obtained Tg at NCS of 68.18oC while in CSFP there is no Tg because cassava starch (CS) is fully gelatinized. In conclusion, CSFP as a good profile starch contained a higher amount of amylose with larger particle size and good particle density and viscosity than the natural starch and improve its flow properties and compactibility. CSFP had a noticeable effect on fragility, hardness, disintegration time and percentage of drug release from the tablets produced, that can be developed as a pharmaceutical excipient in development of solid dosage forms  (sustain release). 
PENGARUH EKSTRAK RIMPANG TEMU PUTIH (Curcuma zedoaria Rosc.) TERHADAP KARSINOGENESIS PARU YANG DIINDUKSI OLEH BENZO[]PIREN Murwanti, Retno; Meiyanto, Edy; Nurrochmad, Arief; Alexxander, .
JFIOnline | Print ISSN 1412-1107 | e-ISSN 2355-696X Vol 3, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Research Gateway

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This experiment was aimed to investigate the influence of Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. ethanol extract on the growth of benzo[a]pyrene-induced lung tumor in male Balb/c mice. New born miced were induced with 0,2 mmol, 0,4 mmol, and 0,8 mmol benzo[a]pyrene intraperitoneally at day 1, 8, and 15 after born. On day 25 after born, the male mice were distributed into 5 groups. Group 1, 2 and 3 were treated with Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. ethanol extract consecutively 250 mg/kgBW, 500 mg/kgBW and 750 mg/kgBW. Group 4 was treated with DMSO (solvent) and group 5 was B[a]P induced tumor positive control.  Mice were sacrificed at 4 month age, and lung were collected for examination of tumor nodules macroscopic and microscopically. Intensity of carcinogenicity was expressed as number of  tumor bearing mice in each group, and number of of tumor nodules per mouse lung. From the result it was concluded that  Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. ethanol extract dose 250-750 mg/kgBW can inhibit the growth of lung tumor in male mice up to 18,75%. ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh ekstrak etanol rimpang temu putih terhadap pertumbuhan  tumor paru pada mencit jantan galur Balb/c yang diinduksi benzo[a]piren. Anak mencit yang baru lahir diinduksi secara intraperitoneal dengan benzo[a]piren pada hari ke-1, ke-8, dan ke-15 setelah kelahiran dengan dosis masing-masing sebesar 0,2 mmol, o,4 mmol, dan 0,8 mmol. Pada hari ke-25 setelah kelahiran, mencit jantan dibagi menjadi 5 kelompok, kelompok pertama sampai ke-3 diberi ekstrak etanol rimpang temu putih dengan dosis 250 mg/kgBB, 500 mg/kgBB dan 750 mg/kgBB, kelompok  ke-4 diberi pelarut DMSO dan kelompok ke-5 sebagai kelompok kontrol positif kanker B[a]P. Mencit dikorbanan pada umur 4 bulan dan diambil organ paru, untuk diamati adanya nodul tumor secara makroskopis dan mokroskopis. Intensitas karsinogenesitas dinyatakan sebagai jumlah mencit yang terkena tumor paru dalam setiap kelompok, dan jumlah tumor per mencit dalam setiap organ paru. Analisis statistik yang digunakan adalah analisis Non parametrik Test (Kruskal-Wallis Test) dan diteruskan dengan Mann-Whitney Test. Dari penelitian ini diambil kesimpulan bahwa ekstrak etanol rimpang temu putih dengan dosis 250 mg/kgBB, 500 mg/kgBB, dan dosis 750 mg/kgBB mampu menghambat pertumbuhan tumor paru pada mencit jantan pada fase post inisiasi dengan prosentase penghambatan berturut-turut 28,5%, 83,5%, dan 18,75%.
Antioxidant Activities of n-Hexane Soluble and Insoluble Fraction, Ethyl Acetate Soluble and Insoluble Fraction from Ethanol Extract of Sambung Nyawa Leaf (Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr.) Purwantiningsih Purwantiningsih; Retno Murwanti; Lukman Hakim
Majalah Obat Tradisional Vol 24, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/mot.43743

Abstract

There were many plants containing flavonoids which can function as antioxidant. Antioxidant can be used to decrease the mortality rate caused by degenerative and infectious diseases. This study aims to determine the antioxidant potency of n-hexane soluble and insoluble fraction, ethyl acetate soluble and insoluble fraction, and the ethanol extract antioxidant activity of Sambung Nyawa leaf (Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr.). The ethanol extract of G. procumbens leaves was obtained by maceration using 70% ethanol then fractionated using hexane and ethyl acetate to obtain the n-hexane soluble fraction, n-hexane insoluble fraction, ethyl acetate soluble fraction, and ethyl acetate insoluble fraction. The antioxidant activity study of ethanol extract, n-hexane soluble, and insoluble fraction, ethyl acetate soluble, and insoluble fraction of G. procumbens was carried out using DPPH (2,2- diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) method to evaluate its free radical scavenging activity with a comparison of vitamin C. The antioxidants activity was expressed as IC50 value. The IC50 value for vitamin C and ethanol extract of G. procumbens leaves were 2.41 µg/ml and 200 µg/ml. On the other hand, the n-hexane soluble and insoluble fraction had an IC50 value of 78 µg/ml and 34 µg/ml, while ethyl acetate soluble and insoluble fraction had the potency as an antioxidant with an IC50 value of 419 µg/ml and 151 μg/ml, respectively. Based on the results obtained, the antioxidant potency of G. procumbens ethanol extract and their fraction were successively of n-hexane insoluble fraction > n-hexane soluble fraction > ethyl acetate insoluble fraction > ethanol extract > ethyl acetate soluble fraction.
PENGARUH EKSTRAK RIMPANG TEMU PUTIH (Curcuma zedoaria Rosc.) TERHADAP KARSINOGENESIS PARU YANG DIINDUKSI OLEH BENZO[]PIREN Murwanti, Retno; Meiyanto, Edy; Nurrochmad, Arief; Alexxander, .
Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35617/jfi.v3i2.71

Abstract

This experiment was aimed to investigate the influence of Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. ethanol extract on the growth of benzo[a]pyrene-induced lung tumor in male Balb/c mice. New born miced were induced with 0,2 mmol, 0,4 mmol, and 0,8 mmol benzo[a]pyrene intraperitoneally at day 1, 8, and 15 after born. On day 25 after born, the male mice were distributed into 5 groups. Group 1, 2 and 3 were treated with Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. ethanol extract consecutively 250 mg/kgBW, 500 mg/kgBW and 750 mg/kgBW. Group 4 was treated with DMSO (solvent) and group 5 was B[a]P induced tumor positive control.  Mice were sacrificed at 4 month age, and lung were collected for examination of tumor nodules macroscopic and microscopically. Intensity of carcinogenicity was expressed as number of  tumor bearing mice in each group, and number of of tumor nodules per mouse lung. From the result it was concluded that  Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. ethanol extract dose 250-750 mg/kgBW can inhibit the growth of lung tumor in male mice up to 18,75%. ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh ekstrak etanol rimpang temu putih terhadap pertumbuhan  tumor paru pada mencit jantan galur Balb/c yang diinduksi benzo[a]piren. Anak mencit yang baru lahir diinduksi secara intraperitoneal dengan benzo[a]piren pada hari ke-1, ke-8, dan ke-15 setelah kelahiran dengan dosis masing-masing sebesar 0,2 mmol, o,4 mmol, dan 0,8 mmol. Pada hari ke-25 setelah kelahiran, mencit jantan dibagi menjadi 5 kelompok, kelompok pertama sampai ke-3 diberi ekstrak etanol rimpang temu putih dengan dosis 250 mg/kgBB, 500 mg/kgBB dan 750 mg/kgBB, kelompok  ke-4 diberi pelarut DMSO dan kelompok ke-5 sebagai kelompok kontrol positif kanker B[a]P. Mencit dikorbanan pada umur 4 bulan dan diambil organ paru, untuk diamati adanya nodul tumor secara makroskopis dan mokroskopis. Intensitas karsinogenesitas dinyatakan sebagai jumlah mencit yang terkena tumor paru dalam setiap kelompok, dan jumlah tumor per mencit dalam setiap organ paru. Analisis statistik yang digunakan adalah analisis Non parametrik Test (Kruskal-Wallis Test) dan diteruskan dengan Mann-Whitney Test. Dari penelitian ini diambil kesimpulan bahwa ekstrak etanol rimpang temu putih dengan dosis 250 mg/kgBB, 500 mg/kgBB, dan dosis 750 mg/kgBB mampu menghambat pertumbuhan tumor paru pada mencit jantan pada fase post inisiasi dengan prosentase penghambatan berturut-turut 28,5%, 83,5%, dan 18,75%.
Co-Authors Abdul Rohman Adam Hermawan Ahmad Fudholi Alexxander, . Alexxander, . Anami Riastri Andayana Puspitasari Gani Andayana Puspitasari Gani Anselma Ivanawati Arief Nurrochmad Arief Nurrochmad Arief Nurrochmad Arief Rahman Hakim Ariska Deffy Anggarany, Ariska Deffy Azizah Amin Azmi Rahmadani Bambang Sulistiyo Ari Sudarmanto Bani Adlina Shabrina Beni Lestari, Beni Devina Martina Devita Anggraeni Devyanto Hadi Triutomo Dewantara Putra, I Gusti Ngurah Agung Dhania Novitasari Dhirgo Adji Dwi Brilyani Sandy Dyah Afritasari Edy Meiyanto Edy Meiyanto Edy Meiyanto Edy Meiyanto Edy Meiyanto Erna Prawita Setyowati Erna Prawita Setyowati Farida Hayati Farida Hayati Fikriansyah Fikriansyah Fitriana Hayyu Arifah Ginna Zabrina Hendri Wasito I Gusti Ngurah Agung Dewantara Putra Ika Puspita Sari Imono Argo Donatus, Imono Argo Iren Wati Siahaan Jenie, Riris Istighfari Juang Juansa Layung Sekar Sih Wikanthi Lodyta Nawang Tika Lukman Hakim Mentari Widiastuti Naisbitt Iman Hanif, Naisbitt Iman Nindi Wulandari Nindya Budiana Putri Nurul Mukhlisa Prisnu Tirtanirmala Purwantiningsih Purwantiningsih Retno S. Sudibyo Retno Sunarminingsih Sudibyo Reynelda Juliani Sagala Rima Munawaroh Risa Umari Yuli Aliviyanti Ritmaleni, Ritmaleni Rohmad Yudi Utomo Rohman, Abdul Sardjiman . Sari Haryanti Shofa Annur Siswadi Siswadi Sri Susilowati Sri Susilowati Sri Tasminatun, Sri Sudarsono Sudarsono Sugiyanto . Sugiyanto . Sulaiman, T.N Saifullah Susi Ari Kristina Suwijiyo Pramono Teuku Nanda Saifullah Sulaiman Thoriq Ziyad, Thoriq Triana Candraningrum Triana Hertiani Wahyu Utaminingrum Yundari, Yundari Zahrotul Ulum Ziana Walidah, Ziana