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Strategy of Soybean Management (Glycine max L.) to Cope with Extreme Climate Using CropSyst© Model Aminah, Aminah; Ala, Ambo; Musa, Yunus; Padjung, Rusnadi; Kaimuddin, Kaimuddin
AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 39, No 3 (2017): OCTOBER
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture University of Brawijaya in collaboration with PERAGI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v39i3.1020

Abstract

This research was carried out to verify the CropSyst© plant model from experimental data in a soybean field and to predict planting time along with its potential yield. The researches were divided into two stages. First stage was a calibration for model on field from June to September 2015. Second stage was the application of the model. The required data models included climatic, soil and crop’s genetic data. There were relationship between the obtained data in field and the simulation from CropSyst© model which was indicated by 0.679 of Efficiency Index (EF) value. This meant that the CropSyst© model was well used. In case of Relative Root Mean Square Error (RRMSE), it was shown at 2.68 %. RRMSE value described that there was a 2.68 % error prediction between simulation and actual production. In conclusion, CropSyst© can be used to predict the suitable planting time for soybean and as the result, the suitable planting time for soybean on the dry land is the end of rainy season (2 June 2015). Tanggamus variety is the most resistant variety based on slow planting time, because the decreased percentage of production was lower (8.3 %) than Wilis (26.3 %) and Anjasmoro (43.0 %).
Seleksi Jagung Inbrida dengan Marka Molekuler dan Toleransinya terhadap Kekeringan dan Nitrogen Rendah Efendi, Roy; Musa, Yunus; Bdr, M. Farid; Rahim, M. Danial; Azrai, M.; Pabendon, Marcia
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 34, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (117.041 KB) | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v34n1.2015.p43-53

Abstract

Information on genetic diversity, homozygosity, drought stress and low N tolerance of maize inbred line are useful for parental selection in developing maize varieties tolerant to drought and low N. The objectives of this study were (a) selection for homozygoes lines and analysis of genetic diversity among 51 maize inbred lines applying simple sequence repeats (SSRs) using thirty six markers (b) selection for inbred lines (homozygosity over 80%) for drought and low nitrogen (N) tolerance. Experiment was conducted using split-split plots design with three replications. Water treatments were as the main plots (well-watered and drought stress conditions), subplots were nitrogen fertilization at rate of 75 and 150 kg N/ha and the sub-sub plots were 51 inbred lines. The results showed that there were broad ranges of genetic variability among inbred lines with genetic similarity coefficient values ranging from 0.22 to 0.87 and polymorphism information content average was 0.57. Thirty inbreds having homozygosity over 80% were spread into six heterotic groups. Drought tolerance inbreds were in heterotic groups C and F, namely DTPYC9-F46-3-9-1-1-B and 1044-30, the drought medium tolerance in heterotic group A and B, namely CML 161/NEI 9008 and MR 14. Inbred for low-N fertility tolerance was in the heterotic group D namely G20133077, while medium tolerance to low-N fertility inbreds were in heterotic group A, B, C, D, and F, and they were CML 161/NEI 9008, CY 11, CY 15, CY 6, CLRCY039, Nei9008, DTPYC9-F46-1-2-1-2-B, G2013627, G2013649, 1044-30. Inbreds tolerance to both medium drought and to low-N fertility were in heterotic group C and F they were DTPYC9-F46-1-2-1-2-B and 1044-30. Inbred lines of maize tolerant to drought and to low-N fertility can be used as parent to develop hybrid or synthetic varieties, posessing stress tolerances, by cross recombination between heterotic groups.
Supply Chain Performance of Cayenne Pepper in Gorontalo, Indonesia Ria Indriani; Rahim Darma; Yunus Musa; N. Tenriawaru; Mahyuddin Mahyuddin
International Journal of Supply Chain Management Vol 8, No 5 (2019): International Journal of Supply Chain Management (IJSCM)
Publisher : International Journal of Supply Chain Management

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (693.648 KB)

Abstract

The fluctuating price of cayenne pepper can be caused by the characteristics of agricultural commodities and also inefficient supply chain management arrangements. The research objective was to examine the performance of the cayenne supply chain with the approach of SCOR supply chain performance attributes based on reliability, responsiveness, agility, and assets in Gorontalo. The research method used was a survey method using purposive sampling technique. The study was conducted a year (July 2017-July 2018) in Gorontalo Province. Data were obtained from direct interviews with farmers, collectors, wholesalers, retailers. Data analysis utilized DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis). The results showed that the performance of the cayenne supply chain doer in Gorontalo was mostly efficient, only 5 farmers, 1 collecting trader, 1 large trader and 2 retailers whose performance was not efficient.
RODUKSI BENIH PADI MELALUI BUDIDAYA MINAPADI PADA KELOMPOK TANI WANUAE DAN HARAPAN DI KABUPATEN BONE Muh. Farid BDR; Yunus Musa; . Nasaruddin
Jurnal Dinamika Pengabdian (JDP) Vol. 1 No. 2 (2016): JURNAL DINAMIKA PENGABDIAN VOL. 1 NO. 2 MEI 2016
Publisher : Departemen Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian UNHAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jdp.v1i2.2192

Abstract

Kegiatan ini bertujuan memperbaiki sistem produksi benih padi untuk mendapatkan metode perbenihan padi yang ideal dikembangkan pada setiap wilayah pengembangan berdasarkan agroekologi padi dengan teknologi minapadi secara terpadu dengan penentuan varietas yang sesuai dan perbaikan kualitas lahan melalui pemanfaatan limbah organik dengan menggunakan mikroorganisme lokal (MOL). Kegiatan ini berlangsung selama 8 bulan di Kabupaten Bone dengan menggunakan sistem tanam legowo 2:1. Disamping itu, sistem legowo yang memberikan ruang yang luas (lorong) sangat cocok dikombinasikan dengan pemeliharaan ikan (minapadi legowo).  Hasil ikan yang diperoleh mampu menutup sebagian biaya usahatani sehingga dapat meningkatkan pendapatan petani.  Perbenihan padi merupakan salah satu usaha tani yang dapat dikelola oleh petani dan keluarganya secara berkelompok pada kelompok tani Wanuae dan Harapan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan benih padi sendiri dan dapat juga dijual ke petani di daerah lainnya sebagai suatu usaha agribisnis teknologi minapadi. Selain memproduksi padi juga memproduksi ikan yang secara langsung akan menambah pendapatan petani sehingga diharapkan teknologi ini dapat diserap oleh petani dan dikembangkan secara berkelanjutan.  Untuk keperluan tersebut, maka sebuah lembaga penelitian dan pengabdian masyarakat bekerja sama dengan Fakultas Pertanian Unhas diharapkan dapat membina kelompok tani menjadi penangkar benih melalui pelatihan dan praktek di wilayah kerjanya masing-masing, yang meliputi: teknik pembuatan/cara menghasilkan benih padi berkualitas, cara mempertahankan kualitas benih dan cara mendeteksi atau mengukur kualitas benih, serta teknik budidaya minapadi yang baik dan benar. Kata kunci: perbenihan padi, minapadi, mikroorganisme lokal 
Budidaya Jagung dengan Populasi Tinggi untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitas dan Efisiensi Lahan di Indonesia Zhiwu, Wang; Kai, Chen; Shijun, Qi; Zengbin, Lu; Wen, Cheng; Huanying, Xiao; Suxian, Zhao; Musa, Yunus; Dermawan, Rahmansyah; Syahruddin, Karlina; Zhaohua, Ding
AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian Vol 3 No 1 (2019): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian
Publisher : Universitas Bangka Belitung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (560.068 KB) | DOI: 10.33019/agrosainstek.v3i1.36

Abstract

This study aims to support technically the use of space by adjusting the spacing and the use of high yielding new CI01, CI02 and CI03 maize varieties jointly developed by corn researchers from China and Indonesia with appropriate cultivation techniques. This experiment was conducted in March 2018 in Kediri, East Java, Indonesia. Planting is carried out in beds using plastic mulch. Planting was designed with a high population using a distance of 14 cm between plants, 2 rows per bed, and zigzag planted to obtain 99,000 plants/ha population. With this method, high yields of 13.35 t / ha for CI01 varieties, 13.72 t / Ha for CI02 varieties, and 12.78 t / Ha for CI03 varieties were obtained. The downy mildew disease rate was the lowest 0.8% in the CI01 variety. Economically, the use of high yield pattern planting methods increases yields by more than 20% and increases economic profit by 15% of the cost of corn production.
IDENTIFIKASI PLANT GROWTH PROMOTING RHIZOBACTERIA PADA RIZOSFER BAMBU DURI DENGAN GRAM KOH 3% Hardiansyah, Muhammad Yusril; Musa, Yunus; Jaya, Abdul Mollah
Agrotechnology Research Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Agrotechnology Research Journal
Publisher : Perhimpunan Agroteknologi/Agroekoteknologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/agrotechresj.v4i1.40875

Abstract

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria is a group of microorganism that is able to increase plant growth and yield through reactions in the soil, but the large number of microorganisms contained in PGPR's rhizosphere from thorn bamboo make it difficult to know which bacteria are the most dominant and most active in influencing plants. This study aimed to determine the effect of using the 3% gram KOH test method in identifying PGPR bacteria from the thorn bamboo rhizosphere. This test was carried out at the Biofertilizer and Potential Microbial Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Hasanuddin from October-December 2019. The testing methods include making microorganism growing media, pouring media, planting bacteria with the scatter and scratch methods, also the gram reaction test using KOH 3%. The results obtained the use of the 3% gram KOH test method in the scatter method showed there were 2 samples that have mucus with a percentage of 40%, while in the scratch method showed all samples have mucus with a percentage of 100% so that the use of the 3% gram KOH test method has an optimum effect in detecting microorganisms especially in identifying plant growth promoting rhizobacteria.
Evaluation of drought-tolerance in some tropical wheat genotypes (Triticum aestivum L.) at different osmotic-stress levels Kadir, Muhammad; Kaimuddin, Kaimuddin; Musa, Yunus; Badaruddin, Muh Farid; Nur, Amin
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 5, No 2 (2020): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4532.471 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.46435

Abstract

Abiotic factors, such as temperature and drought, were the main factors limiting the cultivation under the tropical condition. Two-stage experiments were conducted to examine the drought-tolerant potential of some wheat genotypes against the osmotic stress under the tropical condition at the Laboratory and Greenhouse of Hasanuddin University and Indonesian Cereal Research Institute. The experiments were arranged in a randomized block design with the split-plot pattern and respectively provided with four and three replications. The main plot was potential osmotic stress (0, -0. 33 , and -0.67 MPa) and the sub-plot was selected wheat genotypes (17 genotypes). The results indicated that based on the germination percentage, shoot/root ratio, proline content, stomatal behavior, and relative water content, the wheat lines of O/HP-78-A22-3-7, WBLL*2KURUKU, O/HP-6-A8-2-10, and O/HP-22-A27-1-10 were identified to have better drought-tolerance than the others genotypes based on the analysis of responses to parameters observed. The positively adaptive response of some tropical wheat genotypes to drought stress may be used as a potential donor for further development of drought-tolerant wheat varieties under the tropical climate in Indonesia. 
PENYULUHAN TEKNIS PEMANGKASAN BENTUK DAN PEMANGKASAN PEMELIHARAAN TANAMAN KAKAO KLONAL DI KABUPATEN KOLAKA UTARA PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGGARA . Nasaruddin; Yunus Musa; Amir Yassi; Ade Rosmana; Muh. Farid BDR; Ismail Mustafa
Jurnal Dinamika Pengabdian (JDP) Vol. 6 No. 1 (2020): JURNAL DINAMIKA PENGABDIAN VOL. 6 NO. 1 OKTOBER 2020
Publisher : Departemen Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian UNHAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jdp.v6i1.11501

Abstract

North Kolaka is one of the largest cocoa producing districts in Southeast Sulawesi, however in the last 10 years, there has been a decline in the area and production of cocoa plants in North Kolaka. Cocoa is the main source of income for the people of North Kolaka, a source of regional income (PAD), and a provider of employment for the community. Currently, the government is temporarily revitalizing the people's cacao plants in an effort to restore the prestige of North Kolaka as a leading production center in Indonesia. Pruning is one aspect of cultivation that is important for good cocoa production. Pruning cocoa consists of pruning shapes, pruning maintenance and pruning production. So far, the community has not done shape pruning, especially for clonal cocoa from plant propagation using shoot grafting techniques. This is reflected in the condition of the plant growth system, especially in clonal plants. Community service activities are carried out by way of outreach and counseling about pruning and maintenance of cocoa farmer groups. The activity received a positive response from partner farmers who were very enthusiastic about participating in extension activities and hoped that the same activities would continue to be carried out not only in pruning, but all aspects of the election, especially in supporting the revitalization activities that were being carried out by the Government and the Community of North Kolaka.   Keywords: Cocoa, shape pruning, maintenance pruning, clonal tree.   ABSTRAK Kolaka Utara merupakan salah satu kabupaten penghasil kakao terbesar di Sulawesi Tenggara, akan tetapi dalam 10 tahun terakhir, terjadi penurunan areal dan produksi tanaman kakao di Kolaka Utara. Kakao merupakan sumber pendapatan utama masyarakat Kolaka Utara, sumber pendapatan asli daerah (PAD), dan penyedia lapangan kerja bagi masyarakat. Saat ini pemerintah sementara melakukan revitalisasi tanaman kakao rakyat dalam upaya pemerintah daerah mengembalikan pamor Kolaka Utara sebagai sentra produksi terkemuka di Indonesia. Salah satu aspek budidaya yang penting untuk mendapatkan produksi kakao yang baik adalah pemangkasan. Pemangkasan kakao terdiri dari pemangkasan bentuk, pemangkasan pemeliharaan dan pemangkasan produksi. Selama ini masyarakat belum melakukan pemangkasan bentuk khususnya pada tanaman kakao klonal dari perbanyakan tanaman dengan teknik sambung pucuk. Hal ini tercermin dari kondisi sistem pertajukan tanaman khusunya pada tanaman klonal. Kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat dilakukan dengan jalan sosialisasi dan penyuluhan tentang pemangkasan bentuk dan pemeliharaan pada kelompok tani kakao. Kegiatan mendapat respon positif dari petani mitra yang sangat antusias mengikuti kegiatan penyuluhan dan mengharapkan kegiatan yang sama terus dilakukan tidak terbatas hanya pada pemangkasan, tetapi seluruh aspek pemiliharaan terutama dalam mendukung kegiatan revitalisasi yang sementara dilakukan oleh Pemerintah dan Masyarakat Kolaka Utara.   Kata kunci: Kakao, pemangkasan bentuk, pemangkasan pemeliharaan, kakao klonal.
DISEMINASI PRODUK JAGUNG SINTETIK UNHAS (SINHAS 1) DALAM PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN BENIH DAN PRODUKSI JAGUNG DI KABUPATEN TAKALAR Muh. Farid; Yunus Musa; Hatta Jamil; Ifayanti Ridwan; Sakka Pati; . Nursini; Abdul Wahid; Muhammad Fuad Anshori
Jurnal Dinamika Pengabdian (JDP) Vol. 6 No. 1 (2020): JURNAL DINAMIKA PENGABDIAN VOL. 6 NO. 1 OKTOBER 2020
Publisher : Departemen Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian UNHAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jdp.v6i1.11817

Abstract

Drought and the availability of nitrogen fertilizers are the main constraints in the growth and production of maize, so it is necessary to build synthetic corn varieties that are tolerant of drought stress and low N fertilization. These synthetic maize varieties can support a wider planting of maize and involve farmers who lack capital, thus supporting increased production and national self-sufficiency in corn in a sustainable manner. The aim of the service was to introduce the Unhas Synthetic maize variety (SINHAS1) with dissemination and field meetings through the Experimental Demonstration Plots, as well as interviews about the level of farmers' preference for the SINHAS 1 variety. 2020. The activity was carried out through the socialization and dissemination process of SINHAS 1 corn through a pilot demonstration plot. The demonstration plot was carried out by combining the use of the superior varieties of SINHAS 1 corn with corn cultivation technology which is packaged as a corn cultivation technology package. The demonstration plot was conducted at four locations in Tarowang Village, Galesong Selatan District, Takalar Regency. The results of the activity showed that the level of farmers' preference for the Unhas synthetic maize variety (SINHAS 1) was very high (85%) with an average productivity of 7.8 tonnes / ha, so that it is very likely to be developed in Tarowang Village, Galesong Selatan District, Takalar Regency. Development efforts need socialization and dissemination on a broader scale to accelerate development efforts. Development efforts will be carried out together with the Tarowang Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMDes) in collaboration with the Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University to produce the SINHAS 1 corn variety through seed breeding. Keywords: Dissemination, corn, SINHAS 1, seed, takalar ABSTRAK Masalah kekeringan dan ketersediaan pupuk Nitrogen merupakan pembatas utama dalam pertumbuhan dan produksi jagung, sehingga diperlukan usaha perakitan varietas jagung sintetik yang toleran cekaman kekeringan dan pemupukan N rendah. Varietas jagung sintetik tersebut dapat menudukung penanaman jagung yang lebih luas dan melibatkan petani yang kurang modal sehingga mendukung peningkatan produksi dan swasembada jagung nasional secara berkelanjutan. Tujuan pengabdian adalah memperkenalkan varietas jagung Sintetik Unhas (SINHAS1) dengan diseminasi dan temu lapang melalui Demplot Percobaan, sekaligus wawancara tentang tingkat kesukaan petani terhadap varietas SINHAS 1. Kegiatan pengabdian dilaksanakan di Desa Tarowang, Kecamatan Galesong Selatan, Kabupaten Takalar yang berlangsung sejak Juli sampai Oktober 2020. Kegiatan dilakukan melalui proses sosialisasi dan diseminasi Jagung SINHAS 1 melalui Demplot Percobaan. Demplot dilakukan melalui perpaduan penggunaan varietas unggul jagung SINHAS 1 dengan teknologi budidaya jagung yang dikemas sebagai paket teknologi budidaya jagung. Demplot dilakukan pada empat lokasi yang ada di Desa Tarowang, Kecamatan Galesong Selatan, Kabupaten Takalar. Hasil kegiatan menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kesukaan petani terhadap varietas jagung sintetik Unhas (SINHAS 1) sangat tinggi (85%) dengan produktivitas rata-rata mencapai 7.8 ton/ha, sehingga sangat berpeluang dikembangkan di Desa Tarowang, Kecamatan Galesong Selatan, Kabupaten Takalar. Usaha pengembangan diperlukan sosialisasi dan diseminasi pada skala yang lebih luas untuk mempercepat usaha pengembangannya. Usaha pengembangan akan dilakukan bersama dengan Badan Usaha Milik Desa (BUMDes) Tarowang bekerjasama dengan Fakultas Pertanian Unhas untuk memproduksi varietas jagung SINHAS 1 melalui penangkaran benih. Kata Kunci: Diseminasi, jagung, SINHAS 1, benih, takalar.
Analysis of Pattern Rice Businesses Legoo Crops 2:1 and Tegelin District Moncongloe, Maros Regency Muhamad Ilham; Yunus Musa; A. Nixia Tenriawaru
International Journal of Science, Technology & Management Vol. 2 No. 1 (2021): January 2021
Publisher : International Journal of Science, Technology & Management

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46729/ijstm.v2i1.134

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the productivity and income of farmers on the pattern row planting legowo and tiles as well as formulate alternative strategies that are appropriate for the development of paddy rice rain-fed in an effort to increase productivity and income of farmers in the District Moncongloe Maros Regency of South Sulawesi. The research method used is purposive sampling based on the type of rice varieties used, namely Inpari 33 with the pattern of row planting legowo and tiles as well as rainfed land. The sample taken is a member of the farmer group Biring Jene 1 and farmer group Biring Jene 2. Two of these groups are selected because members of this group there that uses the pattern legowo row planting and using varieties Inpari 33. The results of the research that the amount of revenue jajar legowo higher compared to tiles with at 9.358,3 kg/Ha or Rp. 42.112.350 to forecast legowo row planting and 4.185,4 kg/Ha or Rp. 18.834.449 for the reception of grain production in the cropping pattern tiles, with a difference of the receipt of such production of 5.172,9 kg/Ha or Rp. 23.277.901 and the value of the R/C ratio of 1,53 jajar legowo and of 1.49 for the tiles. The formulation of the strategy of SWOT analysis is a Strategy S-O, among others, the Development and improve the human resource capabilities of farmers in agricultural technology innovation, strategy W-O, among others, improve the ability mastery of appropriate technology for farmers, the strategy S-T, among others, the optimization of the agricultural land and the strategy of W-T, among others, use varieties that are resistant to PEST and disease and able to survive extreme conditions.