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BANGSA INDONESIA SEBAGAI HOMO SIGNIFICANS ATAS IDEOLOGI PANCASILA Mustansyir, Rizal
PKn Progresif Vol 3, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : PKn Progresif

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Abstract

When Indonesian put  Pancasila as doctrin, then Pancasila was not logical and rational ideology, but it became mythology. The  educational  world  as the best instrument to developing socialization of Pancasila?s values, because it has dominant potention of homo significans. Pancasila as icon, index, and symbol ought to give another interpretation, so that we are not trapped by mono interpretation, which has to eliminated Pancasila itself.  The situation has occurred in the New Orde age. It means, the strength of Pancasila  did not put to give meaning by political elit only, but involved in social. The Indonesian society has sense of belonging to Pancasila, so that they always keep Pancasila?s values in our life.
KONSEP URANG SABANA URANG DALAM PEPATAH ADAT MINANGKABAU Mustansyir, Rizal; Munir, Misnal
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 19, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

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AbstractAccording to Wilhelm Dilthey’s hermeneutic perspective,there are six points in reinterpreting the Minangkabau’s traditional aphorism “Urang sabana urang”. First, understanding of Minangkabau’s way of life is a general process, included in an ordinary life which is expressed in the aphorism. Second, theexpression of the aphorism is called “ausdruck”, Minangkabau’sexpression of life experiment and historicity. Third, humancharacteristics in Minangkabau’s aphorism consist of: “urang,urang-urang, tampan urang, angkuh-angkuh urang, urangurangan, urang sabana urang”. Fourth, “urang sabana urang” is a man who has excellent characteristics. Fifth, the globalization influence and the modern culture have changed Minangkabau’s insight of “urang sabana urang” concept so that it needs a reinterpretation in order to be understood by youth of Minang. Sixth, the epistemological dimension in Minangkabau’s aphorism synthesizes an empirical aspect and rationality. The metaphysical dimension of the aphorism shows a relation between tradition and religion so that it arise the principle of “adat basandi syarak, syarak basandi kitabullah”. The axiological dimension in the aphorism is seen as a criterion of values which is an obligation for Minangs to prevent their identity as” urang sabana urang”.Keyword: urang sabana urang, adat basandi syarak, syarakbasandi kitabullah, Minangkabau custom aphorism.
Dimensi Tanda dalam Perspektif Analitika Bahasa Ludwig Wittgenstein dan Pengaruhnya dalam Tanda Kontemporer Mustansyir, Rizal
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 22, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

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Artikel ini diarahkan kepada pemikiran Wittgenstein tentang tanda.Pemikiran tentang tanda berkembang dalam tradisi semiotik. Semiotik dan filsafat bahasa merupakan tradisi yang berbeda, namun memiliki kesamaan dalam hal  menaruh perhatian terhadap  masalah makna. Pemikiran Wittgenstein dalam kedua periode pemikirannya memberikan pemahaman terhadap tanda dengan cara yang berbeda. Wittgenstein I mengatakan bahwa kompleksitas tanda tidak dapat  begitu saja diselesaikan dalam analisis, karena penyelesaian tersebut akan menjadikannya berbeda dalam setiap struktur proposisinya. Menurut  Wittgenstein II, tidak semua tanda mendatangkan kesan yang kuat pada diri kita. Misalnya tanda dalam logika aljabar membentuk kesan seketika yang dapat digantikan dengan yang lainnya tanpa menimbulkan reaksi yang kuat pada diri kita. Dewasa ini, tanda dalam budaya kontemporer berkembang menjadi tanda yang membingungkan, tanda semu, tanda kefasihan, dan alih tanda.Kata Kunci: tanda semu, tanda kefasihan, dan alih tanda
LANDASAN FILOSOFIS MAZHAB HUKUM PROGRESIF: TINJAUAN FILSAFAT ILMU Mustansyir, Rizal
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 18, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

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AbstractThe discourse on the progressive law blows up recently. Theassumption which declared that “law is for human” strengthened the progressive law position. This progressive law condition contradicts to the positive law which pretend to be formalistic. The law environment in Indonesia which is coloured with crisis of distrust makes the idea of progressive law accepted enthusiasticly. While the view that “law as a process, law in the making” takes the idea of progressive law as an actual thing. The problem is that the progressive law has not been established a theory yet. It still need to be explored intensively. This passage examines the progressive law in the perspective of philosophy of science, because whatever theory or sosial movement must have had a philosophical ground.Keywords: The progressive law, Perspective of philosophy ofscience
Meninjau Ulang Sustainable Development: Kajian Filosofis Atas Dilema Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup di Era Post Modern Muthmainnah, Lailiy; Mustansyir, Rizal; Tjahyadi, Sindung
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 30, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (251.83 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jf.49109

Abstract

This study is an attempt to re-question the base arguments forsustainable developmentproposal with regardto environmental management. This attempt is important considering intensive deploymemt of cost and benefit calculations in every environmental management policy, which rooted in the utilitarian philosophical tradition. This research runs in the area of political philosophyandemploys methodical components includingdescription, interpretation, critical analysis, and verstehen. The current research suggests that the emergence of sustainable development as a concept of environment management goes along with modernity with all issues that it brings. The proposal of sustainable developments can be categorized into constructive postmodernismapproach. The main purpose of this proposal is to create a condition of balance between the needs of the present generation and the adequacy of the needs of the future generations. However, the concept appears to raise a new concern considering the meaning of “sustainability”has become contestation with strong tendency to economicconsideration which reduces the calculation of cost-benefits into cash-value calculations. This reductionis tendency leads to a dilemma considering the aspiration of shiftinganthropocentrism to ecocentrismunderlying behind concept of sustainable development will ironically produce a new forms of anthropocentrism.
LANDASAN FILOSOFIS MAZHAB HUKUM PROGRESIF: TINJAUAN FILSAFAT ILMU Mustansyir, Rizal
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 18, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (35.068 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jf.3512

Abstract

AbstractThe discourse on the progressive law blows up recently. Theassumption which declared that “law is for human” strengthened the progressive law position. This progressive law condition contradicts to the positive law which pretend to be formalistic. The law environment in Indonesia which is coloured with crisis of distrust makes the idea of progressive law accepted enthusiasticly. While the view that “law as a process, law in the making” takes the idea of progressive law as an actual thing. The problem is that the progressive law has not been established a theory yet. It still need to be explored intensively. This passage examines the progressive law in the perspective of philosophy of science, because whatever theory or sosial movement must have had a philosophical ground.Keywords: The progressive law, Perspective of philosophy ofscience
Norma-norma Kehidupan dalam Keluarga & Masyarakat: Sebuah Tinjauan Filsafat Sosial Mustansyir, Rizal
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Jurnal Filsafat Seri 19 Agustus 1994
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2323.972 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jf.31756

Abstract

Manusia adalah makhluk yang memiliki kecenderungan untuk hidup bersama dengan orang lain. Secara kodrati, manusia tidak dapat hidup sendiri, ia selalu membutuhkan orang lain untuk tumbuh dan berkembang
Bentuk-bentuk Permainan Bahasa: Sebuah Ekspresi Budaya yang Bervariasi Mustansyir, Rizal
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Jurnal Filsafat Seri 8 November 1991
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1472.963 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jf.31452

Abstract

Penegasan tentang konsep tata permainan bahasa ini diilustrasikan Wittgenstein dengan aneka kemiripan keluarga.
PROGRAM RISET ILMIAH IMRE LAKATOS Mustansyir, Rizal
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 17, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (265.346 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jf.23086

Abstract

The topic of this paper is related to the methodological thought of a philosopher Imre Lacatos. The methodological problem is a core problem in the area of philosophy of science. Science philosopher’s discourse shows the methodology of science as one of the scientific procedures in gaining the truth, but in fact, it caused the emergence of methodological mainstream; mono-methodology and pluri-methodology. Imre Lacatos’ tried to mediate the discourse of two fortifications by means of scientific research program. Some ideas developed by Lacatos’ in its relation to the scientific research programs are; first, Lacatos propose a sum of mathematics knowledge which is based on the heuristics idea, second, Lacatos’ criticism to Popper’s falsifiable concept, third, Lacatos’ effort in looking for a harmonious method that provides a sum of rational scientific progress, appropriately keeps its consistency with the historical fact, fourth, Lacatos’ connect the research program to scientists who protect the core of theory from falsification effort, fifth, a research program is qualified as progressive if it is signed by stunning novel facts and as deteriorative if the program is not directed to the new fact, sixth, the hard-core is determining characteristic of program, it is a general theory of hypotheses which is employed as a foundation of developed program, seventh, the negative heuristic of hard-core program is detailed program which states the basic assumption of program, eighth, the positive heuristic of hard-core program is an outline which indicates how the research program can be developed under additional assumption of new phenomenon clarification.
Pancasila sebagai Etos Bangsa Indonesia dalam Memasuki Era Industrialisasi Mustansyir, Rizal
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Jurnal Filsafat Seri 15 Agustus 1993
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2771.332 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jf.31513

Abstract

Tidak ada bangsa manapun di dunia ini yang mampu menolak kehadiran teknologi demi pembangunan bangsa dan negara.