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Economic Analysis of Household Processing Sugar Nagari Bukik Batabuah Agam District Alvindo Dermawan; Nofialdi Nofialdi; Yusmarni Yusmarni
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 2 No. 1 (2019): InJAR, Vol. 2, No. 1, March 2019
Publisher : Talenta Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (705.355 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/injar.v2i1.707

Abstract

This study aims to describe household economic processing brown sugar and identify the factors that affect decision sugar confection red and household consumption processing brown sugar in nagari bukik batabuah kecamatan canduang kabupaten agam. Methods used are the method survey. Populations are all households processing brown sugar traditionally in nagari bukik batabuah kecamatan canduang kabupaten agam with 528 unit households. A method of the respondents is by means simple random sampling as many as 30 households respondents. Analysis the data used was deskripsitif qualitative. The result of this research is that torrent of working hours in in the processing brown sugar greater than activities outside processing brown sugar so income derived from the sale of red is also greater of income outside activities processing brown sugar of rp.2.581.667 or 82 % household income comes from income brown sugar, their household needs processing brown sugar could not be fulfilled some of their income spent for consumption needs food without capable of savings and invest. Factors that affects decision sugar confection red in nagari bukik batabuah is the number of raw materials, sugar price red and needs of the households, while that affects household consumption processing brown sugar namely household income, the number of family members, and the number of families to that are still at school. Advice provided researchers that is as well
Perilaku Konsumen dalam Membeli Kopi di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 pada Coffee Shop Kota Padang Afrianingsih Putri; Hasnah Hasnah; Cindy Paloma; Yusmarni Yusmarni
Jurnal Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis Vol 5, No 4 (2021)
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Social Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jepa.2021.005.04.32

Abstract

Kondisi pandemi Covid-19 berdampak terhadap perilaku konsumen penggemar kopi, terutama konsumen yang  melakukan pembelian di coffee shop. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi motivasi konsumen dalam membeli kopi dan mengidentifikasi proses pengambilan keputusan konsumen dalam membeli kopi pada  coffee shop di Kota Padang selama masa pandemi. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode survei terhadap 100 konsumen kopi di 10 coffee shop (Coffee Shop Janji Jiwa, Kopi Rasa, Kopi dari Hati, Kupi Batigo, Rimbun Espresso & Brew Bar, Kubik Koffie, Bacarito Kopi, Dua Pintu Coffee, Lalito Coffe Bar, V Coffee) di Kota Padang. Variabel  yang digunakan adalah motivasi membeli serta tahapan proses pengambilan keputusan ( pengenalan kebutuhan, pencarian informasi, evaluasi alternatif, proses pembelian dan pasca pembelian).  Data dianalisis menggunakan statistika deskriptif dari hasil tabel distribusi frekuensi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan motivasi konsumen untuk membeli karena suasana yang nyaman, menghilangkan kejenuhan dan rasa kopi dengan jenis kopi yang banyak dibeli yakni espresso based jenis latte (47%) dan manual brew jenis cold brew (29%). Dalam proses pengambilan keputusan pembelian pada tahap pengenalan kebutuhan,manfaat yang dominan dicari konsumen adalah rasa enak (60%). Pada tahap pencarian informasi, pembelian kopi hampir sebagian besar berdasarkan info dari teman (63%) dan adanya pengaruh media sosial (67%). Tahap evaluasi  alternatif, konsumen memilih pertimbangan kenyamanan tempat (53%). Pada tahap proses pembelian, konsumen memilih rasa produk yang enak, tempat yang nyaman dengan memperhatikan protocol kesehatan. Tahap pasca pembelian sebagian besar merasa puas terhadap kopi yang dibeli dan 92% responden akan membeli lagi.Kata kunci : perilaku konsumen, coffee shop, motivasi
Financial feasibility and farmers' response to citronella grass farming and processing in simawang village tanah datar district Yusmarni Yusmarni; Afrianingsih Putri
International Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol 5, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ijasc.5.1.%p.2021

Abstract

Simawang village has been experiencing a drought since the 2000s due to the uncertainty of the seasonal pattern. All paddy fields in the village depend on rain for irrigation. Consequently, the activities of paddy farming were also disrupted. Some farmers leave their rice fields unplanted, and there is approximately 60 ha of rice fields in Simawang village have turned into abandoned land. In 2014 the farmers started to plant citronella grass on that abandoned land, and in 2017 they already had a citronella oil distiller. This paper discusses the financial feasibility of citronella grass farming and processing and analyzes the farmers' response to those activities. The research found that citronella grass farming and processing in Simawang village is feasible to be implemented. It can be seen from the NPV, IRR, and B/C ratio values of Rp. 218.438.869, 33,2% and 2,1 respectively. Moreover, the farming and processing payback period is two years and 11 months. The cognitive and affective responses of the farmers to farming and processing are good; meanwhile, the conative response is poor. Despite the farmers having good knowledge about farming and processing citronella grass and agreeing that those activities could benefit them both economically and environmentally, most of them have not yet practiced the activities due to land ownership issues.
Bakayat: Endangered Traditions of Oral Literature in West Sumatera Yusmarni Djalius
Vivid: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 12, No 1 (2023)
Publisher : English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/vj.12.1.118-127.2023

Abstract

This is historical research on traditional oral literature, bakayat, performed in West Sumatra, Indonesia. As preliminary research, it primarily aimed to document the performance and collect its scarcely written sources. Data and sources were collected through observation, interview, and documentation methods. Descriptions of the performance or narrative, narrator or storyteller, text, and context are provided in this essay to introduce bakayat as a Minangkabau art and literature and to place it in a larger literary context.The data were collected by observing and recording bakayat in its actual performance setting, obtaining documents and archives, and interviewing its storytellers. The study found that bakayat is seriously endangered. Used to be one of the most attended performances in the area, bakayat is no longer appealing to young audiences. The sustainability and continuity of bakavat as a local tradition are at stake. Therefore, serious measures must be formulated and taken by the government, local adat dignitaries, and other cultural stakeholders to promote this unique tradition and encourage the young audience to learn and preserve bakayat.
ANALISIS PERBANDINGAN PENDAPATAN DAN KEUNTUNGAN USAHATANI PADI SISTEM TANAM JAJAR LEGOWO DAN NON JAJAR LEGOWO DI NAGARI KAMBANG TIMUR KECAMATAN LENGAYANG KABUPATEN PESISIR SELATAN Syahyana Raesi; Wahyuni Diana Sari; Yusmarni Yusmarni
Agros Journal of Agriculture Science Vol 25, No 2 (2023): edisi April
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Janabadra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37159/jpa.v25i2.2747

Abstract

The research objectives are to compare the cultivation technique of the Jajar Legowo and non-Jajar Legowo rice planting systems and compare the income and profits of both rice planting systems in Nagari Kambang Timur, Lengayang Pesisir Selatan District. This research uses a survey method. This study's results indicate differences in implementing Jajar Legowo and non-Jajar Legowo farming systems. The differences are in the planting system, spacing, the number of seeds used, the use of seeds, the use of fertilizers, and the amount of labor. The production of the Jajar Legowo planting system was 5.435,27 kg, higher than the non- Jajar Legowo planting system of 4.646,32 kg. The income obtained by the Jajar Legowo farmers is Rp.18.329.968,39/Ha/MT higher than the non-Jajar Legowo farmers of Rp. 15.505.373,42/Ha/MT. The profit of the Jajar Legowo rice farming system is higher than the non- Jajar Legowo. The average profit of the Jajar Legowo farming system is Rp. 11.903.093,63/ha/MT, while the profit of the non- Jajar Legowo farming system is Rp. 9.947.382,92/ha/MT. For the R/C ratio, both are equally profitable and feasible to run. The R/C Ratio value of rice farming Jajar Legowo planting system is 1.78, which is higher than the non-Jajar Legowo planting system, which is 1.75. Statistical tests show significant differences between the production, income, and profits of the Jajar Legowo farming system and the non-Jajar Legowo farming system. Therefore,  farmers of the non-Jajar Legowo should consider switching to the Jajar Legowo system.INTISARITujuan penelitian ini adalah membandingkan kultur teknis sistem tanam padi jajar legowo dan non jajar legowo dan membandingkan pendapatan dan keuntungan usahatani padi sistem tanam jajar legowo dan non jajar legowo di Nagari Kambang Timur Kecamatan Lengayang Pesisir Selatan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survey. Hasil menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan pelaksanaan usahatani sistem tanam jajar legowo dengan non jajar legowo. Perbedaannya dilihat pada sistem tanam, jarak tanam, jumlah penggunaan benih penggunaan bibit, penggunaan pupuk dan jumlah tenaga kerja. Produksi yang dihasilkan sistem tanam jajar legowo 5.435,27 kg lebih tinggi dibandingkan sistem tanam non jajar legowo 4.646,32 kg. Pendapatan yang diperoleh sistem tanam jajar legowo sebesar Rp 18.329.968,39/ha/MT lebih tinggi dibandingkan sistem tanam non jajar legowo sebesar Rp 15.505.373,42/ha/MT. Keuntungan usahatani padi sistem tanam jajar legowo lebih tinggi daripada keuntungan usahatani non jajar legowo. Rata-rata keuntungan usahatani sistem tanam jajar legowo adalah Rp 11.903.093,63/ Ha/MT, sedangkan keuntungan usahatani padi sistem non jajar legowo adalah Rp 9.947.382,92/Ha/MT. Untuk R/C rationya kedua-duanya sama-sama menguntungkan dan layak untuk dijalankan. Nilai R/C Rationya usahatani padi sistem tanam jajar legowo sebesar 1,78 lebih tinggi dari sistem tanam non jajar legowo yaitu 1,75. Berdasarkan uji statistik terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara produksi, pendapatan dan keuntungan usahatani sistem tanam jajar legowo dengan usahatani sistem non jajar legowo, sehingga diharapkan petani padi sistem tanam non jajar legowo mempertimbangkan untuk beralih ke sistem tanam jajar legowo
Analysis of Palm Sugar Production and Marketing from Nagari Talang Anau, Gunung Omeh District, 50 Kota Regency Yusri Usman; Yusmarni Yusmarni
Journal of Social Research Vol. 2 No. 6 (2023): Journal of Social Research
Publisher : International Journal Labs

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.55324/josr.v2i6.984

Abstract

The research was carried out with the assistance of the Basic Research Scheme Batch 1 of Andalas University for Fiscal Year 2023. This study aims to describe palm sugar production, analyze the income and profit of palm sugar farmers, and analyze palm sugar marketing. This study used a survey method by sampling 35 palm sugar entrepreneur farmers by census and 1 collecting trader, 2 inter-regional traders and 10 retail traders who market palm sugar from farmers from Nagari Talang Anau, Gunung Omeh District, 50 City Regency. From the results of the study, it was found that palm sugar is made from palm sap which is traditionally tapped from male flower bunches of palm trees, then processed into palm sugar. The production process starts from tapping palm sap as raw material for palm sugar, cooking palm sap into palm sugar, printing and wrapping sugar and palm sugar ready to be marketed. The total production of palm sugar from Nagari Talang Anau is 1,285kg/week with an average of 36.54kg/farmer. The selling price of farmers is IDR 20,000/kg, production costs are IDR 7,734.67/kg with an average profit of IDR 12,263.33/kg. The return cost ratio (RCR) value of 2.59 which means that Rp 1.00 of cost sacrificed will result in a profit of Rp 1.59. There are 3 types of marketing channels, namely 1à) farmers, merchantsà, consumer retailers, 2) farmers, collecting traders, consumer retailers, and 3) farmersà, interregional tradersà, consumer à retailers à , where the à à most production is marketed outside the region through marketing channels 3 at 62.65%. Marketing channel 1 is sold to consumers of Gunung Omeh sub-district at a consumer price of IDR 22,000/kg, marketing channel 2 is sold to Payakumbuh City at a consumer price of IDR 25,000/kg and marketing channel 3 is sold to Riau Province with an average consumer price of IDR 26,000/kg. In marketing channel 1, farmers' profits are IDR 11,191.33/kg, retailers are 912.50/kg, in marketing channel 2 farmers' profits are IDR 12,749.66/kg, collecting traders IDR 1,010.91/kg and retailers are 2,111.05/kg. In marketing channel 3, farmers' profits are IDR 12,714.52/kg, interregional traders IDR 2,232.98/kg, retailers IDR 2,162.51/kg. Marketing efficiency based on cost was obtained in marketing channel 1 of 10.69, marketing channel 2 of 12.86 and marketing channel 3 of 11.48. Looks the 1st most efficient marketing channel. This palm sugar business provides high profits, especially to farmers. For this reason, it is recommended to increase the production and marketing of palm sugar.
ANALISIS BONUS DEMOGRAFI SEBAGAI KESEMPATAN DALAM MENGOPTIMALKAN PEMBANGUNAN PERTANIAN DI SUMATERA BARAT Yusmarni Yusmarni
Jurnal AGRISEP JURNAL AGRISEP VOL 15 NO 01 2016
Publisher : Badan Penerbitan Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.376 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/jagrisep.15.1.67-82

Abstract

Demographic dividend is a dynamica in demographic that accurs due to the change of demographic structure based on age, where the number of productive population is higher than un-productive populatian. Indonesia has experiancing this conditian since 2015 untill 2035. Although west Sumatera is not fully experiancing demographic dividend, this conditions still offers an opportunity to improve welfare and promote a better economic development by improving and optimalizing the development of economic sector. Since agricultural sector is the biggest sector contributing to GDP and absorb labour in West Sumatera, the goverment should optimalize the develpment of this sector. Beside that, West Sumatera is a hinterland area (LQ=1,750) that can provide agricultural commodity for other provinces. Assumingly that the requarement of a good quality of human resource is fulfilled, the ability to purchase of  the productive population in Indonesia will increase and create more demand for good quality of agricultural commodities. Additionally, this condition is an opportunity of West Sumatera to develop sub-sector of agroindutry in order to create value added of agricultural commodity. The development of agroindustry not only will increase farmers income in rural area but also will reduce un-employment in West Sumatera.
PENGARUH AKSESIBILITAS PEMBIAYAAN TERHADAP PENDAPATAN PETANI KOPI DI LEMBAH GUMANTI, KABUPATEN SOLOK Cindy Paloma; Yusmarni Yusmarni; Ami Sukma Utami; Hasnah Hasnah
Jurnal AGRISEP JURNAL AGRISEP VOL 19 NO 02 2020
Publisher : Badan Penerbitan Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (274.516 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/jagrisep.19.2.301-314

Abstract

Capital is one of the most important factors for increasing coffee production. Coffee farmers accessibility to resources financing is still limited. Farmers are considered not bankable by financial institutions.This condition hampering them to manage and develope coffee farm. This study aims to : 1) analyze the characteristics of coffee farmer in the Lembah Gumanti District , 2) analyze factors that influence coffee farmers income in Lembah Gumanti District. The study was conducted in Solok Regency which is the largest coffee production in West Sumatra. This study using 30 samples of coffee farmers selected by simple random sampling method. Descriptive analysis and multiple regression analysis are used to answer the research question. Based on the results of descriptive analysis, the characteristics of coffee farmers is: farmer who in productive age with a low level of education, have family members ranged from 2-6 people, 90% of coffee farmer have experience under 5 years, 93% of coffe farmer capital comes from own capital and 3% of coffe farmer capital from loan. Based on the multiple regression output, access to financial institutions , labor, farming experience, age, education, productivity, cost of farming, capital source, coffee bean prices and plants age variabels, simultaneously affected and significant to coffee farmers income. In Partial test, labor, number of trees, cost of farming and source of capital have a significant effect on coffee farmer income. The labor factor, the number of trees and the source of capital have a positive effect while the cost of farming has a negative effect. Farmer access to financial institutions is negative and not significant to income, because 63% of coffee farmers dont have access to financial institutions, and 36% of farmers who have access to financial institutions not using loan funds for farming, but for other needs, such as household consumption.
STUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING-PARTIAL LEAST SQUARE-UNTUK PERMODELAN PENGARUH KOMPETENSI KEWIRAUSAHAAN TERHADAP KINERJA USAHA KEDAI KOPI SKALA KECIL DI KOTA PADANG Cindy Paloma; Yusmarni Yusmarni; Afrianingsih Putri; Hasnah Hasnah
Jurnal AGRISEP JURNAL AGRISEP VOL 21 NO 02 2022
Publisher : Badan Penerbitan Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (534.188 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/jagrisep.21.2.283-296

Abstract

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the growth of small-scale coffee shops has increased in Padang city. This condition indicates the high level of coffee consumption and the increased competition of coffee shops. A good entrepreneurship competency is needed to improve business performance. This research aims to analyze the influence of entrepreneurial competency on small-scale coffee shop business performance in Padang City. This research used an Entrepreneurial competency model influenced by psychological characteristics (indicated by motivation, achievement, socialize need) and environmental factors (characterized by social net, government policy, and supply). The business performance model is influenced by entrepreneurial competency (managerial skill, conceptual skill, social skill, decision-making skill, and time managerial skill)  and environmental factors. This research used a snowball sampling method of 100 data samples of small-scale coffee shops (owner and barista) in Padang City from April until May 2021. The data was then analyzed by SEM-PLS analysis with SMART PLS 3.3 software. The result showed that psychological characteristics and environmental factors influenced the entrepreneurial competency in small-scale coffee shops. The business performance was influenced by entrepreneurial competency and environmental factors in the small-scale model. The results also show that the model was used in this research has a Model Fit of 84%.
Analisis Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Permintaan Bawang Merah Lokal pada Konsumen Rumah Tangga di Kota Padang Mella Indriani Nasution; Rahmat Syahni; Yusmarni Yusmarni
Journal of Socio-economics on Tropical Agriculture (Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Tropis) (JOSETA) Vol 2, No 3 (2020): December
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS ANDALAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/joseta.v2i3.406

Abstract

Bawang merah merupakan salah satu komoditi hortikultura yang sering mengalami pelonjakan harga di Kota Padang. Lonjakan harga bawang merah tersebut terjadi karena ketidakseimbangan antara permintaan dan pasokan bawang merah yang ada di Kota Padang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan konsumen rumah tangga bawang merah lokal di Kota Padang, mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi permintaan bawang merah lokal, dan untuk mengetahui elastisitas permintaan bawang merah lokal pada konsumen rumah tangga di Kota Padang. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survey dengan sampel sebanyak 60 konsumen rumah tangga pada lima pasar tradisional terbesar di Kota Padang. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis regresi berganda dengan transformasi logaritma natural. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa mayoritas responden konsumen rumah tangga bawang merah lokal adalah perempuan berusia 46-55 tahun dan bekerja sebagai ibu rumah tangga. Faktor yang berpengaruh nyata terhadap permintaan bawang merah lokal pada tingkat kepercayaan 95 persen adalah harga bawang merah lokal, pendapatan keluarga, jumlah anggota keluarga, dan selera. Sedangkan harga bawang merah jawa, harga bawang merah impor, harga cabai merah, dan usia responden tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap permintaan bawang merah lokal. Elastisitas permintaan bawang merah lokal adalah -2.658 yang menunjukkan bawang merah lokal di Kota Padang bersifat elastis karena pengaruh dari dua barang substitusi yaitu bawang merah jawa dan bawang merah impor.