Claim Missing Document

Found 5 Documents

Financial feasibility and farmers' response to citronella grass farming and processing in simawang village tanah datar district Yusmarni Yusmarni; Afrianingsih Putri
International Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol 5, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ijasc.5.1.%p.2021


Simawang village has been experiencing a drought since the 2000s due to the uncertainty of the seasonal pattern. All paddy fields in the village depend on rain for irrigation. Consequently, the activities of paddy farming were also disrupted. Some farmers leave their rice fields unplanted, and there is approximately 60 ha of rice fields in Simawang village have turned into abandoned land. In 2014 the farmers started to plant citronella grass on that abandoned land, and in 2017 they already had a citronella oil distiller. This paper discusses the financial feasibility of citronella grass farming and processing and analyzes the farmers' response to those activities. The research found that citronella grass farming and processing in Simawang village is feasible to be implemented. It can be seen from the NPV, IRR, and B/C ratio values of Rp. 218.438.869, 33,2% and 2,1 respectively. Moreover, the farming and processing payback period is two years and 11 months. The cognitive and affective responses of the farmers to farming and processing are good; meanwhile, the conative response is poor. Despite the farmers having good knowledge about farming and processing citronella grass and agreeing that those activities could benefit them both economically and environmentally, most of them have not yet practiced the activities due to land ownership issues.
Publisher : Badan Penerbitan Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31186/jagrisep.15.1.67-82


Demographic dividend is a dynamica in demographic that accurs due to the change of demographic structure based on age, where the number of productive population is higher than un-productive populatian. Indonesia has experiancing this conditian since 2015 untill 2035. Although west Sumatera is not fully experiancing demographic dividend, this conditions still offers an opportunity to improve welfare and promote a better economic development by improving and optimalizing the development of economic sector. Since agricultural sector is the biggest sector contributing to GDP and absorb labour in West Sumatera, the goverment should optimalize the develpment of this sector. Beside that, West Sumatera is a hinterland area (LQ=1,750) that can provide agricultural commodity for other provinces. Assumingly that the requarement of a good quality of human resource is fulfilled, the ability to purchase of  the productive population in Indonesia will increase and create more demand for good quality of agricultural commodities. Additionally, this condition is an opportunity of West Sumatera to develop sub-sector of agroindutry in order to create value added of agricultural commodity. The development of agroindustry not only will increase farmers income in rural area but also will reduce un-employment in West Sumatera.
Perilaku Konsumen dalam Membeli Kopi di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 pada Coffee Shop Kota Padang Afrianingsih Putri; Hasnah Hasnah; Cindy Paloma; Yusmarni Yusmarni
Jurnal Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis Vol 5, No 4 (2021)
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Social Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jepa.2021.005.04.32


Kondisi pandemi Covid-19 berdampak terhadap perilaku konsumen penggemar kopi, terutama konsumen yang  melakukan pembelian di coffee shop. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi motivasi konsumen dalam membeli kopi dan mengidentifikasi proses pengambilan keputusan konsumen dalam membeli kopi pada  coffee shop di Kota Padang selama masa pandemi. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode survei terhadap 100 konsumen kopi di 10 coffee shop (Coffee Shop Janji Jiwa, Kopi Rasa, Kopi dari Hati, Kupi Batigo, Rimbun Espresso & Brew Bar, Kubik Koffie, Bacarito Kopi, Dua Pintu Coffee, Lalito Coffe Bar, V Coffee) di Kota Padang. Variabel  yang digunakan adalah motivasi membeli serta tahapan proses pengambilan keputusan ( pengenalan kebutuhan, pencarian informasi, evaluasi alternatif, proses pembelian dan pasca pembelian).  Data dianalisis menggunakan statistika deskriptif dari hasil tabel distribusi frekuensi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan motivasi konsumen untuk membeli karena suasana yang nyaman, menghilangkan kejenuhan dan rasa kopi dengan jenis kopi yang banyak dibeli yakni espresso based jenis latte (47%) dan manual brew jenis cold brew (29%). Dalam proses pengambilan keputusan pembelian pada tahap pengenalan kebutuhan,manfaat yang dominan dicari konsumen adalah rasa enak (60%). Pada tahap pencarian informasi, pembelian kopi hampir sebagian besar berdasarkan info dari teman (63%) dan adanya pengaruh media sosial (67%). Tahap evaluasi  alternatif, konsumen memilih pertimbangan kenyamanan tempat (53%). Pada tahap proses pembelian, konsumen memilih rasa produk yang enak, tempat yang nyaman dengan memperhatikan protocol kesehatan. Tahap pasca pembelian sebagian besar merasa puas terhadap kopi yang dibeli dan 92% responden akan membeli lagi.Kata kunci : perilaku konsumen, coffee shop, motivasi
Publisher : Badan Penerbitan Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31186/jagrisep.19.2.301-314


Capital is one of the most important factors for increasing coffee production. Coffee farmers accessibility to resources financing is still limited. Farmers are considered not bankable by financial institutions.This condition hampering them to manage and develope coffee farm. This study aims to : 1) analyze the characteristics of coffee farmer in the Lembah Gumanti District , 2) analyze factors that influence coffee farmers income in Lembah Gumanti District. The study was conducted in Solok Regency which is the largest coffee production in West Sumatra. This study using 30 samples of coffee farmers selected by simple random sampling method. Descriptive analysis and multiple regression analysis are used to answer the research question. Based on the results of descriptive analysis, the characteristics of coffee farmers is: farmer who in productive age with a low level of education, have family members ranged from 2-6 people, 90% of coffee farmer have experience under 5 years, 93% of coffe farmer capital comes from own capital and 3% of coffe farmer capital from loan. Based on the multiple regression output, access to financial institutions , labor, farming experience, age, education, productivity, cost of farming, capital source, coffee bean prices and plants age variabels, simultaneously affected and significant to coffee farmers income. In Partial test, labor, number of trees, cost of farming and source of capital have a significant effect on coffee farmer income. The labor factor, the number of trees and the source of capital have a positive effect while the cost of farming has a negative effect. Farmer access to financial institutions is negative and not significant to income, because 63% of coffee farmers dont have access to financial institutions, and 36% of farmers who have access to financial institutions not using loan funds for farming, but for other needs, such as household consumption.
Economic Analysis of Household Processing Sugar Nagari Bukik Batabuah Agam District Alvindo Dermawan; Nofialdi Nofialdi; Yusmarni Yusmarni
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 2 No. 1 (2019): InJAR, Vol. 2, No. 1, March 2019
Publisher : Talenta Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (705.355 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/injar.v2i1.707


This study aims to describe household economic processing brown sugar and identify the factors that affect decision sugar confection red and household consumption processing brown sugar in nagari bukik batabuah kecamatan canduang kabupaten agam. Methods used are the method survey. Populations are all households processing brown sugar traditionally in nagari bukik batabuah kecamatan canduang kabupaten agam with 528 unit households. A method of the respondents is by means simple random sampling as many as 30 households respondents. Analysis the data used was deskripsitif qualitative. The result of this research is that torrent of working hours in in the processing brown sugar greater than activities outside processing brown sugar so income derived from the sale of red is also greater of income outside activities processing brown sugar of rp.2.581.667 or 82 % household income comes from income brown sugar, their household needs processing brown sugar could not be fulfilled some of their income spent for consumption needs food without capable of savings and invest. Factors that affects decision sugar confection red in nagari bukik batabuah is the number of raw materials, sugar price red and needs of the households, while that affects household consumption processing brown sugar namely household income, the number of family members, and the number of families to that are still at school. Advice provided researchers that is as well