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ANALISIS BIAYA PENGOBATAN PENYAKIT GINJAL KRONIK RAWAT INAP DENGAN HEMODIALISIS DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH UNDATA PALU Muhamad Rinaldhi Tandah; Ihwan Ihwan; Khusnul Diana; Zulfiah Zulfiah; Nurul Ambianti
Jurnal LINK Vol 15, No 2 (2019): NOVEMBER 2019
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.006 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/link.v15i2.5222

Abstract

Penyakit Ginjal Kronik (PGK) merupakan masalah kesehatan global. Pembiayaan penyakit ginjal merupakan peringkat kedua terbesar dari BPJS kesehatan setelah penyakit jantung. Indonesia memasuki era Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN) sejak 01 Januari 2014. Pola pembayaran JKN adalah dengan sistem Indonesia Case Base Group (INA-CBGs). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui rata-rata biaya pengobatan, komponen biaya yang paling besar, serta selisih antara biaya pengobatan pasien PGK dengan JKN rawat inap terapi hemodialisis dengan standar tarif INA-CBGs. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan pengumpulan data sekunder berupa biaya medik langsung dari perspektif rumah sakit pada pasien PGK rawat inap dengan JKN terapi hemodialisis di RSUD Undata Palu periode Januari - Desember 2017. Hasil penelitian menunjukan rata-rata biaya medik langsung pasien PGK rawat inap dengan hemodialisis sebesar Rp 11.074.834. Komponen biaya terbesar adalah biaya hemodialisis sebesar Rp 155.122.000  (37,86%) dari total pembayaran, dan selisih antara biaya medik langsung pasien PGK JKN rawat inap hemodialisis dengan standar tarif INA-CBGs sebesar Rp 191.920.841 (46,84 %) dari total biaya rumah sakit.
FORMULASI GEL EKSTRAK PATIKAN KEBO (Euphorbia hirta L.) DAN UJI AKTIVITAS TERHADAP BAKTERI Staphylococcus epidermidis Tri Novrianti Djanggola; Yusriadi Yusriadi; Muhamad Rinaldhi Tandah
Jurnal Farmasi Galenika (Galenika Journal of Pharmacy) (e-Journal) Vol. 2 No. 2 (2016): (October 2016)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (166.065 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/j24428744.2016.v2.i2.5954

Abstract

Patikan kebo (Euphorbia hirta L.) is a plant that have activity of inhibiting the Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria, which was known as the cause of acnes. Flavonoids and tannin as antibacterial compounds which supposedly can act as an active antiacne. Purposes of this research is formulating extract gel of patikan kebo and antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus epidermidis by agar difussion method using paper disc and to know stability of the gel. The result was analyzed by One Way ANOVA with confidence level of 95%, followed by Duncan test. The result of this research showed test antibacterial activity that difference among the concentration extract has a noticeable difference zone of inhibition and extract gel of patikan kebo not have good physical quality during 28 days of storage. Keywords: Patikan kebo (Euphorbia hirta L.), gel, antibacterial, Staphylococcus epidermidis
Formulasi Sediaan Mouthwash Pencegah Plak Gigi Ekstrak Biji Kakao (Theobroma cacao L) Dan Uji Efektivitas Pada Bakteri Streptococcus mutans: Mouthwash Formulation of Tooth Plaque Preventing of Kakao (Theobroma cacao L) Seed Extract and Effectivity Test on Streptococcus mutans Apriyanti Anastasia; Yuliet Yuliet; Muhamad Rinaldhi Tandah
Jurnal Farmasi Galenika (Galenika Journal of Pharmacy) (e-Journal) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2017): (March 2017)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (186.523 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/j24428744.2017.v3.i1.8144

Abstract

Research on the formulation of preparations mouthwash prevention of dental plaque extract of cocoa beans also has been tested in Streptococcus mutans bacteria by variations in the concentration of glycerin as a humectant in preparation which aims to determine the effect of different concentrations of glycerin as a humectant to the physical properties, chemical properties and inhibition zone Streptococcus mutans bacteria in mouthwash formula and to know the mouthwash formula that has the physical quality and the highest antibacterial activity. The method used includes the step of extraction of cocoa beans, preparation of a mouthwash with 4 formula using variations of glycerin F1 (0%), F2 (15%), F3 (20%) and F4 (25%) followed by an evaluation formula that includes organoleptic tests, pH test and the test of inhibition diameter. Tests performed on days 0, 7, 14 and 21. The results showed the concentration of glycerin as a humectant in a mouthwash formula cocoa seed extract has an effect on the diameter of inhibition zone, but did not have a significant effect on the physical and chemical properties of cocoa seed extracts mouthwash, The concentration of glycerin which meets the physical quality and the most excellent antibacterial activity that is 15% contained in the formula 2.
GAMBARAN PEMBUANGAN OBAT YANG TIDAK DIGUNAKAN DI KALANGAN MASYARAKAT KOTA PALU Nurul Ambianti; Ririen Hardani; Muhamad Rinaldhi Tandah; Handoko Putro
PREPOTIF : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022): April 2022
Publisher : Universitas Pahlawan Tuanku Tambusai

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31004/prepotif.v6i1.3700

Abstract

Disposal of drugs that are not used in the community has a very negative impact on the environment. Many drugs are not used and become a big problem, some of which can cause contamination to the environment and disrupt the ecosystem. This study aimed to describe the description of the procurement, use, storage, disposal of drugs as well as public attitudes and information about drugs that are not used, namely damaged and expired among the people of Palu City. This study was a cross-sectional with a population of 84,374 households and a sample of 100 households in Palu City from February to April 2021. This study conducted using the convenience sampling. The independent variable in this study was drug disposal and the dependent variable was drugs that were not used. The data obtained from the questionnaire then analyzed descriptively. The result obtained that many of people bought drugs at pharmacies (78%) with reasons of wanting to buy of their own volition (38%), storing drugs in medicine boxes (56%), throwing drugs in public trash (78%) and respondents think that the improper disposal of unused and expired drugs can have an impact on the environment (70%) because many respondents have never received education related to drug disposal (65%). The majority of people throw away unused or expired drugs that they get from pharmacies in public trash and because of the lack of information regarding the disposal of drugs they get which can have a bad impact on the surrounding environment.   Keywords         : expired drug, drug disposal, unused drug