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EFEK PENGGUNAAN PROBIOTIK Lactobacillus casei DAN Bifidobacterium sp TERHADAP ANGKA KONVERSI PAKAN DAN KONSUMSI PAKAN PADA AYAM PETELUR YANG DIINFEKSI Escherichia coli Nabil Fariz Noorrahman; Widya Paramita Lokapirnasari; Mohammad Anam Al arif; Koesnoto Soepranianondo; Sri Hidanah; Sarmanu Sarmanu
BRILIANT: Jurnal Riset dan Konseptual Vol 4, No 2 (2019): Volume 4 Nomor 2, Mei 2019
Publisher : Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (256.997 KB) | DOI: 10.28926/briliant.v4i2.288

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui probiotik Lactobacillus casei dan Bifidobacterium sp terhadap rasio konversi pakan dan konsumsi pakan pada ayam petelur yang diinfeksi escherichia coli. Dalam penelitian ini menggunakan sebanyak 120 ekor ayam petelur umur 25 minggu dengan  menggunakan metode percobaan desain Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) pola faktorial. Probiotik L.casei 108 CFU/ml dan Bifidobacterium sp 108 CFU/ml diberikan seacara oral melalui air minum sebanyak 250 ml air/ekor/hari. Hasil penelitian efek probiotik Lactobacillus casei dan Bifidobacterium (p <0,05) konsumsi pakan tidak menunjukkan perbedaan yang nyata (p>0,05). Konsumsi pakan tidak menunjukkan perbedaan antara perlakuan dan kontrol yaitu berkisar 113,72 sampai 114,22  g/ekor/hari. Konversi pakan menunjukkan perbedaan yang nyata p<0,05 terhadap FCR. Terdapat interaksi antara infeksi dengan feed additive p<0,05 terhadap FCR.
Kualitas Pakan Ruminansia yang Difermentasi Bakteri Selulolitik Actinobacillus sp. Mohammad Anam Al-Arif; Mirni Lamid
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 2 No. 1 (2014): Januari 2014
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (250.879 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.2.1.12-16

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas selulolitik bakteri Actinobacillus sp. yangdikembangbiakkan menggunakan media alternatif yang murah. Ransum lengkap disusun kemudiandifermentasi menggunakan dua faktor perlakuan meliputi empat dosis fermentasi dan dua masainkubasi. Dosis fermentasi terdiri dari 0% (K), 2% (A), 3,5% (B) and 5% (C), sedangkan faktor inkubasiterdiri dari 3 hari dan 7 hari. Media alternatif menggunakan bahan-bahan kimia teknis yang ditambahdengan susu bubuk dan jerami. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dosis A, B dan C yang diinkubasi7 hari secara signifikan meningkatkan kandungan bahan organik dan protein kasar, serta menurunkanserat kasar. Dosis B dan C dengan waktu inkubasi 7 hari secara signifikan meningkatkan kandunganbahan kering.
High-Fat Diet Increases Serum HDL, but Not for LDL and HDL/LDL Ratio in MICE Iqbal Laksana; Purwo Sri Rejeki; Lilik Herawati; Mohammad Anam Al Arif; Indrayuni Lukitra Wardhani
Folia Medica Indonesiana Vol. 57 No. 2 (2021): June
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (236.031 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/fmi.v57i2.16123

Abstract

The use of a ketogenic diet with an increased proportion of fat is rampant lately, both as a therapy or even lifestyle. The use of a ketogenic diet is feared to cause dyslipidemia. It will also lead to atherosclerosis and thrombosis. This study aimed to determine the effect of a high-fat diet on HDL, LDL, and HDL/LDL ratio in mice. Thirty male Mus Musculus, 2-3 mo, 15-25 g divided into five groups diet. K1 (12% fat, 20% protein, 62% carb), K2 (30% fat, 60%protein), K3 (45% fat, 45% protein), K4 (60% fat, 30% protein) and K5 (75% fat, 15% protein) for 4 weeks. Feed and water by adlibitum. Blood for serum was taken from the ventricle, while in the measurement of HDL serum level, the LDL used ELISA. Normality of data analyzed by Shapiro Wilk, and homogeneity by Levene test. HDL serum was analyzed using equality test followed by Games Howell, LDL serum and ratio of HDL/LDL was tested by ANOVA followed by LSD with significance 0,05. HDL serum in K1 (62,50±9.94) mg/dL, K2 (78,40±18,76) mg/dL, K3 (79,00±3,81) mg/dL, K4 (80,00±2,16) mg/dL, and K5 (83,50±5,62) mg/dL with p<0,05 in K1, K2 to K3, K4 and K5. LDL serum in K1 (21,67± 4,80) mg/dL, K2 (23,00±12,70) mg/dL, K3 (18,40±4,34) mg/dL, K4 (24,00 ±1,83) mg/dL and K5 (22,00 ± 4,08) mg/dL with p>0,05. Ratio HDL/LDL K1 (3,01±0,91), K2 (4,10±1,86), K3 (4,53±1,5), K4 (3,35±0,34), and K5 (3,96 ± 1,25) with p>0,05.
Effect of High Fat Diet on Body Weight, Visceral Fat Weight, and PPARG Expressions on Visceral Fat in Mice Cantika Putri Melyana; Purwo Sri Rejeki; Sony Wibisono Mudjanarko; Lilik Herawati; Mohammad Anam Al-Arif
Folia Medica Indonesiana Vol. 57 No. 3 (2021): September
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (355.87 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/fmi.v57i3.16213

Abstract

Obesity becomes a global epidemic nowadays. The high-fat diet is used as an alternative therapy for obesity. The optimal composition of a high-fat diet to reduce body weight is still unknown. This study aimed to determine which components of a high-fat diet can decrease body weight, visceral fat, and PPARG expression of visceral fat. This study was conducted at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, for three months by using a randomized post-test only control group design. Fifty male mice, 2-3 months old, 18-30 grams were adapted for one week given standard diet AIN93-M, then mice were divided into five groups, namely K1 (control group, 12% fat, 20% protein, 62% carbs); K2 (30% fat, 60% proteins, 0% carbs); K3 (45% fat, 45% protein, 0% carbs);  K4 (60% fat, 30% protein, 0% carbs); and K5 (75% fat, 15% protein, 0% carbs). Bodyweight was measured before and after treatment, then the visceral fat and PPARG expressions were evaluated. Statistical comparisons were performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. After treatment, there were forty-three mice. The body weight and visceral fat weight of the mice with a high-fat diet were decreased. The most significant changes in body weight were in K4 with -9,60 ± 3,806 grams reduction. The bodyweight of mice in K5, slightly increased than K2-K4. This could be caused by the hormesis phenomenon. PPARG expressions decreased in groups with a high-fat diet but increased in K5. The composition of a high-fat diet in group K4 was the most optimal to decrease the body weight, visceral fat, and PPARG expressions in mice
Perbandingan produksi dan kualitas susu kambing Peranakan Ettawa pada dua peternakan yang berbeda di Kota Batu berdasarkan komposisi pakan Chintyadhevi Aulia Rahmi; Nenny Harijani; Suwarno Suwarno; Budiarto Budiarto; Mohammad Anam Al Arif; Sunaryo Hadi Warsito
Ovozoa: Journal of Animal Reproduction Vol. 10 No. 3 (2021): Ovozoa: Journal of Animal Reproduction
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ovz.v10i3.2021.90-97

Abstract

This research aims to compare the production and quality of Ettawa crossbreed goat milk  from two different husbandries in Batu based on the composition of the feed. This research used Ettawa crossbreed goat milk samples from the 3rd week period of the second lactation at Madukara and Green farms with three replicates collected within 3 days in a row. Proximate analysis showed that feed P1 composed of 51.53% dry matter; 2.74% ash; 10.94% crude protein; 4.93% crude fat; 16.34% crude fiber; 16.58% nitrogen-free extract (NFE) and 41.85% total digestible nutrients (TDN) with a total weight of feed consumed 5.1 kg/day per lactating doe; whereas P2 feed composed of 63.94% dry matter; 6.32% ash; 11.38% crude protein; 4.62 % crude fat; 16.31% crude fiber; 25.31%  NFE and  49.23% TDN with a total weight of feed consumed 5.46 kg/day per lactating doe. The data obtained are  presented descriptively in tables. The results of this research  showed that the total consumption of P1 ration resulted in a higher milk production ((892.22±99.92 vs 661.11±19.39)  mL/day per doe). In addition, in does fed P1 ration, milk fat content was higher ((5.68±0.21 vs 3.42±0.24)%) and dry matter was also higher ((14.4±0.36 vs 12.14±0.25)%).
Pengaruh Substitusi Tepung Buah Hala (Pandanus tectorius) dalam Pelet Terhadap Konsumsi Bahan Kering dan Bobot Kelinci Pedaging Adyayutti Wijang Saraswati; Mohammad Anam Al Arif; Prima Ayu Wibawati; Ratna Damayanti; Bodhi Agustono; Muhammad Thohawi Elziyad Purnama
Jurnal Medik Veteriner Vol. 1 No. 3 (2018): October
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (497.515 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jmv.vol1.iss3.2018.57-61

Abstract

Tujuan pada penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui efek substitusi tepung buah hala dalam pelet pada konsumsi bahan kering dan pertambahan bobot badan harian pada kelinci jantan ras Flemish giant. Metode penelitian eksperimental ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakuan dan 5 pengulangan. Penelitian ini menggunakan 20 ekor kelinci ras Flemish giant jantan berumur 1,5-2 bulan dengan bobot rata-rata 750 gram. Kelompok perlakuan pakan adalah P0 (100% pakan komersil), P1 (85% pakan komersil dengan 15% tepung buah hala), P2 (75% pakan komersil dengan 25% tepung buah hala), P3 (60% pakan komersil dengan 40% tepung buah hala) dan diberikan sebanyak 150 gram/hari untuk setiap kelompok. Data yang didapat dianalisa menggunakan ANOVA dan dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan multiple test. Hasil menunjukkan perbedaan yang signifikan (p<0,05) pada konsumsi bahan kering, namun tidak pada pertambahan bobot badan harian kelinci (p>0,05). Rata-rata konsumsi bahan kering/hari pada kelompok P0 hingga P3 adalah 121,088±0,57 gram; 120,12±2,11 gram; 119,98±0,87 gram; 118,19±0,67 gram. Rata-rata pertambahan bobot badan harian pada P0 hingga P3 adalah 84±0,79 gram; 83,1±0,89 gram; 78,6±2,84 gram; 74,5±2,09 gram. Pada penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kandungan tepung buah hala sebanyak 25% pada pakan tidak terdapat perbedaan pada konsumsi bahan kering dan pertambahan bobot kelinci bila dibandingkan dengan pelet komersil.
Bacillus subtilis Probiotics in Chicken Feed Improve Egg Quality with Differences in Shelf Life Nurul Ika Wardiana; Widya Paramita Lokapirnasari; Nenny Harijani; Mohammad Anam Al-Arif; Ardianto Ardianto
Jurnal Medik Veteriner Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021): April
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jmv.vol4.iss1.2021.8-13

Abstract

This study aims to examine the effect of giving Bacillus subtilis probiotics in laying hens on improving the quality of internal and external eggs with differences in shelf life. A total of 60 laying hens were divided into 4 treatment groups, namely P0 as a control that was not given probiotic B. Subtilis, P1 feed was added 0.005 grams B. Subtilis, P2 feed with added 0.01 grams B. Subtilis, P3 feed added 0.02 grams B. Subtilis then the eggs produced are stored for 1 day, 5 days and 10 days. The results of this study indicate that the administration of B. Subtilis probiotics with a concentration of 0.02 grams affects the increase in egg weight, egg yolk index value and HU values. The addition of B. Subtilis probiotics to racial feed can improve egg quality.
Supplementation of Fermented Moringa Leaf Powder (Moringa oleifera) on Feed Consumption, Egg Weight and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) in Laying Duck Ninda Rubi Pramestya; Sri Hidanah; Mirni Lamid; Koesnoto Soepranianondo; Widya Paramita Lokapirnasari; Mohammad Anam Al-Arif; Soeharsono Soeharsono
Jurnal Medik Veteriner Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021): April
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jmv.vol4.iss1.2021.78-83

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the effect of the addition of fermented moringa leaf powder on feed consumption, egg weight, Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) of laying ducks. 60 laying ducks were randomized into four treatments i.e. (P0) 0% Moringa leaf powder fermentation, (P1) 0.5% Moringa leaf powder fermentation, (P2) 1% Moringa leaf powder fermentation, and (P3) 1.5% Moringa leaf fermentation. Treatment of concentration refered in 100% commercial feed for 3 weeks. The results showed that the adding of Moringa leaf powder fermentation to feed consumption in each treatment showed significantly different results (p <0.05) in each treatment, with the highest consumption at P2 (176.21 ± 0.92) and the lowest at P0 (158.21 ± 1.07). The results of the study on duck egg weight showed that P1, P2, P3 were significantly different with P0. The highest egg weight in P2 is (70.50 ± 0.34) and the lowest is P0 (66.98a ± 0.29). FCR of laying duck in each treatment showed significantly different results in each treatment, with the highest at P0 (3,81± 0,34) and the lowest at P2 (3,27 ± 0,09). In conclusion, the addition of 1% Moringa leaf powder in 100% of commercial feed can increase feed consumption, increase egg weight and decrease FCR.
Analysis of Marketing Opportunity Increase based on Consumer Criteria for Hydroponic Vegetable Producers in Surabaya Titik Yuliarini; Soeharsono Soeharsono; Mirni Lamid; Mohammad Anam Al Arif; Sarmanu Sarmanu; Sri Hidanah
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 35, No 2 (2020): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v35i2.29622

Abstract

Consumer is one of the influential factors in marketing. The study was conducted to analyze the increase in marketing opportunities based on consumer criteria for hydroponic vegetable producers in Surabaya. The research was carried out in Surabaya from Mei to June 2018. This type of research is observational analysis with survey methods on three producers about the relationship between producers and consumers according to their respective producers. Data were analyzed with AHP (Analysis Hierarchy Process) and the process used Expert Choice 2000. Data were examined using descriptive or qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis. Quantitative analysis includes a scale of trust and commitment measurement. The distribution of hydroponics vegetables at “Kebunsayur Surabaya” prioritizes ‘restaurant’ and ‘hotel’, “JawaRa Farm” prioritizes ‘kale suppliers’ and “One STOP Hydroponics” prioritizes ‘individual customers’ (vegetable displays).
Effect of Cirripedia sp. Flour As Subtitutional Feed Source of Protein Against Dried Disease and Organic Material Rabbit Rain Type Rex Bodhi Agustono; Widya Paramita Lokapirnasari; Mohammad Anam Al Arif; Ragil Angga Prastiya; Faisal Fikri
Bantara Journal of Animal Science Vol 2, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32585/bjas.v2i1.636

Abstract

The aim of this research was to determine the effect of Cirripedia sp. flour as feed substitution of protein source in feed on the digestibility of dry matter and organic matter in 100 male rex broilers. The research was experimental by using a completely randomized design with four treatments and five replications. Substitution of Cirripedia sp. flour respectively in feed were 0%, 2.5%, 5%, 7.5% given for four weeks. Data collection was carried out in the fourth week (for seven days) which included consumption data, manure weight and analysis of treatment feed and manure analysis. The data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance and the difference between treatments was determined by the Duncan test. The results showed that there was no significant difference (p>0.05) and that there was no significant difference (p>0.05) on the digestibility of rex broilers. This shows that the substitution of Cirripedia sp. flour in feed can replace animal protein sources in fish meal in complete feed rabbits.Key words : Cirripedia sp, digestibility, feed subtitution, flour, rabbit.